Gerard Spencer migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640). (See The Great Migration (Series 2), by R. C. Anderson, vol. VI, p. 419) Join: Puritan Great Migration Project Discuss: pgm
Garrard Spencer, son of Jarrard Spencer, was chr. on 25 April 1614, at Stotfold, ... He with his three older brothers (Thomas, William and Michael) came to New England in 1632 and settled in Massachusetts.
On 1 Sept. 1634, he is recorded on a land grant as being an inhabitant of Cambridge, then called Newe Towne, in the Colony of Massachusetts Bay. He owned land on the south side of the river. In 1637 he removed to Lynn, and was made a freeman of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay March 9, 1636/7.
Among the proceedings of "A Generall Courte, houlden at Boston, the 13th of the First Month 1638" (March 13 1638/9), it is recorded that
"Garret Spencer is granted the fferry at Linn for 2 yeares, taking 2d for a single person to the furthest place, & but a Id a person for more, to the furthest, & but a 1d for a single person to the nearest place." The same year he was allotted thirty acres of land by a committee appointed by the town "to lay out ffarmes."
He was one of the jurymen from Lynn at a County Court held in December 1638.
In 1653 he was appointed administrator of the estate of his brother Michael. Attached copy.
In June, 1656, he was chosen Ensign of the train band of Lynn, and in 1659 was grand juror.
In the Lynn town records for March, 1641, there is an entry to the effect that Nicholas Brown and Garrett (Garrard) Spencer made oath before two magistrates
"that being with Mr Willm Ballard of Linn, a day or two before his death & perswadinge him to make his will," he told them that "he intended to do it the next day, but dyed before he could put it in wrightinge. He would leave his wife Sarah half his estate, and the other half to be devided amongest his children; the said William Ballard beinge then of pfect minde."
He was deputy from Haddam to the General Court at Hartford in October, 1674; May, 1678; October, 1678; May, 1679; October, 1679; May, 1680; May, 1683; October, 1683; and also to the General Court called by special order of the Governor to meet in July 1675.
At a meeting of the "Councill" held at Hartford September 14, 1675, it was ordered that:
"the inhabitants of Haddam haueing presented Jarrad Spencer for an Ensign for their Trayne Band, affirming him to be legally chosen the Councill doe accordingly commissionate him to be their Ensign and to command them according to lawe; and Wm Ventrus is confirmed to be their Sarg. This to stand till the Gen11 Court order otherwise."
May 15, 1679,
"Ensigne Jerard Spencer of Haddam in Connetticot" sold to Captain George Corwin, of Salem Mass., "two p'cells of land in Salem aforesd containing twenty five acres, be it more or less, twenty acres whereof lyeth within fence & in a greater p'cel containing the whole forty acres & is bounded on the great pond on ye east the rocks on ye northwest. Linn bounds on ye southwest, a swamp northeast & five acres on ye west side of ye pond."
Garrard's wife was Hannah. The date of his marriage is not known. He died in 1685, his will being presented for probate September 3 of that year. His wife must have died earlier for she is not mentioned in the will.
The Macdonough-Hackstaff ancestry, By Rodney Macdonough
1614 - Baptized at Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England, 25 April
1632 - Immigrated to Cambridge, Suffolk, Massachusetts
1634 - Freeman of Cambridge, Massachusetts
1634 - Granted 4 acres on west side of river, 1 Sept
1636 - Freeman's Oath) Massachusetts Bay Colony, 9 March 1636/7
1638 - Removed to Lynn, Massachusetts,  with brother Michael
1638 - Ran ferry, Needham's Landing, Lynn to Baird's Landing, Saugus
1638 - One of the jurymen from Lynn at a County Court held in December 1638. 
1644 - Legacy in will of his uncle, Richard Spencer, of London, 17 March 1644/5
1653 - Granted administration of his brother Michael's estate; called "brother" in the inventory, 29 Nov
1656 - Ensign of the Train Band at Lynn, Massachusetts, 24 June 
Gerard Spencer, Baptized Stotfold, Bedfordshire, 25 April 1614, Son of Gerard and Alice (Whitbread) Spencer [Tag 27: 84, 164].
