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Thomas Spencer (abt. 1596 - 1681)

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Thomas Spencer
Born about in Englandmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married 1630 in Berwick, York, Mainemap
Descendants descendants
Died in Berwick, York, Mainemap
Profile last modified 13 Jan 2020 | Created 20 Feb 2011
This page has been accessed 2,784 times.
The Puritan Great Migration.
Thomas Spencer migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
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Contents

Disambiguation

While it was previously believed that THIS Thomas Spencer was son of Thomas Spencer-644 (1571-1631, son of Michael and Elizabeth, was born in Edworth, Bedfordshire, England and died at Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England), DNA testing has disproven this link.[1]

Therefore, he was also NOT brother of: Anthony, Gerard, Richard and Margaret.

He is also distinct from Thomas Spencer-2552 (1641-1689) son of Thomas (Thomas, Gerard, Michael and Elizabeth) was born in Hartford, Connecticut and died at Suffield, Connecticut. He had two brothers (Obidiah and Samuel) and six half-siblings. He married Esther Andrews-1014 in 1658 in Hartford.[2]

NOTE: The PGM immigrant was NOT the Thomas Spencer baptized 28 Mar 1597, son of William at Eastwick, Herefordshire, England (LND, 651-2).[3]
NOTE: The baptism in 1603 of a different Thomas Spencer, son of Thomas Spencer, has been noted in the parish registers of Winchcombe, Gloucestershire.[3]

Biography

Thomas was born in England about 1596.[4][3] Thomas deposed 25 Aug 1676 giving his age as about 80 years and stating he had lived in the country 46 years.[5]

Thomas married Patience Chadbourne, daughter of William Chadbourne, probably in England.[4][3] The birth of their first child is estimated about 1630.

In 1630, a group of adventurers set sail on the barque "Warwick" with the idea they would create a settlement, trade with the Indians, and obtain lumber, as servants of Capt. John Mason. Ambrose Gibbons was on board, with Roger Knight and probably Thomas Spencer. The wives probably followed the following year. The group settled on land around the Piscataqua and Newichawannock rivers.[6]

The Chadbourne Family Association site says Thomas returned to England in 1633, and returned to the colonies on the Pied Cow in 1634.[3] The Pied Cow bought supplies, more men, and materials to erect two mills.[4]

Thomas settled first at the falls of Asbenbedick. His father-in-law built a large house in what is now South Berwick. When Chadbourne returned to England he gave the house to Thomas. and gave him 1/2 of the mill at "Great Works", giving the other half to his son Humphrey Chandbourne. In 1650, Thomas bought a tract of land (called Quamphegan) from the Sagamore of Newichewanacke, Mr. Rowles. Thomas in turn sold the parcel to Thomas Broughton of Massachusetts.[4]

Most early settlers tilled and planted the land they owned and raised animals for their own use. In addition Thomas and his brother in law harvested timber, floated it down the river, and sawed it at their mill, as shown by several orders from the townsmen of Kittery. Thomas would eventually become a tavern keeper.[4]

In 1652, when Massachusetts, took over New Hampshire, Thomas signed the official submission document[4][7]

Thomas was disenfranchised for entertaining Quakers in 1659. In a long list of "those persons yt entertayned the Quakers, with the answers given in by them respectively" we find: "That Thomas Spencer pay as a fine to ye country for his entertayning the Quakers the somme of five pounds, & be disfranchised".[7]

Evidence that Thomas and Patience may have been Quakers themselves is seen in the courts, 7 July 1663, when they were presented for "neglecting to come to the publique meeteing on the Lords day to heare the word preached for about the space of 3 Moenths". They were presented again for the same offense on 6 July 1675.[8]

Brother Humphrey Chadbourne expressed concern for his sister Patience Spencer when he wrote his will in 1662. "It is my will that my beloved wife being my Lawfull executrix take spetiall Care of my sister Spencer, & If it should soe happen yt my sister should fall to decay, & bee in want that then my wife Lucy Chadborn shall to her uttmost power & ability supply her & bee helpefull to her at all tymes hereafter"[3]

Thomas died 15 Dec 1681.[4] After Thomas' death, Patience may have continued to operate the tavern.[3]

