Thomas was born on 20 May 1514 at Pavenham, Bedfordshire, the son of John Spencer and Ann Arnold.
He married Ann Bulkeley, the daughter of Robert Bulkeley of Burgate, Fordingbridge, Hampshire , circa 1532, with whom he had sons Robert and William, and daughters Elizabeth and Ann. Robert died in Cople in 1620 when the parish register gives his age as about 87, from which is estimated his marriage date.
He died at Cople, Bedfordshire, in 1547, aged about 87.
A property known as ROWLANDS MANOR appears in the parish in the 16th century, and was then held of Sir Thomas Snagge as of the barony of Bedford. Its origin is uncertain, but a family of Rodland or Rowland is associated with this parish from the 13th to the 15th century. The first mention of it as a manor is found in 1531, when John Spencer made a settlement of it. His father Robert's name occurs a few years earlier as holding land in Cople. Thomas son of John Spencer died seised in 1547. He was succeeded by his son Robert, who was followed by his son Nicholas, who died about 1625. His son, another Nicholas, married Mary daughter of Sir Edward Gostwick of Willington, and died in 1643. William Spencer, son and heir of Nicholas, was living and in possession of Rowlands in 1691. 
Biography: Litigation on his behalf: Source: C 1/814/23 Description: Short title: Harvy v Lord Mordaunt.
Plaintiffs: Edmund Harvy (?), esquire, guardian of Thomas Spencer.
Defendants: John Mordaunt, lord Mordaunt, William Gascoigne, knight, Richard Slade, and John Colbecke.
Subject: Detention of goods and of deeds relating to the manors of Cople and Barford, and land and rent there and in Honeydon, Beggary, and Ford (in Eaton Socon), St Neots (Saynt Edes), Eynesbury, Weald and Caldecote (in Eynesbury), Great and Little Paxton, Odell, Little Brickhill, Elstow, Southmills and Stockton. Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Huntingdonshire
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