Nathaniel Treadwell

Nathaniel Treadwell (1700 - 1777)

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Capt. Nathaniel Treadwell
Born in Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts Baymap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 29 May 1725 in Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts Baymap
Husband of — married after 28 Jul 1750 in Ipswich, Essex, Massachusettsmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts Baymap
Profile last modified 23 Jun 2019 | Created 30 May 2019
This page has been accessed 77 times.



Nathaniel was born in 1700. He was the son of Nathaniel Treadwell and Hannah Unknown. He passed away in 1777. He owned and operated an Inn in Ipswich, Massachusetts. John Adams was an occassional visitor to the Inn and the Treadwells are mentioned in his letters.

Nathaniel, and his wife, were the proprietors of the Inn in Ipswich. The lawyer, John Adams (future 2nd President of the United States) was a frequent guest at the Inn and mentioned it several times in his diaries.

Spouses & Children

  • Mercy Smith (1705–1748)
-Nathaniel Treadwell (1726–1726)
-Nathaniel Treadwell (1729–1730)
-Nathaniel Treadwell (1732–1747)
-Jacob Treadwell (1734–1814) m. (1) 11 Feb, 1762, Martha Rogers (1741-1780); m. (2) 2 Oct 1782, Elizabeth White (1755-1801)
-Hannah Treadwell (1738–)
-Mercy Treadwell (1741–bef 1771) m. aft 15 Apr 1763, Samuel Fellows (1736-1793)
-Aaron Treadwell (1743–1825) m. 1767, Elizabeth Appleton (1748-1827)
-Moses Treadwell (Lt.) (1746–1823) m. 13 Apr 1769, Susanna Cogswell (1749-1842)
  • Hannah Endicott (1703–1792)


Will of Nathaniel Treadwell, 8 Jul 1771, Ipswich, Essex Co., MA[1]

In the name of God Amen. I Nathaniel Treadwell of Ipswich in the County of Essex & Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, Gentleman, being thro' the goodness of God, of sound & disposing mind & memory have thought fit to make this my last Will and Testament, and having recommended my soul to the mercy of God thro' the merits of Jesus Christ for salvation, & my body to the dust in hope of a resurrection to immortality; do dispose of that temporal estate which God in his providence has given me in the following manner.
Imp: My will is that my just debts and funeral expenses be paid out of my personal estate by my executor herein after named as soon as convenient may be.
Item - I give to my dearly beloved wife Hannah Treadwell the use and improvement of the northeasterly end of my house which I now live in & the improvement of one half the cellar under sd house, and priviledge of using the kitchen & oven in sd house as she shall have occasion and the use of one half the barn near sd house during the term she shall remain my widow, and I will that my son Moses Treadwell provide for my said wife at her door six cord of good wood, sixteen bushels of corn, four bushels of malt, four bushels of rye, one hundred weight of beef, one hundred of pork yearly & every year during the term aforesaid, and further I give her two beds & two thirds of all my linen, all my plate & one hundred and forty pounds lawful money to be disposed of among my children as she shall think fit, and I will and order that my said son Moses provide for my sd wife two good cows and keep them for her summer & winter as long as she shall continue my widow & no longer.
Item - I give to my son Jacob Treadwell & to his heirs and assigns forever my tavern house & all my other buildings & land on that side of the way, and all my household goods in said house, and also a piece of land which I bought of the Rev. Mr. Danl Rogers by the town pound, and five acres of land in Manning's Neck which I bought of Mr. Burley, & all my salt marsh in sd Manning's Neck, and four old upland rights in Jeffries Neck (so called) and four acres of upland at Birch Island, & also the sum of three hundred & thirty pounds lawful money & one third part of my pew in the first parish meeting house.
Item- I give to my son Aaron Treadwell & to his heirs and assigns forever all that part of my farm both upland and marsh which he now improves with the dwelling house and barn thereon, & also one half of Grape Island and all the marsh adjoining which I own in Partnership with Charles Smith, & all my marsh which I own in partnership with said Smith which was purchased of Newmarch & Harris, and also half an old right at Bush Hill Pasture (so called) & three acres of wood land lying in Rowley Woods which I bought of Daniel Smith, & three acres of upland in Manning's Neck which I bought of Thomas Treadwell & Samuel Wainwright, & one third part of my pew in the first parish meeting house, and also one half of all my upland rights both old and new at Jeffries Neck (excepting four old upland rights which I have herein before given to my sd son Jacob.)
Item-I give to my son Moses Treadwell & to his heirs and assigns forever all that part of my farm both upland and marsh which he now improves with the dwelling house and barn thereon and three acres of land in Mannings Neck which I bought of Matthew Perkins & all my interest in Bartholomew Hill (so called) and an old marsh right at Barr Island which I bought of David Campenel & also three acres of wood land near Mr. John Fowler's & one third part of my pew in the first parish meeting house & one half of all my upland rights both old and new at Jeffries Neck (excepting four old upland rights which I have herein before given to my said son Jacob). And further I give my said son Moses Treadwell his heirs and assigns my house which I now live in with all the out houses and land adjoining (except the improvement of the northeasterly end of sd house, half the cellar & barn &c which I have herein before given to my sd wife) on condition that he provide for my sd wife yearly the several things which I have herein before ordered him to provide & deliver to her.
Item- I give to each of my two grand sons viz Nathaniel Treadwell Fellows & Samuel Fellows the sons of my daughter Mercy Fellows decd the sum of forty pounds lawful money to be paid page 3 to them by my executor herein after named when they shall respectively arrive at the age of twenty one years.
Item - I will that my wife enjoy the priviledge of sitting in my pew so long as she shall remain my widow, anything in this will to the contrary notwithstanding.
Item- All the remainder of my estate of what name nature or kind soever not disposed of in this my will, I give to my two sons Aaron & Moses to be equally diivided between them'
Lastly I do hereby nominate, constitute and ordain my beloved wife Hannah Treadwell and my son Jacob Treadwell joint executors of this my last will and testament, hereby revoking and disannulling all other and former wills and testaments, in confirmation whereof, I do hereunto set my hand & seal & do publish, pronounce and declare this to be my last will and testament this eighth day of July in the eleventh year of his majesty's reign Annoque Domini 1771
The words "all" & "both upland & marsh" interlioned before signing and sealing.
-Nathl Treadwell
Signed, sealed, published & declared by the sd. Nathaniel Treadwell his last will and testament in presence of us who subscribed our names as witnesses in the same his presence & in the presence of each other
William Dennis, William Wade Daniel Noyes
Accepted for probate 28 Mar 1777


-At the first meeting of the Feoffees under the charter of the Ipswich Grammar School dated April 23, 1756, present were Hon. Thomas Berry, Daniel Appelton, Samuel Rogers, Esquires: Capt. Nathaniel Treadwell and Mr Daniel Sanford. The last two were selectman for the town.

Diaries of John Adams:“
June 19, 1770, Tuesday morning: “Rambled with Kent ’round Landlord Treadwell’s pastures to see how our horses fared. We found them in the grass up to their eyes–excellent pastures. This hill, on which stands the meeting-house and courthouse, is a fine elevation, and we have here a fine air and the pleasant prospect of the winding river at the foot of the hill.” He “drank balm tea at Treadwell’s” on June 21.
June 22, 1771, Saturday: “Spent this week at Ipswich, in the usual labors and drudgery of attendance upon court. Boarded at Treadwell’s; have had no time to write. Landlord and landlady are some of the grandest people alive; landlady is the great-granddaughter of Governor Endicott, and has all the great notions of high family that you find in Winslows, Hutchinsons, Quincys, Saltonstalls, Chandlers, Leonards, Otises and as you might find with more propriety in the Winthrops. Yet she is cautious and modest about discovering it. She is a new light; continually canting and whining in a religious strain. The Governor was uncommonly strict and devout, eminently so in his day; and his great, great-granddaughter hopes to keep up the honor of the family in hers, and distinguish herself among her contemporaries as much. Thus for landlady...
As to landlord, he is as happy, and as big, as proud, as conceited as any nobleman in England; always calm and good-natured and lazy ; but the contemplation of his farm and his sons and his house and pastures and cows, his sound judgment, as he thinks, and his great holiness, as well as that of his wife, keep him as erect in his thoughts as a noble or a prince. Indeed, the more I consider of mankind, the more I see that every man seriously and in his conscience believes himself the wisest, brightest, best, happiest, etc of all mankind. I went this evening, spent an hour and took a pipe with Judge Trowbridge at his lodgings.”
Tuesday March 29, 1774: “Put up at the old place, Treadwell’s. The old lady has got a new copy of her great-grandfather, Governor Endicott’s picture hung up in the house. The old gentleman is afraid they will repeal the excise upon tea, and then that we shall have it plenty; wishes they would double the duty, and then we should never have any more.”

