Categories: United States Army Generals, Mexican-American War | Confederate States Army Generals, United States Civil War | Confederate Army, United States Civil War | Notables | United States Army, War of 1812 | United States of America, Mexican-American War | US Civil War Project Needs Template Update | Wounded in Action, United States of America, Mexican-American War | Texas Project.
||David Twiggs participated on the side of|
the CSA during the US Civil War.
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|Nicknamed 'The Bengal Tiger' because of his temper.|
General David Emanuel Twiggs was the son of Revolutionary General John Twiggs, of Georgia. He was born in Richmond County, Georgia, on February 14, 1790. Twiggs' mother was Ruth Leigh Emanuel, who was the daugther of David Emanuel Sr., and sister of David Emanuel, Jr., the 24 th Governor of Georgia.
David Twiggs married Elizabeth Hunter in 1830. Their union produced four daughters, but only one -- Marion, born about 1838 -- survived to maturity. His wife, Elizabeth died in 1840. In 1853, David Twiggs married Talitha Hunt of New Orleans. Talitha died after giving birth to a son, John Washington Twiggs, in March of 1855.
Twiggs volunteered for service as a Captain in the War of 1812, and subsequently served in Seminole Wars.
|Surgeon General's Quarters at Fort Winnebago, Wisconsin.|
General Twiggs established [Wikipedia:Fort_Winnebago | Fort Winnebago]] around the Surgeon's Quarters at Portage, Wisconsin.General Twiggs commanded Augusta Arsenal during troubles with South Carolina in 1832.
While stationed in Florida, in the early 1850s, David Twiggs had on his staff an officer to whom he took a great liking -- Abraham C. Myers, who was born about 1811 in Georgetown, South Carolina. David liked Myers so much that he renamed an old military post after him, Fort Myers, Florida.
|Fort Myers was named after David Twigg's son-in-law.|
General Twiggs led a brigade in the Army during the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Plama. He also commanded a division at the Battle of Monterrey. Later, Twiggs joined Winfield Scott's expedition, and commanded a division of army in all the battles from Veracruz through Mexico City.
|The Battle of Cerro Gordo by Paul Nebel.|
|The Battle of Palo Alto, by Carl Nebel, commissioned by U.S. Army|
General Twiggs fought in the following battles of the Mexican-American War:
|Commander of the Department of Texas 1857 - 1861.|
The following is copied from The Camel Military Corps
|The Camel Corps was under the command of General Triggs.|
Although the camels thrived in conditions that would fell any horse, the experiment was not without its problems. The animals did not adapt well to the rocky terrain. They scared other pack animals such as horses and burros. Soldiers found them foul smelling and bad tempered and complained about camels spitting at them. Nevertheless, the new Secretary of War, John Floyd, was impressed and asked Congress for a further 1,000 animals. But tensions between the North and South were rising and the Congress couldn’t be bothered with the distant lands of the Southwest. Moreover, upon being appointed Commander of the Texas Army, Major General David E. Twiggs, sometimes known as “The Horse” (but also as “Old Davy” or “the Bengal Tiger”) was horrified to discover the Camel Corps in his charge and successfully lobbied Congress to be rid of the beasts. Perhaps it is just as well: Twiggs would soon surrender his command and, with it, the Texas Army to the Confederacy.
The U.S. State of Texas declared its secession from the Union on February 2, 1861, and joined the Confederate States, replacing governor Sam Houston when he refused to take an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy.
|Texas votes overwhelmingly to secede from the Union.|
Because of this, General Twiggs sent word to Washington D.C., that if ordered to do so, he would never fire on his fellow citizens of Texas, and that he would turn over all government property in his possession after Texas seceded. General Twiggs was relieved of command. However, he was determined to march his troops out of San Antonio, taking all munitions and supplies with him. Union troops prevented his departure and eventually General Triggs surrendered. He was dismissed from federal service and immediately thereafter was commissioned as the senior major general in the Confederate States Army.
David Twiggs was subsequently dismissed from the U.S. Army on March 1, 1861 for “treachery to the flag of his country,” and accepted a commission as a major general from the Confederate States on May 22, 1861. He was assigned to command the Confederate Department of Louisiana (comprising that state along with the southern half of Mississippi and Alabama), but he was past the age of 70 and in poor health, thus he resigned his commission before assuming any active duty. He was succeeded by Maj. Gen. Mansfield Lovell in the command of New Orleans and retired on October 11, 1861.
General Twiggs died of pneumonia, in Augusta, Georgia on July 15, 1862. He is buried in the Twiggs Cemetery on the Good Hope Plantation in Richmond County, Georgia.
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