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Ralph Stewart Sr (1749 - 1835)

Captain Ralph Stewart Sr
Born in Cow Pasture, Augusta, Virginiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 27 Apr 1767 in Augusta Co Virginiamap
Husband of — married 25 Jun 1788 in Montgomery, Virginia, United Statesmap
Descendants descendants
Died at age 85 in Logan, Virginia, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 22 Apr 2011 | Last significant change: 23 Jun 2022
15:22: Betty (Skelton) Norman edited the Biography for Ralph Stewart Sr (1749-1835). (Categorization. ) [Thank Betty for this]
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Genealogically Defined

Contents

Biography

Ralph Stewart Sr is a member of Clan Stewart.
1776 Project
Captain Ralph Stewart Sr served with Augusta County Militia, Virginia Militia during the American Revolution.
Daughters of the American Revolution
Ralph Stewart Sr is a DAR Patriot Ancestor, A109605.

Daughters of the American Revolution, DAR Genealogical Research Databases, database online, (http://www.dar.org/ : accessed June 30, 2016), "Record of Ralph Stewart", Ancestor # A109605. SAR Plaque place on his gravesite on July 4. 2013

Ralph Stewart was a man of action. Stories of his bravery and exploits begin with his childhood and numerous clashes with the Indians along the Virginia frontier. He became a good soldier and fought in Lord Dunmore's War and the American Revolution. Along the way he found time to marry two times and raise a huge family. At least twenty children have been attributed to him. He was one of the first settlers of the wild and rugged area that became Wyoming County, West Virginia.

There has been debate on Ralph's date of birth. Ralph himself when he applied for a Revolutionary War pension stated: "I was born in Augusta County Virginia in the year 1752 according to the best information I can obtain." [1]Other records show it as December 17, 1752, however, the date January 17, 1747 was copied from his headstone by Jim Cook of Oceana, West Virginia. Another source for the year of Ralph Stewart's birth are the records in the Orphans Court of Augusta Co., VA, dated February 17, 1762, which show 15 year old Ralph Stuart, Jr. (Stewart), orphan of James Stuart, chose his older brother Robert Stuart as his guardian. This would make his birth 1747. [2]

Ralph's father, James Stewart, was captured and burned at the stake by Indians in 1757. [3]This led Ralph to take up arms against the Indians. At a very early age, some say fourteen, he was fighting Indians on the Virginia frontier. He and others became famous for taking a small force and attacking 96 Indians and rescuing six white captives though greatly outnumbered. While still in his teens he and his brother, James, killed five Indians who had earlier stolen their furs. He and James had murder warrants taken out against them since there was a declaration of peace with the Indians. They hid in the woods for two years and were later pardoned. [4]

These youthful exploits brought his woodsmanship and fighting skills to the attention of the Governor of Virginia. He was commissioned a Captain of the Indian Rangers by Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia. [5][6] Ralph fought under General Andrew Lewis in the Battle of Point Pleasant October 10, 1774. He carried this military experience over to the Revolutionary War where he fought under Generals Greene and George Washington. In Ralph's 1823 declaration for a Revolutionary War pension he stated that after the Battle of Yorktown, October 19th, 1781 General Washington assigned him to guard the defeated Lord Cornwallis in a cave. [7][8]

His two marriages were:

1) Mary Elliott 27 April 1767 in Augusta County, Virginia. Date is unsourced but is approximately given as 1767 by researchers. [9]
2) Mary Clay 1788, Montgomery County, Virginia. There is a discrepancy between the date of the bond and of the certificate of marriage as given by the minister. When a copy of the marriage record was requested for Mary Clay's widow pension the clerk stated: "I have examined the original certificate of the marriage and find that it states, the marriage was solemnized on the fifteenth of June, but I am of opinion that the error was submitted by the minister, as the certificate given by the father of Mary Clay to the clerk, authorizing him to issue the license is dated the twenty third of June 1788.[10]

Like his birth there are different dates for his death. One most often accepted was listed on his Revolutionary War pension: 17 November 1835, Logan County Virginia. His grave can be found in the Keatley Cemetery, Clear Fork, Wyoming County, West Virginia. [11]

Ralph Stewart's descendants have been tenacious about their family history and have guarded quite a few items belonging to him that have been passed down through the generations. Several of the items were described in a newspaper article in 2006 and included the elder Stewart's 200-year-old deer horn cane with the initials "R.S." carved on it , a powder horn, knapsack, musket bayonet, and a flash pan cleaning tool. The cane was in the possession of Eula Blankenship Bailey, widow of Harry Bailey, who believed the items were handed down through the Walker family in Crany. These items in 2006 were in the possession of Oliver Stewart, descendant of "Capt Ralph's" youngest son George Pearis Stewart. [12]

Tentative list for his children:

Marriage 1 Mary Elliott
John Stewart a1768 - a1788
Charles Stewart a1769 - aft 1850
Absolom Stewart a1770 - bef 1829
James Elliott Stewart a1771 - a1835
Ralph Stewart a1772 - aft 1850
Mary Ann Stewart ba1773
Richard Stewart ba1775
Elizabeth Stewart ba1778
Marriage 2 Mary Clay
Phoebe Stewart aft 1788 - aft 1815
Catherine Stewart 1790 - 1881
Mitchell L. Stewart ba1791 - 1883
Rebecca Stewart ba1793 - ba 1840
Sarah Stewart ba1797 - 1821
William R. Stewart 1800 - 1883
Margaret Stewart ba1802
Henry C. Stewart ba1804 - aft 1860
Amy Stewart ba 1805 - aft 1870
Charles Stewart 1808 - 1898
George Pearis Stewart 1810 - 1864
Ora Stewart 1812 - 1895

Revolutionary Pensioner in Wyoming Co., West Virginia. He was the second settler of present day Wyoming Co. He was commissioned captain in 1773 by Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia. He served as a ranger. He fought in the "Battle of Point Pleasent" and against the Indians led by Chief Cornstalk in 1774. In 1778 his commission was renewed by then Gov. Partick Henry. He fought at the battle of Guilford Courthouse in North Carolina. When Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown General Washington Made Ralph one of the guard that kept the English Commander prisoner.

The Story of Ralph Stewart. (Ralph and James were both born in America). Stewart's Creek Augusta Virginia, when their parents came to America. Ralph was an Indian fighter at the age of 14. When Ralph was a teenage boy, during an Indian raid, his father James was captured and burned at the stake in the presence of his young son, James jr., who also was carried away, but later managed to escape (p. 511, Vol. 2). During a time when peace had been made with the Indians, Ralph and James (as teenage boys) went on a prolonged hunting and trapping trip. Ralph while alone in camp was set upon by Indians who hung around-for some time, amusing themselves by threatening an abusing him. When James returned, they captured him also. The Indians pillaged the camp supplies, then took away the furs and pelts. After the Indians left, Ralph and James managed to free themselves and the following night followed the trail of the Indians to their camp and slipped upon them and killed 5 Indians. This act was no doubt a lot of satisfaction for them, but was a violation of the law after the Declaration of Peace and made them liable for murder. Later Ralph told a friend who later became a rival for the affection of a young lady. The friend swore out a murder warrant for Ralph's arrest. The Stewart family let the community and moved to a place on new River where they remained for 18 months. At length the Governor of Virginia pardoned him. Ralph lived in Augusta Virginia until the Revolution. He and his brothers hated the Indians and in the Army or not they fought them at every opportunity. He with others became famous for attacking 96 Indians and rescuing 6 white prisoners, although greatly outnumbered. Ralph was commissioned Captain of the Indian Rangers by Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia prior to the Revolutionary war. During the war he fought under Gen. Andrew Lewis at the Battle of Point Pleasant on Oct. 10, 1774. His commission was renewed by Gov. Patrick Henry in 1778 and he was ordered with his company to South Carolina to join General Green. He participated in many engagements including Guilford Courthouse, Hot Water, Ground Squirrel, Charlottesville and Yorktown. He died in Logan County, 1835.


In 1757, James Stewart was captured by Indians and burned at the stake. This tragic incident inflamed Ralph Stewart into a lifetime of hatred of Indians. He was commissioned in 1773 as a Captain of Indian Rangers by Lord Dunsmore, the royal Governor of Virginia. This commission was renewed in 1778 by Virginia Governor Patrick Henry.

In 1774, Capt. Stewart was involved in the Battle of Point Pleasant, (W)Va., in which the Shawnee Indian forces of Chief Cornstalk were defeated, a battle which some historians now believe was the first battle of the American Revolution. He was involved in military engagements at Guilford Courthouse, at Charlottesville, at Yorktown, among others, during the Revolutionary War. Capt. Stewart, according to tradition, carried a saber scar which was inflicted by Lord Tarleton. He was at Yorktown when the English army under Lord Cornwallis surrendered and was part of the troop that was assigned to guard the defeated General.

Ralph Stewart first married Mary Elliot and lived in Augusta County, Va., before moving to Kentucky. According to some accounts, seven children were born to them: James; John; Richard; Absolom; Rebecca; Phoebe; Mary Ann. (There has been some question about this accounting, for Rebecca and Phoebe were traditional Clay family names.).

Mary Elliot Stewart died in Kentucky about 1787. Shortly thereafter, Capt. Ralph Stewart journeyed back to Montgomery County, Va., where, on June 25, 1788, he married Mary Clay, sixteen-year-old daughter of Mitchell and Phoebe Belcher Clay. Capt. Stewart and his new wife returned to Kentucky where they lived for about a dozen years before moving in 1800 to present Wyoming County. Capt. Stewart was 50 years old when he settled in Wyoming County.

Exactly what prompted Capt. Stewart to move from Kentucky to present Wyoming County has never been determined. There does not appear to be any record that Capt. Stewart ever owned land in Wyoming County. Instead, it appears that he settled on the Mandeville lands at Crany more or less as a squatter.

The thirteen children born to Capt. Ralph and Mary Clay Stewart were Catherine Stewart (1790); Mitchell (1791); Phoebe (1792); Robert (1793); Rebecca (1795); Sarah (1797); William R. (1800); Amy (1802); Margaret (1803); Henry C. (1805); Aura (1806); Charles (1808); George Peter (1810). It appears that perhaps six or seven of their children were born in present Wyoming County.

In 1834 Capt. Stewart filed application for a pension based on his Revolutionary War service. His claim was supported by Patience Clay Chapman, Mitchell Clay Jr., Charles L. Clay, Edward Burgess, Francis Hendrix, as well as Rev. Richard Brooks.

He died November 18, 1835, at age 85, and was buried at Crany in a small cemetery on a wooded hillside. His military marker reads: Ralph Stewart, VA. MIL., REV. WAR.

The date of Stewart’s birth, December 17, 1749, and the date of his death, November 18, 1835, were hand-chiseled at the bottom of the stone.

Mary Clay Stewart applied for a widow’s pension December 17, 1846, which was granted. Since Mary Clay Stewart was not listed in the 1850 census, she probably died between 1847-50. She was buried at Crany beside Capt. Stewart. Her grave is marked by a small stone with the hand-chiseled inscription: “Wife of Capt. Ralph Stewart.”.

Hundreds, perhaps thousands, of Wyoming County citizens are descendants of Capt. Ralph and Mary Clay Stewart.

