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||Henry VII (Tudor) of England was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.|
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|King of England
22 August 1485 – 21 April 1509
Henry Tudor was the son of Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond and his wife Margaret Beaufort. He was born posthumously in Pembroke Castle on 28 January 1457. 
His paternal grandparents were Owen Tudor and Catherine of Valois. Maternally, he's also the great-great-grandson of John of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford.
He was Earl of Richmond from birth and lived at Pembroke Castle under the care of his uncle Jasper, Earl of Pembroke, until 30 Sept 1461, when the castle was surrendered to Lords Herbert and Ferrers of Chartley. Loss of the earldom followed before 12 Aug 1462. With the Lancastrian defeat at Tewkesbury 4 May 1471 he and his uncle fled to Brittany. 
Jasper and Henry sailed to join the uprising against King Richard III in 1483 but were unable to land. 25 Jan 1484 he was attained in his absence. 
Henry Tudor's claim to the English throne was tenuous at best. Through his mother, Margaret Beaufort, he was descended from John of Gaunt's illicit affair with Catherine Swynford. Though the issue born before their marriage had been legitimated by parliament, all claims of this line were never valid until the direct male line of John of Gaunt had become extinct. Henry's paternal grandfather, Owen Tudor, had married Catherine of Valois, the widow of Henry V and daughter to Charles VI of France. Their son Edmund, being the half brother of Henry VI, was created Earl of Richmond. He married Margaret Beaufort, only daughter of John, Duke of Somerset, and died more than two months before their son, Henry Tudor, was born in 1457.
Despite his Lancastrian connections, Henry ultimately ganied the throne through personal battle. At the Battle of Bosworth Field on August 22, 1485, Henry, Earl of Richmond, defeated King Richard III of England and became King Henry VII of England. He was crowned at Westminster on October 30, 1485.
Then, on January 18, 1486 at Westminster, in fulfilment of pledges by which he had gained the loyalty of many Yorkist supporters, he was married to Elizabeth of York, eldest daughter and heiress of Edward IV. Thus the Red Rose of Lancaster and the White Rose of York were united and the pretexts for civil war were done away with-- the Cousins' War had ended.
Henry's claim to the throne was weak and possibly illegal . Nevertheless, although he had won the throne by right of conquest, Henry dated his reign from the day before Bosworth.. In an act of attainder, Parliament, declared that Richard of Gloucester had been a traitor who had usurped the throne and 'by great and continued deliberation, traitorously levied war against our said sovereign lord and his true subjects' . 
On 1 Aug 1485 Henry sailed from Harfleur, landing at Milford Haven. His forces defeated Richard III at the battle of Bosworth Field 22 Aug 1485 and he seized the crown as Henry VII, King of England. He was crowned 30 Oct 1485 at Westminster Abbey.
On 18 Jan 1486 in Westminster Abbey he married Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV, King of England and his wife Elizabeth Wydeville. She was born 11 Feb 1466 at Westminster Palace and died in childbirth 11 Feb 1503. She was buried in Westminster Abbey. 
He died in Richmond Palace, Surrey 21 April 1509 and was buried in Westminster Abbey. 
He was buried on 11 May 1509 at Westminster Abbey.
(Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Henry VII planned his tomb well in advance of his death. Henry had a dynastic point to make and was forced to give his monument early consideration because the most senior burial positions in the Confessor's Chapel at Westminster were occupied. In 1496 Henry had began the rebuilding of the chapel of St. Edward at Windsor for his tomb, but by 1504 had transferred his plans from Windsor to Westminster, when he founded a chantry there for himself, his wife, Elizabeth of York, his parents and ancestors. In 1506 Margaret Beaufort founded a Westminster chantry of her own. Henry VII's will of 1509 boasts his grandmother's twin royal status of being the wife of an English king (Henry V) and daughter of a French one (Charles VI) and cites her burial at Westminster as one reason why he wished to be buried there himself. Work on his chapel continued until Henry's death in 1509, with his will providing considerable funds for its completion. In 1507 Henry appears to have commissioned a new tomb featuring gilt effigies of himself and Elizabeth of York with a tomb-chest executed in black and white marble.
Henry died at Richmond on 21 April 1509. His new chapel, unfinished, was consecrated the day before in preparation of burial. The king's coffin was taken to St. Paul's in London bearing a funeral effigy dressed in parliamentary robes with crown, scepter and orb. The coffin lay beneath a canopy of cloth of gold with its carriage drawn by seven horses wearing funerary trappings accompanied by 330 torchbearers and with knights carrying royal and religious banners. The coffin was installed before St. Paul's high altar for the singing of Mass and then the coffin was returned to its carriage for the journey to Westminster. At Charing the carriage was met by abbots of the various cathedrals and Westminster monks. Accompanied by a further 100 torchbearers the carriage continued to the west door of the abbey church, with the coffin being installed either before the high altar or in Henry's new chapel, that part not being recorded. Mass was sung and the coffin was interred. The foundations of Henry's new chapel incorporated a large vault at the east end, and it was here that Henry and his wife Elizabeth of York were buried. Henry's tomb was not commissioned until 1512 and not completed until around 1518. The tomb has gilt-bronze effigies and with a black and white marble tomb-chest. The effigies show the couple with hands clasped in prayer, the only sign of royal status being two gilt crowns, since lost. Both are clearly portraits with Henry's effigy probably modeled on a death mask. In 1867 the vault beneath the tomb was opened and found to contain three lead coffins. The coffins of Henry VII and James I (d.1625) were identified by inscriptions and a third coffin bearing a large cross but without inscription almost certainly being that of Elizabeth of York. 
King Henry VII & his wife had eight children:
Possible additional child
On 20 Oct 2018 at 23:06 GMT Al Scott wrote:
On 20 Oct 2018 at 22:46 GMT Al Scott wrote:
On 23 Dec 2017 at 08:15 GMT Michael Griffiths wrote:
We are 11th cousins, 15 times removed, and are both descendants of Richard (Lucy) de Lucy.
Regards, Michael Griffiths, New Zealand
On 18 Oct 2017 at 21:21 GMT Mark Sutherland-Fisher Esq. OStJ wrote:
On 21 Sep 2017 at 21:11 GMT Robin Lee wrote:
On 31 May 2017 at 17:17 GMT Steven Beall wrote:
On 3 Apr 2017 at 06:29 GMT Donna (Friebel) Storz wrote:
On 11 Jan 2016 at 23:36 GMT Katherine (Alvis) Patterson wrote:
On 7 Jan 2016 at 10:24 GMT John Elkin wrote:
On 18 Jan 2015 at 03:32 GMT Bob Fields wrote:
Henry VII is 24 degrees from Rosa Parks, 22 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 12 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.