Robert II Stewart

Robert Stewart (1316 - 1390)

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Robert (Robert II) "King of Scotland" Stewart
Born in Dundonald, Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotlandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Brother of [half], [half], [half], [half], [half], [half] and [half]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married in Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotlandmap
Husband of — married in Fordoun, Kincardineshire, Scotlandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Dundonald Castle, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotlandmap
Profile last modified | Created 1 Feb 2011
This page has been accessed 35,638 times.

Categories: Earls of Atholl | Earls of Strathearn | High Stewards of Scotland | Battle of Halidon Hill | House of Stewart | Clan Stewart.

The House of Stewart crest.
Robert II Stewart is a member of the House of Stewart.
Clan Stewart tartan.
Robert II Stewart is a member of Clan Stewart.
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Preceded by
David II
King of Scots
22 February 1370-1 - 19 April 1390
Succeeded by
Robert III
British Aristocracy
Robert II Stewart was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Contents

Biography

Marjorie was riding in Gallowhill, Paisley, Renfrewshire while heavily pregnant. Her horse was suddenly startled and threw her to the ground at a place called "The Knock." She went into premature labour and her child, Robert, was delivered by Caesarean section at Paisley Abbey. Marjorie died within a few hours. She was nineteen at the time of her death, like her mother, who was also nineteen years old when she died in childbirth.

She died on 2 March 1316 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland, in childbirth.

Robert Stewart, son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and Margorie Bruce , Princess of Scotland, was born on March 2, 1316 at Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland. He died at age 74 on April 19, 1390 at Dundonald Castle, Ayrshire, Scotland and is buried at Scone Abbey, Perthshire.[1]

Robert was created 7th High Steward of Scotland on 9 April 1327. In 1338 he was charged wit the title, Guardian of Scotland until the return of his uncle, David II.[2]

In the late winter of 1371, dates vary between February 22 and March 26, he was crowned Robert II, King of Scotland, at Scone Abbey succeeding his uncle, David II.[3]

Robert II (2 March 1316 – 19 April 1390) reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. He was the son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce and of his first wife Isabella of Mar.

He married, firstly, Elizabeth Mure, daughter of Sir Adam Mure of Rowallan, Robert married Elizabeth Mure around 1346 legitimising his four sons and five daughters.[4] Papal dispensation was only given on November 22, 1347 legitimizing their previously born children. Elizabeth died before May 1355 and is buried at Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire, Scotland. Robert, Earl of Atholl (1342) and Elizabeth had ten children (see below).

Robert Stewart married, secondly, Eupheme de Ross, Countess of Moray, daughter of Hugh de Ross, 4th Earl of Ross and Margaret Graham, (Papal dispensation dated May 2, 1355). Euphemie was a widow of John Randolph, Earl of Moray.[5][6] Robert and Eupheme had four children (see below).

Robert was created Earl of Strathearn in 1357 or 58. On May 31, 1367 he resigned his title as Earl of Atholl. Again he resigned the title, Earl of Strathearn on April 18, 1369 but it was restored in April 1370.

Aside from his two wives, Robert had at least eight other children from various mistresses, (see below).

Children of Robert II Stewart, King of Scotland

Children of Robert II Stewart, King of Scotland and his first wife, Elizabeth Mure of Rowallan

Walter Stewart, Earl of Fife b. bt 1336 - 1347, d. bt 14 Aug 1362 - 10 Jan 1363
Lady Jean Stewart b. bt 1336 - 1355, d. a 1404
Marjorie Stewart b. bt 1336 - 1355, d. a 6 May 1417
Katherine Stewart b. bt 1336 - 1355
Elizabeth Stewart b. bt 1336 - 1355
Isabella Stewart b. bt 1336 - 1355, d. c 1410
Robert III Stewart, King of Scotland b. 1337, d. 4 Apr 1406
Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany b. c 1340, d. 3 Sep 1420
Alexander Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan b. c 1343, d. 24 Jul 1394
Margaret Stewart b. bt 1347 - 1350

Child of Robert II Stewart, King of Scotland and Moira Leitch

Sir John Stewart, "The Black Stewart" b. bt 1345 - 1390, d. bt 1445 - Jul 1449

Children of Robert II Stewart, King of Scotland and his second wife, Eupheme de Ross, Countess of Moray