Additional Information

  • Residence: United States.
  • Residence: Virginia, United States.
  • Residence: Augusta, Virginia, USA - Between 1739 and 1935.
  • Residence: Virginia, USA - Between 1769 and 1800.
  • Residence: West Virginia, USA - Between 1772 and 1952.
  • Military service: Revolutionary War - Oct 19 1781 - Battle of Yorktown.
  • Residence: Virginia, USA - Between 1782 and 1785.
  • Residence: Giles, Virginia, United States - 1810.
  • Residence: Giles, Virginia, United States - 1820.
  • Residence: Lawrence, Kentucky, United States - 1830.
  • Residence: Virginia, United States - 1782–1785.
  • Residence: Virginia;Virginia - 1834;1847.
Name: Ralph STEWART.
Given Name: Ralph.
Surname: Stewart.
Prefix: Capt.
Sex: M.
Birth: 15 Dec 1752 in Cowpasture, Augusta, Virginia.
Death: 18 Nov 1835 in Logan County, Virginia (now West Virginia).
Burial: Oceana, Wyoming, West Virginia.
Note:
One year after John Cooke moved his family to Clear Fork, i n October 1799, his first neighbor arrived. Capt. Ralph Ste wart built his cabin on Clear Fork a few miles from the Coo ke homestead in 1800. Stewart was born on Cow Pasture River , Augusta County, Virginia. In 1773 he was commissioned a c aptain of Rangers, and in 1774, was with General Lewis in t he Battle of Point Pleasant. In 1778, he was again commissi oned a captain of Virginia troops and served in the regimen t of Col. Robert McCleery. He fought in the battles of Guil ford Courthouse, Ground Squirrel Ridge, and Charlottesville , and, in one of these engagements received a sabre wound i n the right arm, inflicted by English General Tarleton hims elf. When Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, Washington ma de Stewart one of the guard that kept the English commandan t a prisoner of war in a cave near Williamsburg, Virginia.

Soon after the Revolution, Captain Stewart married a secon d wife, Mary Clay, daughter of Mitchell Clay, the first set tler in Mercer County. His family became one of the most pr ominent in Wyoming County. In 1835, at the age of 83 years , he died on his Laurel Fork homestead and was buried nea r by. ___________________________________________________________ ______ __.

Partial Transcript of Interrogatories from a.
Deposition Taken of Captain Ralph Stewart.
Contained in His Pension Records from.
National Archives in Washington, D.C.
(transcribed by Rita O'Brien).

1. Where and in what year were you born?. Answer. I was born in Augusta County Virginia in the year 1 752 according to the best. information I can obtain.

2. Have you any record of your age and if so where is it?. Answer. I have not.

3. Where were you living when called into service? Where ha ve you lived since the. Revolutionary War & where do you now live?. Answer. I resided in Augusta County Va. when I entered th e service - have resided in. same County since and also in Montgomery & Giles Counties a nd am now living in. Logan County Va.

4. How were you called into service?. Answer. I volunteered Captain of an Infantry of Rifleme n & served as such.

5. State the name of some of the officers who were with th e troops where you served,. such Continental & Militia regiments as you can recollec t & the general circumstances. of your service?. Answer. I was acquainted with Genl's Washington, Lafayette , Wayne & Scott. & Cols. John Weiler, Thomas Huggers, Robrt McCleery, Wm Boyer are t he principals and my. principal circumstances are set out in the foregoing declar ation.

6. Did you ever receive a commission & if so by whom was i t signed and what has. became of it?. Answer. My first commission as Captain was signed by Lord D unmore, my second by. Patrick Henry, which were left with Col. George Pearis of G iles County for safe keeping. & lost or destroyed, he having his dwelling house broken op en and plundered as I have. been informed.

{This Col. George Pearis was also Capt.Ralph Stewart's brot her-in-law as he was married to Mary Clay's sister Rebecc a Clay{SAB}.


Capt.Ralph Stewart was born June 17,1746 in Stuarts Run,Aug usta County,Virginia and died November 17,1835 in Logan (no w Wyoming) County (West) Virginia.

This family was of "The Cowpasture Stuarts" located in th e Shenandoah Valley. Ralph was an indian fighter at 14 years of age .When Ralp h was a teenage boy during an indian raid,his father was ca ptured and burned at the stake in the presence of his youn g son James Jr.,who was also captured and carried away by t he indians, but later escaped James Stuart Sr. left among h is children 3 sons: James,John,and Ralph. Wadell locates the date of the event as Februray,1757 (pag e 511,Vol.2). During a time when peace was made ,Ralph and James ( as tee nage boys) went on a prolonged hunting and trapping trip. R alph while alone in the camp,was set upon by a band of indi ans,who hung around for some time amusing themselves by abu sing and threating him,while selecting articles to carry aw ay,eating and being offensive in pillaging and destroying t he camp and supplies,then upon leaving they carried away th e furs,pelts and other articles they desired to take. The following night the 2 brothers followed the trail of th e indians,slipped upon their camp and killed five of them.T his act was indeed of great satisfaction and revenge for th em,but was a violation of the law after the "Declaration O f Peace" had been made they were liable to prosecution fo r murder. Later Ralph told of the incident to a hunting companion,wh o afterwards became a rival for the affections of a young l ady and therefore his enemy,thus the "Friend" swore out a w arrant for murder Ralph' arrest,whereupon the two brother s Ralph and James Stuart left the community and went to a n uninhabited area of "Wilderness of the New River",where t hey set up camp and stayed for a period of eighteen months, trapping and hunting and seeing only two other persons duri ng that time.Then the Governor of Virginia later pardoned t he brothers. Ralph and his brothers hated,and were feared by indians an d in the Army or not Ralph and others became famous attacki ng 96 indians , though outnumbered ,they rescued six whit e prisoners. He was commissioned a Captian of Indian Rangers, by Lord Du nmore,Governor of Virginia prior to the Revolutionary War.

He married 1st Mary Elliott abt.1768 in Augusta County,Virg inia,She was born bef. 1750 and died abt. 1787. He married 2 nd. Mary Clay June 25,1788 in Montgomery Count y,Virginia daughter of Mitchell Clay and Phoebe Belcher sh e was born abt. 1762 in Bedford County,Virginia and died Ap ril 25,1851 in Wyoming County,(West) Virginia. Copied from records found at the Bath County Historical Mus em: Ralph Stewart ;. Ralph Stewart was born 1171747 of Cowpasture in Augusta C ounty Virginia in the Bordon Tract on Stewarts Creek. He married Miss Mary Elliott of that same County in about t he year 1767. His son Ralph Jr. born ca. 1772 in Augusta County moved t o Wayne County (West ) Virginia in about 1805.

1791 had land on the mouth of Wolf Creek, near New River. In Giles County 1806 ,Ralph Stewart and his wife Mary sol d land on Brushy Creek for 180 pounds. The deed was made by Rlaph while he was in Montgomery Count y on the New River above Wolf Creek on 411791,Ralph bough t 100 acres of land from John Howe on Wolf Creek. Ralph built a log cabin on Clear Fork. In 1803 (2-3) he dee ded land to John Long in Giles County on Wolf Creek. Edward Burgess,his long time friend bought land and settle d nearby.Ralph's land lay near the narrows of New River i n 411791.His neighbours were Mitchell and David Clay ,Geo rge Pearis,all of whom had made claims in Montgomery County.

{DAR} Notes;. Ralph Stewart- Rev. war soldier, pension 3 23949,w6168. His name also appears on List M. Montgomery County 179393 . On list of delinquents in the District of James Hoge in 2 nd BN. 86th Regt,9/311799 Wythe County. Personal Property Tax 4-18,one male over 16,no slaves,5 hor ses. (MCo.) 1815 pp Tax 4-10 one male over 16,one horse $.2 1 Tax.(Y).

Notes for Capt. Ralph Stewart: Ralph Stuart was commissioned captain in 1773 by Lord Dunsm ore,as Govornor of Virginia,and served as a ranger. He was at Point Pleasant under General Andrew Lewis in th e "Battle of Point Pleasant",fought against the Indians le d by Chief Cornstalk,in 1774.

In 1778 his commission was renewed by Patrick Henry,then Go vornor of Virginia,was ordered with his company to South Ca rolina to join the Army under Gen. Green.He fought at Guilf ord Courthouse,Hot Water,Ground Squirrel,Charlottesville,an d also at Yorktown.During on of these engagments ,he reciev ed a sabre wound in the right arm,inflicted by English Gene ral "Butcher Tarelton" himself. When Cornwallis surrendere d at the seige of Yorktown,General George Washington made C apt. Ralph Stewart one of the guards that kept the Englis h commander a prisoner of war.

According to his Revolutionary War pension record,on microf ilm in. A letter in the file from a friend or relative expressed re lief that the pension had been awarded,as "Old Mr. S" was i n poor circumstances,annually ,he appointed an attorney i n fact to pick up the pension for him,describing himself a s an invalid often,the attorney in fact was Anthony Lawson, who also served as his administeror after Ralph's wife reli nquished her right to serve.

1779, appointed Sheriff of Augusta County, VA.

Notes for Capt. Capt. Ralph Stewart: This family was of "The Cowpasture Stuarts" located in th e Shenandoah Valley, Virginia. Ralph was an indian fighte r at 14 years of age. When Ralph was a teenage boy during a n indian raid, his father was captured and burned at the st ake in the presence of his young son James Jr., who was als o captured and carried away by the indians, but later escap ed James Stuart, Sr. left among his children 3 sons: James , John,and Ralph. Wadell locates the date of the event as F ebruray,1757 (page 511,Vol.2).

The second settler of present day Wyoming County, West Virg inia. There is some debate on Ralph's date of birth. Some s how it as 17 Dec 1752, others show 17 Jan 1749. I use the d ate's I copied off of his. headstone.

Ralph was commissioned captain in 1773 by Lord Dunmore, Gov ernor of Virginia, and served as a ranger. He was at Poin t Pleasent under Gen. Lewis in the "Battle of Point Pleasen t", fought against the Indians led by Chief Cornstalk, in 1 774. There is some debate on Ralph's date of birth. Some show i t as 17 Dec 1752,. others show 17 Jan 1749. But using the official record of t heOrphan Court the. date becomes 17 Jan 1747.

Ralph was commissioned captain in 1773 by Lord Dunmore, Gov ernor of Virginia,. and served as a ranger. He was at Point Pleasent under Gen . Lewis in the. "Battle of Point Pleasant", fought against the Indiansled. by Chief Cornstalk, in 1774.

Surveyor in 1774.

Jan 17th, 1775 Qualified as captain of the Virginia Militi a withThomas Trent. In 1777 stationed at the Fort in Tygart's Valley, VA with h is brotherJames. In 1778, his commission was renewed by Patrick Henry, the n Governor of. Virginia, was ordered with his company to South Carolina t o join the army. under Gen. Green. Attached to a regiment commanded by Col . Robert McCleary. and Maj. Smith. Fought at Guilford Courthouse, Hot Water, G round Squirrel,. Charlottesville, and Yorktown. During one of these engageme nts, he received a. sabre wound in the right arm, inflicted by English Genera l "Butcher". Tarleton. When the British surrendered at Yorktown, Gen. Wa shington made. Ralph one of the guard that kept the English commander Gene ral Cornwallis a. prisoner of war in a cave near Williamsburg, VA, after hi s surrender on Oct. 19th, 1781. Service Record #23949-w. 6168.

1779, appointed Sheriff of Augusta County, VA. 1791 had land on the mouth of Wolf Creek, near New River. The second settler of present day Wyoming County, West Virg inia.

Land Grant.

