||William (Stober) Stover was a Palatine Migrant.|
Join: Palatine Migration Project
Birth: September 15, 1726: Staffort, Karlsruhe, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
Death: January, 1800
See changes page, 20 June 2016, for information about prior text in this biography. Everything from here to the end is hidden; it appears to have been copied and pasted directly from another website, no quotes, no paraphrasing - violation of copyright and WikiTree policy-----
Below is an extract from Richard Weber's fine Stover Brethren, pp 16-28.
On p.15 "Elder Johann Wilhelm Stober of Antietam[:] Immigration: 10 Sep 1737 on the snow Molly, from Amsterdam, via Dover, to Philadelphia." On p 15-16 Weber includes "information" which he has found incorrect to the effect that William was born in Switzerland and migrated to America in 1752-4 and other misinformation. For the correct ship's list, see Orthun, Eleanor, contr. "Snow Molly, John Howell, Master, from Dover to Pennsylvania [10 Sep] 1737" Olive Tree Genealogy - German ships' lists - Snow Molly, 31 July 2001. Click here.
P16: On 16th September 1726 Johann Wilhem Stober was baptized in the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Staffort, Baden, Germany. His sponsors were Wilhelmm Weldmann, the toll collector, and Anna Barbara Jacob Stober's wife Jacob Süss and his wife, Agatha.
P17: Elder William Stover of Antietam married, first, Anna <Margaretha> Süss, daughter of Johann Balthasar Süss and Maria Barbara Physter, 21 Oct 1746, in Emanuel Lutheran, Brickerville, by Rev. John Caspar Stoever. Born, 10 Feb 1727. Died, circa 1754. Baptism: ll Feb 1727, in Evangelical Lutheran, Graben, Karlsruhe, Germany. Immigration: 5 Oct 1737, on the Billender Townshend, from Amsterdam, via Cowes, to Philadelphia. Numerous records survive to establish absolutely the origins of Elder William Stover. Some of the most compelling pertain to his first two wives, Margaret Süss and Elisabeth Süss, their brother Christopher Süss and their parents, Balthasar Süss and Maria Barbara Physter. Baltasar Süss was born on 23 Nov 1697 near Graben, a town about nine kilometers north of Staffort, the son of Caspar and Margaretha Süss. On 15 Feb 1724 Baltasar married Maria Barbara Physter, daughter of Velten Physter of Epler (Eppelheim), near Heidelberg. The Evangelical Lutheran churchbook of Graben records that "sie hatten hochzeit predigt, Ehrengeprang und Saitenspiehl" i.e., they had a marriage ceremony, with pageantry and string
P18: music. Balthasar and Maria Barbara are ancestors of every descendant of Elder William Stover of Antietam. Süss is spelled many different ways in America including Cease, Ceese. Cees, Sease, Seas, Sees, Seese, Size, Suess, and Sweet. Balthasar Süss brought his family from graben to America, reaching Philadelphia on 5 Oct 1717 on the ship Billenden Townshend. He built a stone house, still straight and strong, near present Brickerville, Lancaster Co. PA. William Stober's father, Valentine, lived nearby. The Stober and Süss surnames are common in the Evangelical Church records of Staffort, Graben, and Spock and Linkenheim, four neighboring towns northwest of Karlsruhe. Other surnames in these churchbooks also appear in early Lancaster Co. PA. On 4 May I746 William Stoher and Margaretha Süss, not yet married, were sponsors at the baptism by Rev. John Caspar Stoever of Wilhelm Stober, son of William's brother Valentin, at Emanuel Lutheran Church, Lancaster Co, PA. On 21 Oct 1746 Joh. Wilhelm Stober and fiancee Anna Margaretha Siissin as well as Joh. Christoph Stiss and fiancee Catarina Eliesabetha Haagerin were sponsors at the baptism, by Rev. John Caspar Stoever, of Catarina Margaretha Pflantz, daughter of Mattheis Pflantz, at Emanuel Lutheran Church. On this same day Rev. Stoever then performed the double wedding of Johann Christoph Suss to Catharine Elisabetha Hager and Anna Margaret Stiss to Johann Wilhelm Stober. Christoph(er) and Anna Margaretha were brother and sister. Furthermore, Catharine Elizabeth Hager and William Stover were first cousins. On l9 Nov 1748 brothers Jacob Stover and William Stover applied for and received two warrants for land in Hanover Twp, Lancaster, Co, now Lebanon Co, PA (Lancaster Co Warrants No.574 2nd and 574 3rd). They took up adjoining tracts along the Swatara Creek in present Lebanon Co. Christopher Süss also moved to this area.
(On page 19 are Stover's application for a warrant & an extract from Survey Book A27, p54.)
P20: On 15 Dec 1749 William Stober and wife Margaret were sponsors at the baptism of Maria Barbara Stober, daughter of Jacob and Anna Catherine Stober, of Quitopahilla (Hill) Lutheran Church, near Cleona, present Lebanon Co., PA. Baby Maria Barbara was William Stover's niece. William Stober & wife and Christopher Süss & wife were sponsors at the 25 May 1751 baptism of Rosina, daughter of Matthias and Elizabeth Pflantz at Hill Lutheran Church. On 5 July 1752 William Stober and wife Margaret sponsored the baptism of Hannah, daughter of Michael and Eva Zimmerman, at the same church. Our William Stover was instrumental in the organization of a Lutheran congregation in present Lebanon Co., PA. On 27 Jan 1753 John Bindnagel deed ro George Bierger, Michael Boltz, William Stober, and Christophr Seese, "trustees for a Lutheran Congregation at Great Swatara in Derry Township," five acres for "a Church, Burial Ground, & School House" (Lebanon Co, PA Deed Book 50:615, recorded 13 Jan 1966). This is the site of the Bindnagle Lutheran Church, still an active congregation north of Palmyra, PA. "The Bindnagel Church . . . its location is a beautiful one. On a high bluff on the banks of the Swatara, high above the surging waters of that oftimes turbulent stream, it is beyond the reach of any floods short of a Noachian deluge" (Rev. J. W. Early, "The Bindngel Church." Lebanon County Historical Society Papers, v.1, 1898, 0.70). On 25 Jan 1754 Margaret Stober, William's wife, was a sponsor at the baptism recorded at Hill Lutheran Church of Joh. Balthaser Süss born 19 Jan 1754, son of Christopher Süss and of Catharine Elizabeth Hager. The 1754 tax list for East Hanover Twp, Lancaster (now Lebanon) Co, PA includes Stophel Sees (William Stover's brother-in-law Christopher Süss), Jno Jacob Stover, and William Stover himself. On 30 Apr 1754 William Stover sold his land along the Swatara Creek to George Sprecher. Seventy-six years later the date of this sale was recorded by reference, in a deed from the administrators of George Sprecher to Jacob Lentz and George Lentz (Lebanon Co, PA Deed Book D1347, signed and recorded 2 Apr 1830). The land had passed from William Stover to George Sprecher, then on 22 Dec 1763 formally to George's son Jacob Sprecher and about 1787 to Jacob's son George Sprecher, who died about 1824. Children of William Stover and Margaret Süss: 251 i. Dr. Johann Georgs Stober. 252 ii. Rev. William Stober. 253 iii. Margaret Stover. He married, second, Eva <Elisabetha> Süss, daughter of Johann Balthasar Süss and Maria Barbara Physter. Born, 23 Sep 1733. Baptism: 24 Sep 1733, in Evangelical Lutheran, Graben, Karlsruhe, Germany. Immigration: 5 Oct 1737, on the Billender Townshend, from Amsterdam, via Cowes, to Philadelphia. Eva Elisabetha is the sister of William's first wife. William's marriage to Elisabetha is estimated to be near the 30 Apr 1754 date when William sold his land along the Swatara. Their marriage occurred after the appearance of Margaret Stober at the baptism of Johann Baltasar Suess on 25 Jan 1754 and before the distribution of their father's estate, where William Stover and Elizabeth his wife, formerly Elizabeth Sees were among the heirs (Lancaster Co, PA Miscellaneous Records, 7 Mar 1765).
(On p21 is a deed for Bindnagle Lutheran Church in Lebanon Co., PA.
On p22 is a plat of William Stover's land in Franklin Co., PA.)
