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Phineas Stevens (1706 - 1756)

Phineas "Phinehas" Stevens
Born in Sudbury, Middlesex County, Massachusettsmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 18 Jan 1734 in Holland, Hampton County, Massachusettsmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Chignecto, Cumberland County, Nova Scotia, Canadamap
Profile last modified | Created 11 Sep 2010
This page has been accessed 1,345 times.

Biography

Phineas was the oldest son of Joseph Stevens and Prudence Rice.

He married Elizabeth Stevens on January 18, 1734 in Holland, Hampton County, Massachusetts.

They were the parents of:

  • Willard Stevens (1735 - 1789)
  • Samuel Stevens (1735 - 1823)
  • Simon Stevens (1737 - 1789)
  • Enos Stevens (1739 - 1808)
  • Mary Stevens Edie (1742 - 1821)
  • Phineas Stevens (1744 - 1799)
  • Katharine Stevens (1747-unknown)


As a child Phinehas and his younger brother Isaac were captured by Indians. Phineas carried Isaac on his back when Isaac was exhausted, that saved him from being killed in the forest.

He was a Captain and one of the founders of Charleston, NH. and a noted Indian fighter. He became distinguished in the Cape Breton war, and also for his brave defense of that plantation April 4, 1747, with a command of about thirty men against an attack of four hundred French and Indians under Mons. Debeline.

With the renewal of hostilities he took part in Colonel Robert Nonekton's expedition against the French settlements in Nova Scotia, and died on the march to Beau Sejour. The journal of his trip to Canada in 1749 is printed in the "New Hampshire Historical Collections."

Fort 4 The area was first granted in 1735 by Colonial Governor Jonathan Belcher of Massachusetts as Plantation No. 4, the fourth in a line of forts on the Connecticut River border established as trading posts. Settled in 1740, Number Four was the northernmost township, and its 1744 log fort became a strategic military site throughout the French and Indian Wars. Several settlers were ambushed and captured by the Indians, and in 1747 the fort was besieged for three days by a force of 400 French and Indians. Captain Phineas Stevens and 31 soldiers, stationed at the fort, repelled the attack. Their success became well-known, and the fort was never attacked again.

In 1753, the town was regranted as Charlestown by Governor Benning Wentworth, after Admiral Charles Knowles of the British navy, then governor of Jamaica. Admiral Knowles, in port at Boston during the 1747 siege, sent Captain Stevens a sword to acknowledge his valor. The town responded by naming itself in his honor. In 1781, Charlestown briefly joined Vermont because of dissatisfaction with treatment by the New Hampshire government. Returning at the insistence of George Washington, it was incorporated in 1783

Sources

Massachusetts Births and Christenings, 1639-1915," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F4D4-9Z9 : 4 December 2014), Phinehas Stevens, 20 Feb 1707; citing Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts, p 131; FHL microfilm 185,455.

Massachusetts Marriages, 1695-1910," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FCMG-79J : 4 December 2014), Phineas Stevens and Elizabeth Stevens, 1734; citing reference ; FHL microfilm 886,998.

Massachusetts, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1626-2001," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q29L-TQWC : 13 July 2016), Phinehas Stevens in entry for Willard Stevens, 04 Jul 1735; citing Birth, Rutland, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States, , town clerk offices, Massachusetts; FHL microfilm 859,332.

Massachusetts, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1626-2001," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q29L-TQ7V : 13 July 2016), Phinehas Stevens in entry for Samuel Stevens, 04 Jul 1735; citing Birth, Rutland, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States, , town clerk offices, Massachusetts; FHL microfilm 859,332.

Massachusetts, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1626-2001," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q29L-T7H3 : 13 July 2016), Phinehas Stevens in entry for Simon Stevens, 03 Sep 1737; citing Birth, Rutland, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States, , town clerk offices, Massachusetts; FHL microfilm 859,332.

Massachusetts, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1626-2001," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q29L-TWN9 : 13 July 2016), Phinehas Stevens in entry for Enos Stevens, 02 Oct 1739; citing Birth, Rutland, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States, , town clerk offices, Massachusetts; FHL microfilm 859,332.

Massachusetts, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1626-2001," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q29L-T3P9 : 13 July 2016), Phinehas Stevens in entry for Mary Stevens, 28 Mar 1742; citing Birth, Rutland, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States, , town clerk offices, Massachusetts; FHL microfilm 859,332.

Massachusetts, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1626-2001," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q29L-T3XV : 13 July 2016), Phinehas Stevens in entry for Phinehas Stevens, 23 Jul 1745; citing Birth, Rutland, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States, , town clerk offices, Massachusetts; FHL microfilm 859,332.

Massachusetts, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1626-2001," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q29L-TW6H : 13 July 2016), Phinehas Stevens in entry for Katharine Stevens, 21 Nov 1747; citing Birth, Rutland, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States, , town clerk offices, Massachusetts; FHL microfilm 859,332.

https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=57076416

Reed's History of Rutland, Mass., pp. 103-105. Hudson's History of Sudbury, Mass., pp. 171-172. Blake's History of Rutland, Mass., and the Indian Troubles of 1723-30, pp. 45-46-47 Also Massachusetts Archives, Vol. 51, p. 399. Nourse's History of Lancaster, Mass., p. 318.)

New Hampshire Historical Collections



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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Phineas by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Phineas:

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