Thomas Stanley, Knight of the Garter, of Lathom and Knowsley, Lancashire, and London, Lieutenant-Governor of Ireland, Constable and Justice of Chester, 1st Lord Stanley, was born in or before 1405, son and heir of Sir John Stanley and Elizabeth Harrington, daughter of Sir Nicholas Harington.
He married Joan Goushill (or Gousehill), eldest daughter and co-heiress of Sir Robert Goushill of Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire. The couple had four sons and three daughters:
Sir Thomas, 1st Earl of Derby, 2nd Lord Stanley, son and heir, born c 1435, died 29 Jul 1504, married first to Eleanor Neville (11 children), 2nd to Margaret Beaufort (no issue);
Thomas died 11 Feb 1458/9 and was survived by his wife. He was buried in Burscough Priory, Lancashire.
In 1424, Thomas was attacked in his father's tower in Liverpool by Sir Richard Molyneux; both men were arrested.
He was Knight of the Shire for Lancashire in 1427, 1433, 1439, 1442, 1447, 1449, 1450, 1453, and 1455.
He went to Ireland in 1429, becoming Lieutenant Governor and he called a Parliament there in 1432. He was chief governor from 1431 to 1436.
He succeeded his father in Mann and his other estates in 1432 and, like his father, has been referred to as "King of Mann".
He was knighted before his father's death in 1437.
He was Constable of Chester Castle, appointed on 6 December 1437.
Controller of the royal household, an office granted on 26 Apr 1439 along with the offices of Chamberlain of North Wales and Forester of Macclesfield.
In 1441, he and his wife were granted a papal indult for plenary remission.
He was one of the Justices of Chester. On 1 Dec 1443, he had a grant in survivorship of the office of Justice of the counties of Chester, Flint and North Wales.
Humphrey, Duke of Buckingham, granted him the manor of Bosley in 1446.
He was one of the Commissioners who treated with the Scottish for a truce in 1448, and, when it was concluded, he became one of its conservators.
On 11 Dec 1448, he had a grant in survivorship of the office of Chief Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster.
On 2 Apr 1450, he was appointed with others to be warden of Calais. He served on this commission for the custody and defence of the town and castle of Calais from 1450 to 1455.
During the year 1451, he held the office of sole Judge of Chester. That same year, the House of Commons demanded his removal from the court/royal presence.
In 1452 he was commissioned to treat for a new truce with Scotland.
In 1455, he and his wife were granted a papal induct for a portable altar. That year, he was described as Thomas Stanley, Knt., Lord Stanley, the King's Chamberlain.
On 15 Jan 1455/6, he was summoned to Parliament by writ, at which time it is thought that he became Lord Stanley,
The following year, he was created Knight of the Garter, having been nominated before 13 May and installed 14 May 1457.
Privy Counsillor. In 1457 he was one of the Council of Edward, Prince of Wales.
He was again appointed one of the Ambassadors to treat with the Scotch in 1460, "but, dying the latter end of the year, the nation was deprived of this very great and valuable person, and the King of one of his best subjects."
Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham. (Salt Lake City: the author, 2013). Vol. V, pages 27-28. See also WikiTree's source page for Royal Ancestry.
Richardson, Royal Ancestry, II: 618.
Bennett, Michael J. "Stanley, Thomas, first Baron Stanley (1406–1459)" in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, (Oxford University Press, 2004). Online with subscription at OxfordDNB.
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Profile Needs Source Check: Check Royal Ancestry (not available online) against all unsourced data in the timeline, a couple are marked "citation needed", others are not; MCA and all other sources have been checked Thiessen-117 23:32, 20 October 2019 (UTC)
See Base Camp for more information about identified Magna Carta trails and their status. See the project's glossary for project-specific terms, such as a "badged trail".
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Thomas by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: