Charles  Stuart

Charles Stuart (1630 - 1685)

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King Charles (Charles II) "the Merry Monarch" Stuart
Born in St James's Palace, London, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married (to ) in Domus Dei, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Whitehall Palace, London, Englandmap
Stuart-4 created 23 Nov 2008 | Last modified | Last edit: 16 Nov 2017
05:01: C. Mackinnon edited the Biography for Charles II Stuart. [Thank C. for this | 1 thank-you received]
This page has been accessed 13,060 times.

Categories: London, England | Westminster Abbey | Dukes of Cornwall | Namesakes US Counties | House of Stuart.

The House of Stuart crest.
Charles II Stuart is a member of the House of Stuart.
Preceded by
Charles I (deposed 1649)
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland
29 May 1660 - 06 Feb 1685
Succeeded by
James II & VII
Preceded by
Charles I
King of Scotland
30 Jan 1649 - 03 Sep 1651
Succeeded by
Civil War
(Oliver Cromwell)
Charles II Stuart is a member of the royalty, nobility or aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Discuss: EUROARISTO

Contents

Biography

Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland.

Charles II's father, Charles I, was executed at Whitehall on 30 January 1649, at the climax of the English Civil War. Although the Parliament of Scotland proclaimed Charles II King on 5 February 1649, England entered the period known as the English Interregnum or the English Commonwealth, and the country was a de facto republic, led by Oliver Cromwell. Cromwell defeated Charles II at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651, and Charles fled to mainland Europe. Cromwell became virtual dictator of England, Scotland and Ireland, and Charles spent the next nine years in exile in France, the Dutch Republic, and the Spanish Netherlands.

A political crisis that followed the death of Cromwell in 1658 resulted in the restoration of the monarchy, and Charles was invited to return to Britain. On 29 May 1660, his 30th birthday, he was received in London to public acclaim. After 1660, all legal documents were dated as if he had succeeded his father as king in 1649.

Legacy

Charleston County, South Carolina is named in his honor, as is Kings County (Brooklyn), New York.

Sources

  • Paul Seaward, ‘Charles II (1630–1685)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2011 accessed 16 Nov 2017


Footnotes

  1. chronological list of his mistresses, with brief bios and children by each
  2. about Charles's wig fancy.

Edited for Jan 2014 Style Standards.
See changes for Gedcoms and version control.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Charles II by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line:

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Images: 13
Charles II as a boy.
Charles II as a boy.

Charles II as a young man.
Charles II as a young man.

Charles II as king in full armor.
Charles II as king in full armor.

Charles II as king of England.
Charles II as king of England.

Charles II as king (engraving).
Charles II as king (engraving).

view all


Collaboration

On 16 Nov 2017 at 09:59 GMT C. Mackinnon wrote:

Are mistresses to be treated as spouses? At the moment this makes Catherine Pegge seem to be of more significance than all the others. Charles was only married once, to Catherine of Braganza at Portsmouth, Hampshire on 21 May 1662. [1]

On 25 Nov 2016 at 16:03 GMT C. Mackinnon wrote:

Are mistresses to be treated as spouses? At the moment this makes Catherine Pegge seem to be of more significance than all the others. Charles was only married once, to Catherine of Braganza at Portsmouth, Hampshire on 21 May 1662. [1]



Charles II is 19 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 16 degrees from Jeanie Roberts, 13 degrees from Myles Standish and 11 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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