Gerard Spencer, son of Gerard and Alice (Whitbread) Spencer, was baptized on 25 Apr 1614 in St. Mary's, Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England.
He died on 23 Jun 1685 in Haddam, Middlesex County, Connecticut.  The estate inventory of "Gerrad Spencer of Haddam" was taken 29 June, 1685. 
The first mention of Gerrard is in the Cambridge Town records "in the prime of Sept. 1634,  Lots granted on west side River - Gerrad Spencer 4 ackrs." He removed to Lynn, Massachusetts with his brother Michael in 1638 and operated the local ferry. In 1661 he was one of the 28 purchasers of the town of Haddam. He was commissioned an Ensign for the town of Haddam on Sept 14, 1675.
He was named a freeman in Lynn, Massachusetts, March 9, 1636/7. He was granted the use and operation of the ferry service, Lynn, Massachusetts, March 1639.
He was elected to Haddam Connecticut about 1660, when his son John was named a proprietor of Haddam. A Haddam Connecticut land deed from Stephen Backus to Daniel Brainerd, "given by Stephen Backus with my Sarah of Norwich, Connecticut to Daniel Brainerd of Haddam, once acre that fell to us by portion of the estate of our father, Gerard Spencer". He was named freeman of Connecticut, and elected to Ensign of militia circa 1672. He was elected to Representative to Connecticut General Court circa 1674-1675. From Virkus, Vol 1, The abridged compendium of American Genealogy pg 991, Came from England with his brother William, and Rev. Thomas Hooker, to Newton, Massachusetts, 1633; ensign Train band, Lynn, Massachusetts, 1656, and representative of the General Court, 1674, served in King Phillips Wars.
Gerard Spencer was not a Founder of Hartford. His brothers Thomas and William are listed as Founders, but not Gerard. He went from Cambridge to Lynn, and was not among the 1635-1636 Founders of Hartford. He was in Hartford in 1660 - 1662, waiting for the land grant in Haddam. He lived in Haddam from 1662 to his death in 1685.
From New England Marriages prior to 1700; Torrey (?) m: 1st Hannah ______ ca 1637. m: 2nd wife Rebecca (Porter) Clark, widow of John aft 1677, resided Haddam, Connecticut.
From a letter by Jack T. Spencer (address, etc, elsewhere) states the Gerard did not go to Hartford until many years after he settled at Lynn. He did not go to Hartford with THOMAS, for that matter neither did WILLIAM. (See statement in an article entitled BUTLER-SPENCER CONNECTION, which appeared on page 1, vol 17 Feb 1993). In Love's History of Hartford, THOMAS was at Hartford early in 1637 and WILLIAM in 1638. The latter date agrees with the General Court Records where WILLIAM does not appear as Secretary subsequent to 1638. He also states that GERARD does not appear in the Hartford land records until 1661 and then only for a brief period (until 1663). During this short interval he was awaiting approval for a charter at Haddam.
From Colonial Families of the United States.
Emigrated to America, 1638, from Stotfold, England; settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts; removed to Hartford, Connecticut. Was Captain of train band and served as member of the General Court of Connecticut, 1674, '74, '79, '79', '80, '83. Served in King Philip's War. He was the son of Gerard, b. 1576, who was on of Michael, who was the son of John, d. 1558, who was descended from the Spencers of Southmylls (established by investigations of Rev. John Holding, M.A. Canterbury, Vicar of Stotfold), who were descended from Robert De Le Spencer, Steward to William the Conqueror, 1066.
From "Early Settlers of New York State" by Janet Wethy Foley, V1 and V2, originally published serially: vol 1 1934 - vol 9 1942. Available thru Genealogy Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland.
