Elizabeth I (Tudor) of England

Elizabeth (Tudor) of England (1533 - 1603)

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Elizabeth (Elizabeth I) "Queen of England" of England formerly Tudor
Born in Greenwich, London, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Died in Richmond, Surrey, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 3 Aug 2008 | Last significant change: 17 Nov 2018
16:24: RJ Horace edited the Biography for Elizabeth (Tudor) of England (1533-1603). [Thank RJ for this]
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Categories: Royalty | Westminster Abbey | 16th Century | This Day In History March 24 | This Day In History September 07 | House of Tudor.

British Aristocracy
Elizabeth I (Tudor) of England was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Preceded by
Mary I and Philip
Queen of England and Ireland
17 Nov 1558 - 24 Mar 1603
Succeeded by
James I

The House of Tudor crest.
Elizabeth I (Tudor) of England is a member of the House of Tudor.

Contents

Biography

Elizabeth I, Queen of England (1558-1603)

Known as ‘Gloriana’, the first Queen Elizabeth (Elizabeth I) is remembered as one of England’s most influential monarchs. A descendant of the Tudor line, Elizabeth’s 45-year reign was colorized by great successes and a jubilant Elizabethan Age. But unlike previous sovereigns, receipt of the crown would not come as a simple birthright for Elizabeth.

Early Life

The daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, Elizabeth’s childhood was marred with uncertainty. When Elizabeth’s mother failed to give King Henry a son, she was executed on charges of adultery. Viewed as an illegitimate child, Elizabeth’s succession seemed ill-fated. Behind her half-sister, Mary, and upon the birth of her half-brother, Edward, in 1537, Elizabeth stood third in line for the crown. Despite these tribulations Elizabeth received an excellent education and inherited a prudent morale character from her parents. These favorable attributes would later serve Elizabeth well.

Reign

When Elizabeth finally ascended the throne in 1558 at just 25, England was a country in turmoil; torn apart by bitter religious conflict and mounting political tension. Gender aside, countrymen had little confidence that Elizabeth could provide the solid foundation and leadership that England so desperately needed. She would quickly prove otherwise. By gaining the support of her male constituents and leveraging the Tudor concept of firm rule, Elizabeth I was triumphant in preventing the outbreak of civil and religious war within the boundaries of England.

Elizabeth’s shrewd political tactics helped propel England into a prominent position of European power and greatly expanded the kingdom’s reach in the New World with the exploratory voyages of Sir Francis Drake and Walter Raleigh. The Elizabethan Age was also a peak in English Renaissance. Amid expressive art and poetry, literature blossomed with the fanciful works of William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe and Edmund Spencer. Elizabeth inspired an exuberant national spirit.

Religion

Not everyone favored Elizabeth's policy to restore the Protestant faith in England. Plots to depose her, and return the country to Catholicism cropped up time and again, but they ultimately failed. And along the way, Elizabeth I ended up executing more Catholics, than her sister Mary I, killed Protestants. [1]

Elizabeth's cousin, Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots -- devout Catholic and likely successor -- was at the heart of Catholic rebellion. So, Elizabeth imprisoned her for 19 years, then ordered her trial and execution ... after another treasonous affair came to light.

In 1587, Stuart was executed with an axe. But the execution of a Catholic princess by a Protestant queen enraged many of the "Pope's faithful", including Mary I's widower, Philip II of Spain. Relations between England and Spain were already strained. Yet, Elizabeth's covert privateers raided rich Spanish vessels and ports, while her soldiers supported Protestant Dutchmen rebelling against Catholic Spanish rule.

Encouraged by the Pope, Philip II in 1588 sent his Spanish Armada to raid England. It was during this famous segment of the Anglo-Spanish War (1585-1604) that Elizabeth stirringly addressed her troops:

"I may have the body of a weak and feeble woman,
but I have the heart and stomach of a king,
and a king of England, too!"

It was a close battle, but Elizabeth won and England remained under Protestant rule.

Spinster

Although she received many proposals and had many potential suitors, Elizabeth chose to never marry or have children. Elizabeth died in 1603, bringing an end to the remarkable Tudor dynasty. (The Catholic James I, son of Mary Stuart, was Elizabeth's royal successor.) Although her death would mark the passing of a glorious era, the legacy of Queen Elizabeth I would forever live on.

Sources

  1. Stark, R. (2015). For the Glory of God: How Monotheism Led to Reformations, Science, Witch-Hunts, and the End of Slavery, (pp. 91-91). Princeton University Press. Google Books.

Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade

  • Bartels, E.C. (2006). Too many blackamoors: Deportation, discrimination, and Elizabeth I. Sel, 4(6), pp.305-322. [Project Muse]. PDF
  • ‘Caspar van Senden, Sir Thomas Sherley and the ‘Blackamoor’ Project’, Historical Research, vol. 81, no. 212 (May 2008), pp. 366-371. PDF.
  • Royal Ancestry D. Richardson 2013 Vol. V pp. 215.
  • Encyclopedia Britannica 11th edition (1911), Vol. 9, p. 282, Elizabeth.


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Memories: 5

On 25 Mar 2014 Maryann (Thompson) Hurt wrote:

We have this remarkable woman to thank for the improvements to record-keeping in the 1580s which allow us today to successfully track our family trees. "It may further be stated that, up to the reign of Queen Elizabeth (i 558-1603), no records of a reliable nature were kept in the English Parishes, of births, deaths and arriages ; but, about 1580, the Queen decreed that thereafter all such records should be kept in an orderly manner." "THE DRAPERS IN AMERICA, BEING A HISTORY AND GENEALOGY OF THOSE OF THAT NAME AND CONNECTION." by THOMAS WALN-MORGAN DRAPER, C.E.; M. E. page 3


On 14 Apr 2011 Aitka Razzaq wrote:

The calendar page on which the wheeled plough was sketched represented an equally developed and practical technology — the measuring of time. Today we take calendars for granted. Garages hand them out for nothing at Christmas. But the challenge of how to formulate a working system of dates had consumed the energies of the brightest minds for centuries, with every culture and religion devising its own system of reckoning, and in Christendom confusion centred particularly on the timing of the Church's most important festival — Easter


On 15 Nov 2008 Crystal McCann wrote:

While the Golden Age lacked a foremost scientific mind, much progress was made in astronomy and mathematics with the contributions of Thomas Digges and Thomas Harriot, who was attributed to the theory of retraction. The first spring-supported coach was also developed, specifically for Queen Elizabeth I, by Guilliam Boonen.


On 15 Nov 2008 Crystal McCann wrote:

Throughout Elizabeth’s reign, London was the epicenter of England, home to history’s greatest poets, dramatists and literary geniuses including Christopher Marlowe, Edmund Spenser and William Shakespeare. Plays, once performed in the courtyard of taverns, were now presented in magnificent theaters. At the London Theatre, the guest of honor at the first performance of Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream was no other than Queen Elizabeth herself.


On 3 Aug 2008 Crystal McCann wrote:

"Be ye well assured I will stand your good Queen," Elizabeth spoke with elegance. It was a coronation pledge that would stand as a testament to Queen Elizabeth’s celebrated reign.



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    No known carriers of Elizabeth I's ancestors' mitochondrial DNA have taken an mtDNA test.

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    Images: 14
    Elizabeth I - the 'Darnley Portrait' (unknown)
    Elizabeth I - the 'Darnley Portrait' (unknown)

    Elizabeth I - Older (Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger)
    Elizabeth I - Older (Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger)

    Elizabeth I - Enthroned with Fan (Nicholas Hilliard)
    Elizabeth I - Enthroned with Fan (Nicholas Hilliard)

    Elizabeth I - Miniature (Nicholas Hilliard)
    Elizabeth I - Miniature (Nicholas Hilliard)

    Elizabeth I - Older (Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger)
    Elizabeth I - Older (Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger)

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    On 4 Sep 2016 at 13:53 GMT C. Mackinnon wrote:

    James I was most certainly not a Catholic.

    On 23 Nov 2014 at 23:17 GMT Doug Lockwood wrote:

    Notables
    Elizabeth I (Tudor) of England is notable.
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    Discuss: notables


    On 27 Jun 2014 at 20:33 GMT Katherine (Alvis) Patterson wrote:

    As with many other members of the royal houses of England, this profile has been altered away from the guidelines Wikitree users determined for European Aristocrats. Please see http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Name_Fields_for_European_Aristocrats, and contact the leaders of this project if you have comments. Do not unilaterally decide not to follow these guidelines.

    On 14 Apr 2011 at 18:45 GMT Aitka Razzaq wrote:

    i like history but this woman is really strong and sweet but this is very very old $ beautiful

    On 3 Aug 2008 at 18:25 GMT John Hall wrote:

    I have put together a group of portraits of the Tudor lineage. This era is one of my favorite topics also. I am not sure if I know how to operate this software but I can post the portraits I've collected if you like.



    Elizabeth I is 24 degrees from Rosa Parks, 23 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 12 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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