James Stewart

James Stewart (1473 - 1513)

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King James "IV of Scotland" Stewart aka James of the Iron Belt
Born in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotlandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married in Edinburgh, Scotlandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Battle Of Flodden, Branxton, Northumberland, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 20 Oct 2010
This page has been accessed 16,774 times.

Categories: House of Stewart | Dukes of Rothesay | Battle of Flodden | Clan Stewart | Killed in Action, Scotland, War of the League of Cambrai.

The House of Stewart crest.
James Stewart is a member of the House of Stewart.
Clan Stewart tartan.
James Stewart is a member of Clan Stewart.
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British Aristocracy
James Stewart was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Preceded by
James III Stewart
King of Scotland
11 June 1488 - 9 September 1513
Succeeded by
James V

Contents

Biography

James IV (b. March 17, 1473--d. Sept. 9, 1513, near Branxton, Northumberland, Eng.), king of Scotland from 1488 to 1513. An energetic and popular ruler, he unified Scotland under royal control, strengthened royal finances, and improved Scotland's position in European politics.

Leadership

James IV (1488-1513) James IV, born on 17 March 1473, was 15 when his father's enemies forced him to ride with them to the Battle of Sauchieburn, and for the rest of his life he wore an iron belt as a penance. For the first time in a century, Scotland had a king who was able to start ruling for himself at once for, as Erasmus once commented, 'He had wonderful powers of mind, an astonishing knowledge of everything, an unconquerable magnanimity and the most abundant generosity.' He spoke Latin (at that time the international language ), French, German, Flemish, Italian, Spanish and some Gaelic, and took an active interest in literature, science and the law, even trying his hand at dentistry and minor surgery.
Under James' vigorous rule, he extended royal administration to the west and north - by 1493, he had overcome the last independent lord of the Isles.
Although his reign was internally peaceful, it was disturbed by wars with England. Breaking a truce with England in 1495, James prepared an invasion in support of Perkin Warbeck, a pretender to the English throne. The war was confined to a few border forays, and a seven-year peace was negotiated in December 1497, though border raids continued. Relations between England and Scotland were further stabilized in 1503, when James married Margaret Tudor, the eldest daughter of the English king Henry VII; this match resulted, a century later, in the accession of James's great-grandson, the Stuart monarch James VI of Scotland, to the English throne as King James I.

Contributions

True to the ideal of the Renaissance prince, James strove to make his court a center of refinement and learning. He patronized literature, licensed Scotland's first printers, and improved education. His career is recounted in R.L. Mackie's King James IV of Scotland (1958).[1]
With his patronage the printing press came to Scotland, and the Royal College of Surgeons in Edinburgh, St Leonard's College, St Andrews an d King's College, Aberdeen were founded. He commissioned building work at the royal residences of Linlithgow Palace, Edinburgh Castle and Stirling Castle, and developed a strong navy led by his flagship, the Great Michael, said to be the largest vessel of the time.

Events leading to Flodden Field

To begin with, relations with England were difficult: in 1495, James supported the pretender Perkin Warbeck in his claim to the English throne. Even so, he was anxious to maintain peace with England and concluded a peace treaty in 1502.
James IV's growing prestige enabled him to negotiate as an equal with the rulers of continental Europe, but his position was weakened as he came into conflict with King Henry VIII of England (ruled 1509-47). In 1512 James allied with France against England and the major continental powers. When Henry invaded France in 1513, James decided, against the counsel of his advisers, to aid his ally by advancing into England. He captured four castles in northern England in August 1513, but his army was disastrously defeated at the Battle of Flodden, near Branxton, on Sept. 9, 1513. The King was killed while fighting on foot, and most of his nobles perished. James left one legitimate child, his successor, James V.

James IV (1473-1513), king of Scotland (1488-1513), who unified the country under his rule and, in spirit of the Renaissance, patronized arts and learning. He was the son of King James III. Within a few months after his accession he ended the revolt by Scottish nobles that had cost hisfather his life. James expanded the Scottish navy, encouraged commerce,and reformed the administration of criminal justice. His romantic disposition induced him to support Perkin Warbeck, a claimant to the English throne, and to invade England in behalf of Warbeck in 1495. Two years later, however, a 7-year truce was concluded between Scotland and England. In 1503 James married Margaret Tudor, the eldest daughter of King Henry VII of England. This marriage eventually led to the union of the crowns of England and Scotland. After 1509, when Henry VIII became king of England, relations between the two countries became strained. Scotland was a traditional ally of France, and during Anglo-French hostilities in 1513 James invaded England in aid of his ally. Despite initial successes, he was plagued by desertions from his army, which was defeated at the Battle of Flodden on September 9, 1513. James himself was killed. He was succeeded by his son, James V. [2]