Gerard came in 1632 with Rev. Thomas Hooker, and was one of the first settlers of Haddam, Connecticut. Some of the information on Gerard's children taken from: Mrs Louise M. Birnbaumer 33 West Calvert St. Lincoln, Nebraska. SLC LDS Film #0496485 Oct 1969. NEHGR Oct 1941, #95, pp: 350-351 Baptized at St. Mary's Parish, Stotfold, county Bedford, England, 25 April 1614, immigrated to New England in 1630, lived at Cambridge until 1637, moved to Lynn, thence to Hartford in 1660, and finally settled in 1662 at Haddam, where he died between 17 Sept 1683, the date of his will, and 1685, the year of its proving, an ensign in the Lynn militia in 1636, a freeman in 1637, a deputy from Haddam in the General Court from 1674 to 1680.
A Spencer Genealogy. The Descent from Gerard of Haddam, Connecticut. Harold L. Spencer, 1977, FHL 929.273 sp332, pp 18-19, 26-27, 37-38, 113-114.
Will dated 17 September 1683, proved 3 September 1685. Gerard settled in Lynn, Massachusetts, later came to Hartford and thence to Haddam, Connecticut.
There are several good accounts of him and his family in print, but some of them omit the daughter Sarah, proved by an undated deed in Haddam Deeds (1:49) given by "Steuen Bacas with my weif Sarah of Norwich" to Danial Brainerd of Haddam of one acre "that fell us by portion of the estat of our father Garrard Spencer."
Gerard was at Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1631 where he owned land on the south side of the river. Soon after 1631 he moved to Lynn, Massachusetts where, in 1635, he was a journeyman; he was granted the ferry in 1638-1640 by a General Court in Boston. He was appointed administrator of his brother Michael's estate in 1653; was chosen Ensign in the Train Band, 1656, and in 1659 was on the Grand Jury. At this time Gerard and his son John were among the 28 purchasers of land which eventually became Haddam, Connecticut, on the Connecticut River. Our Spencer heritage in America could be considered to have it's origin here in this small village where Gerard raised his family, and lived out his life, and left many descendants of whom some yet remain in the Haddam area.
Colonial Records of Connecticut, list a "Ensigne Jarrad Spencer as a freeman. "This entry was made at a Court session held in Hartford, June 26, 1672.
At page 260-61 of the Colonial Records of Connecticut., vol 2, Ens. Gerrard Spencer is listed as a deputy at a "General Court by Speciall Order of the Gouernor, " which met on July 9, 1675.
The second marriage is suggested for Gerard because there was, by elimination, no other adult Spencer in Connecticut of proper age to be the widow Clark's husband (and unencumbered with a wife know to be living) except his brother Thomas, who was an older man and resident at a greater distance from Saybrook. Nevertheless, she may have been a third wife of Sgt. Thomas Spencer. All that the records disclose is that she died under the name of Spencer, and the loss of the early New London probate records where her estate was settled may leave it forever a matter of conjecture who her Spencer husband was. Gerard's will does not even name all his children, and lack of reference to a wife may be explained in either of two ways. A second wife may have been provided for by prenuptial agreement, or such a marriage may have occurred after the will was made.
Since the publication of Goodwin's Genealogical Notes in 1856, the early wife of Gerard who was the mother of his children has always been named as Hannah. The present compiler follows these authorities, though confessing that he has not seen an original or quoted contemporary record so naming her. Still, such a record may exist. The birth dates as signed to the children below are mostly guesses.
Children's data taken from The Four Spencer Brothers, The Great Migration and The Macdonough-Hackstaff ancestry. also The ancestry of Lorenzo Ackley & his wife Emma Arabella Bosworth, page 12-13.
Children are all by first wife, dates are estimates. Children from this marriage included:
Hannah Spencer d. 3 Aug 1682  b. ca. 1640, d. by 1691, m. ca. 1664, Daniel Brainerd of Haddam, b. ca. 1641, d. 1 Apr 1715 ae. 74. He m. (2) 29 Nov 1698, Hannah (Spencer) Sexton (No. 7, vii).
Marah Spencer, AKA Alice, born 1641 - ca. 1642, d. before 22 Dec 1714, married 1st in 1662, Thomas Brooks, who d. at Haddam, 18 Oct 1668; four children, m. 2nd Thomas Shiler or Shaylor, of Haddam, in 1669, who d. ca. 1692; five children.
Mehitabel Spencer b. ca. 1638, d. 1691, m. by 1661, Daniel Cone of Haddam, b. ca. 1627, d. 24 Oct 1706 in 80th year, ten children
Thomas Spencer, born in Lynn, Mass. ca. 1648, d. Feb 1698/9. m. (1) about 1672 Elizabeth Bates, daughter of John Bates, probably married (2) Elizabeth Waller
Samuel Spencer b. ca. 1650, d. 7 Aug 1705. m. (1) abt 1673 Hannah (Willey) (Hungerford) Blatchford, m. (2) in 1689 Miriam (Moore) Willey.
Sarah Spencer, b. ca. 1644; living 1707; m. Dec 1666, Stephen Backus of Nowich, b. ca. 1642, d. at Canterbury, in 1695, son of William; eight children  [not mentioned in Gerard's will, accepted by Robert Charles Anderson in Great Migration] 
Elizabeth Spencer, b. ca. 1646; m. ca. 1666, Joseph Stannard of Saybrook, who d. 20 Aug 1688. [not mentioned in Gerard's will, not accepted by Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration] 
Wife - Disambiguation
Wife of Garrard Spencer
Source of confusion:
Parish records, Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England. See Genealogia Bedfordiensis.
1628 Aug. 4 Spenser - Hills, Gerard & Joanna, mar.
1635 Sep. 16 Spenser, Maria, filia Gerardi & Joanna, bapt.
1635 Dec. 19 Spenser, Margareta, vidua, sep.
Joanna Hills Was NOT Married To the Father of the American Immigrants
There are some genealogies showing Joan Hills as a second wife to the father of the American immigrants, Gerrard Spencer, after Alice Whitbread. (Note, he is Michael > Gerrard.) I've seen one genealogy showing him having 8 more kids with the second wife, after he had already turned 50.
These folks have mixed up our ancestor with his nephew, also Gerard Spencer, who is Michael > Thomas > Gerrard. He is the Gerard who married Joanna Hills and never came to America.
Spencer, Sources and Resources, Research Notes, Questions and Errata
Gerard Spencer signed his will 17 Sept. 1683. Inventory of the estate was taken 29 June 1685. Probate was granted by the Court 3 Sept. 1685. Gerard Spencer died at Haddam between 17 Sept. 1683 and 29 June 1685, most likely in June of 1685.
NOTE on location of death: East Haddam was not established until May 1734 "THE COLONIAL TOWNS OF CONNECTICUT IN THE ORDER OF THEIR ESTABLISHMENT", #55, The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut. Gerard Spencer was consistently presented in records as a resident of Haddam, where his four acre lot is in the earliest plat, adjacent to the Connecticut River. See attached plat map. April Dauenhauer
In Early Connecticut Probate Records, Volume IV - Hartford District, 1677 - 1687, published 1984, p. 363-64, the Will of Ensign Jarrad Spencer is transcribed. The Will was dated September 17, 1683 and was taken on June 29, 1685. The will is as follows:
"The last Will of Ensign Jarrad Spencer of Haddam: I give unto my son William the Land which I bought of Steven Luxford's Estate. How I come by it the Court Record will show. I give unto my son William 1-3 part of 48 acres lying by that wch was commonly called Welles his Brook. I give to my son Nathaniel my now Dwelling house with the Lott that was the Houselott, with an Addition lying by the side of it, granted by the Committe. I give unto my daughter Rebeckah that Houselott I bought of Thomas Smith. Likewise I give unto my daughter Rebeckas 1-3 part of the Lott by Welles his Brook. I give unto my son Thomas 40 acres on Matchamodus Side. I give unto my son Thomas his son, Jarrad spencer by name, my Rapier. I give unto my son Timothy Spencer the remainder of that 6 score acre lott wherof his 2 brothers had their shares. The other 6 score thereof I dispose of as followeth: To Grace Spencer, the daughter of my son John Spencer, 40 acres; to Alice Brooks, the daughter of my daughter