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Rebecca (Steele) Greensmith (abt. 1623 - 1663)

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Rebecca Greensmith formerly Steele aka Mudge, Elsen
Born about in poss Fairstead, Essexmap
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Wife of — married 1645 in Connecticutmap
Wife of — married 1649 in Wethersfield, Hartford County, Connecticutmap
Wife of — married about 1654 in Hartford, Connecticutmap [uncertain]
Descendants descendants
Died in Hartford, Hartford Co, Connecticutmap
Profile last modified 30 Oct 2019 | Created 15 Mar 2013
This page has been accessed 6,856 times.
The Puritan Great Migration.
Rebecca (Steele) Greensmith migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
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Biography

Rebecca was accused of witchcraft in Connecticut.

Rebecca's surname is unknown. She was not the daughter of George Steel. She did not have an illegitimate child before her marriage.

Rebecca was married three times: She had children by Abraham Elson, but no living children by Mudge or Greensmith.

  1. Abraham Elson (b 1620; d 1648); at least two children: Hannah, Sarah who made a claim to a portion of their mother's estate after her execution.[1]
  2. Jarvis Mudge (m abt 1649); he was born about 1625 in England; and died 2 Jun 1653 in New London, Connecticut; one child: Micah Mudge b 1650. May have had Pequot property sold to Richard Smith 28 Jun 1653[2]
  3. Nathaniel Greensmith; m abt 1654 in Hartford. The two of them were found guilty of familiarity with Satan and executed 25 Jan 1662/3. Court records show that their estate was to pay debts and "to dispose of the 2 daughters, wth advice of the Assistants in Hartford." These daughters were named in the inventory as Hannah and Sarah Elsen.[3] The fact that the Mudge boys were not mentioned makes it clear that they were not biological children of Rebecca, that she and Mudge, and she and Greensmith, had no living children when they were executed.

Rebecca and her last husband, Nathaniel Greensmith, on the charge of witchcraft were hanged in Hartford 25 January 1662/3.

