Alexander Stewart

Alexander Stewart (1214 - 1283)

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Alexander Stewart aka High Steward of Scotland
Born in Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotlandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 1242 in Dundonald, Ayreshire, Scotlandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Dundonald Castle, Irvine, Ayrshire, Scotlandmap
Profile last modified 19 Oct 2019 | Created 12 Sep 2010
This page has been accessed 31,781 times.
Clan Stewart tartan.
Alexander Stewart is a member of Clan Stewart.
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This profile is part of the Stewart Name Study.
British Aristocracy
Alexander Stewart was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Preceded by
Walter Stewart
4th High Steward of Scotland
Succeeded by
James Stewart

Contents

Biography

More research is needed on this profile with regard to his mother

The Scots Peerage, Sir James Balfour Paul, Ed., 1904 Vol 1 http://archive.org/stream/scotspeeragefoun01pauluoft#page/n7/mode/2up states that Alexander, the fourth High Stewart, was born in 1214, and while a young man went off to fight in the Crusades. In 1255 he is one of the Regents of Scotland during the minority of Alexander III. In 1263 he commanded the right wing of the Scots army at, when the Norse invaders under Haco were soundly defeated. Alexander died in 1283, leaving two sons and a daughter. His wife is said to have been Jean, daughter of James, Lord of Bute.

The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy identifies Alexander's wife as Jean ____. They state that some writers suggest his wife to be Jean of Bute heiress of the Isles of Bute and Arran, daughter of James Lord of Bute and Arran but that no primary sources exist to confirm this. They further state that another possibility is that Alexander married Richard Comyn´s daughter Joanna as paret of a double marriage alliance with Alexander's sister Eva marrying Joanna's brother, John. This source suggests he was father to six children.

"Alexander of Dundonald (c.1220–-1282), held the stewardship from 1241 until about the time of his death. In early life, he joined the Crusaders. In 1255 he appears as one of the Regents of Scotland during the minority of Alexander III. In October 1263 he commanded the right wing of the Scots army at Largs, which successfully defended Scotland against attempted invasion by Hákon IV, king of Norway. He played a prominent part in other matters during the reign of Alexander III. It seems to have been in Alexander's time that the Stewarts acquired the lordship of Cowal, with a castle at Dunoon. Moreover, the style senescallus Scotie, stewart of Scotland, now replaced the olderdapifer regis Scotie, steward of the king of Scotland, thus indicating a major office of state, significant in a national context." (Ref: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography)

Dundonald Castle

"Recent excavations by Historic Scotland revealed the remains of a succession of settlements and fortifications on the Castle Hill dating back to the Stone Age. It also appears that the present Castle [built about 1371 by Robert II] was built on the remains of an earlier stone castle built in the 13th century by the High Steward of Scotland as part of the country’s defences against the Vikings. Remnants of that earlier castle can be seen in the fabric of the present building." Dundonald Castle

Birth

Birth Place: Alexander was likely born at Dundonald Castle, Ayrshire, Scotland as this was the home of the High Stewarts but no primary sources are available to substantiate this fact.

Marriage

There is no evidence to confirm an actual marriage date; however, according to Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, Alexander's son and successor James was born in 1243. They also give evidence to suggest that this James was the second son, by that same name, of Alexander, the former dying young. Therefore we can safely assume Alexander and Jean were probably married no later that 1242.

Other evidence, reported in Wikipedia suggests James may not be the eldest son and may have been born closer to 1260.

Children

Death

When and where did Alexander die? Some have suggested he died fighting with Robert the Bruce at the Battle of Falkirk on 22 July 1298. That honor is more correctly attributed to his son John Stewart.

It is more likely that Alexander, about age 69, died at his home at Dundonald Castle in the year 1283 but no primary sources are identified to substantiate this fact. [citation needed]

It is acknowledged that Alexander, along with five other High Stewards, are buried at Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire, Scotland. The Abbey is located on land originally granted in 1163 by Alexander's ancestor, Walter FitzAlan, the first High Steward of Scotland for the establishment of a priory.[1]

Sources

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Paisley Abbey," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paisley_Abbey&oldid=572397372 (accessed September 14, 2013).
  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography


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Memories: 1

On 7 Mar 2013 Sheri (Petersen) Sturm wrote:

The title of High Steward or Great Steward was given in the 12th century to Walter Fitzalan, whose descendants became the House of Stewart. In 1371, the last High Steward inherited the throne, and thereafter the title of High Steward of Scotland has been held as a subsidiary title to that of Duke of Rothesay, held by the heir-apparent. Thus, currently, The Prince of Wales is High Steward of Scotland, sometimes known as the Prince and Great Steward of Scotland.

[edit]High Stewards of Scotland, c. 1150–present

Walter Fitz-Alan, 1st High Steward of Scotland c. 1150–1177

Alan Fitzwalter, 2nd High Steward of Scotland 1177–1204

Walter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland 1204–1246

Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland 1246–1283

James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland 1283–1309

Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland 1309–1327

Robert Stewart, 7th High Steward of Scotland (Robert II of Scotland) 1327–1371

David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay 1398–1402

James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (James I of Scotland) 1402–1406

Alexander Stewart, Duke of Rothesay 1430

James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (James II of Scotland) 1430–1437

James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (James III of Scotland) 1453–1460

James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (James IV of Scotland) 1473–1488

James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay 1507–1508

Arthur Stewart, Duke of Rothesay 1509–1510

James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (James V of Scotland) 1512–1513

James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay 1540–1541

James Stuart, Duke of Rothesay (James VI & I) 1566–1567

Henry Frederick Stuart, Duke of Rothesay (Prince of Wales) 1594–1612

Charles Stuart, Duke of Rothesay (Charles I) 1612–1625

Charles Stuart, Duke of Rothesay (Charles II) 1630–1649

James Francis Edward Stuart, Duke of Rothesay 1688–1689

George Augustus, Duke of Rothesay (George II) 1714–1727

Frederick Louis, Duke of Rothesay (Prince of Wales) 1727–1751

George, Duke of Rothesay (George IV) 1762–1820

Albert Edward, Duke of Rothesay (Edward VII) 1841–1901

George Windsor, Duke of Rothesay (George V) 1901–1910

Edward Windsor, Duke of Rothesay (Edward VIII) 1910–1936

Charles Mountbatten-Windsor, Duke of Rothesay (Prince of Wales) 1952–



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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Alexander by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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On 23 Feb 2015 at 10:52 GMT Eugene Quigley wrote:

Stewart-296 and Stewart-13210 appear to represent the same person because: It is obvious these are the same person - just that the dates for the newer profile are incorrect. Please merge accepting dates of the protected profile.

On 15 May 2014 at 14:59 GMT J (Schmeeckle) S wrote:

Alexander's wife was not Jean Mccrory, per wikipedia at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Stewart,_4th_High_Steward_of_Scotland

On 13 Sep 2013 at 09:28 GMT Nae (Lockhart) X wrote:

In reviewing the information in this profile, it appears that Eugene is correct, BUT there was no documentation/source listed for the text in the BIO section. Additional research is needed. Any volunteers?

On 13 Sep 2013 at 01:12 GMT Eugene Quigley wrote:

It appears that the marriage to Margaret Bonkyl [Bonkyl-3] is incorrect.

Alexander is 20 degrees from T S Eliot, 22 degrees from Walter Howe and 10 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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Categories: Clan Stewart | Stewart Name Study | High Stewards of Scotland | Battle of Largs