David Stewart, 1st Earl of Caithness+ b. bt 1356 - 1360, d. b 5 Mar 1389
Elizabeth Stewart b. bt 1356 - 1370
Egidia Stewart b. bt 1356 - 1372, d. a 1388
Walter Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl b. c 1360, d. 26 Mar 1437

Children of Robert II Stewart, King of Scotland and Mariota de Cardney

Sir John of Cairdney b. bt 1332 - 1390
Alexander of Inverlunan b. bt 1332 - 1390
James Stewart of Kinfauns b. bt 1332 - 1390
Walter Stewart

Children of Robert II Stewart, King of Scotland and unknown mistresses

Thomas Stewart b. bt 1332 - 1390
Alexander Stewart, Canon of Glasgow b. bt 1332 - 1390
John Stewart, Lord of Burley "The Red Stewart" b. bt 1332 - 1390, d. 1425

Sources

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_II_of_Scotland
  • Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 472.
  • Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 538.
  • Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 526-527.
  • Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 614.
  • Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 533-534.
  • Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 609-610.
  • The Scots peerage : founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom (1904), editor, Sir James Balfour Paul., p. 15. http://archive.org/stream/scotspeeragefoun01pauluoft#page/14/mode/2up
  • Cawley, Charles. "KINGS of SCOTLAND 1371-1603, (Robert Stewart)." Foundation for Medieval Genealogy: Medieval Lands, A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families. Accessed February 13, 2015. http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTLAND.htm#_Toc389122949.

Footnotes

  1. Cawley
  2. The Scots peerage
  3. Cawley
  4. Cawley
  5. Cawley; His subsequent marriage to Euphemia de Ross in 1355 produced two sons and two surviving daughters and provided the basis of a future dispute regarding the line of succession. Robert II died in Dundonald Castle in 1390 and was buried at Scone Abbey.
  6. The Scots peerage

Biography

In 1354 He was hostage in England for the ransom of King David the 2nd. He held the office of Constable of Scotland.

Sources

  1. Cawley
  2. The Scots peerage
  3. Cawley
  4. Cawley
  5. Cawley; His subsequent marriage to Euphemia de Ross in 1355 produced two sons and two surviving daughters and provided the basis of a future dispute regarding the line of succession. Robert II died in Dundonald Castle in 1390 and was buried at Scone Abbey.
  6. The Scots peerage
  • "The Peerage"


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Robert II by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Images: 6
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Robert Stewart

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Collaboration

On 27 Sep 2018 at 16:27 GMT Kresta (Williams) Blackwell wrote:

my 18th great grandfather

On 16 Jun 2018 at 11:38 GMT John Atkinson wrote:

I've reversed some recent changes to the names of this profile. Please make sure names are in line with the EuroAristo naming standards https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Help:Name_Fields_for_European_Aristocrats Thank you

On 11 May 2018 at 00:53 GMT Rae (Redford) Santema wrote:

22nd great grandpa!

On 24 Dec 2017 at 20:27 GMT Eileen Bradley wrote:

Post merge cleanup?

On 11 Dec 2017 at 21:53 GMT Marc Cohen wrote:

Looks like they already have been merged.

On 11 Dec 2017 at 09:05 GMT Allan Stuart wrote:

Stewart-12482 and Stewart-1001 are not ready to be merged because: D.o.b. are different by large amount

On 8 Jan 2016 at 20:32 GMT Debra (Downs) Allison wrote:

On 12 Jul 2015 at 16:17 GMT Marty (Lenover) Acks wrote:

Stewart-14784 and Stewart-1001 appear to represent the same person because: Newly entered profile same as well-sourced historical profile.

On 9 Jul 2015 at 23:18 GMT Michele (Britton) Camera wrote:

Just out of curiosity...is there a reason that Euphemia (Ross) Stewart has three different profiles...and that all three are connected to Robert II as if they are separate women? I don't want to muddy the water if this is in the midst of a clean-up project. If it isn't, does anyone mind if I start tidying it up?

On 27 Mar 2015 at 00:23 GMT Darrell Parker wrote:

Stewart King Of Scotland-1 and Stewart-1001 appear to represent the same person because: same, name, spouse, child

more comments


Robert II is 28 degrees from Rosa Parks, 25 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 14 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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