P23: William Stover's children William and Margaret both had daughters named Margaret. None of Wiilliam's younger children, from Michael onward, had a known daughter named Margaret, yet all except Hannah had known daughters named Elizabeth. The naming pattern, followed loosely in German families in America, was that the first daughter was named after the maternal grandmother and the second daughter after the paternal grandmother. The predominance of granddaughters named Elizabeth, and absence of any named Margaret among the children of Michael and his younger siblings suggests strongly that Elizabeth Siiss was the mother of William's children from Michael onward. Margaret Süss was definitely the mother of George and William, Jr, established by their Lutheran baptisms. It may be surprising that a Lutheran leader such as William Stover would become a Dunker. Traditional facts further support the veracity of the identification. First, tradition tells that he converted (although twentieth century tradition had him with the Reformed Church). Secondly, Michael Pfautz, another prominent Dunker leader, came from the same Emanuel Lutheran church in Lancaster County where William worshipped as a youth. Rev. John Caspar Stoever recorded in the Emanuel Lutheran churchbook that Michael Pfautz "became a Duncker." William Stover's conversion surely occurred after his move to the Antietam region near Waynesboro, a strong Dunker area. William Stover first appears on the Antrim Twp tax list of 1753. The 30 Apr 1754 sale of his Swatara land suggests that he moved his family to Antrim Twp in 1754, possibly after marrying his second wife. Tradition, reported by H. Mitchell Stover in Nead's Waynesboro, 1900 is that William arrived with a wife and three children. The Antietam Lutheran
P24: congregation began in 1754; this congregation later formed Jacobs Church in Washington Co, Grindstone Hill Church in Franklin Co and Zion Church in Greencastle. William Stover was probably one of the founding members of the Antietam Lutheran congregation, but the earliest church records are lost. Henry's History 0f the Church of the Brethren in Maryland, p.186, relates that in this region "many of the early settlers later united with the Brethren." On 5 Jun 1755 George Stover, evidently Elder William's youngest brother received a warrant for land near William, in then Cumberland Co., PA. However, George continued to reside in Lancaster Co, PA and much later the warrant was returned by others for patents on three tracts Washington Twp and Quincy Twp, Franklin Co. PA. The I756 and I757 tax lists for East Hanover Twp still name William Stover, along with Jno Jacob Stover and Stophel Seess. William Stover's 1754 sale to George Sprecher (page 20) and a second I757 tax list confirm William's absence. The second l757 list shows Wm Stofer scratched out and Jacob Sprecher (son of George) entered in his place. An application for warrant dated 10 Jun I762 reads "William Stober l00 ac adjoining his Other Land" (in then Cumberland Co, PA). His other land was that obtained earlier from John Stoner, a prominent Dunker (Weber, Stoner Brethren). As shown by the survey on page 22, Stophel Cease (Christopher Suss), brother of William Stover's first two wives, owned land adjoining William's in Antrim Twp, further confirming William Stover's origins. Morgan Edwards, in his 1772 manuscript, "Materials Towards a History of the Baptists in the Province of Maryland," identified William Stober as the leader of the Brethren congregation at Antitum, then associated with the Maryland churches. Edwards numbered the Antietam congregation at 91 members and 40 families. The Antietam Brethren congregation met in houses, like most Dunker congregations of the 1700s. William Stover built a large stone house, near the border of present Antrim and Quincy Twps. It had interior walls that opened upward to create a large room for preaching services. A remarkable feature of the house (still occupied and called Fort Stover and, incorrectly, Fort July 4, 2015Stouffer) was the high stone wall (110 feet long, 96 feet wide, and 22 inches thick) that enclosed the garden between the house and the barn. This wall is said to have been erected as a defense against Indian raids. William Stover is listed among the participants in the 1787 Grosse Versammlung (Big Meeting) of the Brethren at Pipe Creek, present Carroll Co, MD. On 15 May 1788 Benjamin Franklin, Esq, Vice President of the Supreme Executive Council, signed Franklin Co, PA land warrant S38 for 189 acres in Washington Twp for William Stover. This warrant authorized a patent to Stover, who had purchased the land in 1775. The survey is recorded in Survey Book C-189:278; the patent to William Stover was issued on 16 May 1788 (Patent Book P13: 135). In 1795 William Stover preached the dedication sermon for the new meeting house (Price's) of the Antietam Brethren congregation, a few miles northwest of Waynesboro and four miles from William Stover's land. Early members of the Antietam congregation spoke German. Services were conducted in German until about 1830, after the death of William Stover's son Elder Daniel Stover, who took up leadership of the congregation after William. Some of Daniel's ministerial notes, all in German, survive at Elizabethtown College. Alexander Mack, Jr. kept a diary with a "register of the dear brethren and sisters especially known to me who have passed from time to etemity up to the present during my brief life- span." The list is not chronological, but starts by 1758 and extends to 1801. This list includes
