David Sloane Stanley (June 1, 1828 – March 13, 1902) was a Union Army general during the American Civil War. After taking part in the liberation of the Upper Mississippi, and serving at Corinth and Stones River, he was made a corps commander under Sherman and sent to Tennessee to oppose John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee. At a critical moment in the Battle of Franklin (November 1864), he saved part of George D. Wagner’s division from destruction, earning America's highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor. Later he explored the Yellowstone River, and his favourable reports encouraged settlement of this region.
Early life Stanley was born in Cedar Valley, Wayne County, Ohio. He graduated from West Point in 1852 and went to the Western frontier to survey railroad routes. He engaged in Indian fighting and was promoted to captain in March 1861, shortly before the outbreak of the Civil War. Stanley was on duty at Fort Washita in Indian Territory when war broke out. He led his men to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
Civil War He fought at several battles in Missouri, including the Battle of Wilson's Creek, where he guarded the supply trains. He quickly rose in rank to brigadier general. President Abraham Lincoln appointed Stanley as brigadier general September 28, 1861, although the U.S. Senate did not confirm the appointment until March 7, 1862. Fighting in the Western Theater, he participated in the operations against New Madrid, Missouri and the Battle of Island Number Ten. He was involved in numerous major battles, including the Second Battle of Corinth, where he commanded a division of infantry of the Army of the Mississippi, and the Battle of Stones River, in which he led the cavalry of the Army of the Cumberland. On March 11, 1863, Stanley was appointed major general to rank from November 29, 1862. Stanley also led the Union cavalry in the Tullahoma Campaign. He fell ill late in 1863 and missed the Battle of Chickamauga. In 1864, he fought under William Tecumseh Sherman as a division commander in the IV Corps of the Army of the Cumberland during the Atlanta Campaign, and he was promoted to command of the corps when Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard was named commander of the Army of the Tennessee. After the capture of the city, instead of employing him marching to the sea, Sherman dispatched Stanley and his IV Corps to Tennessee to help protect the state from invasion by John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee.
For leading one of his brigades in a successful counterattack during a critical moment in the fighting at the Battle of Franklin on November 30, 1864, the President of the United States on behalf of the United States Congress presented him with the Medal of Honor on March 29, 1893. Two of his divisions having been reassigned to the defensive lines of the XXIII Corps before the battle, Stanley had no actual command. Two brigades of the remaining division, under Brig. Gen. George D. Wagner, were overwhelmed by the initial Confederate assault, having been left in an exposed position. It was for his role in the counterattack by the 3rd Brigade of Wagner's division that Stanley was awarded the medal. He was wounded in the neck at the same time and had his horse shot out from under him. Maj. Gen. Jacob Cox, commanding the defenses, provided Stanley a remount with which to seek medical attention, and Stanley did not participate further in the battle. He returned to corps command only after the Battle of Nashville.
Postbellum career After the war, Stanley was appointed colonel of the 22nd U.S. Infantry, primarily serving in the Dakota Territory until 1874. He commanded the Yellowstone Expedition of 1873, successfully conducting his troops through several unmapped areas, and his favorable reports on the country led to subsequent settlement of the region. In 1879, Stanley and his regiment were reassigned to Texas to suppress Indian raids in the western portion of the state. He was ordered to Santa Fe, New Mexico, in 1882, and placed in command of the District of New Mexico. In March 1884, he was appointed a brigadier general in the regular army, and assigned command of the Department of Texas. He retired in 1892.
Stanley was interred at the United States Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery in Washington, D.C. - Plot: Section O-20.
He was a First Class Companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States and a Hereditary Companion of the Military Order of Foreign Wars. In 1894 he became a member of the District of Columbia Society of the Sons of the American Revolution.
His son-in-law, Willard Ames Holbrook (married to his daughter, Anna Huntington Stanley, American Impressionist artist), also served as a major general in the U.S. Army. His only son, David Sheridan Stanley, and five of his grandsons (including Willard Ames Holbrook, Jr.) would later graduate from West Point. Additionally, his son, David Sheridan Stanley was the principal founder of the Army Navy Country Club, located in Arlington, VA.
