Joseph Stanley (ca. 1810– ca. 1863) first appeared by name, age, and occupation on the 1850 federal census in Berkeley County, Virginia. Joseph Stanley, age thirty-nine and born in Virginia headed his household composed of thirty-eight-year-old Sarah, thirteen-year-old Mary, Adam age six, John four, Ann three, and six-month-old Joseph. Mary’s superior age suggests a previous marriage.
Joseph was born in Berkeley County, Virginia in 1810 to Archelaus Stanley and Mary Brannen. Archelaus appears to be the same as the "Archibald" Stanley on the 1810 tax list paying a poll for one male over age twenty-one and one horse in Berkeley County in 1810.
A marriage record for Joseph Stanley and Abilonia Steidley on 19 February 1835 provides a clue about Mary’s parentage. Abilonia mysteriously vanished from the records after her marriage to Joseph, and her death largely inferred by Joseph’s second marriage on 20 December 1841 and an 1840 census that doesn't appear to include a female of her age.
Children of Joseph and Abilonia:
1837 - Mary Elizabeth Stanley, Berkeley County, Virginia
Joseph's second wife Sarah Matilda Hart Stanley passed away in September of 1854 her headstone shows 20 September 1854. She is buried at Back Creek Quaker Cemetery in Gainesboro, Frederick County Virginia.
According to her headstone inscription:
"| SARAH M. / Wife of / Jos. Stanley, / Born March 23, 1811. / Died Sept. 11, 1854. / Precious in the sight of the Lord. / Tho' lost to sight, to mem / ory dear. / Erected by J. H. Stanley."
In 1860 fifty-year-old Joseph headed his Berkeley County household which was composed of sixteen-year-old Adam, fourteen-year-old John, twelve-year-old Ann, ten-year-old Joseph, and eight-year-old Sarah. A new addition to the house is thirty-five year old Evalina Hart who is probably a relative of Sarah Matilda Hart Stanley.
Many people left the county during the Civil War indicating the area could be unsafe. Skirmishes and battles took place in the county in struggles to claim the area for its strategic location near water and rail.
The Stanley family as it were, appears to have disbanded by the time the 1870 census taker arrived. Joseph has likely died prior to 1870. Joesph's two oldest sons were married in 1866: Adam Stanley married Jane Frazier and John Stanley married Lucy Emily McDonald. Joseph is referenced as "father of groom" in both records.
Military records were searched for Joseph Stanley. A record was located Joseph Stanley from "Finch" burg, Virginia is found on a Union Provost Marshall Register of Rebel Deserters who took the oat of allegiance.. Searching Union and Confederate soldier lists didn't reveal a viable record for his name.
A primary source death record has not been located for Joseph Stanley. A descendant of Joseph Stanley who may have an unpublished Stanley genealogy says he died on 13 February 1865.
Joseph has not been located on a census or any of the related mortality schedules.
The unsourced photograph provides compelling evidence for a death date of 11 December 1863. A comment from ancestry member states that he is buried at "old Stanley Cemetery next to Abilonia Stiedley". The old Stanley Cemetery appears to lie on private property in a heavily wooded area. Searching for old Stanley Cemetery returned no clear results but the metadata from the photograph provides GPS coordinates pointing to a location near Glengary in Berkeley County very near the area the family resided.
Suggestions for future Research
Probate Records of Archelaus Stanley - Archelaus died intestate around 26 March 1851. Analysis of his probate file cold reveal direct evidence for his children, including Joseph.
Death Date - Joseph died on 13 FEB 1865 according to Ancestry member Dulcinea Fisher-Smith, a descendant of Joseph Stanley. She said her mother has a book called the green Stanley book.
Interesting fact: Evaline Hart, is about fifteen years younger than Joseph's deceased wife Sarah "Hart." It's possible that she is the younger sister of Sarah. Theory - marriage record in FamilySearch for Thoms Wm Hart m. "Widow" Lily T Jones. Parents listed as Jos Stanley and Eliza "Hart. Could this be the "Evaline" who is in the house in 1860? Could Eveline's name been misspelled by the census taker?
Mary Stanley in 1830 Berkeley female 40-50 years old. Listed near a person named Frederick Steidley who also lists 4 people in the household. Abilonia’s father was Frederick Stiedley.