Last Will & Testament

1679 Will of Thomas Spencer:

In the name of God amen I Thomas Spencer of Newgewanacke in the Townshipp of Kittery being sick of body, but through the mercys of god, sound of Mind & memory and not knowing how soone my Change may come desire to dispose of that Estate which god hath given unto Mee as followeth viz:
Imps I give unto my Eldest sonn William Spencer after my decease & the decease of Patience my loving wife my now dwelling house & all out housing by it & belonging to it & all the Land adjoyning to it being now in my possession & lying on the North side of the highway, by my sd dwelling house, whither it be Gardens orchards, pasture Meddows Corne Land to him the sd William Spencer my child, & to his hayres for ever, provided hee pay or Cause to be paid unto my Two daughters, namely Susanna & Elizabeth with in six weeks after my decease & or my loving wife Patience, the full and just Sum of Tenn pounds, apiece in money or pay equivalent there unto the houses and the land lying responsable until ye Legseys aforsd bee duly payd.
2ly I give to patience my loving wife all the rest of my Estate, whither bee in lands Chattles, Cattle, goods debts house hould stuff Meddows &c: not mentioned as abovesd for her to distribute & dispose of amongst my Children at her own discretion, except what I have already given to my Eldest sonn as abovesd
Lastly I do nominate & appoynt patience my sd loveing wife to bee my Soole executrix of this my last will & testament in Consideration where of I have here unto set my hand & seale, the second day of June in the yeare of our Lord one thousand six hundred seaventy nine/1679
Signed sealed & Delivered
Thomas Spencer
Presence of his mark
Gillbard Warrins his marke x
George Pearsons
An Appendix to my last will & testament as on the other side of this paper, appeareth my further will in that, where as formerly I gave unto my sonn in law John Gattinsby who married my daughter Susannah a certen Tract of land being part of that too hundred acres that the Town of Kittery granted to mee, joyneing to my house lott, & the sd Gattensby sould his sd right or tract of land unto my sonn in law, Thomas Everington who married my daughter Mary, & the sd Gattinsby was fully Contented, & payd by sd Everington my sonn in law, for his sd land & the sayd Everington my sonn in law possessed the sd Land his life tyme, & left it to his heyres; and wh as I also gave unto my sonn Etherington a Certain Tract of Land adjoyning to the land hee bought of the sd John Gattinsby on which the dwelling house of the sayd Etherington now standeth, & both Tracts of land contayning about Twety foure Acres, by Estimation, bee it more or less, as they are now bounded with Richard Nason & the high way on the South, William Spencers land on the West, Daniell Goodins land & Humphry Spencers land on the North, & that part of my land Called Parkers Marsh on the East: And although some writeings have been Prused about the Premisses, yet nothing yt I know upon record about it, & that the sd Land according to my true intent discend unto the right heyres of it, both by the sayd Etherington's purchase of the sayd Gattensby in part, & my gift unto the sayd Etherington of the rest of the sd land: Now my will is that the sayd Land with the dwelling house Upon it, & all the appurtenances & priviledges yt unto belonging, should bee & remaine the proper right & inheritance of John Wincoll Junior, sonn of John Wincoll of Kittery & of Mary his wife deceased, who was the daughter of my sd sonn in law Thomas Etherton & Mary his wife deceased, to have & to hould the sd tract of Land, dwelling house with all the appertuancnes, & priviledges there unto belonging to him the sd John Wincoll Junjr & his heyres lawfully begotten of his body; and if hee dy without such lawful heyres my will is that the sd Tract of Land houseing & all appurtenances and priviledges yt unto belonging shall bee & remaine the proper right & inheritance of patience Atherton daughter unto sd Thomas Etherington & Mary his wife deceased, to have & to hould to her & her heyres for ever/ in witness where unto I have afixed my hand & Seale, this fifth day of June one thousand six hundred seventy nine 1679
Signed sealed & delivered
Thomas Spencer
in Presence of his mark
Gilbard Warrine his marke x
George Pearson
Acknowledged 15 June 1679, recorded 15 June 1682 Inventory taken 1 May 1682 and the estate valued at Ð257.14.0 by Richard Nason, Moses Spencer and John Wincoll 1 May 1682, who stated that Thomas Spencer was deceased in Dec 1681 (MW, 66-8).