P25: "3l3 Sister Stober" who is likely William's second wife (D. F. Dumbaugh, The Brethren in Colonial America, 1967, p.604). Children of William Stover and Elisabeth Siiss: 254 iv. Michael Stover. 255 v. Elder Daniel Stover. 256 vi. Elizabeth Stover. 257 vii. Jacob Stover. 258 viii. Susanna Stover. 259 ix. Emanuel Stover. 260 x. Catharine Stover. 261 xi. Hannah Stover. 262 xii. Esther Stover. He married, third, Judith End Schnell, daughter of Henry End. Henry End (Heinrich Endt) had manied, second, Elisabeth Hirt Landis, widow of Henry Landis who died about 1727. Henry End and Elisabeth associated with the Cloister at Ephrata, Lancaster Co, PA. In 1747 Hemy End and wife, having left the Cloister fold, were baptized by Elder Michael Frantz of the Conestoga Brethren congregation. The will of Henrich End of Cocalico Twp, Lancaster Co, PA names "my Daughter, Judith, wife of Philip Schnell" (Lancaster Co Will Book J l :46, signed 20 May 1754, proved l Aug 1755). The 1755 death of Henrich Endt is recorded in the Ephrata Death Register. John Landis, grandson of Elisabeth Hirt Landis End, later married Hannah, daughter of Elder William Stover. Philip Snell appears in the tax lists of Cocalico Twp, Lancaster Co, PA from 1756 to 1759. He was baptized in 1763 by Elder Michael Pfautz of the Conestoga Brethren. In his l77O book, Materials Towards a History of the Baptists, Morgan Edwards lists "Philip Snell and wife" married, third, Judith End Schnell, daughter of Henry End, Henry End (Heinrich Endt) He married, second, Elisabeth Hirt Landis, widow of Henry Landis who died about 1727. afar; End and Elisabeth associated with the Cloister at Ephrata, Lancaster Co, PA. In 1747 ster End and wife, having left the Cloister fold, were baptized by Elder Michael Frantz of 2 Conestoga Brethren congregation. The will of Henrich End of Cocalico Twp, Lancaster Co., PA names "my Daughter, Judith, wife of Philip Schnell" (Lancaster Co Will Book J1 :46, signed 20 May 1754, proved 1 Aug 1755). The 1755 death of Henrich Endt is recorded in the Ephrata Death Register. John Landis, grandson of Elisabeth Hirt Landis End, later married Hannah, daughter of Elder William Stover. Philip Snell appears in the tax lists of Cocalico Twp, Lancaster Co, PA from 1756 to 1759. He was baptized in 1763 by Elder Michael Pfautz of the Conestoga Brethren. In his 1770 book, Some Materials Towards a History of the Baptists, Morgan Edwards lists "Philip Snell and
P26: among the Brethren at Conewago, York Co, PA. On 24 Mar I775 Philip Schnell of York Twp and Judith his wife sold 2I9 acres in Berwick Twp, York Co (York Co Deed Book F: 184). On 20 Feb 1779 Philip Shnell of Codorus Twp and Judith his wife sold land in York and Codorus Twps, York Co (Deed Book 2C: 104). On 30 Sep 1I780 Philip Schnell of York County bought 182 acres a half mile west of the Antietam Creek in Washington Co, MD (Washington Co Deed Book B:396). They surely became members of William Stover's Antietam Brethren congregation. Philip Schnell died in 1789 (Washington Co, MD Will Book A:208, signed 17 Mar 1789). On 25 May 1789 Judith Schnell signed the Washington Co, MD administrative bond for PhiIip's estate; the Judit signature on this original document clearly matches her Judit signed on William Stover's original will. She was still Judith Shnell in 1791 (Washington Co. Administrative Accounts 1:287). On 13 Apr 1797 Judith Stover, formerly Judith Snell, signed a release to Henry Snell for her share of Philip Snell's estate (Washington Co, MD Deed Book K:87). Hence Judith Schnell and William Stover married between 1791 and 1797. Rev. William Stover last appears on the Antrim Twp tax list of 4 Mar 1799. A.J. Fretz related in his 1899 Stauffer book that William died in 1800; this year is established with the date of probate (Franklin Co, PA Will Book B:90, signed 28 Apr I797, proved 29 Jan 1800). Judith cosigned William Stover's will, an unusual aspect of the document. This will contains wording offering clear evidence of a marriage later in Iife, not one of fifty years duration: It is also my will that l nor my Heirs or Executors or any of them shall not take or derive any advantage from the Estate which came to me by my Wile Judid. But It is my Will that she keep & retain all the Estate whatsoever she had when l married her . . . .
