||Zachary Taylor was the President of the United States.|
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James K. Polk
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||Zachary Taylor fought in the Mexican-American War.|
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|1758 Birth||1810 Marriage||1811 1st Child||War of 1812||1849 Elected President||1850 Death|
Descendant of Pilgrims Isaac Allerton and William Brewster.
Zachary Taylor (November 24, 1784 – July 9, 1850) was the 12th President of the United States (1849–1850) and an American military leader. Initially uninterested in politics, Taylor ran as a Whig in the 1848 presidential election, defeating Lewis Cass. He was a planter and slaveholder based in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
Taylor was born on a plantation in Orange County, Virginia, to a prominent family of planters of English ancestry. He was the third of five surviving sons in his family (a sixth died in infancy), and had three younger sisters. His mother was Sarah Dabney (Strother) Taylor. His father, Richard Taylor, had served as a lieutenant colonel in the American Revolution. Taylor was a descendant of Elder William Brewster, the Pilgrim colonist leader of the Plymouth Colony, a Mayflower immigrant, and one of the signers of the Mayflower Compact; and Isaac Allerton Jr., a colonial merchant and colonel who was the son of Mayflower Pilgrim Isaac Allerton and Fear Brewster. Taylor's second cousin through that line was James Madison , the fourth president.
Leaving exhausted lands, his family joined the westward migration out of Virginia and settled near what developed as Louisville, Kentucky on the Ohio River. Taylor grew up in a small woodland cabin before his family moved to a brick house with increased prosperity. The rapid growth of Louisville was a boon for Taylor's father, who would come to own 10,000 acres (40 km2) throughout Kentucky by the turn of the century; he held 26 slaves to cultivate the most developed portion of his holdings. There were no formal schools on the Kentucky frontier, and Taylor had a sporadic formal education. A schoolmaster recalled Taylor as a quick learner. His early letters show a weak grasp of spelling and grammar, and his handwriting would later be described as "that of a near illiterate".
Two years after being commissioned as a lieutenant in the United States Army, in May 1810 Taylor married Margaret Mackall Smith in Louisville. He purchased his first land that year in Jefferson County, Kentucky. He and Margaret had a total of six children (see below).
Margaret and their children sometimes accompanied Taylor to assignments at forts under his command. At other times, they lived on the plantation in Louisville. In the 1820s, following his purchases of land in Louisiana, the family moved to establish a new home in Baton Rouge. Through the years, Taylor speculated in land and bought many slaves to develop his properties; the Deep South was becoming the cotton kingdom.
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- Born: November 24, 1784, Barboursville, Virginia, USA.
- Died: July 9, 1850 (aged 65), Washington, D.C., U.S., Resting place Zachary Taylor National Cemetery, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.
- Spouse: Margaret Mackall Smith (September 21, 1788 – August 14, 1852)
- Name: Zachary Taylor
- Marriage Date: 1810
- Marriage Place: Jefferson, Kentucky
- Ann Margaret Mackall Taylor (1811-1875)
- Sarah Knox Taylor (1814–1835)
- Octavia Pannell Taylor (1816-1820)
- Margaret Smith Taylor (1819-1820)
- Mary Elizabeth Taylor (1824–1909)
- Richard Taylor (1826–1879)
- Later descendants: Richard Taylor's granddaughter, Anita Vincent Stauffer, married into the McIlhenny family of Avery Island, Louisiana, makers of Tabasco hot pepper sauce. John Taylor Wood's great-grandsons and other descendants have had active military and police roles in Canada.
- Religion: Episcopal
- 12th President of the United States (March 4, 1849 – July 9, 1850)
- Political party: Whig
- Profession: Major general
Known as "Old Rough and Ready," Taylor had a 40-year military career in the United States Army, serving in the War of 1812, the Black Hawk War, and the Second Seminole War. He achieved fame leading American troops to victory in the Battle of Palo Alto and the Battle of Monterrey during the Mexican–American War.
- Military service Allegiance United States
- Service/branch: United States Army (1808–1849)
- Highest Rank Achieved: Major general
- Commands Army of Occupation
- War of 1812
- Siege of Fort Harrison
- Black Hawk War
- Second Seminole War
- Battle of Lake Okeechobee
- Mexican–American War
- Battle of Palo Alto
- Battle of Resaca de la Palma
- Battle of Monterrey
- Battle of Buena Vista
Most Distant Known Ancestors
- (3rd Great grandparents of Zachary)
- Isaac Allerton (1585-1658) and
- Fear Brewster (1606-)
- (2nd Great grandparents)
- Isaac Allerton, Jr. (-1702) and
- Elizabeth Willoughby (1635-)
- (Great grandparents)
- Hancock Lee (1653-1729) and
- Sarah Allerton (1670-1731)
- Zachary Taylor (1707-bef.1768) and
- Elizabeth Lee (1707-c1750)
- (Parents of Zachary)
- Richard Lee Taylor (1744-1829) and
- Sarah Dabney Strother (1760-1822)
- Zachary Taylor (1784-1850)
- Taylor County in four US states - Florida, Georgia, Iowa and Kentucky - are named in President Taylor's honor.
- Zachary Taylor resting place on Wikipedia
- Zachary Taylor National Cemetery on WikiTree
- Zachary Taylor at Wikipedia
- WikiData: Q11896 Wikidata Information Reasonator enwiki Ancestors (about wikidata)
- ↑ we should work to show that relationship in WikiTree
- ↑ show relationship in WikiTree
- ↑ FindAGrave: Memorial ID: 1023: Zachary Taylor Gravestone
- ↑ "Kentucky Marriages, 1785-1979," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F43L-94T : accessed 10 Apr 2014), Zachary Taylor and Margaret Smith, 1810; citing Jefferson, Kentucky, reference bk 1 p 67; FHL microfilm 482706. Indexing Project (Batch) Number: M00574-7 System Origin: Kentucky-EASy GS Film number: 482706 Reference ID: bk 1 p 67
- Mayflower Families Vol. 17 p. 188
- Portrait & Bio. Album of Mahaska Co. IA (1887)
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On 26 Nov 2011 Robert Evans wrote:
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Zachary by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:
- Richard Taylor : Family Tree DNA Y-DNA Test 37 markers, haplogroup R-M269, Ysearch R6B6T, FTDNA kit #515736
- Jerry Banks : AncestryDNA, GEDMatch A900768, Ancestry member kraft49 + Family Tree DNA Family Finder, GEDMatch A900768, FTDNA kit #B6349
Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Family Tree DNA.
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On 17 Jun 2015 at 15:05 GMT Vicki Norman wrote:
Zachary is 17 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 11 degrees from Stephen Hopkins, 21 degrees from Ben Kingsley, 15 degrees from David Selman and 15 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II of the Commonwealth Realms on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.