↑ "United States Census, 1850," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M885-NSP : 12 April 2016), Joseph Stanley, Berkeley county, part of, Berkeley, Virginia, United States; citing family 1378, NARA microfilm publication M432 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
↑ "Berkeley County, [West] Virginia 1800 Tax List,"The Virginia Genealogist (Washington, DC: J. F. Dorman, 1957 - 2006) digital images, Americanancestors (https://www.americanancestors.org : 5 May 2020), citing New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2009,v 8:113, entry for Archibald Stanley, 1-1.
↑ "West Virginia Deaths and Burials, 1854-1932," database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org : 12 Apr 2020), Berkeley County, Register of Deaths, 20 Sep 1854, entry for Sarah M Stanley, informant Adam Stanley, father, digital image 196, line 118.
↑ "Virginia Marriages, 1785-1940," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XRZF-7XD : 5 December 2014), Joseph Stanley and Sarah Matilda Hart, 20 Dec 1841; citing Frederick, Virginia, reference; FHL microfilm 31,458.
↑BillionGraves, database with images, (https://billiongraves.com : 14 April 2020), entry for Sarah M Stanley (23 Jun 1811 - 14 Sep 1854), memorial no 3369448, Back Creek Quaker Cemetery, Gainesboro, Frederick, Virginia, USA.
↑ Mabel Henshaw Gardiner and Ann Henshaw Gardiner, "Chronicles of old Berkeley: a narrative history of a Virginia County from its beginnings to 1926," 1938; digitized by Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com : 15 Apr 2020), historical sketches civil war diary.
↑ "West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NMK3-JM9 : 4 December 2014), Jos Stanley in entry for John A Stanley and Lucy E Mcdonald, 13 Dec 1866; citing Berkeley, West Virginia, p 8 ln 367, county clerks, West Virginia; FHL microfilm 831,314.
↑ "West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NMK3-NM2 : 4 December 2014), Allen Alvinazo Stanly and Jane Frazeir, 23 Aug 1866, grooms parents names Joseph and Sarah Stanley; citing Berkeley, West Virginia, p 7 ln 328, county clerks, West Virginia; FHL microfilm 831,314.
↑ "Register of Rebel Deserters Taking the Oath of Allegiance, Provost Marshal, Department of VA & NC, May 1864 to April 1865," Ronald Paul Riggs, The Virginia Genealogist (https://www.americanancestors.org: accessed 5 May 2020), 18:265, Joseph Stanley, 11 Dec 1864.
↑ "West Virginia Confederate Soldier Records, 1861-1865," database with images, Fold3 (https://fold3.com : 28 April 2020), Joseph Stanley, NIL.
↑ "West Virginia Union Soldier Records, 1861-1865," database with images, Fold3 (https://fold3.com : 28 April 2020), Joseph Stanley, NIL.
↑ 15.015.1 Personal Knowledge, second hand information, Fulcinea Fisher-Smith, descendant.
↑ "Register of deaths", database with images, Berkeley County, West Virginia Department of Art, Culture, and History (http://www.wvculture.org: 12 Apr 2020), Joseph Stanley, searching 1859, 1865-1969, all counties, Joseph Stanley, NIL.
↑ USGenWeb Project, Berkeley County, West Virginia, cemetery list, http://www.usgenweb.net : 2 May 2020), Searching for old Stanley Cemetery, NIL.
↑ GPS Location of Headstone Photo, reportedly at Old Stanley Cemetery (Berkeley, West Virginia; LAT/LON 39234632N, -781022098W; 0.7 miles west of Glengary on WV-45, then 0.4 miles south on Girl Scout Drive), FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org : 4 May 2020), see ID LTT4-PDC for Joseph Stanley (9 Nov 1810 - 11 Dec 1863), headstone photograph.
↑ West Virginia Cemetery Readings, 1941, Historical Records Survey. Cemetery Readings in West Virginia. Charleston, WV, USA: West Virginia Historical Records Survey (1939); Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com : 2 May 2020), old Stanley Cemetery, NIL.
↑ "West Virginia, Wills and Probate Records, 1724-1985," vol 17, 471-3, Archelaus Stanley estate claims and distributions recorded, 23 Dec 1853; Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com : 8 Apr 2020), digital image 276-7.
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Joseph by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: