Charles II Stuart

Charles Stuart (1630 - 1685)

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King Charles (Charles II) "the Merry Monarch" Stuart
Born in St James's Palace, London, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married 21 May 1662 (to 6 Feb 1685) in Domus Dei, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Whitehall Palace, London, Englandmap
Profile last modified 7 Feb 2020 | Created 23 Nov 2008 | Last significant change: 7 May 2020
17:56: Thom Anderson posted a comment on the page for Charles Stuart (1630-1685) [Thank Thom for this]
This page has been accessed 20,284 times.
British Aristocracy
Charles II Stuart was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Preceded by
Charles I (deposed 1649)
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland
29 May 1660 - 06 Feb 1685
Succeeded by
James II & VII
Preceded by
Charles I
King of Scotland
30 Jan 1649 - 03 Sep 1651
Succeeded by
Civil War
(Oliver Cromwell)

Biography

The House of Stuart crest.
Charles II Stuart is a member of the House of Stuart.

Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685), second but eldest surviving child of Charles I and Queen Henrietta Maria, was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland.

Charles II's father, Charles I, was executed at Whitehall on 30 January 1649, at the climax of the English Civil War. Although the Parliament of Scotland proclaimed Charles II King on 5 February 1649, England entered the period known as the English Interregnum or the English Commonwealth, and the country was a de facto republic, led by Oliver Cromwell. Cromwell defeated Charles II at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651, and Charles fled to mainland Europe. Cromwell became virtual dictator of England, Scotland and Ireland, and Charles spent the next nine years in exile in France, the Dutch Republic, and the Spanish Netherlands.

A political crisis that followed the death of Cromwell in 1658 resulted in the restoration of the monarchy, and Charles was invited to return to Britain. On 29 May 1660, his 30th birthday, he was received in London to public acclaim. After 1660, all legal documents were dated as if he had succeeded his father as king in 1649.

Charles was one of the most popular and beloved kings of England, known as the Merry Monarch, in reference to both the liveliness and hedonism of his court and the general relief at the return to normality after over a decade of rule by Cromwell and the Puritans. Charles's wife, Catherine of Braganza, bore no live children, but Charles acknowledged at least twelve illegitimate children by various mistresses. He was succeeded by his brother James.

Legacy

Charleston County, South Carolina is named in his honor, as is Kings County (Brooklyn), New York.

Sources

  • Paul Seaward, ‘Charles II (1630–1685)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2011 accessed 16 Nov 2017


  1. chronological list of his mistresses, with brief bios and children by each
  2. about Charles's wig fancy.

Edited for Jan 2014 Style Standards.
See changes for Gedcoms and version control.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Charles II by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line:

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Comments: 6

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The succession box for Scotland shows that the title went to Oliver Cromwell. This is a bit confusing on several levels:

1) the profile for Oliver Cromwell does not have the succession box, 2) the profile for Charles II does not show Oliver Cromwell as the predecessor. 3) Oliver Cromwell, AFAIK, never held that title althgouhhe did annex it to the Protectorate in the interregnum period. 4) If one were to accept that as Lord Protector of Scotland he was assumed to be king, then would that not also apply to his being Lord Protector of England and therefore King? If so, then the profiles for Charles I, Oliver Cromwell, and Charles II should reflect that for England as well [and should we include Richard Cromwell in the mix?]

Not to say that WikiPedia is authoritative, but I do see they have a list of Scottish Monarchs that does not list him rather merely lists that there was an interregnum period.

Preceded by
Charles I
King of Scotland
30 Jan 1649 - 03 Sep 1651
Succeeded by
Civil War (Oliver Cromwell)
posted by Thom Anderson
John Atkinson He is shown as Brother on this profile above Stuart-4 .

Stuart-5923 and Stuart-4 appear to represent the same person because: Both profiles represent Charles II Stuart, King of England & Scotland and profiles need to be merged.

Shows marriages not on the other profile. So dont merge yet it seems it is his brother and sourced. all is well in the kingdom.

posted by David Martin
Stuart-5923 and Stuart-4 appear to represent the same person because: Both profiles represent Charles II Stuart, King of England & Scotland and profiles need to be merged.
posted by John Atkinson
King Charles Stuart II and his mistress Lucy Walter had a son, James Crofts Fitzroy Scott. James married Lady Anne Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch.
posted on Stuart-5923 (merged) by [Living Havenar]
Are mistresses to be treated as spouses? At the moment this makes Catherine Pegge seem to be of more significance than all the others. Charles was only married once, to Catherine of Braganza at Portsmouth, Hampshire on 21 May 1662. [1]
posted by C. Mackinnon
Are mistresses to be treated as spouses? At the moment this makes Catherine Pegge seem to be of more significance than all the others. Charles was only married once, to Catherine of Braganza at Portsmouth, Hampshire on 21 May 1662. [1]
posted by C. Mackinnon

Rejected matches › Charles James Stuart (1629-1629)

Charles II is 17 degrees from Donald Howard, 13 degrees from Julia Howe and 6 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.