Richard Treat Esq.
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Richard Treat Esq. (1584 - aft. 1669)

Capt. Richard Treat Esq. aka Trott, Treet
Born in Pitminster, Somerset, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 27 Apr 1615 in Pitminster, Somersetmap
Descendants descendants
Died after after age 85 in Wethersfield, Hartford, Connecticut Colonymap
Profile last modified | Created 14 Sep 2010
This page has been accessed 19,018 times.
The Puritan Great Migration.
Richard Treat Esq. migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1621-1640).
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Richard Treat Esq., son of Robert, was baptized on August 28, 1584,[1] in Pitminster, Somerset, England.[2] His parents were Robert (Trott) Treat (1540 -1599) and Honoria (Yumbert) Trott (1536 - 1627).

Richard married Alice Gaylord (1594 -1669) on April 27, 1615[3] in Pitminster, England.

Their children were...

  1. Honor (Treat) Deming (1616 - 1705)
  2. Johanna (Treat) Hollister (1618 - 1694)
  3. Rebecca (Treat) Smith (1620 - )
  4. Matthias Treat (1620 - 1662)[4]
  5. Sarah (Treat) Camfield (1620 - 1673)
  6. Maj. Richard Treat Jr (1623 -1693)
  7. Gov Robert Treat (1625 - 1710)
  8. Elizabeth (Treat) Wolcott (1627 - 1662)
  9. Susannah (Treat) Webster (1629 -1705)[5]
  10. Alice Treat (1631 - 1633)
  11. Lieut. James Treat (1634 - 1709)
  12. Katharine (Treat) Thompson (1637 -1690).

Richard died on October 11, 1669 in Wethersfield, Hartford County, Connecticut aged 85.

English years

His name was Trott when baptized, Trett when he married Alice and was Treat when he died.[2][6] Trott was also spelled Trotte in old Somerset records. [7] Richard probably was a member of the Anglican Church in Somerset, England but this is conjecture. Richard Treat, Esq., the immigrant ancestor of the Treat Family of Wethersfield, Hartford County, Connecticut, was born about 1584, as he was baptized on 28 August, 1584 in Pitminster, Somersetshire, England.[2]Alternate date is 27 August 1584 Pitminster, Somersetshire, England[8].

Richard Treat apparently owned quite a bit of property. On March 4, 1600, he inherited land and a "cottage with its appurtenances" from his father in the Tything of South Trendle, Somersetshire, England on the condition that his mother Honora could possess and use it during her widowhood.[9]. Dated 13 March, 1599/1600 Poundisford Richard Trotte for 1 messuage and half a virgate of bondland,..4 acres of overland..formally of Hugh Holwell..[10]. Also, 4 acres of overland called Stonydown[11]2 cottages with curtilages[12]

30-31 March, 1614 Richard pledges (attests?) to property Christopher Tratt (3 acres) received from late of Robert Tratt, by grant of John Tratt, his father, on condition that the said Christopher fulfill the will of the said John Tratt[13]. Note: Walter Harrington Christopher is Richard Treat's most probably his nephew by brother John (Trott) Treat. Richard married Alice Gaylord on 27 April 1615 in Pitminster, at St. Andrew & St. Mary Church. [2][14] She was the daughter of Hugh Gaylord. She was baptized at Pitminster May 10, 1594 and was living when Richard wrote his will at Wethersfield, Hartford County, Connecticut. Richard and Alice had 10 children. All were baptized at St. Andrew & St. Mary Church in Pitminster, Somerset , England.[2] 27 March, 1618 Richard has property in Poundisford by grant[15]. And on 11 Sept., 1618 has lease of property for 10 years from Henry Wood[16].

19 Mar 1629/30 Richard Tratt in Poundisford enrollment George Mortimer and wife Katherine release and quit claim land[17].

Note: Walter Harrington Some feudal land tenure terms: LAND (old acres; 4 old = 1 modern): hide/carucate (120), virgate (30), ferling (7.5), dayne (?), curtilage (house yard). MESSUAGE: dwelling house with outbuildings and associated land. HERIOT: death duty a tenant paid to the lord of a manor; often in currency of valuable livestock. BONDLAND: manor land which commonly had ancient dwelling tenements and was held by a customary fine and rent with the payment of heriots and performance of other customary services. OVERLAND: manor land that typically had no dwelling places, and though held by a customary fine and rent, tenants paid no heriots or performed other customary services.[18].

Early Colonial years

Richard and his wife Alice with their nine surviving children migrated to Dorchester, Massachusetts Bay Colony from Pitminster, England in 1637.[19] A daughter Alice, age three, had died in Pitminster.[20]

Shortly afterwards, they migrated to Wethersfield, in the Colony of Connecticut in the same year. He was one of the first settlers there and was an extensive landowner in the town (over 900 acres). Richard's land holdings were first recorded at Wethersfield, Connecticut on 6 Sep 1641 when his purchase of John Whitmore's house, barn and 12-1/2 acres of land was recorded. He became an extensive land holder, buying 8 other tracts of land from Whitmore.[21][22]

In November of the same year he bought more than 400 acres from Thurston Raynor; in 1643, 200 acres and received various grants of land from the town.[22]

Government Service

He represented Wethersfield in the Colony of Connecticut's first general legislature in 1637. About 1639 Mr. Treat moved to Milford, Conn., where he established one of his sons in business, and then returned to Wethersfield.[23] Sept 29,1642. Richard was one of two men appointed by the General Court to regulate the slaughter of calves.[24]

"That the country may be better enabled to kill yearely some Beves for supply of Leather, It is Ordered, that no Calves shall be killed within these Plantations, wthout the approbation of two men wthin ech Twone, by the court to be appointed for that searvice, uppon forfeture of ten shillings to the Conntry." In December 1642 the general court appointed Richard Treat, in connection with Governor George Wyllys, Messrs. Haines, Hopkins, Whiting, and others, to collect revenue to build ship then superintend its construction.[25] In the list of Freeman (Colonial) of Wethersfield for 1659, only three besides Richard Treat, Sr. are styled Mr. and he bore that title as early as 1642, and perhaps earlier. Mr.Treat must have been a man of high social standing and of much influence in the town of Wethersfield, and in the colony of Connecticut.[25] Richard Treat was appointed as a juror to Court on 15 June 1643 [25] He was chosen a juror of the Connecticut Court June 1643 and as Grand Juror on 15 November 1643 both in Wethersfield, Hartford, Connecticut.[24] He was chosen as deputy in 1644 and annually for 14 years up to 1658 in Wethersfield, Hartford, Connecticut.[25][24]

On Octtober 25, 1644, he and Mr. Wells were the revenue collectors of the Fenwick tax, a fund for the support of students in the college at Cambridge[26]

In 1654, he was on a committee to lay out lands granted by the town and in 1660 he was elected a townsman, an office answering to the present selectmen.[25] From 1658 to 1665 he was elected assistant magistrate of the colony eight times.[26]

He was named in the royal charter of Charles II as one of the original patentees of the Charter of the Colony of Connecticut.[27]

Richard was a member of Gov. Winthrop's Council in 1663 and 1664.[25]

Death and Burial

Richard Treat died testate at Wethersfield, Hartford County, Connecticut between February 13, 1668/9, the date of his will, and March 3, 1669/70 when his will was proved. Richard was alive on 11 October 1669. [9]. He most likely died on February 14, 1668/69, the day after he wrote his will, but no document exists that confirms that claim. Burial is generally believed to be at Wethersfield, Hartford Co., CT in 1669 or 1670.

Summary of Will

Richard Treat, sen. Wethersfield. Invt. £69-10-08. Taken by John Deming, Robert Webster, and John Nott. Will dated 13 February 1668. my wife Alis Treat,.. all the lands , I stand possessed of, within ye bounds of Wethersfield, and five acres of land lying in the dry swamp, .., next my son James, his land...One piece of meddow lying in the great meddow..the one halfe or eight acres next home of that peece of meddow, .. The home lotte by the plaine land site..Ye dwelling howse that I formerly lived in with Convenient yeard room, and that end of ye barn .. with one halfe of that lotte belonging to ye said dwelling house, lyeing next his son Richard's howse & lotte, except my wife and son James shall agree .. All my pasture land fenced in, beyond my Daughter Hollisters lotte..The use of two of my best Cowes.. continue & Stand longer than my loving wife liveth, they shall be my eldest sone Richard Treats..I give to my wife the ..bed, bedding, bedsted, with all the furniture thereto belonging, with the use of so much of the household goods during her life time as shee shall judge needfull .. my eldest son Richard Treat..farme of Mayog, with a..three of my youngest my second son, Robert Treat, ten pound... to my youngest son, James Treat,besides the lands already made over to him, my Mill & grinding stone fann, Timber chaine Stilyeards and my little bible.

.. to my sonn-in-law Matthew Camfield, twentie pounds .. to my daughter Holliste, fortie shillings.. to my daughter Johnson, ten shillings. .. to my loving sons, John Demon and Robert Webster,equally, ..the rest of my goods and Chattels .., except Mr. Perkins book, wch I give to my son John Demon, and my great bible to my daughter Honour Demon, And that money in my cousen Samuel Wells[husband of granddaughter] his hand,unto my cousen [grandson] David Deming, son of John Demon, senir. .. my son-in-law, John Demon, Robert Webster and Richard Treat would b.. helpfullness to my wife & endeavour ..last Will & Testament. And for the Ratification hereof I have this 13th day of ffebruary, 1668, set to my Hand & Seal. Richard Treat, Senior 3 March 1669/70. Will endorsed & Exhibited in Court, and, with the Invt. approved. [6]

A brass tablet in the Church of St. Andrew & St. Mary at Pitminster reads as follows: "In memory of Richard Treat, alias Trott, baptized in this church Aug. 28, 1584, who emigrated to New England with his family in 1637 and was created one of the Patentees of the Charter of Connecticut by King Charles II 1662. His son Robert Treat was baptized Feb'y 25, 1624, and was Deputy Governor and Governor of the Colony for 30 yrs. This Brass was erected in 1902 by their descendant, John Harvey Treat of America.

Children bpt. in Pitminster, England

  1. Honor bpt 19 Mar 1615/6
  2. Joanna bpt 24 May 1618
  3. Sarah bpt 3 Dec 1620
  4. Richard bpt 9 Jan 1622/3
  5. Robert bpt 25 Feb 1624/5
  6. Elizabeth bpt 25 July 1627
  7. Susanna bpt 8 Oct 1629
  8. Alice bpt 16 Feb 1631/2; bur. Pitminster 2 Aug 1633.
  9. James bpt 20 July 1634
  10. Katharine bpt 29 Jun 1637.

Disputed Children

Matthias Treat has been listed as his son and Rebecca Treat Smith as his daughter. Records indicate that he had only 10 children, as listed above, of which only 9 survived to come to America. All documents and books accessed show that while Matthias Treat is indeed related to Richard Treat, all say he was either a nephew or some other relative[4] Rebecca Treat Smith apparently was married to Richard Smith and Richard was brother in law to Matthias, either through his wife or a sister. At this time, there is no known record of Rebecca Treat being a daughter of Richard Treat, Esq.


The Hollister Family in America (Lafayette Wallace Case, 1886, p. 24) erroneously claimed that Richard Treat had a first wife named Joanna: "Lieut. John Hollister married Joanna, daughter of Hon. Richard Treat, Sr., and his first wife Joanna." Joanna (Treat) Hollister, the second child of the family, was baptized three years after the marriage of Richard Treat and Alice Gaylord. Further, the first bequest in Richard Treat's will states: "I give & bequeath to my loving wife Alis Treat after my decease..." Thus, there is no factual support for Richard Treat having had a first wife named Joanna or that Alice Gaylord was not the mother of all of Richard Treat's known children.


  1. Somerset : Pitminster : St Mary and Andrew : Register of unspecified type : "Parish Register" database, FreeREG ( : viewed 9 Dec 2022) baptism Richard Trott 28 Aug 1584
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Treat, John Harvey. The Treat Family, Original Publisher: The Salem Press Publishing & Printing Company, 1893 page 9
  3. Somerset : Pitminster : St Mary and Andrew : Register of unspecified type : "Parish Register" database, FreeREG ( : viewed 18 Dec 2022) marriage Richard Trott to Alice Gaylard 27 Apr 1615
  4. 4.0 4.1 Jacobus, Donald Lines and Edgar Francis Waterman. Hale, House and Related Families Mainly of the Connecticut River Valley. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1978.) p. 769
  5. Webster, William Holcomb & Webster, Melville Reuben, "History and genealogy of the Gov. John Webster family of Connecticut," page 179. Rochester, New York 1915 digital images: ( : Accessed 21 May 2021)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Manwaring, Charles William. A Digest of the Early Connecticut Probate Records Author:Original Publisher: R. S. Peck & Co., Hartford CT 1904 p. 245. citing Court Record, Page 97 verbatim from Connecticut probate records.
  7. Goodrich Family Association Newletter Author: Steve Goodrich. Accessed 22 Feb., 2020 p 35-39 "by 1604 we start seeing Tratt"
  8. New Ancestral Discoveries Volume 27, part 3 from research by Robin Cook deputy county archivist of Somerset Record Office. Page 72. Accessed 22 Feb., 2020 page: 72 Text: Richard Trott son of Robert Trott 27 Aug., 1584
  9. 9.0 9.1 Treat Family p. 26.
  10. New Ancestral Discoveries Volume 27 part 3 from research by Robin Cook deputy county archivist of Somerset Record Office. Page 68 Accessed 21 Feb., 2020 Text: refers 14 Eliz. fine 107s, heriot 1 cow, price 153s 4d.
  11. Goodrich Family Association Newletter Author: Steve Goodrich Accessed 22 Feb., 2020 Text: p.38 "next the way part of lez pits to water his beasts, in the tithing of South Trendle, formerly of Agnes Herring, by grant of Robert Trotte, his father, refers 26 Eliz. fine 5s, 10d"
  12. Goodrich Family Association Newletter Author: Steve Goodrich. Accessed 22 Feb., 2020 Text: containing (?) daynes, in the tithing of South Trendle, late of Richard Aplyn, by grant of Robert Trotte, refers 26 Eliz. fine 2s
  13. New Ancestral Discoveries Volume 27 part 3 from research by Robin Cook deputy county archivist of Somerset Record Office page 39 Accessed 22 Feb., 2020
  14. Adams, Charles Collard. Middletown Upper Houses Original Publisher: Grafton Press, New York, 1908 p. 703
  15. Goodrich Family Association Newletter Author: Steve Goodrich page: 39 Accessed 22 Feb., 2020 Text: for 1 messuage and 1 ferling of bondland in the tithing of Duddlestone, formerly of Henry Wood and late of Johanna Wood, by grant of Henry Wood. Refers 12 James, fine 20s (DD/SP 92) James 12 means King James I Mar 25, 1615 to Mar 24, 1616
  16. Goodrich Family Association Newletter Author: Steve Goodrich page: 39 Accessed 22 Feb., 2020 Text: for license to demise at farm and dwell away from 1 messuage and 1 ferling of bondland in the tithing of Duddlestone, formerly of Henry Wood, from the feast of St. Michael the Archangel 29 Sep 1618 for the term of 10 years
  17. Goodrich Family Association Newletter Author: Steve Goodrich page: 39 Accessed 22 Feb., 2020 Text: Poundisford, Richard Tratt for enrollment that George Mortimer and Katherine his wife released and quit-claimed to Richard 1 messuage and 1 ferling of bondland, 4 acres of overland in Smallcroft, and 2 acres of overland in Stonydown in the tithing of South Trendle, late of George White Refers 42 Elizabeth, fine 3s, 4d (DD/SP 94)
  18. Goodrich Family Association Newletter Author: Steve Goodrich Accessed 22 Feb., 2020 page 34 referenced Rural Northamptonshire Under the Commonwealth, by Reginald Lennard (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1916), 70
  19. Immigrant Ancestors A List, page 67.
  20. U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index,1500s-1900s, VIRKUS, FREDERICK A., editor. Immigrant Ancestors: A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co.1964 Passenger emigration record: Name Richard Treat Arrival Year 1635 Arrival Place Watertown, Massachusetts Primary Immigrant Treat
  21. Glastenbury for Two Hundred Years : a centennial discourse, May 18th 1853. Author: Alonzo B. Chapin Original Publisher: Press of Chase, Tiffany and Co., Hartford, CT 1853 Publisher: Haithi Trust digital library p. 177 This lot, 9 rods wide, containing 54 acres... John Whitmore...sold to Richard Treat in1641.
  22. 22.0 22.1 Treat Family, p. 29.
  23. Treat Family pp 21,22
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 Trumbull, J. Hammond. (transcriber). The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut Prior to the Union with New Haven Colony May 1665. (Hartford: Brown and Parsons, 1850.) AKA Colonial Records of Connecticut. Volume I. 1636-1665 Google Books pp (88, 93 juryman), (103 and others Deputy); (calves p. 75);
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 25.4 25.5 Treat Family p 28.
  26. 26.0 26.1 Hollister, Gideon Hiram. "The History of Connecticut, From the First Settlement of the Colony" (1858) p. 523
  27. Hollister, Gideon Hiram, The History of Connecticut from the First Settlement of the Colony, p. 209. digital images: Googlebooks ( p. 209 : Accessed 20 May 2021)
  • Anderson, Robert Charles, "New England, The Great Migration and The Great Migration Begins, 1620-1635," Vol. 2, G-O, page 743, William Gaylord's profile: Richard Treat married in England in 1615 Alice Gaylord, daughter of Hugh Gaylord; Vol. 3, P-W, page 2051, Richard Treat is named as the possible father of Elizabeth, wife of George Wolcott; Vol. 4, I-L, page 58, Nicholas Jennings' profile: Joseph Gennings an apprentice to Mr. Richard Treat, Sr. - Dec 7th 61 (1661) : Accessed 21 May 2021
  • Stearns, Ezra S. Genealogical and Family History of the State of New Hampshire. Volume 2. (Lewis Publishing Company, 1908) Page 971.
  • Trumbull, Benjamin. "A Complete History of Connecticut: Civil and Ecclesiastical, from the Emigration of Its First Planters, from England, in the Year 1630, to the Year 1764; and to the Close of the Indian Wars," Volume 1. pages 259, 261. New Haven, CT digital images: ( : Accessed 21 May 2021)

See also:

  • Richard Treat (or Trott) (1584-1669). Wikipedia. Note 2. Accessed December 19, 2015 at 7:14 PM.
  • Mayflower Families through Five Generations, Vol. 2
  • Somerset & Dorset Family History Society, England
  • Somerset Marriages (pre-1754) Transcription Publisher:

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Comments: 28

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Treat-493 and Treat-10 appear to represent the same person because: Same person despite small differences.
posted by Anne B
So we’re using numerical citations again?
posted by Ellen Gustafson
Neither in PGM nor Wikitree-wide have citations changed, Ellen. The help pages remain the same.

These appear to be ones that need to be fixed, probably from a ged-com upload.

I’m about finished with this profile. I hope I got all the inline citations right, I’m not used to having them back to back. And I’m sure there’s a couple of things more that might be deleted if anyone wants to.
posted by Ellen Gustafson
Ok, sure, should be done by tonight.
posted by Ellen Gustafson
hey there, Ellen. will you please comment here when you're redo of this bio is completed? Thanks.
Lois, Page xii of the introduction, same book, fourth paragraph names Treat as one of a few who stayed in Wethersfield in 1641 after the group had a bad time with the Indians. So I’m assuming he must have been in Wethersfield by 1640, and before that in Massachusetts. But still no proof.
posted by Ellen Gustafson
posted by Ellen Gustafson
Yes, I saw those as well, Ellen, but there are no images and no actual indexes with ship names to view and no real source citation for the lists other than "passenger lists" which isn't helpful or verifiable.
posted by Deb (Lewis) Durham
FWIW, I found 3 more passenger lists on, all say 1637 but no ship is mentioned.
posted by Ellen Gustafson
From Savage's Gen Dict. RICHARD, Wethersfield, is one of the very few early settlers whom we can find no trace of in Mass. where he may have been a servant or apprentice yet it is said that he was a rep. in the first Gen. Ct. 1637, tho. that is

not prob. for in Trumbull's Col. rec. I find not his name in that relationship.

posted by Anne B
Thanks, Cheryl, I was trying to get back to do more digging but that’s not happening tonight I’m afraid. If no one finds anything more definitive. I’ll try again tomorrow.
posted by Deb (Lewis) Durham

This week's featured connections are from the War of the Roses: Richard is 15 degrees from Margaret England, 13 degrees from Edmund Beaufort, 12 degrees from Margaret Stanley, 12 degrees from John Butler, 14 degrees from Henry VI of England, 14 degrees from Louis XI de France, 14 degrees from Isabel of Clarence, 13 degrees from Edward IV of York, 14 degrees from Thomas Fitzgerald, 14 degrees from Richard III of England, 12 degrees from Henry Stafford and 12 degrees from Perkin Warbeck on our single family tree. Login to see how you relate to 33 million family members.