||John Strutt was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.|
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John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh of Terling Place was born on 12 November 1842 at Langford Grove. He was the son of John James Strutt, 2nd Baron Rayleigh of Terling Place and Clara Elizabeth La Touche Vicars. He married Evelyn Georgiana Mary Balfour, daughter of James Maitland Balfour and Lady Blanche Mary Harriet Gascoyne-Cecil, on 19 July 1871. He succeeded to the title of 3rd Baron Rayleigh of Terling Place, co. Essex [U.K., 1821] on 14 June 1873. He died on 30 June 1919 at age 76 at Terling Place, Essex, England.
He was educated at Eton College, Windsor, Berkshire, England and at Harrow School, Harrow on the Hill, London, England. He graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, with a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) He graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, in 1868 with a Master of Arts (M.A.) He was invested as a Fellow, Royal Society (F.R.S.) in 1873.
He wrote the book Treatise on the Theory of Sound, published 1877.
He was Professor of Experimental Physics between 1879 and 1884. He was president of the British Association in 1884. He was Professor of Natural Philosophy, Royal Institute between 1887 and 1905.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Essex between 1892 and 1901.
In 1894 he discovered the inert gas, argon. He was decorated with the award of the Officer, Legion of Honour. He was decorated with the award of the Order of Merit (O.M.) in 1902. He was decorated with the award of the Nobel Prize (for Physics) in 1904. He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) in 1905. He was president of the Royal Society between 1905 and 1908. He was Chancellor of Cambridge University between 1908 and 1919. He was president of the special government advisory committee on aeronautics in 1909.
John William Strutt was born in Essex in 1842.
He attended Harrow School before studying mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge.
He married Evelyn Balfour in 1871. They had four sons.
Upon the death of his father in 1873, Strutt inherited the Barony of Rayleigh.
He was succeeded in the Barony of Rayleigh by his son Robert John Strutt.
Strutt was the Cavendish Professor at the University of Cambridge 1879-1884. He was the Professor of Natural Philosophy at Cambridge 1887-1905
Strutt developed the duplex theory of human sound localisation using two binaural cues, interaural phase difference and interaural level difference.
"England and Wales Census, 1871," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VFF1-74Z : accessed 13 Nov 2014), John William Strutt in household of John James Strutt Rayleigh, Terling, Terling, Essex, England; from "1871 England, Scotland and Wales census," index and images, findmypast (www.findmypast.co.uk : DC Thomson, n.d.); PRO RG 10, folio 172, p. 5; Witham registration district, Witham subdistrict, ED 13, household 31, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey; FHL microfilm 830743.
"England and Wales Census, 1881," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/X3JD-NB7 : accessed 13 Nov 2014), John W Strutt, Cambridge St Andrew The Less, Cambridgeshire, England; from "1881 England, Scotland and Wales census," index and images, findmypast (www.findmypast.co.uk : DC Thomson, n.d.); PRO RG 11/, p. , The National Archives, Kew, Surrey; FHL microfilm .
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