P27-28: WILL of WILLIAM STOVER of ANTIETAM: In the Name of God Amen I William Stover of Antrim Township in the County of Franklin and State of Pennsylvania Considering the uncertainty of death and being of Sound mind and Judgement as usual Blessed be God for the same do think proper to make this my Last Will and Testament in writing disposing of what worldly Estate I am Possessed off after all my Just debts and funeral Expenses is paid in manner and form following (Viz) I give and bequeath to my beloved wife [J]udid during her Natural life yearly the sum of Twelve pounds in Specie to be paid to her by my Executors hereinafter named out of my own Estate '97 Item I give and bequeath all my Estate of whatsoever kind it may be, the greater part of the same being in Bonds and obligations, on each of my sons for two hundred and fifty pounds Lawful money of Pennsylvania (all dated the 19th day of October 1789 These obligations on each of my Sons for two hundred & fifty pounds is all to be paid or settled off within one year after my decease all of them to be paid without any Interest) unto my Sons and Daughters But all the other bonds, on them & on all other people to bear interest (Viz) George William Margaret Pritz Michael Jacob and Daniel Stover Elizabeth Stoner, Susanna Kish, Emanuel Stover the heirs of my Daughter Catharine Kish decd Hannah Landis and Easter Feester (being twelve in all, to each an Equal Share or Share alike my Daugher Catharine Kish decd Children to Receive the one twelfth part of my estate which said Twelfth part is to be Equally divided Amongst them when they Severally arrive to Age Sons to twenty one years and Daughters to eighteen, and if any of them shall die under age and without Lawful Issue their Share or part is to be divided amongst the Survivors of them, and my Executors herein after named shall keep the money for my daughter Catharine Kish decd Children in their hands after they Receive it on Interest untill my said Grand Children comes to age as aforesaid. But it is my Will that what my son in Law John Kish father to my said Grand Children, has Recd out of my Estate shall be counted as part of the one twelfth part of my estate that my said Grand Children Kish is to get. And it is also my Will that Whatever any of my Children has recd of my Estate heretofore as sets down in my Day Book shall be accounted to them as part of their Share or twelfth part of my Estate And I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint my sons Daniel Stover and Emanuel Stover to be the Executors of this my last Will and Testament In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & Seal to this my Last will and Testament this twenty eight day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand Seven hundred and Ninety Seven, Signed Sealed Published and declared in the presence of us the Subscribers to the last Will and Testament of NB The word "each" in line 15 from the top 81 the Words "for two hundred & fifty pounds" in the Space between line 14 & 15 being interlined Before ensealing & signing & the Words in the Space between 16 & 17th line from Top to wit, the words "But all the other bonds on them & on all other people to bear Interest being also interlined before ensealing 8: Signing also the altering of the date Jno Hetich James Smyth. It is also my will that I nor my Heirs or Executors or any of them shall not take or derive any advantage from the Estate which came to me by my Wife Judid But It is my Will that she keep & retain all the Estate whatsoever she had before I married her to let her dispose of it in what manner she Pleases - & this is not to exclude or prevent her from receiving the twelve pounds yearly & every year before mentioned in the preceding page But that she receive the said twelve pounds yearly & every year Witness present Jno Hetich James Smyth - On the 20th day of January 1800 John Hetich & James Smyth the witnesses to the foregoing writing appeared before me the Subscriber Register for the probate of Wills & granting letter of Admn for Franklin County, and on their solomn oaths deposeth & saith that they were present and saw & heard William Stover aforesaid now decd write his name into & Seal & publish the foregoing writing as & for his last will & Testament & that at the time of doing thereof he the said William was of sound & disposing mind memory & understanding to the best of their knowledge & belief, & that their names signed hereto is of their own hands writng done at the same time Sworn & Subscribed before Edw Crawford Regr Jno HetichJ . Smyth-->
"This quote is from pages 173-175 of Pennsylvania German Pioneers, A Publication of the Original Lists of Arrivals In the Port of Philadelphia From 1727 to 1808, by Ralph Beaver Strassburger, LL.D., President of the Pennsylvania German Society, and Edited by William John Hinke, PH.D., D.D, In Three Volumes, Volume 1, 1727 - 1775, published by Pennsylvania German Society, Norristown, Pennsylvania, 1934:
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On 14 Dec 2017 at 12:37 GMT S B wrote:
On 13 Jul 2017 at 07:16 GMT Patricia (Prickett) Hickin wrote:
similar names clearly the same person; please approve the merge
On 28 Apr 2017 at 14:14 GMT Robin Lee wrote:
On 9 Aug 2015 at 16:10 GMT Robin Lee wrote:
On 29 Jun 2015 at 14:57 GMT Patricia (Prickett) Hickin wrote:
William is 14 degrees from SJ Baty, 19 degrees from Orville Redenbacher and 17 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.