In consideration of Military Services performed by Charle s Scott in the War. between Great Britain and France there is granted unto Joh n Hamilton,. Isabella Stuart, Ralph Stuart, Henry Delaey, David McClan , and William. Wistsall assignees of John McClanahan who was assignee of C harles Scott a. certain tract or parcel of land containing 1000 acres all b eing part of a. 3000 acres surveyed the fourth day of March, 1774 lying i n the County of. Augusta on the Monongahlia River. April 1, 1782. Benjamin Harrison Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia.

In 1778, his commission was renewed by Patrick Henry, the n Governor of Virginia, was ordered with his company to Sou th Carolina to join the army under Gen. Green. Fought at Gu ilford Courthouse, Hot Water, Ground Squirrel, Charlottesvi lle, and Yorktown. During one of these engagements, he rece ived a sabre wound in the right arm, inflicted by English G eneral Tarleton. When Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, G en. Washington made Ralph one of the guard that kept the En glish commander a prisoner of war.

After peace with the Indians was made, Ralph and his brothe r James (as teenage boys), went on a prolonged hunting trip . Ralph while alone in the camp, was set upon by a band o f indians, who hung around for some time amusing themselve s by abusing and threating him, while selecting articles t o carry away, eating and being offensive in pillaging and d estroying the camp and supplies, then upon leaving they car ried away the furs, pelts and other articles they desired t o take.

The following night the 2 brothers followed the trail of th e indians, slipped upon their camp and killed five of them . This act was indeed of great satisfaction and revenge fo r them, but was a violation of the law after the "Declarati on Of Peace" had been signed by the government, and made th em liable for prosecution for murder.

Later Ralph told of the incident to a hunting companion, wh o afterwards became a rival for the affections of a young l ady and therefore his enemy, thus the "Friend" swore ou t a warrant for murder and Ralph's arrest, whereupon the tw o brothers Ralph and James Stuart left the community and we nt to an uninhabited area of "Wilderness of the New River" , where they set up camp and stayed for a period of eightee n months, trapping and hunting and seeing only two other pe rsons during that time. Then the Governor of Virginia late r pardoned the brothers.

Ralph and his brothers hated, and were feared by indians an d in the Army or not Ralph and others became famous attacki ng 96 indians, though outnumbered, they rescued six white p risoners. He was commissioned a Captian of Indian Rangers, by Lord Du nmore,Governor of Virginia prior to the Revolutionary War.

He married 1st Mary Elliott abt. 1768 in Augusta County, Vi rginia. She was born bef. 1750 and died abt. 1787. He marri ed 2nd. Mary Clay June 25, 1788 in Montgomery County, Virgi nia daughter of Mitchell Clay and Phoebe Belcher she was bo rn abt. 1762 in Bedford County, Virginia and died April 25 , 1851 in Wyoming County, (West) Virginia.

Yantis also has an interesting charts showing migration pat terns, acccording to this chart, Ralph's family moved fro m Scotland or Ireland to Fredrick, Shenandoah, Rockingham , Augusta then to Tazewell counties. Information was base d on a Revolutionary War pension application, probaly the o ne mentioned on page 212. According to his Revolutionary Wa r pension record, on microfilm in Charleston, he died Novem ber 18, 1835 and was awarded a pension of $60.00 in 1823.

A letter in the file from a friend or relative expressed re lief that the pension had been awarded, as "Old Mr. S" wa s in poor circumstances, annually, he appointed an attorne y in fact to pick up the pension for him, describing himsel f as an invalid often, the attorney in fact was Anthony Law son, who also served as his administeror after Ralph's wif e relinquished her right to serve.

More About Capt. Capt. Ralph Stewart: Burial: Keatley Cemetery, Clear Fork Road at Toney Fork nea r Oceana, Wyoming County, West Virginia.

Notes for Mary O. Clay: Headstone is marked as "Wife of Capt. Ralph Stewart". Heads tone does not contain a date. This cemetery is located in C learfork, near Crany. To find Keatley Cemetery, take rout e 85 from Oceana, towards Kopperston. At Country Junction , in Toney Fork, take a right towards Toneda Baptist Church . It's roughly 4 or 5 miles down this road, on the left han d side of the road. It's about 15, or 20, yards up in the m ountain. To make it even more difficult, you can't see it f rom the road due to the brush and trees. Very hard to find.

More About Mary O. Clay: Burial: 1851,Keatley Cemetery,Clear Fork Road. at Toney For k near Oceana, Wyoming County, West Virginia.

"Military service VA No. 23949 No. W. 6168. He was commissi oned a captain in. 1773 by Lord Dunsmore, Governor of Virginia. Ralph service d as a ranger and. was at Point Pleasant under General Lewis in the Battle o f 1774. His. commission was renewed by Patrick Henry, Governor of Virgin ia, in 1778. He. was ordered with his company to South Carolina to join th e army under General. Green, and was attached to a regiment commanded by Colone l Robert McCleary. and Major Smith. He fought at Guilford Courthouse, Hot Wate r, Ground Squirrel. Ridge, Charlottesville, and was at the siege of Yorktown, b eing placed by. General Washington as a guard for the cave in which Genera l Cornwallis was. held prisoner.

"Ralph received a soldier's pension in 1834, and his wido w received a pension. in 1846. At that time, Mary was 74 years old. Supporting ev idence for the. claim was submitted by Edward Burgess, Patience Chapman, Mi tchell Clay,. Francis Hendrix, Charles L. Clay, and Rev. Richard Brooks.".

RALPH STEWART. Ralph, Va line, Mary, (W6168). Ralph was born in 1752 in Au gusta Co. He. lived there and after the Rev. then lived in Montgomery, Gi les, and Logan Co. Va. He applied in 1854 in Logan Co. He married Mary Clay. Willi am Tracy signed. marriage Bond with Ralph on 25 June, 1788 in Montgomery Co . Va.. Ralph. Stewart died in 1835 and his widow applied 17 Dec. 1846 i n Logan Co at age. 74. Mitchel Clay, age 62, made affidavit 29 Nov. 1833 in La wrence Co. Ky. In 1834 Charles L. Clay was a witness to Ralph's applicatio n.

AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT RECORDS Ralph Stewart.

MAY 18, 1774.(?) Ephraim Richardson and Wm. Martin--road su rveyors from. Francis Wier's, on Monongahela River, to Thorny Creek, on w aters of. Greenbrier. John Warwick, Richard Elliott and Ralph Stewar t are exempted from. working on above road until it is built.

JANUARY 17, 1775. Thomas Trent and Ralph Stewart, qualifie d Captains of. Militia. William Stewart qualified Lieutenant of Militia.

JANUARY 17, 1775 Certified by Andrew Lewis; of Wm. Kinkead , for sundries for. Militia; of Ralph Stewart, for provisions for his Company o f Militia.

AUGUST 20, 1777. Tithables to be taken in: Capt. Ralph Stew art's, Company.

JANUARY 20, 1779 James Lachey appointed road surveyor of th e road located by. John Warrick and Ralph Stewart, from plantation of Darby Co nnolly, deceased,. to Lewis's quarter on Nap's Creek.

AUGUST 18, 1779 Jacob Stalnaker and Ralph Stewart appointe d Constables.

Descendants of Capt. Ralph Stuart/Stewart born of James Stu art Sr. on the. Cowpasture River in Augusta County. There he married a Mis s Elliott. He. later removed to Lawrence County (?) Kentucky with his fami ly. The known. children by this marriage were: Charles, John, Absalom wh o married a. daughter of Isaac Smith, James Stuart, Richard and Rebecca. After the death of his first wife, Ralph removed to Wyomin g County as it's. third settler and married Mary Clay on June 25, 1788.

Copied from records found at the Bath County Historical Mus eum. RALPH STEWART. Ralph Stewart was born 1171747 of Cowpasture in Augusta C ounty Virginia in the Bordon Tract on Stewarts Creek. He married Miss Mary Elliott of that county in about the ye ar 1767. His son Ralph Jr. born ca. 1772 in Augusta County moved t o Wayne Co. West Va. in 1805. James B. Stewart born ca. 1774, Mary Ann born ca. 1773, Ric hard born ca. 1775, Rebecca born ca. 1785. She married Issa c Chapman.

Service Record: Virginia # 23849-w6168. Removed to Giles County and Montgomery Counties Virginia. H e died in Logan County W.Va. 11171835.

His second wife, Mary Clay , a daughter of Mitchell Clay, w ere married 1788. Ralph Stewart was commissioned Capt. In 1 773 by Lord Dunmore, Govenor of Virginia and served as a Ra nger. He was at Point Pleasant under Gen. Lewis in 1774, Fo ught at Gulford Court House, Hot Water, Ground Squirrel Bri dge, Charlottsville and Yorktown. He was wounded and on th e invalid rool for the State of Virginia. He left his commi ssion and discharge with Col. George Pearis for safe keepin g were lost or stolen when the latters home was plundered.

City of Richmond To wit. Peter Dingess to whom the within power of attorney is grant ed this day. appeared before me James E Heath Auditor of Public Accounts , and made. oath that the said power is not given by reason of any Tran sfer,. Mortgage or Sale of the Pension or any part thereof for hi s own Use; but. that the pension to be received is for the Sole use and ben efit of Ralph. Stewart the within named Pensioner. Given under my hand this 14th day of February 1828. Ja E Heath.


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Marriage Bond. Copy of this came from Rev,War Pension File. Know all men by these presents that we Ralph Stewart & Wm T racy are held firmly bound to the Governor of Virginia fo r the time being and his successors in the just sum of œ50 : current money of Virginia to the which payment will and t ruly to be made we bind ourselves our Heirs &. jointly an d severally, firmly by these presents, sealed with our seal s & dated the twenty fifth day of June one thousand seven h undred & eighty eight. The conditions of this obligation is such that where as th e above Ralph Stewart hath this day obtained license for hi s marriage with Mary Clay. Now if there should be no just c ause to obstruct this marriage, then this obligation to b e void or else to remain in full force (Signed) Ralph Stewa rt (Seal). Teste (Signed) William Tracy (Seal).

A Copy Teste R. D. Montague C.

State of Virginia Montgomery County SS.

I Rice D. Montague, above named, depose and say, that I hol d the office of clerk of the county court of said county, a nd that the above is a true copy of the original marriage l icense bond of Ralph Stewart, on file in my said office, wi th the exception of the date, which is expressed in the bon d in fair legible figures, and in copying the same, I hav e inserted the date in writing. I do also further state upo n oath, that I have examined the register of marriages in m y office, and that I find amongst the list returned for th e year one thousand and seven hundred and eighty eight, th e names of Ralph Stewart & Mary Clay, as having been celebr ated on the fifteenth day of June one thousand seven hundre d & eighty eight by the Rev Edward Morgan.

(Signed) R. D. Montague Clerk of the.

County court of Montgomery.

Sworn before me Joseph S. Edie a Justice of the peace for s aid county on this 10th day of November 1846.

(Signed) Jos. S. Edie JP.

State of Virginia Montgomery County SS.

I Rice D. Montgaue clerk of the county court of said count y do hereby certify that Joseph S. Edie is a magistrate a s above and that his signature is genuine. I do also certif y that the foregoing copy and extract from the records in m y office, are correct. In testimony whereof I have hereunt o set my hand and affixed the seal of my office this 10th d ay of November 1846.

(Signed) R. D. Montague clerk of the.

County court of Montgomery.

