Joseph Carlton Stanley was born in Berkeley County, West Virginia about 1874 to father Adam Alvanzo "Van" Stanley and mother Jane Frazier. Carl was the sixth in birth order out of eleven children born to Adam and Jane Stanley. He was commonly known as "J.C." or “Carl" but also by his full name, "Joseph Carlton." In 1881 he moved with his family to Ogle County, Illinois. Carl also lived in South Dakota for a short time but settled in Brazoria County, Texas. He passed away in Brazoria, County Texas on July, 25, 1933.
Marriage and Children
Miss Pearl Inez Whicker - 1913 - "J.C. Stanley" and Pearl Inez Whicker were married in Angleton, Brazoria County, Texas on June 25. Pearl was nineteen years old and "J.C." was at least fifteen year her senior.
Children born to Joseph Carlton and Pearl Stanley:
1874 - Berkeley County, West Virginia. Estimated year of Carl's birth.
1880 - Berkeley County, West Virginia. "Joseph" estimated age 6, in the household of father, "Alvanzo Stanley" with mother Jane and siblings: Cora, John, "Lulie", Holmes, Elisha, and "Bertie."
1881 - Byon, Ogle County Illinois. Family moves from West Virginia to Illinois.
1898 - Byron Township, Ogle County, Illinois. "Carl Stanley" on record at wedding of sister Cora Bell Stanley
1900 - Ogle County, Illinois. "Carl Stanley" estimate age 27 living with father, "Adam Stanley" and siblings Roberta, Glen, and a boarder named "Dorsey Meyrs." Dorsey married sister Roberta Evelyn Stanley in 1902.
1905 - Bridgewater, McCook County, South Dakota. "Carl Stanley" age 30 states on the South Dakota state census of 1905 that he has been in South Dakota for two years. 
1910 - Underwood, Pennington County, South Dakota. "Carl Stanley" age 34 states on the US Census form that his occupation is "clerk" in a hardware store.
1911 - Faith, South Dakota. "J. C. Stanley" mentioned in obituary of his sister, Cora Stanley's.
1913 - Brazoria County, Texas. "J.C. Stanley" marries Pearl Inez Whicker.
1915 - Brazoria County, Texas. Birth of Son Olin Benton Stanley.
1917 - Matagorda County, Texas. "Joseph Carlton Stanley" registers for WWI draft at Matagorda County, Texas. Carl reports his birth date of: "Feburary 16, 1876."
March 1918 - Freeport, Texas - "Carl Stanley" mentioned on 22 Mar 1918 in Rockford, Illinois newspaper. Daily Register Gazette reports Carl's father A. A. Stanley, has returned to Rockford, Illinois after a four month visit with his son in Freeport, Texas. A. A. Stanley says that his "chief pastime over the winter was seated in his shirt sleeves along the bank of some stream fishing."
December 1918 - Matagorda, Texas - Birth of son Thorning Carlton Stanley
1920 - "Carl Stanley" estimated age of 42 head of household Waco, Texas with wife Pearl and two young sons Olin and infant Thorning.
1923 - McGregor, Texas. Birth of son Joseph Carlton Stanley, Jr.
1930 - Freeport, Texas - "Joseph C Stanley" head of household wife Pearl and children: Olin, Thorning, Joseph Carlton Jr., Pauline, and infant son Marvin. Also in the residence is fifty-two year old "boarder", "John Luke."
1926 - Freeport, Texas. Birth of daughter Othella "Pauline" Stanley.
1929 - Freeport, Texas. Birth of son Marvin Scott Stanley.
1933 - "Joseph Carlton Stanley dies in Freeport, Texas July 25, 1933.
I found several Rockford, Illinois newspaper stories in the "gossip" section about Carl and his family. Evidently Carl frequently traveled between South Dakota, Illinois, and Iowa to visit his family. Eventually he found his way south to the Lone Star State. Daddy says that he came to Texas to start a a citrus farm. The book "Window to the Past, a History of Brazoria County" includes a few pages about the citrus farmers- . a cold front came through and destroyed the citrus groves.
