There is considerable debate amongst Stump genealogists around the Hans Michael Stump(f) who was the founder of the Stump line in Hampshire County, Virginia (the future Hardy/Grant/Hampshire Counties of West Virginia). The debate revolves around both who his wife Catherine was, and who his father was. There are at least two, and potentially three, documented Hans Michael Stumpfs in Tulpehocken Township, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in/about 1745. We know of one married to a Maria Catherine, another to an Anna Catherine (Caterina). Both wives appear to have gone by the name “Catherine” in documentation, as both Hans Michaels went by “Michael”. The only “certainty” is that the Michael married to Maria Catherine was a recent immigrant. The father of Anna Catherine’s husband is debated, as well. Because this is not fully settled, the state of the research is provided below, to hopefully guide future researchers and prevent re-inventing the wheel.
Hans is an Immigrant, Sometimes Reported Married to Maria Catherine Stump
This appears to be the most commonly accepted genealogy, likely in large part due to the work of Thurmond Stump in his work “Michael Stump Sr. of Virginia, 1709-1768, A Treatise On The Origin And Ancestry With Surname Armorials.” This Hans Michael was documented as arriving in Philadelphia on the Palatine immigrant vessel Phoenix on 30 Sep 1743. He is listed on the ship’s “List B”, which was for adult males over the age of 16 who swore an oath of allegiance to the English king.
The basis of his wife's identification in this scenario appears to come from a record that lists a "Maria Catharina" as wife, as well as a daughter of the same name. This same family appears in baptismal records available in the Familysearch.org database documenting the christening of Maria Catharina the younger on 22 Oct 1741 in Wuerttemberg. There is also a family bible for George Stump (b. 1745) which has been photocopied with a typewritten but unsourced and clearly not contemporary note claiming he is descended from a Maria Catharine. However, this full family of immigrant Stumps are shown in both the immigration and christening records as spelling their names "Stumpp", while the signature of the Phoenix Hans Michael is written "Stumpf", which is carried over into known descendants. Therefore, there does not appear to be any information supporting the idea that Hans Michael Stumpf late of the vessel Phoenix was married to a Maria Catherine.
Hans' father is Unknown, Married to Anna Catarina Neff
An alternative to the common genealogy is proposed by David Armstrong, who documents strong circumstantial evidence that the Michael Stump who married Anna Catarina Neff on 10 Sep 1739 is this Hans Michael. The reasoning comes via information on Anna Catarina's family. Immigration records show a young Anna Catherine arrived in Pennsylvania in 1728 with her parents Michael and Anna Dorothea Saur, and brothers Johann Michael, Johann Jacob, Georg Abraham, and Hans Leonhard. Ships records indicate that on the same vessel her family arrived, the "James Goodwill", so too was Johann Casper Stoever (Steffer). Reverend Stoever was, according to Thurmond Stump (p. 13), an itinerant Pennsylvania Dutch minister, who would later conduct Catherine's marriage. The connection to Hampshire County's Hans is evidenced from survey records that show the lot next to Michael and Catherine Stump is owned by a Leonard Neff, who was also witness to Michael's will.
This Hans Michael is sometimes believed to be the son of Christopher Stump and Anna Margaretha. However, that Michael is listed as devisee to his father's will in 1769, a year after Hampshire County's Hans' death. As of this time, there does not appear to be solid evidence for Hans Michael's father.
<2> Pennsylvania German Pioneers, Pages xxi and xxii
<3> GERBER, ADOLF. "Emigrants from Wuerttemberg: The Adolf Gerber Lists." Edited by Donald Herbert Yoder. In The Pennsylvania German Folklore Society [Yearbook], vol. 10 (1945), pp. 225
<4> "Deutschland Geburten und Taufen, 1558-1898," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N8MS-14N : 28 November 2014)
<6> Ancestry.com. Pennsylvania, Church Records - Adams, Berks, and Lancaster Counties, 1729-1881 [database on-line]
<7> BURGERT, ANNETTE KUNSELMAN. Eighteenth Century Emigrants from German-Speaking Lands to North America. Publications of the Pennsylvania German Society, 16/19. Birdsboro, PA: The Pennsylvania German Society. Vol. 1: The Northern Kraichgau. 1983. P. 270
Hans was born in 1715. He passed away in 1768.
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