There is a discrepancy between the date of the bond and o f the certificate of marriage. I have examined the origina l certificate of the marriage and find that it states, th e marriage was solemnized on the fifteenth of June, but I a m of opinion that the error was submitted by the minister , as the certificate given by the father of Mary Clay to th e clerk, authorizing him to issue the license is dated th e twenty third of June 1788.

(Signed) R. D. Montague C.


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In Giles County 1806, Ralph Stewart and his wife Mary sol d land on Brush Creek for 180 pounds. The deed was made b y Ralph while he was in Montgomery County on the New Rive r above Wolf Creek on 411791. Ralph bought 100 acres of l and from John Howe on Wolf Creek.

In 1800, Ralph built a log cabin on Clear Fork. In 1803 (2- 3) he deeded land to John Long in Giles County on Wolf Cree k. Edward Burgess, his long time friend bought land and set tled nearby. Ralph's land lay near the Narrows of New Rive r in 411791. His other neighbors were Mitchell and Davi d Clay, George Pearis, all of whom had made claims in Montg omery County.

Ralph Stewart, Virginia # W6168 Application 110/1834, Loga n County, Va. His widow Mary Clay, now 73 applied in Loga n Co. 12/17/1846. They were married by license dated 6/251 788 in Montgomery County. Ralph Stewart - Rev. War soldier, Pension#23949, W6168.

His name also appears on List M. Montgomery County 179393 . On list of delinquents in the District of James Hoge in 2 nd Bn. 86th Regt, 9/31799 Wythe County. Personal Property Tax 4-18. One Male over 16, no slaves , 5 horses. (MCo.). 1815 PP Tax 4-10 one male over 16, one horse. $.21 Tax. (Y).

CHRONICLES OF THE Scotch-Irish Settlement IN VIRGINIA EXTRA CTED FROM THE ORIGINAL COURT RECORDS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY 1745 -1800. AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT RECORDS. ORDER BOOK No. XV. page 180. Page (468) Ephraim Richardson and Wm. Martin--road surveyor s from Francis Wier's, on Monongahela River, to Thorny Cree k, on waters of Greenbrier. John Warwick, Richard Elliott a nd Ralph Stewart are exempted from working on above road un til it is built. William Hadden is ordered to clear from Th orny Creek to Nap's Creek, with tithables living below hi m on Nap's Creek, and from Alexr. Du.

From the Revolutionary War Records of CAPT Ralph Stewart. (transcribed by Rita O'Brien).

The Deposition Mitchell Clay aged about sixty two years tak en to prove the Revolutionary service of Ralph Stewart, h e being a witness of respectability and one that is to be r elyed upon, who being first duly sworn deposeth and saith t hat he is well acquainted with said Ralph Stewart and has b een so from his boyhood. That he knows the said Ralph Stewa rt served in the war of the Revolution as a captain of Rang ers & that some years ago and since the close of the Revolu tion he saw said Stewarts commission as a Captain (& as wel l as he now recollects his commission was signed by Patri c Henry). That said Stewart has always been respected in th e County where he resided as a Captain in the Revolutionar y War, and this official verily believes it to be true.

[Signed] Mitchel Clay. Sworn to and subscribed before the undersigned a Justice o f the Peace in and for the County of Lawrence & State of Ke ntucky this 29th day of November 1833.

[Signed] Lewis Ringlby J.P.L.C.

State of Kentucky ). Lawrence County ).

I Jas M. Rice clerk of the court in & for the County afores aid do hereby certify that Lewis Ringlesby whose name is at tached to the foregoing certificate is and was at the tim e of signing his name an acting Justice of the peace in an d for the County aforesaid, duly commissioned and qualifie d as such and that due faith and credit is due to his offic ial acts. In testimony whereof I have herewith set my hand and affixe d the seal of said court this 29th day of November 1833. [Signed] Jas M. Rice C.L.C.C.

Affidavit from Revolutionary War Records of Capt Ralph Stew art. (transcribed by Rita O'Brien).

State of Kentucky }. Lawrence County }. This day personally appeared Patience Chapman (of lawfull a ge, and who is a person of respectability and a witness tha t ought to be relyed upon) before me the subscriber a Justi ce of the peace in and for the aforesaid County of Lawrence , and made oath in due form of law that she is well acquain ted with Ralph Stewart (who is now a very old man) and ha s been from the time she was about 18 or 19 years old (sh e being now about 73 or 74 years of age) that she believe s he was in the war of the Revolution - and she believes th at he was a Captain Commissioned out of a company of Ranger s - She states that she has seen a commission many years ag o in his possession purporting to be a Captain commissione d in his possession and in his name - She further states th at said Stewart many years ago and soon after the close o f war of the revolution had a discharge from the Service o f United States and she further states that said Ralph Stew art has always been reputed in the County where he has live d since the Revolutionary War a Capt of Rangers in said wa r and that she verily believes it to be true.

Signature: Patience Chapman.

Sworn to and subscribed before the subscriber a Justice o f the peace in and for said County of Lawrence this 28th da y of November 1833. Signature: Joseph Davidson J.P.L.C.

State of Kentucky. Lawrence County.

I James M. Rice clerk of the court in and for the aforesai d County of Lawrence , do certify that Joseph Davidson who s name is annexed to the foregoing certificate is and was a t the time of making the same an acting Justice of the Peac e duly commissioned and sworn as such to whos official act s due faith is and ought to be given as in a court of justi ce as chereoral [credible].

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixe d the Seal of said court this 29th day of November 1833 i n the 42nd year of the Commonwealth.

Signature: Jas M Rice, C.L.CC.

Father: James STEWART b: 11 Oct 1719 in Dunblane, Pertshire, Scotland. Mother: Ann LAFFERTY b: Abt 1720 in Kilcokan, Dublin, Ireland.

Marriage 1 Mary ELLIOTT b: Abt 1750 in Augusta County, Virginia.

Married: Change Date: 7 Dec 2005.

Children

Has No Children John STEWART b: 1769 in Augusta County, Virginia. Has Children Absolum STEWART b: Abt 1770 in Augusta County, Virginia. Has No Children Ralph STEWART b: 1772 in Augusta County, Virginia. Has No Children Mary Ann STEWART b: 1773 in Cowpasture, Augusta, Virginia. Has No Children James Elliott STEWART b: Abt 1774 in Cowpasture, Augusta, Virginia. Has No Children Richard STEWART b: 1775. Has No Children Rebecca STEWART b: 1785 in Mason, Sussex, Virginia.

Marriage 2 Mary O. CLAY b: 1762 in Bedford County, Virginia.

Married: Change Date: 7 Dec 2005.

Children

Has Children Catherine STEWART b: 15 Jun 1790 in Montgomery County, Virginia.
Has No Children Mitchell STEWART b: 1791.
Has No Children Phoebe STEWART b: 1792.
Has No Children Rebecca STEWART b: 1793.
Has Children Robert STEWART b: 1793 in Montgomery County, Virginia.
Has Children Sarah "Sally" STEWART b: 1797 in Cowpasture, Augusta, Virginia.
Has Children William R. STEWART b: 1801 in Stuarts Run, Augusta, Virginia.
Has Children Margaret STEWART b: 1802 in Virginia.
Has Children Amy STEWART b: 1805 in Stuarts Run, Augusta, Virginia.
Has Children Henry Clay STEWART b: 1805 in Virginia.
Has Children Charles STEWART b: 8 May 1808 in Augusta County, Virginia.
Has Children George Pearis STEWART b: 9 Jun 1810 in Logan County, Virginia (now West Virginia).
Has Children Ora STEWART b: 1812 in Stuarts Run, Augusta, Virginia.

Revolutionary War Captain and second settler of Wyoming County, W.Va. Fought with Generals Greene and George Washington at the Battle of Yorktown, Oct. 19th, 1781. George Washington assigned him to guard the defeated Lord Cornwallis in a cave. He became an Indian fighter at age 14. He was commissioned as Captain of the Indian Rangers by Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia, prior to the revolutionary war. During the war, he also fought with General Andrew Lewis at the Battle of Point Pleasant on Oct.10, 1774.His is noted for his intense hatred of the Indians because of the murders of several of his wife's family. He and others became famous for taking a small force and attacking 96 Indians and rescuing six white captives though greatly outnumbered. As a teenager, he and his brother, James, killed five Indians who had earlier stolen their furs. He and James had murder warrants taken out against them since there was a declaration of peace with the Indians. They hid in the woods for two years and were later pardoned.

One year after John Cooke moved his family to Clear Fork, i n October 1799, his first neighbor arrived. Capt. Ralph Ste wart built his cabin on Clear Fork a few miles from the Coo ke homestead in 1800. Stewart was born on Cow Pasture River , Augusta County, Virginia. In 1773 he was commissioned a c aptain of Rangers, and in 1774, was with General Lewis in t he Battle of Point Pleasant. In 1778, he was again commissi oned a captain of Virginia troops and served in the regimen t of Col. Robert McCleery. He fought in the battles of Guil ford Courthouse, Ground Squirrel Ridge, and Charlottesville , and, in one of these engagements received a sabre wound i n the right arm, inflicted by English General Tarleton hims elf. When Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, Washington ma de Stewart one of the guard that kept the English commandan t a prisoner of war in a cave near Williamsburg, Virginia. Soon after the Revolution, Captain Stewart married a secon d wife, Mary Clay, daughter of Mitchell Clay, the first set tler in Mercer County. His family became one of the most pr ominent in Wyoming County. In 1835, at the age of 83 years , he died on his Laurel Fork homestead and was buried nea r by. ___________________________________________________________ ______ __. Partial Transcript of Interrogatories from a. Deposition Taken of Captain Ralph Stewart. Contained in His Pension Records from. National Archives in Washington, D.C. (transcribed by Rita O'Brien).

1. Where and in what year were you born?. Answer. I was born in Augusta County Virginia in the year 1 752 according to the best. information I can obtain.

2. Have you any record of your age and if so where is it?. Answer. I have not.

3. Where were you living when called into service? Where ha ve you lived since the. Revolutionary War & where do you now live?. Answer. I resided in Augusta County Va. when I entered th e service - have resided in. same County since and also in Montgomery & Giles Counties a nd am now living in. Logan County Va.

4. How were you called into service?. Answer. I volunteered Captain of an Infantry of Rifleme n & served as such.

5. State the name of some of the officers who were with th e troops where you served,. such Continental & Militia regiments as you can recollec t & the general circumstances. of your service?. Answer. I was acquainted with Genl's Washington, Lafayette , Wayne & Scott. & Cols. John Weiler, Thomas Huggers, Robrt McCleery, Wm Boyer are t he principals and my. principal circumstances are set out in the foregoing declar ation.

6. Did you ever receive a commission & if so by whom was i t signed and what has. became of it?. Answer. My first commission as Captain was signed by Lord D unmore, my second by. Patrick Henry, which were left with Col. George Pearis of G iles County for safe keeping. & lost or destroyed, he having his dwelling house broken op en and plundered as I have. been informed.

{This Col. George Pearis was also Capt.Ralph Stewart's brot her-in-law as he was married to Mary Clay's sister Rebecc a Clay{SAB}.


Capt.Ralph Stewart was born June 17,1746 in Stuarts Run,Aug usta County,Virginia and died November 17,1835 in Logan (no w Wyoming) County (West) Virginia.

