|James II of England, Scotland, and Ireland
06 Feb 1685 - 11 Dec 1688
William III & II and Mary II
James II and VII (14 Oct 1633 O.S. – 16 Sep 1701) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
He was born into the house of Stuart and is the last Catholic monarch to reign over England, Scotland and Ireland.
James is the second surviving son of Charles I and ascended the throne after his brother Charles II died. Members of Britain's Protestant political elite increasingly suspected him of being pro-French and pro-Catholic and of having designs on becoming an absolute monarch.
When he produced a Catholic heir, leading nobles called on his Protestant son-in-law and nephew William of Orange to land an invasion army from the Netherlands, which he did in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. James fled England (and thus was held to have abdicated). He was replaced by his eldest, Protestant daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange. James made one serious attempt to recover his crowns from William and Mary when he landed in Ireland in 1689.
After the defeat of the Jacobite forces by the Williamites at the Battle of the Boyne in July 1690, James returned to France. He lived out the rest of his life at the French court sponsored by his cousin and ally, Louis XIV
m.1 Anne Hyde 3 Sep 1660 London. Issue.
m.2 30 Sep 1673 Mary of Modena. Issue:
mistress. abt 1665 Arabella Churchill. Issue:
mistress. Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester (21 Dec 1657 – 26 Oct 1717). Issue:
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On 4 Apr 2017 at 10:18 GMT Allan Stuart wrote:
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On 27 Nov 2016 at 15:33 GMT Darlene (Athey) Athey-Hill wrote:
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James II is 23 degrees from Rosa Parks, 17 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 8 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.