It's possible that a birth record does exists. Consideration has been given to an error in the filing of the birth record and a theory that a birth record was not filed. Joseph Carlton Stanley provided different birth dates on recorded documents. This provides alternate birth dates to consider: 16 Feb 1876, 16 Feb 1874, and January 1873. A birth record was found for a female child born in March 1867 for parents Adam and Jane Stanley. This child was "un-named" and born only 7 months after the couple was married. This was probably a filing error on Cora's birth record which was corrected to March 1868, her actual birth date.
Death Certificate issues
Date of death July 25, 1933 in Brazoria County. His death certificate states place of birth: Berkeley Co, WV. Father's Name "J.D. Stanley". Mothers name, PoB, and fathers PoB are "Unknown". informant at Carl's death gave the name J.D. Stanley for the Father, either because it was the only name she could remember, or J.D was used as an abbreviation for "John Doe". Joseph Carl had a brother named John Douglas Stanley who was known as J.D. Stanley. I believe that his wife Pearl, who was the informant, gave the name John Douglas Stanley.
Clues from DNA:
DNA appears to link Stacy Jo Stanley, Joseph Carlton's great granddaughter, with Archileus Stanley, Joseph Carlton's grandfather. A 5.4 CM segment match on Chromosome 8 with two other profiles attached to the profile of Archileus Stanley.
↑ 1.01.11.2 "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M6RJ-KZH : 15 July 2017), Joseph Stanley in household of Alonzo Stanley, Gerrardstown, Berkeley, West Virginia, United States; citing enumeration district ED 14, sheet 261B, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 1400; FHL microfilm 1,255,400.
↑ 2.02.12.2 "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MS4T-NST : accessed 11 April 2018), Carl Stanley in household of Adam Stanley, Byron township Byron village, Ogle, Illinois, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 75, sheet 17A, family 339, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,240,332.
↑ 4.04.14.2 Email. Debra Basham, Archivist, West Virginia Department of History and Culture. After searching all possible date ranges and three surrounding counties, she came up empty handed. She suggested a strong possibility that birth was unrecorded, or recorded in error. Stacy Stanley: 12 Jan 2018.
↑ 6.06.16.26.3 Personal Research. This is the personal opinion of Stacy Stanley based on first hand knowledge and data collected during the research of the Stanley family. Stacy Stanley: 27 Jan 2018.
↑ 7.07.1 "Texas, County Marriage Index, 1837-1977," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XLCC-CPL : 22 December 2016), J C Stanley and Pearl Whicker, 25 Jun 1913; citing Brazoria, Texas, United States, county courthouses, Texas; FHL microfilm 1,008,074.
↑ "Illinois, County Marriages, 1810-1940," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KFLN-F1D : 4 November 2017), Benjamin Innis and Cora Bell Stanley, 21 Sep 1898; citing Ogle, Illinois, United States, county offices, Illinois; FHL microfilm 1,420,756.
↑ "Illinois, County Marriages, 1810-1940," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/QK9L-23XD : 17 October 2017), Dorsey William Myers and Roberta Evelyn Stanley, 04 Feb 1902; citing Winnebago, Illinois, United States, county offices, Illinois; FHL microfilm 1,914,050.
↑ 14.014.1 "United States World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KZXL-9ZJ : 12 December 2014), Joseph Carlton Stanley, 1917-1918; citing Matagorda County, Texas, United States, NARA microfilm publication M1509 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,983,388.
↑ Observation of Philip Rich 14 Jan 2018. "I was looking at your Stanley line this morning, and when comparing your AU-DNA to the samples attached to Archelaus Stanley I find a common 5.4 CM segment shared on Chromosome 8 between the 3 of you. Now this is a rather small segment, and although not conclusive, it is consistent with the expected distance of the relationship."
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Carl by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: