Pieter  Stuyvesant

Pieter Stuyvesant (abt. 1610 - 1672)

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Pieter (Peter) "Petrus, Pierre" Stuyvesant aka Stuijvesant
Born about in Peperga, Friesland (Nederland)map
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Breda, Brabant (Noord-Brabant, Nederland)map
Descendants descendants
Died in New York, Province of New York (United States)map
Stuyvesant-3 created 13 Sep 2010 | Last modified
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Categories: Famous People of the 17th Century | New Netherland Directors | New Netherland Settlers | New Netherland Main Profile | Notables.

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Peter Stuyvesant was a New Netherland settler.
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Notables
Peter Stuyvesant is notable.
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Preceded by
Willem Kieft
Director-General of New Netherland
1647-1664
Succeeded by
The fall of New Netherland

Contents

Biography

Peter Stuyvesant was the 7th and final Director-General of New Netherland, [1][2] ruling the colony for 17 years until the English takeover.

"Peter Stuyvesant, also known as Petrus Stuyvesant, is an important figure in the history of New York City [earlier New Amsterdam], New York State and New Netherland. His name is still commonly used, especially in New York State, for street names, school names, building names, etc. A British-German-Danish cigarette brand is also named after him. Surprisingly, his ancestors no longer bear his name. His last direct descendant, Augustus Van Horne Stuyvesant Jr. died in 1953 at age 83 in New York City. A nineteenth century Stuyvesant descendant, Rutherford Stuyvesant, changed his name to Stuyvesant Rutherford in 1863 to satisfy the terms of a will. The paucity of descendants bearing his name may have something to do with the fact that Peter Stuyvesant has been blamed for turning over New Amsterdam to the British in 1664. The blame is not quite fair, because the citizens of New Amsterdam refused to help defend the city against a fleet of British warships. As a result Stuyvesant was forced to hand the city of New Amsterdam over to the British who promptly renamed it New York." [3]

Origins

Peter Stuyvesant was born between 1592 and 1612 in Peperga, Friesland, [4] which is now located in the Netherlands.
Pepergae, Frisia c. 1570
Peter's father, Balthazar Stuyvesant, was the pastor of the Dutch Reformed Church of Peperga. [5] Stuyvesant was likely baptized with the name Pieter, but he also went by the Latin form, Petrus. [6] Peter is the English translation of the Dutch name Pieter. [7]

Family

Peter was married to Judith Bayard at the Walloon church in Breda, Brabant on 13 Aug 1645. [8] Judith was the daughter of Balthazar (Lasare) Bayard and Judith de Vos. [9] Prior to their marriage, Judith was Peter's sister-in-law as Judith's brother had previously married Peter's sister Anne.
The marriage of 'Pierre' and Judith, 13 Aug 1645
Together Peter and Judith had at least two children in the Dutch Reformed Church of New Amsterdam.
  • 1647 Oct 13 Balthazar lazarus. - De Hr. Petrus Stuijvesant, Gouvneur generael. Witnesses: Lubbert Dinclagen, Jean de La Montagnie, Capt. luyt. Nuton en syn huis vrs., Paulus Leendertszen. Equipagiemr, Corn. Van Tienhoven, Secretrs. Commissr. Keijser, Anneken Bogardus. [10]
  • 1648 Dec 02 Nicolaes Willem - de Hr. Generael Petrus Stuijvesant, Judith Baijard. Witnesses: De E. E. H. H. Bewinthebbers de West indische Compagnie (The Honorable, their excellencies, The Directors of the West India Company). [11][12]
Nicolaes Willem, who is described as the eldest son in Judith's will, [13] married Marritje Beekman and Elizabeth Schlechtenhorst. Balthazar Lazarus is described as desceased in Judith's will [14] but he is believed to have left descendants.

Early Life

Peter served in the Dutch Army prior to his appointment as director-general of New Netherland. In 1635, Peter joined the West India Company and, in 1642, became director of the Dutch West India Company's colony in Curaçao. Peter was shot in the right leg during an attack on the Spanish at St. Martin. [15] The leg was eventually amputated and for the rest of his life he wore a prosthetic made of wood. [16][17][18]

New Netherland

Peter was sworn in as the Director of New Netherland on 28 Jul 1646. [19] On 14/24th of August, 1664, four English frigates arrived with the intention of occupying New Netherland. [20] On the 30th of August or the 9th of September, 1664, Peter surrendered New Netherland to the English. [21]
"Dated Amsterdam, in New Netherland, 17th September 1644, we having been ordered on the 7th not to call this place otherwise than New-York, on the Island of Manhattans, in America." [22]

Records

Signature of Peter Stuyvesant 1663
  • 1651 Mar 12 Through his attorney, Jan Jansen Damen, Peter buys the house that he had been leasing in New Netherland from the Directors of the Dutch West India Company for 6400 guilders. [23]
  • 1661 Apr 12 Deed conveying land to Adriaen Hegeman. image original deed Description: This 1661 deed, signed by Peter Stuyvesant, Director-General of New Netherlands, conveyed a plot of land in the village of Vlack Bos (Flatbush) to Adriaen Hegeman, an early Dutch settler. In 1784, Peter Lefferts (1753-1791) married Femmetie Hegeman (1760-1847), an ancestor of Adriaen. After their marriage, Peter arranged to purchase 100 acres of the original Hegeman plot, thus enlarging the Lefferts family’s Flatbush homestead. After this transaction, the original deed passed into the hands of the Lefferts family. [24][25]

The Flushing Remonstrance

Though religious tolerance had begun in the Netherlands, and Willem Kieft, the previous director of New Netherland, had given the English a charter for the town of Flushing in 1645, Peter did not want members of other religions to congregate in New Netherland.
"Stuyvesant, himself a member of the Dutch Reformed Church, opposed religious pluralism and came into conflict with Lutherans, Jews, Roman Catholics and Quakers as they attempted to build places of worship in the city and practice their faiths.[26]
Eventually, the Quakers protesting Stuyvesant wrote the Flushing Remonstrance. [27] The directors of the Dutch West India Company sided with the Quakers and religious freedom was born in America.
"It is considered a precursor to the United States Constitution's provision on freedom of religion in the Bill of Rights." [28]

Will

In 1639, Peter wrote his will. At the time, Stuyvesant was planning to go from Amsterdam to the West Indies. He was not yet thirty but for such a dangerous journey it was customary to make a will. As Peter did not yet have a family of his own, he left everything to his two sisters. [29][30]

Death

Peter died in New York, New York in February or August of 1672. He is buried in a vault beneath St. Mark's Church In-the-Bowery in New York. [31][32] The church also features a stained glass window depicting Peter. [33]

Sources

  1. Collections NY Gen. & Biog. Soc.: 1901, Vol. 2, Page 23
  2. Collections NY Gen. & Biog. Soc.: 1901, Vol. 2, Page 25
  3. New Netherland Institute, "Peter Stuyvesant"
  4. Wikipeida contributors, "Peperga"
  5. Wikipeida contributors, "Peperga"
  6. Wikipedia-bijdragers, "Peter Stuyvesant"
  7. Wiktionary contributors, "Pieter"
  8. "Netherlands, Noord-Brabant, Church Records, 1473-1965," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99QX-5FJ1?cc=2037960&wc=SM4W-L2W%3A346028601%2C346028302%2C346028603 : 22 August 2014), Waals Hervormde > Breda > Dopen 1607-1810 Klapper, Huwelijken 1607-1810, Huwelijksafkondigingen 1793-1807 > image 302 of 496; Nederlands Rijksarchiefdienst, Den Haag (Netherlands National Archives, The Hague).
  9. Wardell: Stuyvesant: Stuyvesant, Peter
  10. Collections NY Gen. & Biog. Soc.: 1901, Vol. 2, Page 23
  11. Collections NY Gen. & Biog. Soc.: 1901, Vol. 2, Page 25
  12. http://brooklynancestry.com/new-amsterdam-reformed-dutch-church-baptisms-1639-1659/
  13. Collections NY Hist. Soc.: 1893, Vol. 25, Page 139
  14. Collections NY Hist. Soc.: 1893, Vol. 25, Page 140
  15. Shorto, Island...: Page 147
  16. Petrus Stuyvesant: How Did "Peg-Leg" Peter Stuyvesant Lose His Right Leg?
  17. New Netherland Institute, "Peter Stuyvesant"
  18. Munsell: 1870, Vol. 2, Page 15
  19. OCallaghan: 1856, Vol. 1, Page 177
  20. OCallaghan: 1858, Vol. 2, Page 410-415
  21. OCallaghan: 1858, Vol. 2, Page 415
  22. OCallaghan: 1858, Vol. 2, Page 415
  23. Register: Vol. 3 (book images), Document 87b, Page 216
  24. Translation of Peter Stuyvesant deed...
  25. Lefferts family papers, ARC.145, box OS1; Brooklyn Historical Society
  26. "Wikipedia contributors, "Peter Stuyvesant"
  27. OCallaghan: 1883, Vol. 14/Vol. 3, Page 402-403
  28. Wikipedia contributors, "Flushing Remonstrance"
  29. Will of Peter Stuyvesant
  30. Karlijn van Houwelingen "Stadsarchieven digitaliseren..."
  31. St. Mark's Church In-the-Bowery
  32. Find-A-Grave: Memorial #999
  33. David W. Dunlap "Peter Stuyvesant..."
  • Houwelingen, Karlijn van "Stadsarchieven digitaliseren erfgoed stichters Nieuw-Amsterdam." parool.nl. Accessed 03 Sep 2017. https://s.parool.nl/s-a4373595/
  • Shorto, Russell. The Island at the Center of the World: The Epic Story of Dutch Manhattan and the Forgotten Colony That Shaped America. 2014. Print.

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Images: 12
Peter Stuyvesant Image 1
Peter Stuyvesant Image 1

Peter Stuyvesant Image 2
Peter Stuyvesant Image 2

The Fall of New Amsterdam, by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris
The Fall of New Amsterdam, by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris

Peter Stuyvesant Image 3
Peter Stuyvesant Image 3

map of Whitehall Street showing Peter Stuyvesant house
map of Whitehall Street showing Peter Stuyvesant house

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On 18 Aug 2015 at 02:32 GMT Bea (Timmerman) Wijma wrote:

Hi Linda,

According the sources Pieter (Peter) was born in Peperga and this is mentioned in his BIo as well, this seems quite accurate because , before 1622 his father Balthasar Joannis was working as a minister at a church in Peperga and of course they lived there as well, Pieter was born about 1611 , see his fathers profile for these sources. They moved to Scherpenzeel in 1619 and from there to Berlikum in 1622, so both children Pieter and Anna were born in Peperga . So his birthplace should/can be corrected . Thanks :)



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