Mary (Tudor) Graham
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Mary (Tudor) Graham (1673 - 1726)

Lady Mary "Countess of Derwentwater" Graham formerly Tudor aka Ratcliffe
Born in Englandmap [uncertain]
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married 18 Aug 1687 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died at age 53 in Paris, Francemap
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Profile last modified | Created 23 Nov 2008
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Contents

Biography

Childhood & Upbringing

Mary Tudor was born on 16th October 1673, possibly in Middlesex, England.[1][2] She was a bastard daughter of King Charles II of England and his mistress, Mary Davis, an actress and singer.[1]

Mary likely grew up with her mother living in a house on St. James’ Square in Westminster, which her mother bought for £1,800 the same month she was born.[3]

The house was less than a mile from Whitehall Palace, the main residence of Charles II, and perhaps this was on purpose. When Mary was younger, she regularly performed plays in Charles’ court alongside her mother.

When she was seven, in 1680, she was granted the same precedence as the daughter of an Earl and was given the surname Tudor, in rememberance of Charles II’s descent from the Tudor family.[1]

Also, in 1683, when she was 10 years old, she was given an annuity of £1,500 to be paid to her yearly.[1]

Annuity

  1. Dec 1683: £375[4]
  2. May 1684: £375[5]
  3. July 1684: £375[6]
  4. Sep 1684: £375[7]
  5. Dec 1684: £375[8]
  6. May 1685: £375[9]
  7. July 1685: £375[10]
  8. Apr 1686: £375[11]
  9. May 1687: £375[12]

Her final payment in May of 1687 was a gift for her wedding.[12]

Marriage & Adulthood

She married, at the age of 13, Edward Radclyffe, the 2nd Earl of Derwentwater, on 18th August 1687.[1]

Edward and Mary had the following children:

  1. James Radclyffe (28 Jun 1689 - 24 Feb 1716)[2]
  2. Francis Radclyffe (2 Feb 1691 - 5 May 1715)[2]
  3. Charles Radclyffe (3 Sep 1693 - 18 Dec 1746)[2]
  4. Mary Tudor Radclyffe (6 Oct 1697 - 16 Mar 1756)[2]

Mary separated from Edward in 1700, supposedly due to her being unfaithful.[2][13]

During this period, she lived with a man named Col. Henry Grahame.[14]

Edward Radclyffe died on 29th April 1705 at his home in London.[1][2][13][15]

Just a few days after Edward passed, Mary married her live-in partner, Col. Henry Grahame, in May 1705.[14][2]

Research Notes

Mary's first husband is traditionally named Francis Radclyffe, even in her death notice in 1726. This has been proven to be a mistake, he has been conflated with his father, who was called Francis. Her first husband was Edward Radclyffe, the second Earl of Derwentwater.

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Cokayne, George E. (1910), The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant, p. 224
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Northumberland History County Committee (1898), A history of Northumberland. issued under the direction of the Northumberland county history committee, Volume 10, p. 319
  3. Sheppard, F. H. W. (1960), Survey of London: Volumes 29 and 30, St James Westminster, Part 1, p. 180 “In October Shaw and his trustees sold the site and the house built on it to Charles II's mistress, Mary Davis, for the comparatively small sum of £1800.”
  4. 'Entry Book: December 1683, 1-10', in Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 7, 1681-1685, ed. William A Shaw (London, 1916), pp. 967-982. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-treasury-books/vol7/pp967-982 [accessed 12 September 2022].
  5. 'Entry Book: May 1684, 16-27', in Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 7, 1681-1685, ed. William A Shaw (London, 1916), pp. 1128-1137. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-treasury-books/vol7/pp1128-1137 [accessed 12 September 2022].
  6. 'Entry Book: July 1684, 7-10', in Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 7, 1681-1685, ed. William A Shaw (London, 1916), pp. 1210-1222. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-treasury-books/vol7/pp1210-1222 [accessed 12 September 2022].
  7. 'Entry Book: September 1684, 15-19', in Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 7, 1681-1685, ed. William A Shaw (London, 1916), pp. 1333-1335. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-treasury-books/vol7/pp1333-1335 [accessed 12 September 2022].
  8. 'Entry Book: December 1684, 16-20', in Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 7, 1681-1685, ed. William A Shaw (London, 1916), pp. 1455-1466. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-treasury-books/vol7/pp1455-1466 [accessed 12 September 2022].
  9. 'Entry Book: May 1685, 11-20', in Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 8, 1685-1689, ed. William A Shaw (London, 1923), pp. 174-189. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-treasury-books/vol8/pp174-189 [accessed 12 September 2022].
  10. 'Entry Book: July 1685, 21-31', in Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 8, 1685-1689, ed. William A Shaw (London, 1923), pp. 272-288. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-treasury-books/vol8/pp272-288 [accessed 12 September 2022].
  11. 'Entry Book: April 1686, 1-20', in Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 8, 1685-1689, ed. William A Shaw (London, 1923), pp. 684-701. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-treasury-books/vol8/pp684-701 [accessed 12 September 2022].
  12. 12.0 12.1 'Entry Book: May 1687, 11-20', in Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 8, 1685-1689, ed. William A Shaw (London, 1923), pp. 1356-1371. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-treasury-books/vol8/pp1356-1371 [accessed 12 September 2022].
  13. 13.0 13.1 https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Page:Dictionary_of_National_Biography_volume_47.djvu/132
  14. 14.0 14.1 Nichols, J. B. (1858), The Topographer and Genealogist: Volume 3 p. 154
  15. Le Neve, John (1717), Monumenta Anglicana: being inscriptions on the monuments of several eminent persons deceased in or since the year ... 1700 [or rather 1600 to the end of the year 1718], [archive.org/details/b30530222_0001/page/104 p. 104]

See also:

Wikipedia' "The Radcliffes of Dilston Hall" (online)





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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Mary by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known mtDNA test-takers in her direct maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Mary:

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Per several sources, including The Scots peerage : founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom, by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931 Vol 1 page 32 https://archive.org/details/scotspeeragefoun01pauluoft/scotspeeragefoun01pauluoft/page/32/mode/2up Her third husband was Major James Rooke
posted by Robin Lee

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