Brooks, 40 acres; to Grace Spencer, the daughter of my son Samuel Spencer, I give the other 40 acres. I give unto Jarred Cone, the son of my daughter Cone, my Carbine. A pewter Flagon and Urim Basin I give to the Church at Haddam, if there be one within five years. It is my Will that my son John Spencer his Children and my son-in-law Daniel Cone his Children have an equal proportion of my Estate with my other Children. It is my Will that however my Estate falls out for portions to my Children, that my daughter Ruth Clarke's portion shall be 15 pounds, which was my Covenant with her father at her marriage, which 15 pounds she hath received some part thereof, as my Books will testify; & to son Joseph Clarke I give him 40 acres of land at Matchemodus. It is the humble request of Jarrad Spencer that the honoured Major John Talcott and Capt. John Allyn would be pleased to oversee that his Will. I appoint my two sons Daniel Brainard and William Spencer Adms. to the Estate."
Witness: John James, JARRAD SPENCER
Court Record, Page 111-3 September 1685: Adms. to Daniel Braynard and William Spencer, with the Will annexed.
1644 - Inherited a legacy in will of his uncle, Richard Spencer, of London, 17 March 1644/5
The legacy may never have been collected despite hiring a London lawyer to do so, as Daniel Spencer, a cousin, charged with the estate appears to have refused to make disbursement to the agents of his American cousins. 
The Four Spencer Brothers - Their Ancestors and Descendants
Ensign Gerard(1) Spencer, baptized at Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England, 25 Apr 1614, died at Haddam, Connecticut in 1685 (will 17 Sept 1683, proved 3 Sept 1685); married first, Hannah _____, who died before her husband made his will in 1683 and perhaps much earlier; perhaps married second, after 1677, Rebecca (Porter) Clark, baptized at Felsted, county Essex, England, 16 Sept 1630, died 9 Jan 1682/3 (recorded at Saybrook), daughter of John and Anne (White) Porter of Windsor, and widow of John Clark of Saybrook.
Gerard settled in Lynn, Massachusetts, later came to Hartford and thence to Haddam, Connecticut. There are several good accounts of him and his family in print, but some of them omit the daughter Sarah, proved by an undated deed in Haddam Deeds [1:49] given by "Steuen Backas with my wief Sarah of Norwich" to Daniel Brainerd of Haddam of one acre "that fell to us by portion of the estate of our father Garrard Spencer."
Some time in 1659 or 1660 he removed from Lynn to Hartford, Connecticut and thence by 1662 to Haddam, being one of the early settlers of that place. He was made a freeman of Connecticut in 1672.
Breach of Promise Lawsuit
In 1660 he and his daughter Hannah were defendants in a breach of promise case brought by one Simon Lobdell, whom Hannah had promised to marry but afterwards, for some reason, changed her mind. In the records of the General Court held at Hartford March 14, 1660, there is the following entry:
2. Lawsuit; 7 Mar 1660/61; Hartford, Hartford Co., CT 45. Quarter Court, March 7 1660/61:
Simon Lobdell Plt cont: Jared & Hannah Spencer in an action of ye case shee for refuseing to marry with him according to promis and Jared for breach of promis to ye balue of 150£ damadg. [p 232] The Magistrates and Jury in Simon Lobdels case doe returne this as a special Verdict. That ye find not any possitiue engagemt broken by her respecting coniugal relation or absolutely binding her to consummate such a relation: Neuertheles we find vpon Evidenc that Simon hath susteined much damadge by their occasion And therfore doe find it iust and meet that all expences that he hath bin at in referenc to these proceedings ec Jared shal repay to the said Simon and to returne any Goods or money receaued by Jared or any of his family from ye said Simon. And futher that the said Simon shal haue paid vnto him as recompense for his damadge Ten pounds wthin ye space of six months.
