||Thomas Stoughton is currently protected by the Puritan Great Migration Project for reasons described in the narrative.|
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Thomas Stoughton was a son of Francis Stoughton and Agnes (Trignall) Stoughton, likely born at Sandwich, Kent, England. This profile is project-protected by the WikiTree Puritan Great Migration project because this is the father of migrants to New England and there have been conflicting identifications for his parents.
Thomas Stoughton matriculated pensioner from Trinity College, Cambridge in 1573, receiving his B.A. from Queens College 1577, and his M.A. in 1580. He was ordained deacon and priest at Lincoln Cathedral on Feb. 13, 1582.
He caught the attention of Robert, 3rd Lord Rich by John Butler of Thoby Priory, Essex, and had Rich's patronage for many years.
He was installed as rector of Naughton, Suffolk, in 1586 and served there until 1594. From 1594 to 1600, Thomas Stawghton was recorded at Burstead Magna, Essex, where he was curate in support of the minister.
In 1600 he was instituted vicar at Coggeshall at Lord Rich's presentation, but due to his nonconformity he was admonished by Bishop Richard Vaughan and deprived of Coggeshall by the High Commission in 1606. He still preached from his desk though. He wrote and published; 'The dignitie of Gods children'. (1610, Great Totham, Essex). By 1616 he'd returned to Sandwich, where he remained living in poverty until his death. His published works include 'A general treatise against poperie, and in defence of the religion by publike avthoritie professed in England and other churches reformed' (Cambridge, 1598), which was dedicated to Lord Rich. 'Two Profitable Treatises' in 1616, followed up in 1622 with 'The Christians Sacrifice', a text of some 251 pages, also dedicated to his patron.. He signed the dedicatory epistle to this on 20 Aug. 1622 .....'.the time of my departing being at hand... ' Two days later he appended the work with 'The Authors postscript to his Children as it were his Last Will and Testament unto them'. The above is paraphrased from Todd Whitesides excellent summary.
Thomas and Katherine had three sons: John, Thomas Jr., and Israel. 
Thomas and Israel emigrated from England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. 1633 -Daughter Elizabeth, widow of ? Scudder, married Robert Chamberlain and had three children, Samuel, Joanna, and Sarah, baptized at Strood, England. Daughter Judith Stoughton Denman Smead followed her brothers to New England in 1636.
Thomas's son, John Stoughton, remained in England, was educated at Cambridge, and became Rector at Alder, Somersetshire. 
Thomas's son, Thomas, died in 1642 at Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut. Israel returning to fight for Parliament died in Lincoln in 1644.
Burial: St Bartholomew's Hospital, Sandwich, Dover District, Kent, England
Geni World Family Tree URL: https://www.myheritage.com/research/record-40000-93973909/thomas-stoughton-in-geni-world-family-tree
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Thomas is 12 degrees from Charles Grey, 14 degrees from Henry Herbert, 21 degrees from William Cobbett, 12 degrees from William Lamb, 24 degrees from James Lush, 23 degrees from David Heath, 17 degrees from Mary Ann Withers, 20 degrees from Robert Blake, 38 degrees from William Dove, 23 degrees from Richard Venfield, 26 degrees from James House and 15 degrees from Karen Stewart on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.