Pearl Sydenstricker Buck was an American writer and novelist. As the daughter of missionaries, Buck spent most of her life before 1934 in China.
On 13 May 1917, she married John Lossing Buck, a U.S. agricultural expert living in China. They had a daughter Carol and a son John who died young.
Her novel The Good Earth was the best-selling fiction book in the U.S. in 1931 and 1932 and won the Pulitzer Prize in 1932. In 1938, she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces."
In 1935 she divorced John Buck and married Richard J. Walsh, her publisher.
After her return to the United States in 1935, she continued her prolific writing career, and became a prominent advocate of the rights of women and minority groups, and wrote widely on Asian cultures.
Pearl S. Buck died of lung cancer on March 6, 1973, in Danby, Vermont, and was interred in Green Hills Farm in Perkasie, Pennsylvania. She designed her own tombstone. The grave marker is inscribed with Chinese characters representing the name Pearl Sydenstricker
Peter J. Conn. Pearl S. Buck: A Cultural Biography. Cambridge England ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996. ISBN 0521560802
Hilary Spurling, Burying the Bones: Pearl Buck in China (London: Profile, 2010) ISBN 9781861978288
Nora B. Stirling, Pearl Buck, a Woman in Conflict (Piscataway, NJ: New Century Publishers, 1983)
Elizabeth Johnston Lipscomb, Frances E. Webb and Peter J. Conn, eds., The Several Worlds of Pearl S. Buck: Essays Presented at a Centennial Symposium, Randolph-Macon Woman's College, March 26–28, 1992. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, Contributions in Women's Studies, 1994. ISBN 0313291527
Liao Kang. Pearl S. Buck: A Cultural Bridge across the Pacific. (Westport, CT, London: Greenwood, Contributions to the Study of World Literature 77, 1997). ISBN 0-313-30146-8.
Xi Lian. The Conversion of Missionaries: Liberalism in American Protestant Missions in China, 1907-1932. (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997). ISBN 027101606X
Mari Yoshihara. Embracing the East: White Women and American Orientalism. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003). ISBN 019514533X
Karen J. Leong. The China Mystique: Pearl S. Buck, Anna May Wong, Mayling Soong, and the Transformation of American Orientalism. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005). ISBN 0520244222
Theodore F. Harris ((in consultation with Pearl S. Buck), Pearl S. Buck: a Biography (John Day, June 1969. ISBN 978-0-381-98113-6 )
Theodore F. Harris ((in consultation with Pearl S. Buck), Pearl S. Buck; a biography. Volume two: Her philosophy as expressed in her letters (John Day, January 1971. ASIN B002BAA2PU )