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Theophylact (Tusculum) di Tusculum (bef. 0864 - abt. 0924)

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Theophylact (Theophylact I) "Senator, Count of Tusculum" di Tusculum formerly Tusculum
Born before in Tusculummap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married about in Tusculummap [uncertain]
Descendants descendants
Died about in Tusculummap
Profile last modified | Created 15 May 2012
This page has been accessed 448 times.

Categories: Popes | Battle of Garigliano.


Theophylact I (aka Theophylactus, Teofilatto, Theofilatto), Count (Lord) of Tusculum and Senator of Rome, was born about 864 in Tusculum, a city in the Latium region of Italy, about 16 miles southeast of Rome, and died about 924 or 925. His parents are unknown.


Theophylact I married Theodora and they had the following children:[1]

  • Marozia, c. 890 - 937 in prison, likely the mistress of Pope Sergius III, who may have fathered her first child, Pope John XI; she m1. Alberic I of Spoleto, m2. Guido of Tuscany, m3. Hugh of Italy;
  • Theodora, d.950, m. Ioannes, had 2 daughters: Marozia and Stefania;
  • Sergia, died at age 7 months according to inscription at Church of Santa Maria Maggiore;
  • Bonifazio, died at age 1 year according to inscription at Church of Santa Maria Maggiore.


  • Made judge under the emperor Lewis of Provence on 4 Feb 901 and was called judice/judix of Rome and titled consul and dux.[2]
  • Leader in the overthrow of Antipope Christopher in 904;
  • Magister militum (head of the military), treasurer of the Holy See, counsul and dominus urbis (Lord of Rome);[3]
  • Theophylact I held the office of vestararius, essentially running the temporal affairs of the papacy[4] and his wife, Theodora, held the position of vestararissa.[5]
  • Elected head of Rome (Roman consul) aka Senator in 915;[1]
  • Fought alongside Pope John X, commanding the army of Rome in the Battle of Garigliano in 915,[3] and signed the diploma at the cessation as a Papal general and Senator of the Romans.[2]
  • Supporter of Emperor Berengar I of Italy and Pope John X.
MEDIEVAL LANDS: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families by Charles Cawley © Foundation for Medieval Genealogy & Charles Cawley 2000-2018.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Cawley, Charles and FMG, Medieval Lands, A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families. Database online. 2006-2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Gregorovius, Ferdinand. The History of Rome in the Middle Ages, Vol. III. London: George Bell & Sons, 1895. Accessed online at GoogleBooks, p.242, 267, 269.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Williams, George L., Papal Genealogy: The Families and Descendants of the Popes, McFarland, 2004. Access (search only) online at GoogleBooks, pp.11-15.
  4. Lunt, William E., Papal Revenues in the Middle Ages. Columbia University Press, 1950. Page 5.
  5. Louis Duchesne, (Arnold Harris Mathew, tr.) The Beginnings of the Temporal Sovereignty of the Popes, A.D. 754-1073. (London, 1907) p. 205.

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Counts of Tusculum
Counts of Tusculum


Theophylact I is 39 degrees from Rosa Parks, 36 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 27 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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