This family was of "The Cowpasture Stuarts" located in th e Shenandoah Valley. Ralph was an indian fighter at 14 years of age .When Ralp h was a teenage boy during an indian raid,his father was ca ptured and burned at the stake in the presence of his youn g son James Jr.,who was also captured and carried away by t he indians, but later escaped James Stuart Sr. left among h is children 3 sons: James,John,and Ralph. Wadell locates the date of the event as Februray,1757 (pag e 511,Vol.2). During a time when peace was made ,Ralph and James ( as tee nage boys) went on a prolonged hunting and trapping trip. R alph while alone in the camp,was set upon by a band of indi ans,who hung around for some time amusing themselves by abu sing and threating him,while selecting articles to carry aw ay,eating and being offensive in pillaging and destroying t he camp and supplies,then upon leaving they carried away th e furs,pelts and other articles they desired to take. The following night the 2 brothers followed the trail of th e indians,slipped upon their camp and killed five of them.T his act was indeed of great satisfaction and revenge for th em,but was a violation of the law after the "Declaration O f Peace" had been made they were liable to prosecution fo r murder. Later Ralph told of the incident to a hunting companion,wh o afterwards became a rival for the affections of a young l ady and therefore his enemy,thus the "Friend" swore out a w arrant for murder Ralph' arrest,whereupon the two brother s Ralph and James Stuart left the community and went to a n uninhabited area of "Wilderness of the New River",where t hey set up camp and stayed for a period of eighteen months, trapping and hunting and seeing only two other persons duri ng that time.Then the Governor of Virginia later pardoned t he brothers. Ralph and his brothers hated,and were feared by indians an d in the Army or not Ralph and others became famous attacki ng 96 indians , though outnumbered ,they rescued six whit e prisoners. He was commissioned a Captian of Indian Rangers, by Lord Du nmore,Governor of Virginia prior to the Revolutionary War.

He married 1st Mary Elliott abt.1768 in Augusta County,Virg inia,She was born bef. 1750 and died abt. 1787. He married 2 nd. Mary Clay June 25,1788 in Montgomery Count y,Virginia daughter of Mitchell Clay and Phoebe Belcher sh e was born abt. 1762 in Bedford County,Virginia and died Ap ril 25,1851 in Wyoming County,(West) Virginia. Copied from records found at the Bath County Historical Mus em: Ralph Stewart ;. Ralph Stewart was born 1171747 of Cowpasture in Augusta C ounty Virginia in the Bordon Tract on Stewarts Creek. He married Miss Mary Elliott of that same County in about t he year 1767. His son Ralph Jr. born ca. 1772 in Augusta County moved t o Wayne County (West ) Virginia in about 1805.

1791 had land on the mouth of Wolf Creek, near New River. In Giles County 1806 ,Ralph Stewart and his wife Mary sol d land on Brushy Creek for 180 pounds. The deed was made by Rlaph while he was in Montgomery Count y on the New River above Wolf Creek on 411791,Ralph bough t 100 acres of land from John Howe on Wolf Creek. Ralph built a log cabin on Clear Fork. In 1803 (2-3) he dee ded land to John Long in Giles County on Wolf Creek. Edward Burgess,his long time friend bought land and settle d nearby.Ralph's land lay near the narrows of New River i n 411791.His neighbours were Mitchell and David Clay ,Geo rge Pearis,all of whom had made claims in Montgomery County.

{DAR} Notes;. Ralph Stewart- Rev. war soldier, pension 3 23949,w6168. His name also appears on List M. Montgomery County 179393 . On list of delinquents in the District of James Hoge in 2 nd BN. 86th Regt,9/311799 Wythe County. Personal Property Tax 4-18,one male over 16,no slaves,5 hor ses. (MCo.) 1815 pp Tax 4-10 one male over 16,one horse $.2 1 Tax.(Y).

Notes for Capt. Ralph Stewart: Ralph Stuart was commissioned captain in 1773 by Lord Dunsm ore,as Govornor of Virginia,and served as a ranger. He was at Point Pleasant under General Andrew Lewis in th e "Battle of Point Pleasant",fought against the Indians le d by Chief Cornstalk,in 1774.

In 1778 his commission was renewed by Patrick Henry,then Go vornor of Virginia,was ordered with his company to South Ca rolina to join the Army under Gen. Green.He fought at Guilf ord Courthouse,Hot Water,Ground Squirrel,Charlottesville,an d also at Yorktown.During on of these engagments ,he reciev ed a sabre wound in the right arm,inflicted by English Gene ral "Butcher Tarelton" himself. When Cornwallis surrendere d at the seige of Yorktown,General George Washington made C apt. Ralph Stewart one of the guards that kept the Englis h commander a prisoner of war.

According to his Revolutionary War pension record,on microf ilm in. A letter in the file from a friend or relative expressed re lief that the pension had been awarded,as "Old Mr. S" was i n poor circumstances,annually ,he appointed an attorney i n fact to pick up the pension for him,describing himself a s an invalid often,the attorney in fact was Anthony Lawson, who also served as his administeror after Ralph's wife reli nquished her right to serve.

1779, appointed Sheriff of Augusta County, VA.

Notes for Capt. Capt. Ralph Stewart: This family was of "The Cowpasture Stuarts" located in th e Shenandoah Valley, Virginia. Ralph was an indian fighte r at 14 years of age. When Ralph was a teenage boy during a n indian raid, his father was captured and burned at the st ake in the presence of his young son James Jr., who was als o captured and carried away by the indians, but later escap ed James Stuart, Sr. left among his children 3 sons: James , John,and Ralph. Wadell locates the date of the event as F ebruray,1757 (page 511,Vol.2).

The second settler of present day Wyoming County, West Virg inia. There is some debate on Ralph's date of birth. Some s how it as 17 Dec 1752, others show 17 Jan 1749. I use the d ate's I copied off of his. headstone.

Ralph was commissioned captain in 1773 by Lord Dunmore, Gov ernor of Virginia, and served as a ranger. He was at Poin t Pleasent under Gen. Lewis in the "Battle of Point Pleasen t", fought against the Indians led by Chief Cornstalk, in 1 774. There is some debate on Ralph's date of birth. Some show i t as 17 Dec 1752,. others show 17 Jan 1749. But using the official record of t heOrphan Court the. date becomes 17 Jan 1747.

Ralph was commissioned captain in 1773 by Lord Dunmore, Gov ernor of Virginia,. and served as a ranger. He was at Point Pleasent under Gen . Lewis in the. "Battle of Point Pleasant", fought against the Indiansled. by Chief Cornstalk, in 1774.

Surveyor in 1774.

Jan 17th, 1775 Qualified as captain of the Virginia Militi a withThomas Trent. In 1777 stationed at the Fort in Tygart's Valley, VA with h is brotherJames. In 1778, his commission was renewed by Patrick Henry, the n Governor of. Virginia, was ordered with his company to South Carolina t o join the army. under Gen. Green. Attached to a regiment commanded by Col . Robert McCleary. and Maj. Smith. Fought at Guilford Courthouse, Hot Water, G round Squirrel,. Charlottesville, and Yorktown. During one of these engageme nts, he received a. sabre wound in the right arm, inflicted by English Genera l "Butcher". Tarleton. When the British surrendered at Yorktown, Gen. Wa shington made. Ralph one of the guard that kept the English commander Gene ral Cornwallis a. prisoner of war in a cave near Williamsburg, VA, after hi s surrender on Oct. 19th, 1781. Service Record #23949-w. 6168.

1779, appointed Sheriff of Augusta County, VA. 1791 had land on the mouth of Wolf Creek, near New River. The second settler of present day Wyoming County, West Virg inia.

Land Grant.

In consideration of Military Services performed by Charle s Scott in the War. between Great Britain and France there is granted unto Joh n Hamilton,. Isabella Stuart, Ralph Stuart, Henry Delaey, David McClan , and William. Wistsall assignees of John McClanahan who was assignee of C harles Scott a. certain tract or parcel of land containing 1000 acres all b eing part of a. 3000 acres surveyed the fourth day of March, 1774 lying i n the County of. Augusta on the Monongahlia River. April 1, 1782. Benjamin Harrison Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia.

In 1778, his commission was renewed by Patrick Henry, the n Governor of Virginia, was ordered with his company to Sou th Carolina to join the army under Gen. Green. Fought at Gu ilford Courthouse, Hot Water, Ground Squirrel, Charlottesvi lle, and Yorktown. During one of these engagements, he rece ived a sabre wound in the right arm, inflicted by English G eneral Tarleton. When Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, G en. Washington made Ralph one of the guard that kept the En glish commander a prisoner of war.

After peace with the Indians was made, Ralph and his brothe r James (as teenage boys), went on a prolonged hunting trip . Ralph while alone in the camp, was set upon by a band o f indians, who hung around for some time amusing themselve s by abusing and threating him, while selecting articles t o carry away, eating and being offensive in pillaging and d estroying the camp and supplies, then upon leaving they car ried away the furs, pelts and other articles they desired t o take.

The following night the 2 brothers followed the trail of th e indians, slipped upon their camp and killed five of them . This act was indeed of great satisfaction and revenge fo r them, but was a violation of the law after the "Declarati on Of Peace" had been signed by the government, and made th em liable for prosecution for murder.

Later Ralph told of the incident to a hunting companion, wh o afterwards became a rival for the affections of a young l ady and therefore his enemy, thus the "Friend" swore ou t a warrant for murder and Ralph's arrest, whereupon the tw o brothers Ralph and James Stuart left the community and we nt to an uninhabited area of "Wilderness of the New River" , where they set up camp and stayed for a period of eightee n months, trapping and hunting and seeing only two other pe rsons during that time. Then the Governor of Virginia late r pardoned the brothers.

Ralph and his brothers hated, and were feared by indians an d in the Army or not Ralph and others became famous attacki ng 96 indians, though outnumbered, they rescued six white p risoners. He was commissioned a Captian of Indian Rangers, by Lord Du nmore,Governor of Virginia prior to the Revolutionary War.

He married 1st Mary Elliott abt. 1768 in Augusta County, Vi rginia. She was born bef. 1750 and died abt. 1787. He marri ed 2nd. Mary Clay June 25, 1788 in Montgomery County, Virgi nia daughter of Mitchell Clay and Phoebe Belcher she was bo rn abt. 1762 in Bedford County, Virginia and died April 25 , 1851 in Wyoming County, (West) Virginia.

Yantis also has an interesting charts showing migration pat terns, acccording to this chart, Ralph's family moved fro m Scotland or Ireland to Fredrick, Shenandoah, Rockingham , Augusta then to Tazewell counties. Information was base d on a Revolutionary War pension application, probaly the o ne mentioned on page 212. According to his Revolutionary Wa r pension record, on microfilm in Charleston, he died Novem ber 18, 1835 and was awarded a pension of $60.00 in 1823.

A letter in the file from a friend or relative expressed re lief that the pension had been awarded, as "Old Mr. S" wa s in poor circumstances, annually, he appointed an attorne y in fact to pick up the pension for him, describing himsel f as an invalid often, the attorney in fact was Anthony Law son, who also served as his administeror after Ralph's wif e relinquished her right to serve.

More About Capt. Capt. Ralph Stewart: Burial: Keatley Cemetery, Clear Fork Road at Toney Fork nea r Oceana, Wyoming County, West Virginia.

Notes for Mary O. Clay: Headstone is marked as "Wife of Capt. Ralph Stewart". Heads tone does not contain a date. This cemetery is located in C learfork, near Crany. To find Keatley Cemetery, take rout e 85 from Oceana, towards Kopperston. At Country Junction , in Toney Fork, take a right towards Toneda Baptist Church . It's roughly 4 or 5 miles down this road, on the left han d side of the road. It's about 15, or 20, yards up in the m ountain. To make it even more difficult, you can't see it f rom the road due to the brush and trees. Very hard to find.