"The origins of the Hartford outbreak are obscure, but the trouble apparently began in the spring of 1662, with the possession and subsequent death of eight-year-old Elizabeth Kelly, who in her fits had cried out on her neighbor, Goodwife Ayres.  Convinced that their child had died from bewitchment, her parents demanded an investigation. Ayres was probably the first person named, but two other people, Mary and Andrew Sanford, were brought up for examination not long after. Ayres's husband, who would eventually come under suspicion himself, accused Rebecca Greensmith, who in turn supported accusations against her own husband and implicated several other Hartford residents. And so it went. The community was caught in the grip of a witchcraft fear that would eventually result in accusations against at least thirteen people, and that would take the lives of four of them.  At some point during the early period of the Hartford outbreak, Ann Cole, whom minister Increase Mather described as a "person of real Piety and Integrity," succumbed to possession. She was, He said, "taken with very strange fits, wherein her Tongue was improved by a Daemon to express things which she her self knew nothing of. In the precence of several local ministers, the demons said "that such and such persons... (who were then named and who included some of the people already accused) were consulting how they might carry on mischievous designs against her and several others..." Statements made by Cole that a number of witches were at work in the area seem to have intensified the community's desire to ferret them out. One of the women mentioned by Cole was her next-door neighbor, Rebecca Greensmith, who was already in prison awaiting trial. When Greensmith was confronted by the ministers and magistrates, she fully admitted her "familiarity with the Devil." She denied making "an express Covenant with him," but said that "at Christmass they would have a merry Meeting" and seal their bargain. She also acknowledged that "the Devil had frequently the carnal knowledge of her Body," and that she and the other accused witches "had Meetings at a place not far from her House." Greensmith was hanged in January 1663, along with her husband, who steadfastly denied his own guilt, and a Farmington woman, Mary Barnes, about whom little is known. According to Mather, Ann Cole was "restored to health" after their executions."[4]
"The confessions of Mary Johnson, Mary Parsons, and Rebecca Greensmith, and the possession of Ann Cole, also show that at least some colonists (even if only confessing witches and the possessed) shared the ministers' preoccupation with the Devil's role in witchcraft. This limited acciptance of the belief in the witch's pact with Satan==as well as the rash of accusations themselves--probably owed something to the massive witch-hunts in England in 1645-47, since it was then that the covenant had first become a central focus of English witchcraft cases."[5]
"Rebecca Greensmith had been widowed twice before her marriage to Nathaniel Greensmith. Her first husband, Abraham Elsen of Wethersfield, had died intestate in 1648, leaving an estate of L99. After checking the birth dates of the Elsens' two children, three-year-old Sarah and one-year-old Hannah, the court initially left the whole estate with the widow. When Rebecca married Wethersfield's Jarvis Mudge the following year, the local magistrates sequestered the house and land Abraham Elsen had left, worth L40, stating their intention to rent it out "for the Use and Benefit of the two daughters. The family moved to New London shortly after, but Jarvis Mudge died in 1652 and Rebecca moved with Hannah and Sarah to Hartford. Since Rebecca was unable to support herself and her two daughters, the court allowed her to sell the small amount of land owned by her second husband (with whom she had had no children) "for the paying of debts and the Bettering the Childrens portyons."     Sometime prior to 1660, Rebecca married Nathaniel Greensmith. During the Hartford outbreak, Rebecca came under suspicion of witchcraft. After Nathaniel sued his wife's accuser for slander, Nathaniel himself was named. Both husband and wife were convicted and executed.       Respecting Nathaniel's L182 estate, l44 of which was claimed by the then eighteen-year-old Sarah and seventeen-year-old Hannah Elsen, the court ordered the three overseers "to preserve the estate from Waste" and to pay "any just debts," the only one recorded being the Greensmiths' jail fees. Except for allowing the overseers "to dispose of the 2 daughters," presumably to service, the magistrates postponed until the next court any decision concerning the young women's portions. First however they deducted L40 to go "to the Treasurer for the County." No reason was given for this substantial appropriation and no record of further distribution of the estate has survived."[6]
  "Rebecca Greensmith. A Hartford woman who was executed as a witch along with her husband Nathaniel during the 1662-1663 Hartford outbreak; she was accused by several of her neighbors and, according to one of the town's ministers, confessed to a lengthy list of witchcraft crimes."[7]

Witchcraft in Connecticut

The following appears to be a cut-and-paste from some unknown source; do you know where this comes from? It may better belong on a freespace page.

In each of the New England colonies, witchcraft was a capital crime that involved having some type of relationship with or entertaining Satan. The earliest laws of Connecticut and New Haven colonies, the Blue Laws, made it a capital offense.

The largest witch-hunt in mid-seventeenth century New England occurred in Hartford, Connecticut. After the execution of John and Joan Carrington of Wethersfield in 1651 and Lydia Gilbert of Windsor in 1654, a witchcraft tragedy took place among Hartford's residents.

The Hartford Witch Hunt

There are in every community those who for one cause or another unfortunately incur the dislike and suspicion of their neighbors, and when belief in witchcraft prevailed such persons were easily believed to have familiarity with the devil.

In the spring of 1661, the daughter of John Kelley, eight years old, died after a short illness. In her delirium, she cried out that a neighbor had afflicted her. Her parents and some of the neighbors thought the child was bewitched to death.

About that same time, another girl, Ann Cole, was taken with strange fits, during which she talked, or it was believed that the devil talked through her. Her examination by four local ministers, only increased the mystery and augmented the excitement.

Crimes and Immorality

Those who were implicated in these alleged acts of witchcraft were a group of local acquaintances, some of whom had a reputation for misdemeanors or immorality. Their names were Nathaniel and Rebecca Greensmith, Elizabeth Seager, Andrew and Mary Sanford, William Ayres and his wife, Judith Varlett, and James Walkley. These were the leaders. Others were condemned by the company they kept.