Parents

James Stewart and Mary Oldenburg

Birth

Date: 1488
Date: 17 Mar 1472/3[3]
Place: Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Place: Stirlingshire, Scotland
Place: Stirling Castle, Stirlingshire, Scotland

Titles

  • Earl of Carrick on 17 March 1473
  • Lord of Cunningham on 17 March 1473
  • Duke of Rothesay on 17 March 1473
  • King James IV of Scotland on 11 June 1488
  • Crowned King of Scotland on 26 June 1488 in Scone Abbey, Scone, Perthshire, Scotland.

James IV was married to Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry of England. 6 chilren were born to this union, 4 sons and 2 stillborn daughters. Only one son, James V, survived into adulthood.

ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN OF JAMES IV:
James IV also had 8 illegitimate children with four different mistresses, Margaret Boyd (also listed as Marion), Margaret Drummond, Janet Kennedy, and Isabel Stewart, daughter of James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan.

  • Alexander Stewart (c. 1493 – 9 September 1513), by Marion Boyd.
  • Catherine Stewart, only full sibling of Alexander
  • James Stewart,
  • Margaret Stewart
  • Janet Stewart
  • and 3 more evidently

Death

James IV fought in the Battle of Flodden 9 Sep 1513 at Flodden Field, Braxton, Northumberland. As a result of injuries sustained, he died.[4]
King James Stewart was killed in Action during the War of the League of Cambrai at the Battle of Flodden Field.

Burial: 1513 Richmond, Surrey, England

Sources

  • Royal Ancestry D. Richardson 2013 Vol. I page 668
  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. V page 208
  1. Britannica CD '97
  2. Sources: Microsoft Encarta 1994 ed.
  3. Source: Millennium File
    Author: Heritage Consulting
    Note: http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=millind&h=105813864&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt
    Text:
    Birth date: 17 Mar 1472
    Birth place: Edinburgh, Mdlthn, Scotland
    Death date: 9 Sep 1513
    Death place: Northhumberland, Floddenfield
    APID: 7249::105813864
  4. Sons of Scotland BATTLE of FLODDEN FIELD


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with James by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Images: 7
James Stewart Image 1
James Stewart Image 1

painting of flodden field battle1
painting of flodden field battle1

panting of flodden field 2
panting of flodden field 2

clan Stewart crest
clan Stewart crest

James IV Stewart Image 5
James IV Stewart Image 5

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Collaboration

On 29 Oct 2018 at 20:19 GMT Cher (Rae) Ellis-Rae wrote:

King James 1V is my 11th great grandfather!

On 24 Jul 2017 at 21:07 GMT W. (Begley) Walbridge wrote:

On 11 Jul 2017 at 18:49 GMT Sunny (Trimbee) Clark wrote:

Please add to categories Forsyth de Fronsac Fraud and Charles Henry Browning Fraud

On 13 Oct 2016 at 03:02 GMT Andrea (Stawski) Pack wrote:

Pack-530 and King James IV Stewart-588 is our 16th great grandfather in Relationship

On 3 May 2016 at 02:35 GMT Donnie Blackstone wrote:

Is this the King James the Bible was written for, Blackstone-170, Thank's

On 3 Apr 2014 at 01:30 GMT Linda Plummer wrote:

I have removed all of James IV's mistresses from his list of spouses. I will add them as the mother of the proper children. James IV is my 11th ggf. If you have different information, please let me know.

On 26 Mar 2014 at 14:02 GMT Eowyn Langholf wrote:

Stewart-10417 and Stewart-588 appear to represent the same person because: Please merge, thanks!

On 21 Mar 2014 at 02:26 GMT Michael Barnes wrote:

Stewart-10417 and Stewart-588 are not ready to be merged because: I have noticed too many dis-similar items. I need more time to study it. The party on the other end may need to make some changes.

On 10 Jan 2014 at 13:44 GMT Nae (Lockhart) X wrote:

I cleaned up our King James's biography. I would appreciate it if someone would take a look at it to make sure the information is accurate and remove what is not.

One example is DOB. If he had titles conferred upon him at this birth (which it appears he did) and the date associated with it is March 17 1473 would not this be his correct DOB? I will leave it to you all to review and make a determination in that respect.  :)



James is 24 degrees from Rosa Parks, 21 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 10 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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