Medal of Honor citation Medal of honor old.jpg Rank and Organization:
Major General, U.S. Volunteers. Place and Date: At Franklin, Tenn., November 30, 1864. Entered Service At: Congress, Wayne County, Ohio. Born: June 1, 1828, Cedar Valley, Ohio. Date of Issue: March 29, 1893. Citation:
At a critical moment rode to the front of one of his brigades, reestablished its lines, and gallantly led it in a successful assault. See also Biography portal United States Army portal American Civil War portal List of Medal of Honor recipients List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: Q–S List of American Civil War generals (Union) Notes Jump up ^ The Portrait Monthly: Containing Sketches of Departed Heroes, and Prominent Personages of the Present Time, Interesting Stories, Etc. T.B. Leggett and Company. 1864. p. 133. Jump up ^ Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 728 Jump up ^ Eicher, 2001, p. 705 Jump up ^ "David S. Stanley". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved 2007-11-08. Jump up ^ "West Point Association of Graduates". westpointaog.org. Jump up ^ ""Civil War Medal of Honor citations" (S-Z): Stanley, David S.". history.army.mil. Retrieved 2007-11-09. Jump up ^ "Medal of Honor website" (M-Z): Stanley, David S.". United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved 2007-11-09.
References Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1964. ISBN 0-8071-0822-7. Attribution
PD-icon.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1891). "Stanley, David Sloane". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
Further reading Wikimedia Commons has media related to David S. Stanley. Jacobson, Eric A., and Richard A. Rupp. For Cause & for Country: A Study of the Affair at Spring Hill and the Battle of Franklin. Franklin, TN: O'More Publishing, 2007. ISBN 0-9717444-4-0. Stanley, David Sloane (1987). Personal Memoirs of Major-General D. S. Stanley. Cambridge, MA: Olde Soldier Books. ISBN 0-942211-57-X. hdl:2027/mdp.39015036027301.
External links David S. Stanley at Find a Grave George W. Cullum's Register of Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy, Vol. II, p.478, Class of 1852, #1544 David S. Stanley (Ap'd O.), 9/42 Military offices Preceded by Oliver O. Howard Commander of the IV Corps July 27, 1864 – December 4, 1864 Succeeded by Thomas J. Wood Preceded by Thomas J. Wood Commander of the IV Corps January 31, 1865 – August 1, 1865 Succeeded by None, End of War
David Sloane Stanley Memorial
Birth: Jun. 1, 1828 Cedar Valley Wayne County Ohio, USA Death: Mar. 13, 1902 Washington District of Columbia District Of Columbia, USA
Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. He served as a Major General in the US Army in the US Volunteers. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for action at Franklin, Tennessee on November 30, 1864. His citation reads "At a critical moment rode to the front of one of his brigades, reestablished its lines, and gallantly led it in a successful assault." (bio by: Don Morfe)
Family links: Parents: John Bratton Stanley (1799 - 1873) Sarah Peterson Stanley (1807 - 1839)
Spouse: Anna Maria Wright Stanley (1830 - 1895)*
Children: Josephine Huntington Stanley Holbrook (1860 - 1927)* Sarah Eliza Stanley Rumbough (1861 - 1952)* Anna Huntington Stanley Holbrook (1864 - 1907)* Blanche H Stanley (1871 - 1951)* David Sheridan Stanley (1873 - 1942)*
Siblings: David Sloane Stanley (1828 - 1902) Jonathan B Stanley (1830 - ____)* Leander F Stanley (1844 - 1907)** Martha E Stanley (1852 - 1853)** I. T. Stanley (1852 - 1853)**
Burial: US Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery Washington District of Columbia District Of Columbia, USA Plot: Section O-20
Maintained by: Find A Grave Originally Created by: Don Morfe Record added: Feb 10, 2003 Find A Grave Memorial# 7173892
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