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Pierre Surette (1736 - bef. 1765)

Pierre "Le jeune" Surette
Born in Grand-Pre, Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 1761 in Nova Scotiamap
Descendants descendants
Died before at about age 28 in Louisianamap
Profile last modified | Created 21 May 2012
This page has been accessed 784 times.
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Pierre Surette is an Acadian.
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Pierre Surette lived in Louisiana.
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Pierre Surette is on the Wall of Names at the Acadian Memorial in St. Martinville, Louisiana, on Plaque 6 Left. Listed with him is Marie Thibodeau, his wife, and a child, Marie Anne.[1] [2]

Pierre Suret was born 25 Sep 1736. He was the son of Joseph Surette and Marguerite Theriot. He was baptized the day he was born at Saint Charles des Mines, Grand-Pré, Acadia. His godparents were Jean Doucet and Elisabeth Terriot.[3]

... at Halifax, Pierre II's namesake nephew, Pierre le jeune, his teenage wife Marie Thibodeau, and her Broussard and Thibodeau kin, had a serious dilemma on their hands. The Treaty of Paris of February 1763 stipulated in its Article 14 that persons dispersed by the war had 18 months to return to their respective territories. In the case of the Acadians, however, this meant that they could return only to French soil. Chignecto was no longer French territory. British authorities refused to allow any of the Acadian prisoners in the region to return to their former lands as proprietors. If Acadians chose to remain in Nova Scotia, they could live only in the interior of the peninsula in small family groups and work for low wages on former Acadian lands now owned by New England "planters." If they stayed, they must also take the hated oath of allegiance to the new British king, George III, without reservation. They would also have to take the hated oath if they joined their cousins in the St. Lawrence valley. After all that they had suffered on the question of the oath, no self-respecting Acadian would consent to take it if it could be avoided. Some Halifax exiles chose to relocate to Miquelon, a French-controlled island off the southern coast of Newfoundland. Others considered going to French St.-Domingue, today's Haiti, where Acadian exiles in the British colonies already had gone, or to the Illinois country, the west bank of which still belonged to France, or to French Louisiana, which, thanks to British control of Canada, was the only route possible to the Illinois country for Acadian exiles. Whatever their choice, they would not remain in old Acadia. So Pierre and Marguerite gathered up what money they could and prepared to leave their homeland.
Surettes were among the earliest Acadians to seek refuge in Louisiana. Pierre Surette le jeune, age unrecorded, came with the Broussard dit Beausoleil party from Halifax that reached New Orleans via Cap-Français, St.-Domingue, in February 1765. He likely was a part of the Broussard party because his wife, 17-year-old Marie Thibodeau, was a Broussard kinswoman. With them was daughter Marie-Anne, age 3. Also in the party was Marie's widowed mother and three of Marie's siblings. After a short respite in New Orleans, during which daughter Marie-Anne was baptized on March 4 at the St.-Louis church, Pierre and Marie followed the Broussards to the Attakapas District, where they helped created La Nouvelle-Acadie on the banks of Bayou Teche. Marie was pregnant when they reached Attakapas, and in June, two months after they settled on the Teche, she gave birth to son Augustin.
That summer and fall, an epidemic swept through the Teche valley settlements and killed dozens of Acadians. When French officials counted the surviving Attakapas settlers in April 1766, only Marie Thibodeaux and daughter Marie-Anne Surette were left in her household at La Manque, near the upper Teche. Pierre and the infant Augustin must have died by then, probably victims of the epidemic. Marie remarried to fellow Acadian Jean-Baptiste Semer at Attakapas in c1768.
Though Pierre Surette le jeune of Grand-Pré had a son in Louisiana, the boy died in childhood, and Pierre did not live long enough to father more sons. Since he was born only 4 months after his family reached LA, he was in utero when his mother stepped off the ship at New Orleans, so he is included on this list. Was he a victim of the epidemic that killed dozens of Teche valley Acadians in the summer & fall of 1765? His early death & the death of his father soon after he reached the colony, perhaps also in the Teche epidemic, is why the Acadian line of the SURETTE family did not survive in LA.
Marie-Anne married Firmin dit Ephrem, son of fellow Acadian Bruno Robichaux, at Attakapas in April 1778, and remarried to Marcel, son of fellow Acadian Paul LeBlanc, at the St. Martinville church, St. Martin Parish, in August 1811, in her late 40s. Soon after their marriage, Marie-Anne's husband secured a decree of separation from her. She died at her home at La Grand Pointe on the upper Teche in November 1817; the priest who recorded her burial said that she died at "age about 53 years," but she was 55. Her succession records were filed at the St. Martinville courthouse, St. Martin Parish, in August 1811 and December 1817.
Though Pierre Surette le jeune of Grand-Pré had a son in Louisiana, the boy died in childhood, and Pierre did not live long enough to father more sons. His daughter, however, married twice, into the Robichaux and Landry families. The Acadian branch of the family, then, except for its blood, did not take root in the Bayou State. The Surettes of South Louisiana today are descended from French Creoles or Foreign French, not Acadians.
The family's name also is spelled Suret, Surre. This family should not be confused with the Serret or Serette family from Bordeaux, France, who lived at New Orleans, on the Acadian Coast, and briefly at Attakapas during the late colonial period and settled in Iberville Parish and the Baton Rouge area during the antebellum period.[citation needed] citing Arsenault, Généalogie, 802-03, 1289-93, 2594; BRDR, vols. 1a(rev.), 2; Hébert, D., Southwest LA Records, vols. 1-A, 1-B, 2-A; Marshall, Acadian Resistance; NOAR, vol. 2; White, DGFA-1, 1476-78; White, DGFA-1 English, 309-10.

Pierre SURETTE 03 Feb 1765 Atk born & baptized Grand-Pré, 25 Sep 1736?; son of Joseph SURETTE & Marguerite THÉRIOT?; married Marie, daughter of probably Charles THIBODEAUX & Brigitte BREAUX, c1760 or 1761; arrived LA Feb 1765 with party from Halifax via St.-Domingue led by Joseph BROUSSARD dit Beausoleil; on list of Acadians who exchanged card money in New Orleans, Apr 1765, called Pierre SURET; died before Apr 1766, when his wife was listed in the Attakapas census, La Manque District, as a widow

Note: Pierre Surette (Joseph 2) and Marie Thibodeau (Charles.10) m 1761 from Grand-Pre settled and Saint-Martinville, Louisiana.


  1. The Wall of Names at the Acadian Memorial, compiled by the Wall of Names Committee; Jane G. Bulliard, Chair (Opelousas, LA: Bodemuller the Printer, 2015) p. 25
  2. Ensemble Encore, "Life Lines" (Acadian Memorial Foundation) Entry for Pierre Surette]
  3. Library and Archives Canada, Fonds de la paroisse catholique Saint-Charles-des-Mines (Grand-Pré, N.-É.) - 1869; Canadiana, Heritage, Parish registers: Nova Scotia : C-1869 (Image 381):

List of Acadian Families & Individuals at Halifax between 1759 & 1764 Appendix to "Acadians in Halifax and on Georges Island, 1755-1764" by Ronnie-Gilles LeBlanc English translation & glossary of place names by John Estano DeRoche

  • WikiTree profile Surette-33 created through the import of My Family Tree (7).ged on May 20, 2012 by Laurie Lamb. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Laurie and others.

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