More About Mary O. Clay: Burial: 1851,Keatley Cemetery,Clear Fork Road. at Toney For k near Oceana, Wyoming County, West Virginia.

"Military service VA No. 23949 No. W. 6168. He was commissi oned a captain in. 1773 by Lord Dunsmore, Governor of Virginia. Ralph service d as a ranger and. was at Point Pleasant under General Lewis in the Battle o f 1774. His. commission was renewed by Patrick Henry, Governor of Virgin ia, in 1778. He. was ordered with his company to South Carolina to join th e army under General. Green, and was attached to a regiment commanded by Colone l Robert McCleary. and Major Smith. He fought at Guilford Courthouse, Hot Wate r, Ground Squirrel. Ridge, Charlottesville, and was at the siege of Yorktown, b eing placed by. General Washington as a guard for the cave in which Genera l Cornwallis was. held prisoner.

"Ralph received a soldier's pension in 1834, and his wido w received a pension. in 1846. At that time, Mary was 74 years old. Supporting ev idence for the. claim was submitted by Edward Burgess, Patience Chapman, Mi tchell Clay,. Francis Hendrix, Charles L. Clay, and Rev. Richard Brooks.".

RALPH STEWART. Ralph, Va line, Mary, (W6168). Ralph was born in 1752 in Au gusta Co. He. lived there and after the Rev. then lived in Montgomery, Gi les, and Logan Co. Va. He applied in 1854 in Logan Co. He married Mary Clay. Willi am Tracy signed. marriage Bond with Ralph on 25 June, 1788 in Montgomery Co . Va.. Ralph. Stewart died in 1835 and his widow applied 17 Dec. 1846 i n Logan Co at age. 74. Mitchel Clay, age 62, made affidavit 29 Nov. 1833 in La wrence Co. Ky. In 1834 Charles L. Clay was a witness to Ralph's applicatio n.

AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT RECORDS Ralph Stewart.

MAY 18, 1774.(?) Ephraim Richardson and Wm. Martin--road su rveyors from. Francis Wier's, on Monongahela River, to Thorny Creek, on w aters of. Greenbrier. John Warwick, Richard Elliott and Ralph Stewar t are exempted from. working on above road until it is built.

JANUARY 17, 1775. Thomas Trent and Ralph Stewart, qualifie d Captains of. Militia. William Stewart qualified Lieutenant of Militia.

JANUARY 17, 1775 Certified by Andrew Lewis; of Wm. Kinkead , for sundries for. Militia; of Ralph Stewart, for provisions for his Company o f Militia.

AUGUST 20, 1777. Tithables to be taken in: Capt. Ralph Stew art's, Company.

JANUARY 20, 1779 James Lachey appointed road surveyor of th e road located by. John Warrick and Ralph Stewart, from plantation of Darby Co nnolly, deceased,. to Lewis's quarter on Nap's Creek.

AUGUST 18, 1779 Jacob Stalnaker and Ralph Stewart appointe d Constables.

Descendants of Capt. Ralph Stuart/Stewart born of James Stu art Sr. on the. Cowpasture River in Augusta County. There he married a Mis s Elliott. He. later removed to Lawrence County (?) Kentucky with his fami ly. The known. children by this marriage were: Charles, John, Absalom wh o married a. daughter of Isaac Smith, James Stuart, Richard and Rebecca. After the death of his first wife, Ralph removed to Wyomin g County as it's. third settler and married Mary Clay on June 25, 1788.

Copied from records found at the Bath County Historical Mus eum. RALPH STEWART. Ralph Stewart was born 1171747 of Cowpasture in Augusta C ounty Virginia in the Bordon Tract on Stewarts Creek. He married Miss Mary Elliott of that county in about the ye ar 1767. His son Ralph Jr. born ca. 1772 in Augusta County moved t o Wayne Co. West Va. in 1805. James B. Stewart born ca. 1774, Mary Ann born ca. 1773, Ric hard born ca. 1775, Rebecca born ca. 1785. She married Issa c Chapman.

Service Record: Virginia # 23849-w6168. Removed to Giles County and Montgomery Counties Virginia. H e died in Logan County W.Va. 11171835.

His second wife, Mary Clay , a daughter of Mitchell Clay, w ere married 1788. Ralph Stewart was commissioned Capt. In 1 773 by Lord Dunmore, Govenor of Virginia and served as a Ra nger. He was at Point Pleasant under Gen. Lewis in 1774, Fo ught at Gulford Court House, Hot Water, Ground Squirrel Bri dge, Charlottsville and Yorktown. He was wounded and on th e invalid rool for the State of Virginia. He left his commi ssion and discharge with Col. George Pearis for safe keepin g were lost or stolen when the latters home was plundered.

City of Richmond To wit. Peter Dingess to whom the within power of attorney is grant ed this day. appeared before me James E Heath Auditor of Public Accounts , and made. oath that the said power is not given by reason of any Tran sfer,. Mortgage or Sale of the Pension or any part thereof for hi s own Use; but. that the pension to be received is for the Sole use and ben efit of Ralph. Stewart the within named Pensioner. Given under my hand this 14th day of February 1828. Ja E Heath.


------ --------- -----------.

Marriage Bond. Copy of this came from Rev,War Pension File. Know all men by these presents that we Ralph Stewart & Wm T racy are held firmly bound to the Governor of Virginia fo r the time being and his successors in the just sum of œ50 : current money of Virginia to the which payment will and t ruly to be made we bind ourselves our Heirs &. jointly an d severally, firmly by these presents, sealed with our seal s & dated the twenty fifth day of June one thousand seven h undred & eighty eight. The conditions of this obligation is such that where as th e above Ralph Stewart hath this day obtained license for hi s marriage with Mary Clay. Now if there should be no just c ause to obstruct this marriage, then this obligation to b e void or else to remain in full force (Signed) Ralph Stewa rt (Seal). Teste (Signed) William Tracy (Seal).

A Copy Teste R. D. Montague C.

State of Virginia Montgomery County SS.

I Rice D. Montague, above named, depose and say, that I hol d the office of clerk of the county court of said county, a nd that the above is a true copy of the original marriage l icense bond of Ralph Stewart, on file in my said office, wi th the exception of the date, which is expressed in the bon d in fair legible figures, and in copying the same, I hav e inserted the date in writing. I do also further state upo n oath, that I have examined the register of marriages in m y office, and that I find amongst the list returned for th e year one thousand and seven hundred and eighty eight, th e names of Ralph Stewart & Mary Clay, as having been celebr ated on the fifteenth day of June one thousand seven hundre d & eighty eight by the Rev Edward Morgan.

(Signed) R. D. Montague Clerk of the.

County court of Montgomery.

Sworn before me Joseph S. Edie a Justice of the peace for s aid county on this 10th day of November 1846.

(Signed) Jos. S. Edie JP.

State of Virginia Montgomery County SS.

I Rice D. Montgaue clerk of the county court of said count y do hereby certify that Joseph S. Edie is a magistrate a s above and that his signature is genuine. I do also certif y that the foregoing copy and extract from the records in m y office, are correct. In testimony whereof I have hereunt o set my hand and affixed the seal of my office this 10th d ay of November 1846.

(Signed) R. D. Montague clerk of the.

County court of Montgomery.

There is a discrepancy between the date of the bond and o f the certificate of marriage. I have examined the origina l certificate of the marriage and find that it states, th e marriage was solemnized on the fifteenth of June, but I a m of opinion that the error was submitted by the minister , as the certificate given by the father of Mary Clay to th e clerk, authorizing him to issue the license is dated th e twenty third of June 1788.

(Signed) R. D. Montague C.


------ --------- ------------------------.

In Giles County 1806, Ralph Stewart and his wife Mary sol d land on Brush Creek for 180 pounds. The deed was made b y Ralph while he was in Montgomery County on the New Rive r above Wolf Creek on 411791. Ralph bought 100 acres of l and from John Howe on Wolf Creek.

In 1800, Ralph built a log cabin on Clear Fork. In 1803 (2- 3) he deeded land to John Long in Giles County on Wolf Cree k. Edward Burgess, his long time friend bought land and set tled nearby. Ralph's land lay near the Narrows of New Rive r in 411791. His other neighbors were Mitchell and Davi d Clay, George Pearis, all of whom had made claims in Montg omery County.

Ralph Stewart, Virginia # W6168 Application 110/1834, Loga n County, Va. His widow Mary Clay, now 73 applied in Loga n Co. 12/17/1846. They were married by license dated 6/251 788 in Montgomery County. Ralph Stewart - Rev. War soldier, Pension#23949, W6168.

His name also appears on List M. Montgomery County 179393 . On list of delinquents in the District of James Hoge in 2 nd Bn. 86th Regt, 9/31799 Wythe County. Personal Property Tax 4-18. One Male over 16, no slaves , 5 horses. (MCo.). 1815 PP Tax 4-10 one male over 16, one horse. $.21 Tax. (Y).

CHRONICLES OF THE Scotch-Irish Settlement IN VIRGINIA EXTRA CTED FROM THE ORIGINAL COURT RECORDS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY 1745 -1800. AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT RECORDS. ORDER BOOK No. XV. page 180. Page (468) Ephraim Richardson and Wm. Martin--road surveyor s from Francis Wier's, on Monongahela River, to Thorny Cree k, on waters of Greenbrier. John Warwick, Richard Elliott a nd Ralph Stewart are exempted from working on above road un til it is built. William Hadden is ordered to clear from Th orny Creek to Nap's Creek, with tithables living below hi m on Nap's Creek, and from Alexr. Du.

From the Revolutionary War Records of CAPT Ralph Stewart. (transcribed by Rita O'Brien).

The Deposition Mitchell Clay aged about sixty two years tak en to prove the Revolutionary service of Ralph Stewart, h e being a witness of respectability and one that is to be r elyed upon, who being first duly sworn deposeth and saith t hat he is well acquainted with said Ralph Stewart and has b een so from his boyhood. That he knows the said Ralph Stewa rt served in the war of the Revolution as a captain of Rang ers & that some years ago and since the close of the Revolu tion he saw said Stewarts commission as a Captain (& as wel l as he now recollects his commission was signed by Patri c Henry). That said Stewart has always been respected in th e County where he resided as a Captain in the Revolutionar y War, and this official verily believes it to be true.

[Signed] Mitchel Clay. Sworn to and subscribed before the undersigned a Justice o f the Peace in and for the County of Lawrence & State of Ke ntucky this 29th day of November 1833.

[Signed] Lewis Ringlby J.P.L.C.

State of Kentucky ). Lawrence County ).

I Jas M. Rice clerk of the court in & for the County afores aid do hereby certify that Lewis Ringlesby whose name is at tached to the foregoing certificate is and was at the tim e of signing his name an acting Justice of the peace in an d for the County aforesaid, duly commissioned and qualifie d as such and that due faith and credit is due to his offic ial acts. In testimony whereof I have herewith set my hand and affixe d the seal of said court this 29th day of November 1833. [Signed] Jas M. Rice C.L.C.C.

Affidavit from Revolutionary War Records of Capt Ralph Stew art. (transcribed by Rita O'Brien).