 Mrch: 14. 60 The Genll Court doth further act in reference to ye Just expenses mentioned in ye special verdict that Jared Spencer shal pay to Simon Lobdel fiue pounds besides the 10£ forementioned in ye verdict all wch Sum of ffifteen pounds shal be paid in wheat and pease or other estate Equivalent therto: Fiue pounds to be paid by the 10th of Aprill the other Ten pounds according as is specified in ye special verdict and this is to be a final issue of yt case.
3. Lands Recorded - Granted; 1 Sep 1634; Cambridge, Suffolk Co., MA 13. Lots granted on the west side of the River:- Garrard Spencer - 4 Ackrs
4. Oath of Freemanship/Allegiance; 9 Mar 1636/37; Massachusetts Bay Colony, MA 46.
5. Mention in Will, Inv. or Prob.; 17 Mar 1644/45; London, Eng 3. Received Legacy in the will of his uncle, Richard Spencer, of London, England. The legacy may never have been collected despite hiring a London lawyer to do so, as Daniel Spencer, a cousin, charged with the estate appears to have refused to make disbursement to the agents of his American cousins.
Gerrard came to America with the first Winthrop Fleet in 1630. He was under the leadership of John Winthrop who established the Massachusetts Bay Colony in Cambridge. The first mention of Gerrard is in the Cambridge Town records "in the prime of September 1634,  Lots granted one west side River - Gerrad Spencer 4 ackrs." He moved to Lynn, Massachusetts with his brother Michael in 1638 and ran the ferry there. The ferry ran from Needham's Landing in Lynn to Biards Landing in Saugas. In 1661 he was one of the 28 purchasers of the town of Haddam. He was commissioned an Ensign for the town of Haddam on September 14, 1675. A pewter flagon and Urim Basin are in the glass case in the rear of the church sanctuary at Haddam, which items were left to church in his will.
Colonial Records of Connecticut, Volume 2, published 1852, states on p. 182 that "Ensigne Jarrad Spencer is propownded for a freeman." This entry was made at a Court session held at Hartford, June 26, 1672. This session was presided over by Governor John Winthrop, and a footnote indicates that this session was hastily called in response to a letter from the King of England that he had declared war against the States General. The King's letter advised the Colonies to make "speedy and effectual provision for their defence against the Dutch." Exactly what is meant by the entry regarding Ensign Spencer is unclear.
At page 260-61 of the Colonial Records of Connecticut, Volume 2, Ens. Gerrard Spencer is listed as a deputy at a "Generall Court by Speciall Order of the Gouernor,
" which met on July 9, 1675. The purpose of the meeting was to discuss the Indian War which broke out in Plymouth Colony and the danger it presented to the eastern towns in Connecticut. ("The Court being mett, they were acquainted wth the occasion of theire meeting, which was the present trouble of the Indians now risen against the English, spoyleing and destroying of them by fire and sword . . .")
↑ History and Families, Anderson Kentucky, published by Turner Publishing Company 1991, page 151.
↑ 2.02.12.22.18.104.22.168The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume VI, R-S page 419
Great Migration 1634-1635, R-S. (Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012.) Originally published as: The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume VI, R-S, by Robert Charles Anderson. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2009, page 419.
Harriet Gaines Spencer, daughter of Thomas Gaines (DNA proven), had a younger sister Maggie Eva Gaines who married Edward Bassett (Bessette), after the death of his first wife Jesse Spencer. Jesse Spencer was a direct line descendant of Gerard Spencer born 1614. Jefferson County New York Cemeteries have been keeping their secrets way to long. Edward Bassett is buried in Black River Cemetery, Jefferson, New York. His ancestors came from Canada and has a DNA proven connection.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Gerard by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: