||Canute (Svendsson) Sveynsson was a member of aristocracy in Europe.|
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Edmund II "Ironside"
|King of England
1016 - 1035
Harold I "Harefoot"
|King of Denmark:||1018-1035
|King of England:||1016-1035
|King of Norway:||1028-1035
|King in parts of Sweden:||1026-1030
|c.995:|| Born in Denmark.
|30 NOV 1016:||Accedes.
|1013:||Svend invades England.
|1015:||Knud invades England.
Knud defeats Edmund Ironside.
|1016-1035:||King of the English.
|1019:||King of Denmark
|1027:||Attends coronation of Conrad II in Rome.
|1028:||King of Norway
|1013:||Malcolm II King of Scotland submits to Knut.
|12 NOV 1035|| Dies in Shaftesbury, Dorset.
Buried at Winchester Cathedral.
King Canute the Great ca. 995 - 1035 King 1018 - 35
- The viking warrior who created a North Sea empire consisting of Britain, Denmark, Norway and a part of Sweden.
- Canute the Great was the son of Sweyn Forkbeard. His grandfather was Harald Bluetooth and his great-grandfather was Gorm the Old.
- In Knud's first years as the King of England a lot needed to be done. The country was divided into four earldoms after the old kingdoms. Canute kept Wessex; Torkild Høje (Thorkild the Tall) was given East Anglia; the Norwegian Erik Jarl – the powerful family of the Trøndejarls - was given Northumbria; and the British renegade, the ealderman Eadric Streona, who time after time had changed sides, was given Mercia. In year 1017 Canute had him killed, and ”rightly so,” a British source states. Other British magnates were also killed - among them Æthelred's (Ethelred's) son Eadwig from his first marriage - and some were banished. The same year Canute married Ethelred's widow, Emma, but her two sons stayed in Normandy. By this, relations were established with the old English royal house. They had two children – Hardeknud (Hardicanute) and Gundhild – even though he also had another woman, Elfgifu of Northampton – with whom he had two sons – Harald and Svend (Sweyn).
- The big army was still in Britain, but in year 1018 the situation was so stable that it could be dissolved after having paid a tax of a unprecedented size. 72000 pounds of silver not counting 10500 pounds from London alone. This was the famous Thinglid. But 40 vessels stayed with Canute. Canute, who might have been regarded as the viking conqueror by many people, based his power on loyal, well-equipped Scandinavian warriors who were under strict discipline.
- In his time Britain also got a new aristocracy who owed him a debt of gratitude for their prosperity. Men of many old families died in heroic fights fought since year 991; they were killed by the kings because of suspicion of betrayal or exile. Canute pursued the main structure in the British Royal power, but he had other men than Ethelred had, and in connection with these changes redistributions of land and changes in the government of the empire were made.
- In year 1018 King Harald II of Denmark died and in the winter 1019-1020 Canute went to Denmark to obtain power after his brother while the rule in Britain rested with Thorkild Høje (Thorkild the Tall). Canute sent a message to the British people from Denmark. It was probably meant to be an oral statement to the empire in which he gave an account of his results, and that he had protected Britain against threats from Denmark and he underlined his role as Christian King of Britain and his authority there. It appears that Thorkild Høje (Thorkild the Tall) later became Canute's representative in Denmark for the little Hardeknud. In the years from 1020 to 1028 Canute started laying claim to Norway and in year 1028 he conquered the country from Olav den Hellige (Olav the Holy). Soon after it was ruled by Ælfgifu and her son Svend (Sweyn). In year 1027 the Scottish King submitted and in the message to the British people which Canute had sent during his trip to Rome in year 1027 he called himself King of Britain.
- Denmark, Norway and a part of Sweden. In Rome he attended the coronation of the German Kaiser Konrad and he was highly honoured. He also entered into practical agreements to benefit the British people and Scandinavians and arranged a match with Konrad´s son Henrik (Henry) who later got Kaiser and his daughter Gundhild. They married in 1036, but she died a few years later.
- First and foremost Canute became British King. When problems arose he went to Scandinavia in order to interfere with new viking attacks against Britain. He created peace in the country which had been ravaged for many years, and there were no signs of internal revolts either. Creating peace costed him money to his thinglid, but it was probably considered to be more cheap and pleasant than plunder and payment of danegeld to ravaging enemies.
in Winchester - was portrayed in the memorial book of the church about year 1031.
- Canute attached great importance to the old British laws and he was a great benefactor of the church. In many respects he almost became British and with a lot of publicity he apologized for old viking sins. In order to retrieve the martyrdom in year 869 of King Edmund of East Anglia he built a large church to the convent in Bury St. Edmunds. For the murder of the Archbishop of Canterbury in year 1012 he let the corpse transfer from London to Canterbury with all due ceremony. In order to retrieve the bloody battle at Assandun in year 1016 he built a church on the battlefield. Many churches were given large gifts and the handing over of one of them – a golden altar cross to New Minster
This year King Knute took to the whole government of England, and divided it into four parts: Wessex for himself, East-Anglia for Thurkyll, Mercia for Edric, Northumbria for Eric. This year also was Alderman Edric slain at London, and Norman, son of Alderman Leofwin, and Ethelward, son of Ethelmar the Great, and Britric, son of Elfege of Devonshire. King Knute also banished Edwy etheling, whom he afterwards ordered to be slain, and Edwy, king of the churls; and before the calends of August the king gave an order to fetch him the widow of the other king, Ethelred, the daughter of Richard, to wife.
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On 23 Jul 2016 at 13:11 GMT RJ Horace wrote:
On 4 Dec 2013 at 04:22 GMT Sheri (Petersen) Sturm wrote:
On 11 Mar 2011 at 17:03 GMT Krissi (Hubbard) Love wrote:
Canute is 33 degrees from Sharon Caldwell, 29 degrees from Burl Ives and 22 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.