Rebecca and Nathaniel Greensmith lived in Hartford on a lot of about twenty acres, with a house and barn. Rebecca had two daughters from her first marriage, who were about seventeen and fifteen years old at the time of this tragedy.

The couple weren't well liked, and they suffered criticism and animosity from their neighbors. A complaint was made to the town that the Greensmith barn was on community land. Nathaniel had twice been convicted of theft, and the court had once censured him for lying. Elizabeth Seager left a record of shameless crime, being found guilty of blasphemy and adultery.

One night, Rebecca and her ragtag group had a merry-making, under a tree on the green near the Greensmith house. James Wakeley, Goodwife Ayres, and Elizabeth Seager were present. They all danced and had a bottle of sack. Other nocturnal gatherings were held, and suspicions were awakened in the neighborhood.

Legal Proceedings

A formal charge of witchcraft started the legal process, then local magistrates collected evidence, normally depositions from witnesses and an examination of the accused. This information was forwarded to a higher court authorized to try capital cases. That court referred the case to a grand jury for indictment. If indicted, the case went to a jury trial.

The governor's assistant served as prosecutor, and he shaped the jury's understanding of the case. The prosecutor and the accused were allowed to call witnesses. Once all of the evidence was presented, the jury delivered its verdict, and the magistrate imposed a sentence. If the jury returned a verdict with which the magistrate disagreed, he could overturn it.

A Formal Complaint

Gossip and rumor culminated in a formal complaint against the Greensmiths on December 30, 1661, at a court held at Hartford. Both were indicted in the same formal charge. While Rebecca was in prison under suspicion, she was interviewed by two ministers, the Reverends Haynes and Whiting, as to the charges brought by Ann Cole, her next door neighbor, all of which she confessed to be true.

The ministers' account of that interview:

She (Rebecca) forthwith and freely confessed those things to be true, that she (and other persons named in the discourse) had familiarity with the devil. Being asked whether she had made an express covenant with him, she answered she had not, only as she promised to go with him when he called (which she had accordingly done several times).

But that the devil told her that at Christmas they would have a merry meeting, and then the covenant should be drawn and subscribed. Thereupon Mr. Stone with much weight and earnestness laid forth the exceeding heinousness and hazard of that dreadful sin; and therewith solemnly took notice of the devil's loving Christmas.

A person at the same time present being desired the next day more particularly to enquire of her about her guilt, it was accordingly done, to whom she acknowledged that though when Mr. Haynes began to read she could have torn him in pieces, and was so much resolved as might be to deny her guilt, yet after he had read awhile, she was as if her flesh had been pulled from her bones, and so could not deny any longer.

She also declared that the devil first appeared to her in the form of a deer or fawn, skipping about her, wherewith she was not much affrighted but by degrees he contrived talk with her, and that their meetings were frequently at such a place, (near her own house) that some of the company came in one shape and some in another, and one in particular in the shape of a crow came flying to them. Amongst other things she owned that the devil had frequent use of her body.Had Rebecca been content with purging her own conscience, she alone would have met the fate she had invoked, but out of "love to her husband's soul" she made an accusation against him, which secured his conviction of the same offense, with the same dire penalty.

The Greensmiths were convicted and sentenced to suffer death. On January 6th, 1662, Mary Barnes of Farmington was indicted, and was also found guilty of witchcraft.

Hanged as a Witch

Rebecca and Nathaniel Greensmith and Mary Barnes were hanged on Gallows Hill in Hartford on January 25, 1662. Gallows Hill afforded an excellent view of the execution to a large crowd on the meadows to the west, a hanging being then a popular spectacle and entertainment.

It was the last time any witches were hung in Connecticut, and thirty years before the Salem witchcraft trials. The crime of witchcraft disappeared from the list of capital crimes in Connecticut, and was not prosecuted after 1715.

