King James V of Scotland: 9 Sep 1513; Coronation: 21 Sep 1513
James V was only a year old when his father was killed at Flodden. The Scots were reluctant to accept his English mother Margaret Tudor as Regent, and after her remarriage in 1514 they replaced her with James I V's half-French cousin, the Duke of Albany. Margaret's private life complicated her son's childhood, and after she divorced second husband, Archibald Douglas 6th Earl of Angus, the Earl kidnapped young James. For two years he held him captive, showering him with gifts and introducing him to a round of unsuitable pleasures. James loathed his former stepfather, and finally managed to escape in 1528, to rule by himself.
Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.): 20 Jan 1535
James Stewart married, first, Madelaine de Valois, daughter of François I, Roi de France and Claude de Valois, Duchesse de Bretagne, on 1 Jan 1537 at Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris.
He married, second, Marie de Guise, daughter of Claude de Lorraine, Duc de Guise and Antoinette de Bourbon, on 12 Jun 1538 at St. Andrews Cathedral, St. Andrews, Fife, Scotland. Alternate date: 9 May 1538.
James was also reported to have been married by Proxy on 9 May 1538 at Paris, France.
Children of James Stewart and Marie de Guise
James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (22 May 1540 - Apr 1541)
Arthur Stewart, Duke of Albany (b. Apr 1541 - d. Apr 1541)
Mary Stewart, Queen of Scotland (b. 07 Dec 1542 - d. 8 Feb 1587)
Adam Stewart, d. 20 Jun 1575; mother: Lady Elizabeth Stewart, dau. John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox
James Stewart; mother: Christine Barclay
Jean Stewart, d.07 Jan 1588; mother: Elizabeth Bethune; m. Archibald Campbell, 5th Earl of Argyll in 1553, divorced 1573
James Stewart, b. c. 1529–57; mother: Elizabeth Shaw
John Stewart, Lord Darnley and Prior of Coldingham, b. c. 1531; d. Nov 1563; mother: Elizabeth Carmichael (1514-1550), who m. John Somerville of Cambusnethan; m. Jean (or Jane) Hepburn, sis and h. of James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell
James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray; b. 1531; d. 20 Jan 1569/70; mother: Margaret Erskine, James's favourite mistress
Robert Stewart, Jr., d. 1581; mother unknown
Margaret Stewart; mother unknown
James' personal rule began by savagely pursuing his opponents and he hounded the Earl of Angus out of Scotland. James combined suspicion of nobles with a popular touch, travelling anonymously among Scottish people as the 'Gudeman o'Ballengeich'. John Knox described him thus: 'he was called of some, a good poor man's king; of others he was termed a murderer of the nobility, and one that had decreed their whole destruction'.
James V's uncle, Henry VIII, who had by now broken with the Roman Catholic Church and dissolved the monasteries, was urging him to do the same. He refused to listen to his uncle's persuasions and in 1542 failed to go to an arranged meeting with Henry at York. Furious, Henry launched an invasion of Scotland. Already ill, James marched south with his army, to defeat at the Battle of Solway Moss on the Scottish/English Border, on 24 Nov 1542.
Although he himself had not been present at the battle, James suffered a complete nervous collapse. Retiring to Falkland Palace in Fife he took to his bed with a high fever and, when a messenger came to tell him that his pregnant queen had given birth to a daughter instead of the hoped-for son, he believed the Stewart dynasty was at an end. 'It cam wi' a lass and it will gang wi' a lass', he said, remembering how the crown had come to his family through Marjorie Bruce and fearing that no woman could ever rule his troubled nation. Six days later, he was dead.
James died on 14 Dec 1542, age 30, at Falkland Palace, Fife, Scotland. He was buried at Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with James V by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:
I've reversed some recent changes to the name and birth date of this profile. Can people please discuss any future changes and if they want to change birth or death dates and places, please provide sources to back up such changes. Thank you