Shirley (St. Hill) Chisholm
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Shirley Anita (St. Hill) Chisholm (1924 - 2005)

Rep Shirley Anita Chisholm formerly St. Hill aka Hardwick
Born in New York, New York, United Statesmap
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married 4 Oct 1949 in Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United Statesmap
Wife of — married 1977 [location unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Ormond Beach, Florida, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 30 Jan 2018 | Last significant change: 25 Jul 2020
15:07: M Cole edited the Biography for Shirley Anita (St. Hill) Chisholm (1924-2005). (Fixing typos.) [Thank M for this]
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US Black Heritage Project
Shirley (St. Hill) Chisholm is a part of African-American history.
Join: US Black Heritage Project
Discuss: African-American
Preceded by
Thomas Jones
Shirley Anita Chisholm
US Congressional Representative
from New York

US House of Representatives
January 3, 1969—January 3, 1983
Succeeded by
Thomas R. Fortune
Preceded by
Patsy Mink
Secretary of the House Democratic Caucus
1977-1981
Succeeded by
Geraldine Ferraro
Preceded by
Edna Kelly
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York's 12th District
1969-1983
Succeeded by
Major Owens
Preceded by
Herbert Marker
Member of the New York State Assembly from the 55th District
1967-1968
Succeeded by
Thomas Fortune
Preceded by
Constituency established
Member of the New York State Assembly from the 45th District
1966-1966
Succeeded by
Max Turshen
Preceded by
Thomas Jones
Member of the New York State Assembly from the King's 17th District
1965-1965
Succeeded by
Constituency abolished

Biography

Notables Project
Shirley (St. Hill) Chisholm is Notable.

Shirley Chisholm, as she was known, was an American politician, educator, and author. Shirley was the first African-American woman elected to the United States Congress, representing New York's 12th Congressional District. She served seven terms. In 1972, she became the first black candidate for a major party's nomination for President of the United States of America. She was also the first woman to run for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination. Shirley Chisholm was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Shirley's parents Charles Cristopher and Ruby (Seale) Chisholm, were from the Caribbean area they moved to Brooklyn, New York . On November 30th , 1924 Shirley St. Hill was born in Brooklyn, New York.

Miss St Hill had three sister's two younger and one older. [[1]]

When Miss Hill turned five she was sent to live with her grandmother and she attended the strict British school that were in the West Indies. She spoke fondly of her grandmother and credited her with giving her strength , dignity and love. Rep Shirley (St Hill) said , "her grandmother gave her a strong sense of self nd of being somebody." [[2]]Nerissa]]

The children returned to New York on the ship Nerissa when Shirley was nine [[3]]

Miss St Hill started Girls' High School in the Bedford–Stuyvesant [[4]]

Miss Hill obtained Bachelor of Arts fromBrooklyn Collee in 1946 [[5]] Shirley participated in the debate club and won honors. She was member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority.

Mrs Chisholm was the director of Friends Day Nursery in Brownsville, Brooklyn, New York. Conrad O. Chisholm and Miss St Hill met in the latter part of the 1940s. Conrad had immigrated to ta,he U.S. from Jamaica in 1946 and became a private investigator whose focus was in negligence-based lawsuits.

Miss St Hill and Mr Chisholm married in 1949 .

Chisholm taught in a nursery school while furthering her education, earning her MA in elementary education from Teachers College at Columbia University in 1952.

Teaching introduced her to politics. Educators often find themselves involved in politics, while running a day care center the basis of her political career volunteering for white-dominated political clubs in Brooklyn, and with the Bedford-Stuyvesant Political League and the League of Women Voters . While working with the Political League she was part of a committee that chose the recipient of its annual Brotherhood Award. She also was a representative of the Brooklyn branch of the National Association of College Women.