*It was noted that after Rebecca's execution for being a witch, part of her estate, after paying for her jailing and execution [was] claimed by Hannah and Sarah Elson, described as the "two daughters."

Sources

  1. noted in the record after execution, Hanna and Sarah Elson claimed part of Rebecca's estate: https://books.google.com/books?id=RbdmBXDVeSgC&pg=PA339&lpg=PA339&dq=rebecca+and+nathaniel+Greensmith+hartford&source=bl&ots=201VEmX-eG&sig=5Qlcb22AKs221YYVIAvzb2TKW9M&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CBsQ6AEwAjgKahUKEwjSufilxODGAhWDG5IKHWgWBBs#v=onepage&q=rebecca%20and%20nathaniel%20Greensmith%20hartford&f=false (page 339)
  2. Memorials by Alfred Mudge, 1868, pages 30-33
  3. Harris, Gale Ion. "Jarvis Mudge and John Henryson Families of Connecticut. The American Genealogist 81:18-30 (2006) cites Records of the Particular Court. Connecticut Hist Soc. Colls. 22:258 and Manwaring: Conn Probate Records 1:121-22
  4. Carol F. Karlsen, The Devil in the Shape of a Woman: Witchcraft in Colonial New England, 1987, pp 24-25
  5. Karlsen, Page 27
  6. Karlsen, Page 112-113
  7. Karlsen, Appendix page 261

See also: [much of the following might better be suited for a freespace page about Connecticut's witchcraft history]

  • Hartford's Witches from the Colonial History of Hartford
  • John M. Taylor, The Witchcraft Delusion in Colonial Connecticut, date? publisher? page? by John M. Taylor: "Alse Young of Windsor was the first unhappy victim, but the court records give us no information concerning her trial. On the cover of Mathew Grant's Diary, Dr. J. Hammond Trumbull discovered the record "May 26. 47 Alse Young was hanged." This supplies the blank in Winthrop's History: "One --of Windsor arraigned and executed at Hartford for a witch."1 So far as known, this was the first execution for witchcraft in New England. The next victim was Mary Johnson of Wethersfield. In 1646, she had been sentenced to be whipped for theft, probably at 'Hartford, which was to be repeated a month later at Wethersfield. -On her own confession, she was indicted by a jury December 7, 1648, as guilty of "familiarity with the Deuill." Mather says, "Her confession was attended with such convictive circumstances that it could not be slighted."2 She confessed, he says, that she had murdered a child, and committed other faults of licentiousness. For some months before her execution, she was imprisoned at Hartford, under the care of William Ruscoe. A son was born to her while there. Nathaniel Ruscoe, the jailor's son, agreed with her before her death to bring up and educate the child, which agreement was afterward sanctioned by the court. The jailor was paid 96 10s. for twenty-four weeks' charges to June 6, 1650, from which fact it is inferred that she was executed on that date. Rev. Samuel Stone ministered to her while in prison, and it is said that she became a penitent woman. She was evidently a poor, misguided creature, who accounted for her fault according to the superstition of the age.??After the execution of John and Joan Carrington of Wethersfield in 1651, and Lydia Gilbert of Windsor in 1654, a witchcraft tragedy was enacted among Hartford residents. It is one story and has been written and published by Dr. Charles J. Hoadly.3
  • Annie Eliot Trumbull, in The Hartford Courant, Dec. 3, 1904; Winthrop's History, II: 374.?2 Mather's Magnolia, Bk. VI, pp. 71-78.?3 "A Case of Witchcraft in Hartford" in Connecticut Magazine, Nov., 1899, pp. 557-561: Nine persons were involved, largely through the statements of Rebecca Greensmith. She had been the wife of Abraham Elsen of Wethersfield, who died in 1648. Then she married Jarvis Mudge, and was a widow when she married the unfortunate Nathaniel Greensmith. Those who were implicated constituted a group of local acquaintances, some of whom had a repute for misdemeanors or immorality. Their names were Nathaniel and Rebecca Greensmith; Elizabeth, the wife of Richard Seager; Andrew Sanford and Mary his wife; William Ayres and his wife; Judith Varlett and James Walkley.
Of Rebecca Greensmith, Rev. John Whiting wrote to Increase Mather that she was " a lewd, ignorant and considerably aged woman." Her husband had twice been convicted of theft. The court had once censured him for lying. Elizabeth Seager left a record of shameless crime, being guilty of blasphemy and adultery. These were the leaders. The others kept such company. One night they had a merry-making, under a tree on the green near Rebecca Greensmith's house. James Walkley, Goodwife Ayres and Goody Seager were present. They all danced and had a bottle of sack. Other nocturnal gatherings were held. Suspicions were awakened in the neighborhood.
Nathaniel Greensmith had a small home-lot, house and barn, recently purchased. It was located just south of our present Barnard Park, on which green the dance of the witches was doubtless held.1 Complaint had been made to the town that he had set his barn on common land. James Walkley had a house-lot on the north side of the road from George Steele's to the South Meadow. Sanford and Ayres apparently lived on North Main Street. The crisis came in the spring of 1662, with the accusations of a young daughter of John Kelley, uttered in the delirium of sickness. The child died. Immediately, the neighborhood was busy with reports that she had been bewitched unto death. The magistrates examined several of those accused. Nathaniel Greensmith then sued William Ayres for slandering his wife. She and her husband were soon arrested. The, defendent Ayres, his wife, and James Walkley, took refuge in flight. Ann, the daughter of John Cole, had strange fits about that time.
  • Conn. Col. Rec., II: 91; Original Distribution, pp. 268, 269: Her examination by the ministers, Samuel Hooker of Farmington, Samuel Stone, Joseph Haynes and John Whiting of Hartford, only increased the mystery and augmented the excitement. On June 6th, Andrew Sanford was indicted for witchcraft. The jury disagreed. I A week later, Mary Sanford was indicted and found guilty. This action furthered the ultimate indictment of Nathaniel and Rebecca Greensmith, which occurred December 30, 1662. They were both found guilty.' The woman's testimony implicated her associates. On January 6th, Mary Barnes of Farmington was indicted, and was also found guilty. The tragic scenes, which closed this horrible episode of our local history, can be all too clearly imagined. Mary Sanford was convicted first, and was not long detained in jail. Like some weird spectre of the spirit world, she disappeared. Goodwife Barnes was confined three weeks, for which Daniel Garret, the jailkeeper, was allowed 21s., to be paid by Goodman Barnes. The jailor was also allowed 6s. a week for keeping Nathaniel and Rebecca Greensmith, to be paid out of his estate. His inventory states that he was executed January 25, 1662-3.2 Hutchinson quotes the diary of Goffe, the regicide, under the date January 20th, as saying "three witches were condemned at Hartford." The indictment reads: "Nathaniel Greensmith, thou art here indicted by the name of Nathaniel Greensmith for not having the feare of God before thine eyes; thou hast entertained familiarity with Satan, the grand Enemy of God and Mankind, and by his help hast acted things in a preter naturall way beyond human abilities in a naturall course, for which according to ye Law of God and ye established laws of this Commonwealth thou deserveth to die." The form of the information, used in the Superior Court for many years, assigned all crimes to the instigation of the Devil. The magistrates at this trial were as follows: Mr. [Mathew] Allyn, moderator, Mr. [Samuel] Wyllys, Mr. [Richard] Treat, Mr. [Henry] Woolcot, Danll Clark, See., Mr. Jo. Allyn. The jury were: Edw. Griswold, Walter Ffiler, Ensign [Nicholas] Olmstead, Samll Boreman, Good-[Gregory] Winterton, John Cowles, Samll Marshall, Samll Hale, Nathanill Willet, John Hart, John Wadsworth, Robert Webster. The execution of criminals then devolved upon the Marshal, who was Jonathan Gilbert. One of the accused is said to have seen this worthy official in a dream, which seemed to presage the end. He was the first of three appointed to settle Greensmith's estate. Jonathan Gilbert succeeded Thomas Stanton in this office, and was followed by George Grave.??2 January 25th was a Sabbath, and we can not think the execution would have occurred on that day. Perhaps the court met on the 20th and they were executed on the 23rd, the latter date being incorrectly copied.
On this date the Particular Court met. He also says of Rebecca Greensmith: "Upon this confeffion the was executed, and two more of the company were condemned at the same time."1 The scene was doubtless accompanied by the public sensation, common to such occasions in England. It was the last time any witches were hung in Connecticut, and forty years before the excitement over the Salem witchcraft.
Elizabeth Seager was indicted on the same day with Mary Barnes, and twice later. In 1665 she was convicted, but the Court of Assistants found a way to release her, after a year's imprisonment. it seems probable that the witches were executed outside of the town-plot, on the road from the Cow Pasture into the Country. There the gallows of early times was located. On March 10, 1711-12, John Read sold to John Olcott a tract of about seven acres, bounded south on the "highway leading out of Hartford town towards Symsbury," now Albany Avenue. It is described in the deed as "near the houfe lately built by Joseph Butler, near where the Gallows used to stand." 2 The place is near enough identified as on the north side of the avenue, on the east end of the present Goodwin lot. There, a large elm tree on a rise of ground might well memorialize the place where this tragedy of Hartford's early history was enacted.??The usual place of punishment for minor offenses was in the meeting-house yard. Near the church were the stocks, the pillory and the whipping-post. The stocks was a timber frame in the holes of which the feet, or feet and hands of criminals, were confined. In the pillory, the head and hands were held, the victim being often compelled to stand. To the whipping-post the criminal was fastened while the lash was applied. All these punishments were very common. It was not so much the pain as the disgrace that was depended on for correction. On lecture day, just before the ringing of the first bell, the criminal was put in the stocks or pillory, where the congregation could see him. The passer-by sometimes railed at him, and the children pointed their fingers at him. An old writer says, "The jeers of a theatre, the pillory and the whipping-post are very near akin."
1 Hutchinson's History, II: 17.?2 Hartford Land Records, 2:228


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Memories: 1

On 2 Apr 2013 Homer Hopper wrote:

NATHANIEL AND REBECCA GREENSMITH

Nathaniel Greensmith lived in Hartford, south of the little river, in 1661-62, on a lot of about twenty acres, hith a house and a barn. He also had other holdings "neer Podunk," and "on ye highway leading to Farmington."

He was thrifty by divergent and economical methods, since he is credited in the records of the time with stealing a bushel and a half of wheat, of stealing a hoe, and of lying to the court, and of battery.

In one way or another he accumulated quite a property for those days, since the inventory of it filed in the Hartford Probate Office, January 25, 1662, after his execution, carried an appraisal of £137. 14. 1d. - including "2 bibles," "a sword," "a resthead," and a "drachm. cup" - all indicating that Nathaniel judiciously mingled his theology and patriotism, his recreation and refreshment, with his everyday practical affairs and opportunities.

But he made one adventure that was most unprofitable. In an evil hour he took to wife Rebecca, relict of Abraham Elson, and also relect of Jarvis Mudge, and of whom so good a man as the Rev. John Whiting, minister of the First Church in Hartford - afterward first pastor of the Second Church - said that she was "a lewd, ignorant and considerably aged woman."

This triple combination of personal qualities soon elicited the criticism and animosity of the community, and Nathaniel and Rebecca fell under the most fatal of all suspicions of that day, that of being possessed by the evil one.

Gossip and rumor about these unpopular neighbors culminated in a formal complaint, and December 30, 1662, at a court held at Hartford, both the Greensmiths were separatley indicted in the same formal charge.

"Nathaniel Greensmith thou art here indicted by the name of Nathaniel Greensmith for not having the fear of God before thine eyes, thou has entertained faimiliarity with Satan, the grand enemy of God and mankind - and by his help hast acted things in a preternatural way beyon human abilities in a natural course for which according to the law of God and the established law of this commonwealth thou deservest to die."

While Rebecca was in prison under suspicion, she was interviewed by two ministers, Revs. Haynes and Whiting, as to the charges of Ann Cole - a next door neighbor - which were written down by them, all of which, and more, she confessed to be true before the ocurt.

<i> (Note. Increase Mather regarded this confession as convictive a proof of real witchcraft as most single cases he had know.)</i>

THE MINISTERS' ACCOUNT -<I> Promise to Satan - A merry Christmas meeting - Stone's lecture - Haynes' plea - The dear Devil - The corvine guest - Sexual delusions</i>

"She forthwith and freely confessed those things to be true, that she (and other persons named in the discourse) had familiarity with the devil. Being asked whether she had made an express covenant with him, she answered she had not, only as she promised to go with him when he called (which she had accordingly done several times). But that the devil told her that at Christmas they would have a merry meeting, and then the covenant should be drawn and subscribed. Thereupon the fore-mentioned Mr. Stone (being then in court) with much weight and earnestness laid forth the exceeding heinousness and hazard of that dreadful sin; and therewith solemnly took notice (upon the occasion given) of the devil's loving Christmas.

"A person at the same time present being desired the next day more particularly to enquire of her about her guilt, it was accordingly done, to whom she acknowledged that though when Mr. Haynes began to read she could have torn him inm pieces, and was so much resolved as might be to deny her guilt (as she had done before) yet after he had read awhile, she was as if her flesh had been pulled from her bones, (such was her expression,) and so could not deny any longer. She also declared that the devil first appeared to her in the form of a deer or fawn, skipping about her, wherewith she was not much affrighted but by degrees he contrived talk with her; and that their meetings were frequently at such a place, (near her own house;) that some of the company came in one shape and some in antoher, and one in particular in the shape of a crow came flying to them. Amongst other things she owned that the devil had frequent use of her body."

Had Rebecca been contyent with purging her own conscience, she alone would have met the fate she had invoked, and probably deserved; but out of "love" to her husband's soul" she made an accusation against him, which of itself secured his conviction of the same offense, with the same dire penalty.

The Greensmiths were conficted and sentenced to suffer death. In January, 1662, they were hung on "Gallows Hill," on the bluff a little north of where Trinity College now stands- "a logical location" one most learned in the traditions and history of Hartford calls it - as it afforded an excellent view of the execution to a large crowd on the meadows to the west, a hanging being then a popular spectacle and entertainment.

<b>'<u>The Witchcraft Delusion in Colonial Connecticut, 1647-1697</u>'<b> By John Metcalf Taylor





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On 17 Aug 2019 at 06:47 GMT R Adams wrote:

Much detail about Rebecca Greensmith's "Confession" at this source (in Chapter 5 section) with accounts excerpted from "Remarkable Providences" by Increase Mather :

https://history.hanover.edu/texts/matherrp.html

On 5 Jun 2019 at 22:31 GMT Anne B wrote:

Only the Elsen children were children of Rebecca. Her maiden name is Unknown. She wasn't the daughter fo George Steel. Objections to this major change.

On 4 Jun 2019 at 16:53 GMT Anne B wrote:

I'm reading a 2006 article let me absorb it before merge

On 4 Jun 2019 at 15:43 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

This profile contains a lot of information about witchcraft in Connecticut, more generally; perhaps there is already a freespace page for this to which this could be moved?

Rebecca is 16 degrees from Carroll Shelby, 23 degrees from Joan Whitaker and 12 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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Categories: Puritan Great Migration | Accused Witches of New England