Erected in Memory
who was born Sept 10th 1700
and having acquired & ƒupported
the Character of a prudent
upright & ƒerious Chriƒtian
died Febr ye 1, 1777 Aged 77 Years

Nor wealth, nor Friends, nor Piety can ƒave
One mortal from the all devouring Grave.
Yet Faith & hope in Chriƒt who roƒe, may ƒing,
Grave! where thy Conqueƒt! where O death thy Sting

-"Thomas Treadwell of Ipswich, Mass and Some of His Descendants" by William A. Robbins (1906), pgs 10[2]

Nathaniel Treadwell, born in Ipswich, Mass., 10 Sept., 1700 to Nathaniel & Hannah Treadwell, died in Ipswich, 31 Jan., or 1 Feb., 1777, married first (intention published in Ipswich, 29 May, 1725), Mercy, born 11 April, 1705, died in Ipswich, 1 Jan., 1747-8, daughter of john and Mercy (Adams) Smith; and married second (intention published in Ipswich, 28 July, 1750). Hannah, who died in Ipswich, 6 July, 1792, aged 87 years, probably daughter of Zerubbabel and Mary Endicott. Nathaniel probably intended to marry (intention published in Ipswich, 17 Apr., 1725) Margaret, probably the daughter of Jeremiah and Susanna Dow, who was born in Ipswich 4 Dec., 1707. He was a captain in the militia, and styled "gentleman," but familiarly known as "Landlord Treadwell" through keeping the inn at Ipswich. His wife Hannah was known as "Landlady Treadwell."
i. NATHANIEL,5 bapt. in Ipswich, 26 June, 1726; d. in Ipswich, 2 July, 1726.
ii. NATHANIEL, bapt. in Ipswich, 14 Sept., 1729; d. in Ipswich, 25 Apr., 1730.
iii. NATHANIEL, bapt. in Ipswich, 27 Aug., 1732; d. probably, Aug., 1747.
26. iv. JACOB.
v. HANNAH, bapt. in Ipswich, 21 May, 1738.
vi. MERCY, bapt. in Ipswich, 25 Apr., 1741; m. (int. published in Ipswich, 15 Apr., 1763) Samuel Fellows of Gloucester, Mass. Children: 1. Nathaniel Treadwell. 2. Samuel.
27. vii. AARON.
28.viii. MOSES.

-See "Historic Ipswich" article "12 North Main Street, Treadwell’s Inn (1737)". Includes entries from John Adam's Diaries abt visiting the Treadwells in Ipswich.


  1. Will of Nathaniel Treadwell, 8 Jul 1771, Ipswich, Essex Co., MA: Massachusetts, Wills and Probate Records, 1635-1991, Essex - Probate Records, Roll:Treadwell, J-Treadwell, N, 1828-1991. Published at Treadwell Estate Records are out of order on the film. Patched together and transcribed by Tim Treadwell, June 2019: Page 1(img 118 of 211), Page 2 (img 157 of 211), Page 3 (img 177 of 211)
  2. Robbins, William A., LL.B, "Thomas Treadwell of Ipswich, Mass., and Some of His Descendants, Press of David Clapp & Son, Boston, Mass., 1906. Available online at, ""

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