State of Kentucky }. Lawrence County }. This day personally appeared Patience Chapman (of lawfull a ge, and who is a person of respectability and a witness tha t ought to be relyed upon) before me the subscriber a Justi ce of the peace in and for the aforesaid County of Lawrence , and made oath in due form of law that she is well acquain ted with Ralph Stewart (who is now a very old man) and ha s been from the time she was about 18 or 19 years old (sh e being now about 73 or 74 years of age) that she believe s he was in the war of the Revolution - and she believes th at he was a Captain Commissioned out of a company of Ranger s - She states that she has seen a commission many years ag o in his possession purporting to be a Captain commissione d in his possession and in his name - She further states th at said Stewart many years ago and soon after the close o f war of the revolution had a discharge from the Service o f United States and she further states that said Ralph Stew art has always been reputed in the County where he has live d since the Revolutionary War a Capt of Rangers in said wa r and that she verily believes it to be true.

Signature: Patience Chapman.

Sworn to and subscribed before the subscriber a Justice o f the peace in and for said County of Lawrence this 28th da y of November 1833. Signature: Joseph Davidson J.P.L.C.

State of Kentucky. Lawrence County.

I James M. Rice clerk of the court in and for the aforesai d County of Lawrence , do certify that Joseph Davidson who s name is annexed to the foregoing certificate is and was a t the time of making the same an acting Justice of the Peac e duly commissioned and sworn as such to whos official act s due faith is and ought to be given as in a court of justi ce as chereoral [credible].

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixe d the Seal of said court this 29th day of November 1833 i n the 42nd year of the Commonwealth.

Signature: Jas M Rice, C.L.CC.


https:/wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-binigm.cgi?op=GET&db=fredexbailey&id=I133021

Children

Has No Children John Stewart b: 1768 in VA.

Has Children Absolum Stewart b: 1770 in Bath Co., VA.

Has No Children Charles Stewart b: 1771 in Bath Co., VA.

Has Children Ralph Stewart b: 1772 in Cowpasture, Augusta Co., VA.

Has No Children Mary Ann Stewart b: 1773 in Cowpasture, Augusta Co., VA.

Has Children James Elliott Stewart b: 1774 in Cowpasture, Augusta Co., VA.

Has No Children Richard Stewart b: 1775 in Cowpasture, Augusta Co., VA.

Has No Children Elizabeth Stewart b: 1778 in Cowpasture, Augusta Co., VA.

Has No Children Isaac Stewart b: 1783.

Has No Children Rebecca Stewart b: 1785 in Giles Co., VA.


Virginia, Land, Marriage, and Probate Records, 1639-1850 Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, 1745-1800<i>. Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1965. Originally published in 1912.</p><p>Crozier, William Armstrong, ed. <i>Virginia County Records - Spotsylvania County Records, 1721-1800. Being transcriptions from the original files at the County Court House of wills, deeds, administrators' and guardians' bonds, marriage licenses, and lists of revolutionary pensioners. New York, NY: Fox, Duffield & Co., 1905.

The will abstracts for Isle of Wight and Norfolk counties were taken from microfilmed copies of the original Will Books. Some of these records may be found at the Family History Library as well as other libraries and archives. The originals may be found at the appropriate county courthouses.

For individual sources please see the Notes section listed with each record.<p> 1,7832::0.

This family was of "The Cowpasture Stuarts" located in the ShenandoahValley, Virginia. Ralph was an indian fighter at 14 years of age. When Ralph was a teenage boy during an indian raid, his father was captured and burned at the stake in the presence of his young son James Jr., who was also captured and carried away by the indians, but later escaped James Stuart, Sr. left among his children 3 sons: James, John,and Ralph. Wadell locates the date of the event as Februray,1757 (page 511,Vol.2). The second settler of present day Wyoming County, West Virginia. There is some debate on Ralph's date of birth. Some show it as 17 Dec 1752, others show 17 Jan 1749. I use the date's I copied off of his headstone. Ralph was commissioned captain in 1773 by Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia, and served as a ranger. He was at Point Pleasent under Gen. Lewis in the "Battle of Point Pleasent", fought against the Indians led by Chief Cornstalk, in 1774. In 1778, his commission was renewed by Patrick Henry, then Governor of Virginia, was ordered with his company to South Carolina to join the army under Gen. Green. Fought at Guilford Courthouse, Hot Water, Ground Squirrel, Charlottesville, and Yorktown. During one of these engagements, he received a sabre wound in the right arm, inflicted by English General Tarleton. When Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, Gen. Washington made Ralph one of the guard that kept the English commander a prisoner of war. After peace with the Indians was made, Ralph and his brother James (as teenage boys), went on a prolonged hunting trip. Ralph while alone in the camp, was set upon by a band of indians, who hung around for some time amusing themselves by abusing and threating him, while selecting articles to carry away, eating and being offensive in pillaging and destroying the camp and supplies, then upon leaving they carried away the furs, pelts and other articles they desired to take. The following night the 2 brothers followed the trail of the indians, slipped upon their camp and killed five of them. This act was indeed of great satisfaction and revenge for them, but was a violation of the law after the "Declaration Of Peace" had been signed by the government, and made them liable for prosecution for murder. Later Ralph told of the incident to a hunting companion, who afterwards became a rival for the affections of a young lady and therefore his enemy, thus the "Friend" swore out a warrant for murder and Ralph's arrest, whereupon the two brothers Ralph and James Stuart left the community and went to an uninhabited area of "Wilderness of the New River", where they set up camp and stayed for a period of eighteen months, trapping and hunting and seeing only two other persons during that time. Then the Governor of Virginia later pardoned the brothers. Ralph and his brothers hated, and were feared by indians and in the Army or not Ralph and others became famous attacking 96 indians, though outnumbered, they rescued six white prisoners. He was commissioned a Captian of Indian Rangers, by Lord Dunmore,Governor of Virginia prior to the Revolutionary War. He married 1st Mary Elliott abt. 1768 in Augusta County, Virginia. She was born bef. 1750 and died abt. 1787. He married 2nd. Mary Clay June 25, 1788 in Montgomery County, Virginia daughter of Mitchell Clay and Phoebe Belcher she was born abt. 1762 in Bedford County, Virginia and died April 25, 1851 in Wyoming County, (West) Virginia. Yantis also has an interesting charts showing migration patterns, acccording to this chart, Ralph's family moved from Scotland or Ireland to Fredrick, Shenandoah, Rockingham, Augusta then to Tazewell counties. Information was based on a Revolutionary War pension application, probaly the one mentioned on page 212. According to his Revolutionary War pension record, on microfilm in Charleston, he died November 18, 1835 and was awarded a pension of $60.00 in 1823. A letter in the file from a friend or relative expressed relief that the pension had been awarded, as "Old Mr. S" was in poor circumstances, annually, he appointed an attorney in fact to pick up the pension for him, describing himself as an invalid often, the attorney in fact was Anthony Lawson, who also served as his administeror after Ralph's wife relinquished her right to serve.[22916872.ged].

This family was of "The Cowpasture Stuarts" located in the ShenandoahValley, Virginia. Ralph was an indian fighter at 14 years of age. When Ralph was a teenage boy during an indian raid, his father was captured and burned at the stake in the presence of his young son James Jr., who was also captured and carried away by the indians, but later escaped James Stuart, Sr. left among his children 3 sons: James, John,and Ralph. Wadell locates the date of the event as Februray,1757 (page 511,Vol.2). The second settler of present day Wyoming County, West Virginia. There is some debate on Ralph's date of birth. Some show it as 17 Dec 1752, others show 17 Jan 1749. I use the date's I copied off of his headstone. Ralph was commissioned captain in 1773 by Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia, and served as a ranger. He was at Point Pleasent under Gen. Lewis in the "Battle of Point Pleasent", fought against the Indians led by Chief Cornstalk, in 1774. In 1778, his commission was renewed by Patrick Henry, then Governor of Virginia, was ordered with his company to South Carolina to join the army under Gen. Green. Fought at Guilford Courthouse, Hot Water, Ground Squirrel, Charlottesville, and Yorktown. During one of these engagements, he received a sabre wound in the right arm, inflicted by English General Tarleton. When Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, Gen. Washington made Ralph one of the guard that kept the English commander a prisoner of war. After peace with the Indians was made, Ralph and his brother James (as teenage boys), went on a prolonged hunting trip. Ralph while alone in the camp, was set upon by a band of indians, who hung around for some time amusing themselves by abusing and threating him, while selecting articles to carry away, eating and being offensive in pillaging and destroying the camp and supplies, then upon leaving they carried away the furs, pelts and other articles they desired to take. The following night the 2 brothers followed the trail of the indians, slipped upon their camp and killed five of them. This act was indeed of great satisfaction and revenge for them, but was a violation of the law after the "Declaration Of Peace" had been signed by the government, and made them liable for prosecution for murder. Later Ralph told of the incident to a hunting companion, who afterwards became a rival for the affections of a young lady and therefore his enemy, thus the "Friend" swore out a warrant for murder and Ralph's arrest, whereupon the two brothers Ralph and James Stuart left the community and went to an uninhabited area of "Wilderness of the New River", where they set up camp and stayed for a period of eighteen months, trapping and hunting and seeing only two other persons during that time. Then the Governor of Virginia later pardoned the brothers. Ralph and his brothers hated, and were feared by indians and in the Army or not Ralph and others became famous attacking 96 indians, though outnumbered, they rescued six white prisoners. He was commissioned a Captian of Indian Rangers, by Lord Dunmore,Governor of Virginia prior to the Revolutionary War. He married 1st Mary Elliott abt. 1768 in Augusta County, Virginia. She was born bef. 1750 and died abt. 1787. He married 2nd. Mary Clay June 25, 1788 in Montgomery County, Virginia daughter of Mitchell Clay and Phoebe Belcher she was born abt. 1762 in Bedford County, Virginia and died April 25, 1851 in Wyoming County, (West) Virginia. Yantis also has an interesting charts showing migration patterns, acccording to this chart, Ralph's family moved from Scotland or Ireland to Fredrick, Shenandoah, Rockingham, Augusta then to Tazewell counties. Information was based on a Revolutionary War pension application, probaly the one mentioned on page 212. According to his Revolutionary War pension record, on microfilm in Charleston, he died November 18, 1835 and was awarded a pension of $60.00 in 1823. A letter in the file from a friend or relative expressed relief that the pension had been awarded, as "Old Mr. S" was in poor circumstances, annually, he appointed an attorney in fact to pick up the pension for him, describing himself as an invalid often, the attorney in fact was Anthony Lawson, who also served as his administeror after Ralph's wife relinquished her right to serve.[32916872.ged].

This family was of "The Cowpasture Stuarts" located in the ShenandoahValley, Virginia. Ralph was an indian fighter at 14 years of age. When Ralph was a teenage boy during an indian raid, his father was captured and burned at the stake in the presence of his young son James Jr., who was also captured and carried away by the indians, but later escaped James Stuart, Sr. left among his children 3 sons: James, John,and Ralph. Wadell locates the date of the event as Februray,1757 (page 511,Vol.2). The second settler of present day Wyoming County, West Virginia. There is some debate on Ralph's date of birth. Some show it as 17 Dec 1752, others show 17 Jan 1749. I use the date's I copied off of his headstone. Ralph was commissioned captain in 1773 by Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia, and served as a ranger. He was at Point Pleasent under Gen. Lewis in the "Battle of Point Pleasent", fought against the Indians led by Chief Cornstalk, in 1774. In 1778, his commission was renewed by Patrick Henry, then Governor of Virginia, was ordered with his company to South Carolina to join the army under Gen. Green. Fought at Guilford Courthouse, Hot Water, Ground Squirrel, Charlottesville, and Yorktown. During one of these engagements, he received a sabre wound in the right arm, inflicted by English General Tarleton. When Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, Gen. Washington made Ralph one of the guard that kept the English commander a prisoner of war. After peace with the Indians was made, Ralph and his brother James (as teenage boys), went on a prolonged hunting trip. Ralph while alone in the camp, was set upon by a band of indians, who hung around for some time amusing themselves by abusing and threating him, while selecting articles to carry away, eating and being offensive in pillaging and destroying the camp and supplies, then upon leaving they carried away the furs, pelts and other articles they desired to take. The following night the 2 brothers followed the trail of the indians, slipped upon their camp and killed five of them. This act was indeed of great satisfaction and revenge for them, but was a violation of the law after the "Declaration Of Peace" had been signed by the government, and made them liable for prosecution for murder. Later Ralph told of the incident to a hunting companion, who afterwards became a rival for the affections of a young lady and therefore his enemy, thus the "Friend" swore out a warrant for murder and Ralph's arrest, whereupon the two brothers Ralph and James Stuart left the community and went to an uninhabited area of "Wilderness of the New River", where they set up camp and stayed for a period of eighteen months, trapping and hunting and seeing only two other persons during that time. Then the Governor of Virginia later pardoned the brothers. Ralph and his brothers hated, and were feared by indians and in the Army or not Ralph and others became famous attacking 96 indians, though outnumbered, they rescued six white prisoners. He was commissioned a Captian of Indian Rangers, by Lord Dunmore,Governor of Virginia prior to the Revolutionary War. He married 1st Mary Elliott abt. 1768 in Augusta County, Virginia. She was born bef. 1750 and died abt. 1787. He married 2nd. Mary Clay June 25, 1788 in Montgomery County, Virginia daughter of Mitchell Clay and Phoebe Belcher she was born abt. 1762 in Bedford County, Virginia and died April 25, 1851 in Wyoming County, (West) Virginia. Yantis also has an interesting charts showing migration patterns, acccording to this chart, Ralph's family moved from Scotland or Ireland to Fredrick, Shenandoah, Rockingham, Augusta then to Tazewell counties. Information was based on a Revolutionary War pension application, probaly the one mentioned on page 212. According to his Revolutionary War pension record, on microfilm in Charleston, he died November 18, 1835 and was awarded a pension of $60.00 in 1823. A letter in the file from a friend or relative expressed relief that the pension had been awarded, as "Old Mr. S" was in poor circumstances, annually, he appointed an attorney in fact to pick up the pension for him, describing himself as an invalid often, the attorney in fact was Anthony Lawson, who also served as his administeror after Ralph's wife relinquished her right to serve. Ralph Stuart (Stewart) was a captain in the Rev. War. Is buried in Oceana, WV. captain captain

  1. BIOGRAPHY: Ralph Stewart was commissioned Captain of Indian Rangers byLord Dunmoor, Governor of VA in 1773 at the age of 21. He foughtunder General Andrew Lewis at the battle of Point Pleasant 10-11-1774.Governor Patrick Henry renewed his commission in 1778, and ordered hisCompany to South Carolina to join General Green where he was attachedto the Regiment under Col. Robert McCleary and Major Smith. He foughtat Guilford Courthouse, Hot Water, Ground Squirrel Ridge,Charlottesville, and Yorktown. In one engagement he received a sabercut on the right arm from "Butcher Tarleton" himself. He was one ofthe men detailed to guard Lord Cornwallis after he was taken prisonerat Yorktown. Ralph and his brothers hated indians and fought them atevery opportunity. He and others were famous for attacking 96 indiansand rescuing 6 white prisoners, although they were greatlyoutnumbered. After peace with the indians was declared, Ralph and hisbrother James were on a hunting trip when Ralph, alone in camp, wassurprised by a band of indians. They plundered the camp, abusing andthreatening him continually. When James returned, they captured him,and continued to abuse both brothers. They finally left, afterstealing their furs and other belongings. The following night, Ralphand James tracked the indians to their camp and killed 5 of them.This made the brothers liable for prosecution, since the peace treatyhad been declared. To avoid prosecution, they left and hid in thewoods for over a year. Later, Ralph told a hunting friend about theincident. This proved to be a mistake. He and his friend becamerivals for affections of a young lady, probably Mary Elliot. Ralph'sformer friend swore out a warrant for Ralph's arrest. Ralph and Jameshad to disappear again. This time they spent 1 1/2 years in theuninhabited New River area. They saw only 2 other white men duringthe entire time. The Governor of Virginia, perhaps as a result oftheir Revolutionary war service, finally pardoned the StewartBrothers. Meanwhile, Ralph married Mary Elliot and moved to Kentucky,where she bore him 8 children before her death in 1787. Shortly afterbecoming a widower, Captain Ralph returned to the New River country.There he courted and married Mary Clay, daughter of Mitchell Clay, andsister of Mitchell Jr., who had been a Revolutionary War soldier withCaptain Ralph. Mitchell, the elder, was the first settler in what isnow Mercer County. Mary was 16 years old when she and Ralph weremarried on June 25, 1788, and returned to Kentucky to care for Ralph'sfamily. In 1800, Captain Ralph, Mary, and his growing family, movedto what is now Wyoming County, where he became the second settler inthe County, John Cooke having been the first. Mary bore CaptainRalph 11 more children, the first, Catherine, being born in 1789 andthe last, George P., born in 1822. Captain Ralph died in 1835 and isburied in the Keatley Cemetery on Clearfork in Wyoming County. Asoldiers headstone marks his grave.
  2. Birth: 17 DEC 1752 in Cow Pasture River, Augusta Co. VA.
  3. Death: 18 NOV 1835 in What is now Wyoming County, WV.
  4. Burial: 1835 Keatley Cemetery on Clearfork, (now Wyoming Co).

Research Notes

Ralph's surname is sometimes found using the alternate spelling Stuart. The spelling originally in Scotland was the Scots spelling, STEWART. Later due to the family's close ties and Scotland's alliance with France the STUART spelling became another accepted form used.

Buried AFT 17 NOV 1835. Keatley Cemetery.

I have accumulated a lot more information since this posting. Started using the geni tree, then switched to another tree site, hope to get back to building the tree soon. My email if interested in the Stewarts. [removed for privacy]. My ancestory came from Cpt. Ralph, thru his decendants that settled in Lawrence County, KY.

Sources

  1. Revolutionary War Pension Record: Virginia # 23849 Ralph Stewart [1]
  2. Augusta County (Va.), and Lyman Chalkley. 1912. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish settlement in Virginia : index: extracted from the original court records of Augusta County, 1745-1800. Rosslyn, Va: Printers. Vol. 1 - FEBRUARY 17, 1762. - (157) Ralph Stuart, aged 15, orphan of James Stuart, chose Robt. Stuart his guardian.
  3. Waddell, Joseph Addison. 1986. Annals of Augusta County, Virginia, from 1726 to 1871. Harrisonburg, Va: C.J. Carrier Co. Vol 2, p 511
  4. This story is repeated but the source not given. You can read it here:[2] Rootsweb. Outlaws- Inlaws and Everyone in Between
  5. Quoting from Ralph Stewart's Revolutionary War pension application 23949, w. 6168: "My first commission as Captain was signed by Lord Dunmore, my second by Patrick Henry, which were left with Col. George Pearis of Giles County for safe keeping & lost or destroyed, he having his dwelling house broken open and plundered as I have been informed.
  6. Lyman Chalkley. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1974. ORDER BOOK No. VII. JANUARY 17, 1775 (32) Thomas Trent and Ralph Stewart, qualified Captains of Militia
  7. Virginia. Auditor of Public Accounts (1776-1928). State pensions, records, 1777-1787. Library of Virginia Revolutionary War pension applications (Ralph Stewart) Document Images
  8. Rev War pension declaration dated 7 Sept 1832 of Wm Stewart b in Carolina, who said he served in 1776 joining Capt Green's army in NC and marched to little York (Yorktown) and was present at Cornwallis's surrender, he remembered Capt. Ralph Stewart being there. Correspondence from William C. Stewart to Mr. Dean dated 3 Feb 1965 referring to article in Kentucky Historical Register, January, 1963, p. 78 and April, 1963, p. 169. Pension Application W-6168; Augusta County, VA, Order Book 1, p. 156; Will Book 3, p. 244.
  9. . "Reference Book of Wyoming County History", Mary K. Bowman, page 347, pages 353-356. Ralph married a Miss Elliot, date unknown. They lived in VA until after the Revolution, then settled in KY. Nothing is known of this period of his life except that seven Children were born to them: James, John, Richard, Absolom, Phoebe, Becky, and Annie. All settled in what is now KY.
  10. Revolutionary War widow pension for Mary Stewart, (W6168) shows Ralph Stewart and Mary Clay's marriage bond was signed by William Tracy and dated 25 June, 1788 in Montgomery County, Virginia.
  11. [3] To find Keatley Cemetery, take route 85 from Oceana, towards Kopperston. At Country Junction, in Toney Fork, take a right towards Toneda Baptist Church . It's roughly 4 or 5 miles down this road, on the left hand side of the road. It's about 15 or 20 yards up in the mountain. To make it even more difficult, you can't see it from the road due to the brush and trees. Very hard to find.
  12. The Register-Herald. Monday, February 6, 2006 Artifacts testify to family's role in history By Mary Catherine Brooks. [4] [5]
  • Dickerson, Florence S. The James Stewart Family of Early Augusta County, Virginia and Descendants, 1740-1960 (1960). p 57-63.
  • Browning, Stanley C. 2005. Tracking the pioneers: history and genealogy of Captain Ralph Stewart and his descendants. [Place of publication not identified]: [S.C. Browning].
  • Many citizens kin to Ralph Stewart. By Paul Ray Blankenship. Wyoming County History Oct 29, 2012 [6]

See also:

  • Web: Netherlands, GenealogieOnline Trees Index, 1000-2015 Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. GenealogieOnline 1,9289::0.
  • Virginia, Select Marriages, 1785-1940 Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc Virginia, Marriages, 1785-1940 1,60214::0.
  • U.S., Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970 Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970 1,2204::0.
  • U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 Yates Publishing Ancestry.com Operations Inc 1,7836::0.
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Comments: 8

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Ralph Stewart and Mary Clay were my 4th great grandparents. I joined DAR through him.
posted by Darlene Sneed
Stewart-36224 and Stewart-1789 appear to represent the same person because: same
posted by Al Adams
I do not know of the references to a cave. The particular note on this page were not made by myself.
posted by Betty Tindle
The reference to Ralph Stewart guarding Cornwallis in a cave was taken from his pension declaration made in 1823 and has now been included as a reference on the profile sources list. Also listed as a source is the corroborating declaration made by William Stewart that Ralph Stewart was present at the surrender of Cornwallis however it doesn't mention the "cave" detail.
Not sure about the ref. to the defeated Lord Cornwallis "in a cave" because following the surrender, the opposing British and French officers spent the evening feasting together in a private home to mark the end of hostilities as professional soldiers. Officers of the Continental Army did not understand this accepted courtesy of war.
posted by Valerie Willis
Hi Ron, I have written a biography for Ralph with added sources and entered it in the Biography Builders Challenge June/July 2017.
added category for American Revolution Veterans and DAR template