Inventory

"Imprs His weareing Cloaths 5£ : in the upper chamber,
one feather bed It Coverlid blankett, 1 peyre of sheetes
2 pillows & a bowlster 3:10:00................... 08£ 10s 0d
It one peyr of sheetes 10s 3 yds. of Cayrsey [Kersey]
12s a Carpet 3 old Chests & forme 16s........... 01 18 0
It In the lower Chamber, one feather bed, 3 blanketts
a rugg 2 pillows It a bowlster 5£ A little Table Carpet
ould Chest a forme earthern dishes 10s.......... 5 10 0
It in ye leantow, a rugg a blankett ould bedding
wodden dishes trays 12s trenchers 3s........... 00 15 0
It in the Hall 2 Copper kettles a brass skellett one
warming pann It one little kettle & a skimmer two
pounds................................................................ 02 00 0
It 8 pewter dishes, 8 porringers, 5 pewter potts & a
bason 40s & a bason & Ure [pitcher]10s........ 02 10 0
It 6 earthern dishes 5s 2 Tynn panns 2s, a silver
Cupp & spoone 12s........................................... 00 17 0
It one Iron pott fyre pann hookes & tramell 10s
Chayrs & Table 10s............................................ 01 00 0
It Two small Gunnes at 30s in seller leantow a little
molasses & barrells 5s...................................... 01 15 0
..............................................................................24 15 0

It 5 swine at three pounds 9 Harrow teeth at
Tho: Holms his 19s...........................................3 19 00
...........................................................................24 15 0
............................................................................28 14 00

The home stall of house barne Oarchard & about
tenn Acres of Land.......................................... 100 00 0
The rest of the Land neare the home stall supposed
about 100 Acres.................................................... 50 00
It 100 Acres of Land by the Marsh at lower end of
Willcocks pond................................................... 25 00 0
It the Meddow about 14 Acres & 30 Acres of upland
by it at................................................................. 20 00 0
It thee Cows & three foure years ould stears
at.......................................................................... 18 00 0
It 2 3 years ould stears 4£ too stears 3 years
ould.3£................................................................ 07 00 0
It A Mare 30s horses in the Woods at five
pounds................................................................ 06 10 0
It 3 Chanes hooks & staples a ring for a Copp yoake beetle & 2 Wedgs
It one peyre of Cart Wheel hoopes all at....... 02 10 0
............................................................................229 00 0
..............................................................................28 14 0 ............................................................................257 14 0" [9]

Children[3]

  1. William, b ca 1630/1; d 15 May 1696. His will mentions no wife or children. He may be the child referred to by Torrey as b 1630. William was granted land in Berwick in 1651 and served the town in various capacities. He and Walter Allen were in charge of Great Works Mills sometime after 1650 (LND, 652). As eldest son he inherited a considerable estate (MPA 1/34), which he left to his nephew Humphrey Spencer as his sole heir on 18 June 1687 (MW 110-1). A codicil to his will provided for servant Moses Spencer.
  2. Margaret, b ca 1632.
  3. Mary, b ca 1634; m. Thomas Everington (or Etherington); she d. before father's 1679 will
  4. Susanna, b Berwick ca 1636; m. John Gattinsby
  5. Humphrey, b Berwick ca 1638.
  6. Elizabeth, b Berwick ca 1640 or 26 Mar 1648 (Gene Pool).
  7. Moses, b Berwick ca 1642.

Sources

  1. Per Anonymous Spencer, Thomas Spencer of the four brothers line is Group 1 of the familytreeDNA Spencer testing, whereas Thomas who m. Miss Chadbourne is of Group 19, so not in any way connected. See FamilyTreeDNA's page of Spencer results at: https://www.familytreedna.com/groups/spencer/about/results
  2. Donald Lines Jacobus, M.A., comp., "The Four Spencer Brothers – Their Ancestors and Descendants," in The American Genealogist, Volume 27, pp. 79-87. AmericanAncestors.org LINK
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 The Chadbourne Family Association. "Second Generation, Patience Chadbourne" (2009) Original: The Chadbourne Family in America: A Genealogy compiled by Elaine C. Bacon. (1994)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Spencer, Wilbur Daniel. The Maine Spencers. A history and genealogy, with mention of many associated families. (Concord, N.H.: The Rumford Press, 1898) pp 19+
  5. The State of New Hampshire. Part II. Miscellaneous Provincial Papers, from 1629 to 1625. Volume XVII of the Series. compiled by Isaac W. Hammond. (Manchester: John B. Clarke, 1889) p. 522
  6. Stackpole, Everett S. "The First Permanent Settlement in Maine." Old Berwick Historical Society Their article excerpted from Sprague’s Journal of Maine History, Vol. XIV, No. 4. (Prepared for the meeting of the Piscataqua Pioneers at South Berwick, August 18, 1926.) and re-published by The Old Berwick Historical Society, May, 1968.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Shurtleff, Nathaniel B. (editor). The Records of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, Vol 4, part 1, Quakers p 407 Subject to Massachusetts p. 124
  8. Chadbourne Family Association citing MPC 11:139 and II:306. What is MPC?
  9. NH State Papers- Vol. XVII, pp.521-2; also York Deeds- Vol. V, pt 1, fol. 12-13; see also Maine Wills pp.47-9