State legislator

Running a day care center got her interested in politics, and during this time she formed the basis of her political career, working as a volunteer for white-dominated political clubs in Brooklyn, and with the Bedford-Stuyvesant Political League and the League of Women Voters.[5][9] With the Political League she was part of a committee that chose the recipient of its annual Brotherhood Award.[19] She also was a representative of the Brooklyn branch of the National Association of College Women.[20] State legislator[edit] working as a volunteer for white-dominated political clubs in Brooklyn, and with the Bedford-Stuyvesant Political League and the League of Women Voters.[5][9] With the Political League she was part of a committee that chose the recipient of its annual Brotherhood Award.[19] She also was a representative of the Brooklyn branch of the National Association of College Women.


Rep Chisholm was the first African American woman to run for President [[6]] She ran in 1972.]]


Death of US Rep Shirley (St Hill) Chisholm Associated Press Archive shows numerous dignitaries associated with her. [[7]] [[8]]

Shirley was born November 30th, 1924 in Brooklyn, New York.to Charles and Ruby (Seal) St Hill. Shirley was the first born of four daughters.[1]

Shirley's parents were immigrants, Charles, her father was from Guyana and her Mother was an immigrant from Barbados [2]

Shirley and her siblings would stay with their maternal grandmother and attend school while there.

Prior to meeting her husband, Miss St Hill worked as a nursery school teacher.

Shirley married her husband Charles Q. Chisolm in 1949.

While in Congress Representative Chisolm, worked to provide equal rights for all American, with a focus on low-income families, children, and women.[3]


Rep Chisholm represented the 3rd District of New York for seven terms. [4][5]

She passed away in 2005.

A statue of Rep Chisolm is erected in her district. [6]


  • Representative Chisolm's Honors
  • Recognition of her debating skills
  • Bachelor of Arts from Brooklyn College in 1946
  • MA in Elementary Education from Teachers College at Columbia University in 1952.
  • Brooklyn branch of the National Association of College Women.[20]
  • 1968 elected to House of Representatives New York 12th Congressional District making her the first African American Woman elected to Congress
  • 1971 Shirley becomes a founding member of the Black Congressional Caucus
  • 1971Shirley was a founding member National Women's Political Caucus
  • In 1974, Chisholm was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree by Aquinas College and was their commencement speaker.[[9]]
  • In 1975, Chisholm was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree by Smith College.
  • In 1996, she was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree by Stetson University, in Deland, Florida.

Sources

  1. https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/shirley-chisholm
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shirley_Chisholm
  3. http://equalityarchive.com/history/the-first-black-woman-presidential-candidate/
  4. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000371
  5. https://www.womenofthehall.org/
  6. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/dec/05/its-about-time-shirley-chisholm-first-black-congresswoman-will-get-a-statue
  • "United States Census, 1930," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X4KS-BMZ : accessed 26 February 2018), Shirley St Hill in household of Charles St Hill, Brooklyn (Districts 0501-0750), Kings, New York, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 566, sheet 2B, line 77, family 44, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 1543; FHL microfilm 2,341,278.
  • "United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KQ9Y-HBT : accessed 26 February 2018), Shirley St Hill in household of Charles St Hill, Assembly District 17, Brooklyn, New York City, Kings, New York, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 24-2020, sheet 61A, line 3, family 21, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 2599.

See also:

Political Biography

Unbossed and Unbought An autobiography by Shirley St Hill Chisholm [7]

The Good Fight Bold New York: Harper & Row, 1973;

[[10]]

[[11]]

[[12]]

Honors

  • Annoucement of Statute honoring US Rep. Shirley Chisholm in Prospect Park,
  • Brooklyn, NYC [[13]]
  • U.S.Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007 Shirley Anita St Hill * Shirley Chisholm Shirley's immigrant * Gender: Female * Race :Black Birth Date: 30 *Nov 1924 * Birth Place: Kings, New York [Brooklyn Kin??, *New York Death Date: 1 Jan *2005 * Father: Charles C St Hill * Mother: Ruby L Seale
    *SSN: xxx xxxxxx


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St Hill-7 and St. Hill-4 appear to represent the same person because: Clear duplicate
ST Hill-5 and St. Hill-4 appear to represent the same person because: same name and dates
posted by S Stevenson