James II Stuart
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James Stuart (1633 - 1701)

James (James II) "King of England and Scotland, Duke of York and Albany" Stuart
Born in St James Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 3 Sep 1660 (to 31 Mar 1671) in London, Englandmap
Husband of — married 30 Sep 1673 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Île-de-France, Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 23 Nov 2008 | Last significant change: 7 May 2020
13:05: Thom Anderson edited the Status Indicators for James Stuart (1633-1701). [Thank Thom for this]
This page has been accessed 20,356 times.
British Aristocracy
James II Stuart was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Preceded by
Charles II
James II of England, Scotland, and Ireland
06 Feb 1685 - 11 Dec 1688
Succeeded by
William III & II and Mary II

Contents

Biography

The House of Stuart crest.
James II Stuart is a member of the House of Stuart.

James II and VII (14 Oct 1633 O.S. – 16 Sep 1701) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.

He was born into the house of Stuart and is the last Catholic monarch to reign over England, Scotland and Ireland.

James is the second surviving son of Charles I and ascended the throne after his brother Charles II died. Members of Britain's Protestant political elite increasingly suspected him of being pro-French and pro-Catholic and of having designs on becoming an absolute monarch.

When he produced a Catholic heir, leading nobles called on his Protestant son-in-law and nephew William of Orange to land an invasion army from the Netherlands, which he did in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. James fled England (and thus was held to have abdicated). He was replaced by his eldest, Protestant daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange. James made one serious attempt to recover his crowns from William and Mary when he landed in Ireland in 1689.

After the defeat of the Jacobite forces by the Williamites at the Battle of the Boyne in July 1690, James returned to France. He lived out the rest of his life at the French court sponsored by his cousin and ally, Louis XIV

Marriage

m.1 Anne Hyde 3 Sep 1660 London. Issue.

  • 1. Charles, Duke of Cambridge (22 Oct 1660 - 05 May 1661).
  • 2. Mary II (30 Apr 1662 - 28 Dec 1694)
  • 3. James, Duke of Cambridge (12 Jul 1663 - 20 Jun 1667)
  • 4. Anne of Great Britain (6 Feb 1665 - 01 Aug 1714)
  • 5. Charles, Duke of Kendal (4 Jul 1666 - 22 May 1667)
  • 6. Edgar, Duke of Cambridge (14 Sep 1667 - 08 June 1671)
  • 7. Henrietta (13 Jan 1669 - 15 Nov 1669)
  • 8. Catherine (09 Feb 1671 - 05 Dec 1671).


m.2 30 Sep 1673 Mary of Modena. Issue:

  • 1. Catherine Laura (10 Jan 1675 - 03 Oct 1675)
  • 2. Isabel (28 Aug 1676 - 02 Mar 1681)
  • 3. Charles, Duke of Cambridge (07 Nov 1677 - 12 Dec 1677)
  • 4. Charlotte Maria (16 Aug 1682 - 16 Oct 1682)
  • 5. James III and VIII (Jacobite) 10 Jun 1688 - 01 Jan 1766 m. Maria Clementina Sobieska. Issue.
  • 6. Louisa Maria Teresa Stuart 28 Jun 1692 - 20 Apr 1712

Mistress

mistress. abt 1665 Arabella Churchill. Issue:

  • 1. Henrietta FitzJames, (1667 – 03 Apr 1730)
  • 2. James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, (1670–1734)
  • 3. Henry FitzJames, 1st Duke of Albemarle, (1673–1702)
  • 4. Arabella FitzJames, (1674 – 07 Nov 1704), nun.


mistress. Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester (21 Dec 1657 – 26 Oct 1717). Issue:[1]

  • 1. Catherine Darnley (d.1743)
m.1 James Annesley, 3rd Earl of Anglesey
m.2 John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby.

Death

King James died at 3:20 pm on 16 September 1701 (New Style) in Saint-Germain-en-Laye.[2]

Events

  • The colonial New York counties of Albany and Ulster County were named in his honor. New York itself - city, county (aka Manhattan) and state - are also named after him.

Sources

See also:

Notes

  1. Wikipedia: Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester
  2. acte de sépulture: Archives départementales des Yvelines: Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Saint-Germain-de-Paris, BMS, 1701-1701, Cote 1168922, vues 130-131, consulté le 4 août 2019, lien permanent: https://archives.yvelines.fr/ark:/36937/s0053d2647264d89/53d2647490c63


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with James II by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line:

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Comments: 9

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Thanks John that will do nicely.
posted by Allan Stuart
Thanks Allan, I've changed that last sentence but not used either term.
posted by John Atkinson
In the Bio can the word Pretender be replaced with Deposed King, a far more accurate description.
posted by Allan Stuart
James is categorised as a slave trader which is pejorative. Should it be discussed in the biography?
posted by C. Mackinnon
"He lived out the rest of his life as a pretender at a court sponsored by his cousin and ally, King Louis XIV." Sentence is a little odd. James was never regarded as a pretender. The pretenders were his son James and his grandson Charles.
posted by C. Mackinnon
C., we don't add mistresses as spouses. Generally we note and link to them in the biography.
Stewart-16542 and Stuart-19 appear to represent the same person because: The bio is pretty clear...
posted by Kirk Hess
Stuart-19 and II-47 appear to represent the same person because: These are the same ruler.
posted by N (Sweet) S
Stuart-989 and Stuart-19 appear to represent the same person because: James II King of England. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_II_of_England. Both profiles have the exact same birth and death dates.
posted by Bob Fields

Rejected matches › James Stewart (1632-)

James II is 18 degrees from Donald Howard, 14 degrees from Julia Howe and 6 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.