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Comments: 13

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Agreed Jillaine. You can't evaluate that DNA data without some details. If the DNA sample came from only a single individual you can't make any conclusions.
posted by Joe Cochoit
Having reviewed the DNA Link, I sure wish it was a stronger source. I'm surprised it doesn't have more DNA details on it for each group.
posted by Jillaine Smith
Done. Can someone else please work on the abbreviations that are scattered throughout as sources and clarify what they are? Thanks.
posted by Jillaine Smith
Jillaine and Anne I see you have both recently looked at this profile. I believe the disambiguation should say the origins and parents of this Thomas Spencer are unknown. He is unrelated to the "4 brothers" of Massachusetts and Connecticut.
posted by Joe Cochoit
PLEASE UN-LINK this Thomas Spencer, Jr., who m. Patience Chadbourne, from showing as son of Thomas Spencer, SR. , as Thomas Jr. (has been Proven by DNA Not to be related to Thomas Sr, here on this page, who is of the 4 bros. line, Group 1 of the familytreeDNA Spencer testing, whereas Thomas who m. Miss Chadbourne is of Group 19, so not in any way connected. See FamilyTreeDNA's page of Spencer results at:

https://www.familytreedna.com/groups/spencer/about/results .... So please UN-link Thomas who m. Patience Chadbourne from Thomas,SR as his father...he's not! Thanks!

posted by Anonymous Spencer
Thomas of Hartford is attached, where he belongs as son of Gerard.

Unfortunately the GM Dir. lists only two sources for Thomas of Maine. MPCR (province and Court Records of Maine) 1:6, 42 and GDMNH (gen. Dict. of Maine and NH) 651-2

posted by Anne B
Ok my early morning read of the Jacobus article concurs with the conclusion that this Thomas Spencer of Maine was not one of the four brothers. There WAS a brother Thomas but he was born in 1604 and died in *Connecticut* in 1689 (double check). See in particular this page of Jacobus’ article. So we should detach this Thomas from the family and find the Connecticut Thomas and (re)attach him. (Does Anderson not profile the Maine Thomas Spencer?)
posted by Jillaine Smith
There's an older message (27 June 2017) on this profile, saying that he's not the son of Thomas-644 (at least that's what I think it says) I took a look at the Jacobus article about the four brothers [https://www.americanancestors.org/DB283/i/11884/79/134741624

TAG 27:79-87] and if I've followed the line correctly, The four brothers article does not claim a relationship to this profile Thomas of Berwick Maine. (It's the middle of the night and the brain cells are not feeling logical) Would someone double check this please. Thank you

posted by Anne B
Group 19 or Group 1 DNA does separate the Spencer Clan, however, one must go back to the Domesday Book and the King's Dispensary (William the Conqueror) to understand how these Spencers connect. One must show Europe & Viking Ancestry, it is possible for Scottish, Irish, & British Blood to be in the mix. Wealth of information from Battle of Dunbar 3 Sep 1650 Battle of Worcester 3 Sep 1651, Victory by Oliver Cromwell; Scottish Prisoners of War chained and shipped to the American Colonies. Maine came under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts Bay Colony, my ancestor Major Brian Pendleton, Magistrate (1599-1681).
This showing Thomas as son of Thomas brother of Gerard Spencer (Sr) of the 4 Bros. line is NOT Correct, as has been PROVEN by DNA. See FamilyTreeDNA's page of Spencer results at:

https://www.familytreedna.com/groups/spencer/about/results .... Which clearly shows that the Thomas Spencer / Patience Chadbourne line is of Group 19, & NOT Group 1-the 4 Bros. group! So please UN-link Thomas who m. Patience Chadbourne from Showing him on his Tree, as being of Thomas Spencer, brother of Gerard, as his Father! Thanks!

posted by Anonymous Spencer

Thomas is 19 degrees from Peter Roberts, 10 degrees from Emma Smith and 10 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.