This person migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
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ebecca (Turner) Mix
Born: Rebecca, daughter of Nathaniel Turner was born, say 1629 in England or if a little later say 1631 then in Massachusetts. Rebecca was getting into trouble in 1649 as a single woman, had she been much older than 21 at the time, she would most likely already have been married.
Emigrated: Rebecca's father, Nathaniel Turner, emigrated in 1630 from England to Lynn, Massachusetts, with Winthrop's Fleet with his wife, and daughters Mary, and Rebecca (assuming she was born in England).
Married: Rebecca Turner married Thomas Mix/Meekes in New Haven in 1649, between July 3, and September 4. These dates are found in the Colony Records. On the first they were still single and on the second they had been married.
When did Rebecca Die?
Donald Lines Jacobus (the expert on New Haven genealogy) never mentions a death date for Rebecca (Turner) the wife of Thomas Mix. A New Haven town record reads: Mrs Rebekah Mix Decd; the 14th of June 1731. It has been assumed by many genealogists that this record refers to Rebecca, wife of Thomas. However, Jacobus lists the death date of Rebecca (Pardee) Mix, wife of Samuel as 14 June 1731. He cites the New Haven Vital Records and the North Haven Center Cemetery Tombstone. The Hale Collection listing reads: "Mix, Rebecca, wife of Samuel, June 14, (unable to read)". The mostly unreadable stone does confirm that it belongs to the wife of Samuel. An earlier reading of the North Haven Cemetery stones was published, confirming Jacobus' proper attribution of the stone to Rebecca Pardee. A copy can be seen at Rebecca (Pardee) Mix's profile.
As a further argument Thomas Mix wrote a will in April 1691. He left nothing to his wife, indicating that she predeceased him.
Conclusion: 14 June 1731 is not the death date of Rebecca (Turner) Mix, but the death date of Rebecca (Pardee) Mix. Rebecca the wife of Thomas Mix died before April 1691.
New Haven Colony had a strict (even by Puritan standards) moral society. Here it was that Rebecca grew up in a fairly well to do family, with a father, Nathaniel, who was an important and influential man. Alas, Nathaniel went missing, presumed dead, in 1646. Three years later Rebecca was in trouble.
At Colony Court on 3 July 1649: Thomas Meekes and Rebecka Turner were ordered to court "to answer to their sinfull miscariag in matter of fornication, wth sundry lyes added therto by them both in a grose and hainiouse manner."... "Thomas Meekes said he could say nothing against whath bine declared but it is true, and he desires to judge and condeme himselfe for it in ye sight of God and his people. And for Rebecka Turner, she acknowledg the things ye charged was true, and though she had saide Thomas Meekes had had to doe with her but once, yett it was oftener, as she now saith."
The Governor had evidently heard other things about Rebecca, concerning Mr. Westerhousen, who though a married man, Rebecca said, he said: "that if his wife was deade, he would make her his wife." Rebecca then recanted saying, maybe she was mistaken.
Mr. Westerhousen had given her valuable gifts prompting her step-father, Mr. Goodanhousen, to declare that he could take care of his daughter without Westerhousen's gifts. Mr. Westerhousen replied that at the fair Mr. Peirce had given her lace for a handkerchief, and he had given her a piece of cloth.
Mr. Westerhousen brought her home one night on the back of his horse, and then alledgedly denied that he had been there. The same two, that said Westerhousen had denied being at Rebecca's house, said that Mr. Westerhousen "hath line at ye farme in ye same roome wth her.
The Governor had heard enough of matters concerning "Thomas Meekes and Rebecka Turner, wherin beside ye fornication ther hath bine much impudenc in lying, espicially one his pte, calling God to witness ye truth of a thing wch himselfe knew to be false, as he now professeth. Allso ye passages concerning Mr. Westerhousen, and what is proved vpon oath, yett not owned by him, wch leaves ye court much vnsatisfyed."
Before the court pronounced judgement, Mr. Goodenhousen spoke, asking that due to the fact that he believed Rebecca was pregnant that the court spare her the corporal punishment and that he would pay whatever fine was due.
The court "ordered that Thomas Meekes be severely whipped for this folly of sinnfull vncleanness, and for his lying and miscariages" and was fined 5£. "For Rebecka Turner that she allso be whipped," however due to her condition, which was verified by the midwife, she was ordered to pay a fine of 10£.
Inheritance From Capt. Nathaniel Turner
4 Sep 1649. "Thomas Meekes he is willing to accept of the house and 19 acrs of land next the towne (lying by ye necke highway) for ye portion of Rebecka Turner, now his wife, and Thomas Meekes declared in court that he is willing to accept of ye said 19 acrs of land, be it more or less & ye house & home lott & barne at towne, in full satisfaction for his wives portion, and Mr. Goodanhouse did now in court pass the house, home lot & barne, and the said 19 acrs of land, be it more or less, wch was Capt. Turners, and Thom Meekes accepted it for full satisfaction."
Disorderly Night Meetings, Stolen Goods & Strong Water
This a long story taking up more than ten pages of the printed town record of February 1649/50, p 3-14. The full account can be read here in the Ancient Town Records Vol I: New Haven Town Records 1649-1662.
Thomas and his wife got mixed up with some bad company, four thieves: Richard Fido, Niclas Sloper, Captive (a native American), and James Clements.
They were sentenced: "For Thomas Meekes and his wife, they are guilty of intertaining & inviting mens servants, such as they might well suspect came in a disorderly sinnfull base way, in ye night when ther Gouerners were in bed, to drinke strong watter, some time 5 in a night, they have also received stollen goods, and that against ther light, for when Sloper brought the bushell of corne, he said it was not safe for him to receive it, yet did, and two peeces of meate wth it, also five peeces of beefe, suit and candels from Captive, dresse it and feast wth it: they buy a heiffer of 5£ price, wch they might vpon grounds declared to them, conceit she was stollen, and when they were told it was stole, yet then promise to conceale it, the Court considered what a mischeivous example this is, and how dangerous it is to nourish vnrighteousnes & disorder in a plantation: for who can be secure, of his Chilldren or servants, or goods, if this be allowed. Therfore the sentenc of ye Court is that Thomas Meekes paye twenty pownds as a fine for these misdemenours and miscariages, and when fido & Sloper is whipped, he and his wife are to come to ye whipping post, and stand ther, putting each of them one hand into ye hole of the post whill ye other are whipped: that they may haue part of ye shame wch ther sinn deserveth: and to give security for the fine, or paye it presently, and to paye the due charges of the prison. Mr Goodenhouse before the Court ingageth himselfe, for ye payment of this fine of twenty pownds wthin a moneth: and ingageth himselfe in 10£ more, for the appearanc of Thomas Meekes and his wife to fullfill the sentence of ye Court when fido and Sloper are whipped."
Rebecca must have settled down to raise her family after this incident, because we hear nothing about her in the town and colony records until Feb 1655/6 when she was assigned a seat in the church.
Children: of Rebecca Turner & Thomas Mix, all born in New Haven.
- John Meekes b 1649
- Nathaniel Meekes b 14 Sep 1651.
- Daniel Meekes b 8 Sep 1653.
- Thomas Meekes b 30 Aug 1655.
- Rebecca Meekes b 4 Jan 1657/8.
- Abigail Meekes b 1659.
- Caleb Meekes b about 1661
- Samuel Mix b 11 Jan 1663/4.
- Hannah Mix b 30 Jun 1666.
- Esther Mix b 30 Nov 1668 d. 1670.
- Rev. Stephen Mix b 1 Nov 1672
Note: in the quotes above I have substituted £ for the less easily read lower case l used by the court clerk.
- ↑ ANDERSON, ROBERT CHARLES. The Great Migration Begins, Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633. Three Volumes. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995. 2386p. Page 1847-1850.
- ↑ Source: #NHCR1 p 469-471, 480.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 Vital Records of New Haven 1649-1850 Part I. pg 189. Hartford: The Connecticut Society of the Order of the Founders and Patriots of America, 1917
- ↑ Probate Records, volume 2 part 1 pg 106-109. Personally examined copy of microfilmed will and inventory supplied by The Whitney Library, New Haven, Conn.
- ↑ Source: #NHCR1 p 469-471
- ↑ Source: #NHCR1 p 469-471
- ↑ Source: #NHCR1 p 480
- ↑ Source: #ATR1 pp 13,14.
- ↑ Source: #ATR1 p 273.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 Jacobus, Donald Lines (compiler). Families of Ancient New Haven. Vol IV. p 1195. Rome,NY: Clarence D. Smith, 1927. Reprint Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1997.
- Source: [NHCR1], Hoadley, Charles J. Records of the Colony and Plantation of New Haven from 1638 to 1649. Vol. I. Hartford, Case, Tiffany & Company (printers), 1857.
- Source: [ATR1],Dexter town records: Dexter, Franklin Bowditch (editor). Ancient Town Records Vol I: New Haven Town Records 1649-1662. New Haven: New Haven Colony Historical Society, 1917.
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- Rebecca (Turner) Mix vs Rebecca (Pardee) Mix? Jul 23, 2014.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Rebecca by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known mtDNA test-takers in her direct maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Rebecca:
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