|James II of England, Scotland, and Ireland
06 Feb 1685 - 11 Dec 1688
William III & II and Mary II
James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701 was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
He was the last Roman Catholic monarch to reign over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland.
The second surviving son of Charles I, he ascended the throne upon the death of his brother, Charles II. Members of Britain's Protestant political elite increasingly suspected him of being pro-French and pro-Catholic and of having designs on becoming an absolute monarch.
When he produced a Catholic heir, leading nobles called on his Protestant son-in-law and nephew William of Orange to land an invasion army from the Netherlands, which he did in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. James fled England (and thus was held to have abdicated). He was replaced by his eldest, Protestant daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange. James made one serious attempt to recover his crowns from William and Mary when he landed in Ireland in 1689.
After the defeat of the Jacobite forces by the Williamites at the Battle of the Boyne in July 1690, James returned to France. He lived out the rest of his life at the French court sponsored by his cousin and ally, King Louis XIV.
Albany County and Ulster County, both in New York State, were named in his honor during colonial times. New York itself - city, county (aka Manhattan) and state - are also named after him.
Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Family Tree DNA.
On 4 Apr 2017 at 10:18 GMT Allan Stuart wrote:
On 4 Apr 2017 at 09:15 GMT John Atkinson wrote:
On 4 Apr 2017 at 09:08 GMT Allan Stuart wrote:
On 19 Feb 2017 at 08:55 GMT C. Mackinnon wrote:
On 19 Feb 2017 at 08:41 GMT C. Mackinnon wrote:
On 27 Nov 2016 at 15:33 GMT Darlene (Athey) Athey-Hill wrote:
On 23 Mar 2016 at 17:21 GMT Kirk Hess wrote:
On 28 Sep 2014 at 01:34 GMT N (Sweet) S wrote:
On 23 Aug 2014 at 21:36 GMT Bob Fields wrote:
James II is 20 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 17 degrees from Jeanie Roberts, 12 degrees from Myles Standish and 11 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.