John Tyler
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John Tyler (1790 - 1862)

President John Tyler
Born in Greenway, Charles City Co., Virginia, USAmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 29 Mar 1813 (to 10 Sep 1842) in Cedar Grove plantation, New Kent County, Virginiamap
Husband of — married 25 Jun 1844 in New York, New Yorkmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Richmond, Virginia, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 2 Jan 2011 | Last significant change: 30 Apr 2020
06:02: Paula (Hawkins) Reinke removed a match of Tyler-150 and Tyler-420. [Thank Paula for this]
This page has been accessed 12,800 times.
The Presidential Seal.
John Tyler was the President of the United States.
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Preceded by
9th President
William Henry Harrison




Preceded by
9th Vice President

Richard Mentor Johnson





Preceded by
George Poindexter





Preceded by
22nd Governor

James Pleasants





Preceded by
John Randolph
John Tyler
10th President of the
United States
Presidential Seal
1841 —1845

10th Vice President
of the United States
Vice-Presidential Seal
1841

President pro tempore
of the US Senate
President pro tem
1835

23rd Governor
of Virginia
Virginia
1825—1827

US Senator (Class 1)
from Virginia
Seal of the US Senate
1827—1836

Succeeded by
11th President
James Polk




Succeeded by
11th Vice President

George M. Dallas





Succeeded by
William R. King





Succeeded by
24th Governor

William Branch Giles





Succeeded by
William Cabell Rives

This profile is a work in progress. If you have additions, corrections or suggestions, please leave a message on the public bulletin board of the profile.

1790 Birth 1841-1845 President 1862 Death

Contents

Biography

Notables Project
John Tyler is Notable.

John Tyler 10th President of the United States of America

John Tyler John Tyler, Jr. was the tenth President of the United States (1841-1845), and the first ever to obtain that office via succession. He was born on 29 March 1790, in the early years of the newly established nation. He was the first President to be born after the adoption of the Constitution. From birth he was politically tied to his future running mate William Henry Harrison: both were born in Charles City County, Virginia, and descended from aristocratic and politically entrenched families. The Tyler family proudly traced its lineage to colonial Williamsburg in the 17th century. John Tyler, Sr., popularly known as Judge Tyler, was a friend and college roommate of Thomas Jefferson and served in the Virginia House of Delegates alongside William's father Benjamin Harrison V. Judge Tyler served four years as Virginia Speaker of the House before becoming a state court judge. He would later serve as governor and as a judge on the U.S. District Court at Richmond. His wife, Mary Marot (Armistead), was the daughter of a prominent plantation owner, Robert Booth Armistead. She died of a stroke when her son John was seven years old.

A long-time Democrat-Republican, Tyler was nonetheless elected Vice President on the Whig ticket. Upon the death of President William Henry Harrison only a month after his inauguration, the nation was briefly in a state of confusion regarding the process of succession. Ultimately the situation was settled with Tyler becoming President both in name and in fact, and Tyler took thepresidential oath of office on April 6, 1841, initiating a custom that would govern future successions. It was not until 1967 that Tyler's action of assuming full powers of the presidency was legally codified in the Twenty-fifth Amendment.

Arguably the most famous and significant achievement of Tyler's administration was the annexation of the Republic of Texas in 1845. Tyler was the first president born after the adoption of the U.S. Constitution.

Personal Details

  • Born: March 29, 1790, Charles City County, Virginia, U.S.[1][2]
  • Political Offices[1]
    • Virginia House of Delegates (1811-1816)
    • U.S. House of Representatives, 23rd District (1817-1821)
    • Virginia House of Delegates (1824)
    • Governor of Virginia (1825-1827)
    • U. S. Senator (1827-1836)
    • 10th Vice-President of the United States (1841)
    • 10th President of the United States (1841-1845)
    • Confederate States of America, House of Representatives (1862)
  • Spouses:
    • Letitia Christian (1813–1842, died from a stroke in the White House)
    • Julia Gardiner (1844–1862),MARRIED 1844: In this city[New York], at the Church of the Ascension, on Wednesday, 25th instant,[1844] by the Right Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, John Tyler, President of the United States, to Julia, daughter of the Hon. David Gardiner, deceased, late of this city [3]
  • With his two wives, Tyler fathered more children than any other President in history. His first wife was Letitia Christian Tyler (November 12, 1790 – September 10, 1842), with whom he had eight children:
    • Mary Tyler Jones (1815–1847)
    • Robert Tyler (1816–1877)
    • John Tyler, Jr. (1819–1896)
    • Letitia Christian Tyler Semple (1821–1907) - served as White House hostess
    • Elizabeth Tyler Waller (1823–1850)
    • Anne Contesse Tyler (1825-1825)
    • Alice Tyler Denison (1827–1854)
    • Tazewell Tyler (1830–1874)
  • Tyler's children from his first marriage did not approve of his second marriage to Julia Gardiner Tyler (July 23, 1820 – July 10, 1889), with whom he had seven children:
    • David Gardiner Tyler (1846–1927)
    • John Alexander Tyler (1848–1883)
    • Julia Gardiner Tyler Spencer (1849–1871)
    • Lachlan Tyler (1851–1902)
    • Lyon Gardiner Tyler (1853–1935)
    • Robert Fitzwalter Tyler (1856–1927)
    • Pearl Tyler Ellis (1860–1947)


Note: Amazingly, two of President Tyler's grandchildren are still living (as of Dec 2018). The former President was 63 years old when his son Lyon Gardiner Tyler was born. Lyon was aged 70 & 75 when his two still living children were born.


  • Political party:
    • Independent (1841–1862)
    • Other political affiliations:
      • Democratic-Republican (before 1825)
      • Democratic (1825–1834
      • Whig (1834–1841)
  • Profession: Lawyer
  • Religion: Deism Episcopal

Legacy

  • Tyler County, Texas is named in President Tyler's honor.

Did he commit Treason?

“As president in the early 1840s, Tyler, who was a native Virginian, supported many policies his party did not — states rights and slavery, to name two. Sixteen years after leaving office, when Civil War seemed inevitable, Tyler chaired a peace conference between representatives from the North and South with the goal of keeping the Union intact. When the peace efforts he spearheaded failed, Tyler embraced the Confederacy and urged fellow Virginians to join him. He was eventually elected to the Confederate Congress, which was officially at war with the country he once served.”[4]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 John Tyler Wikipedia
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Utah, Obituaries from Utah Newspapers, 1850-2005," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVSF-KBSL : 17 March 2018), President John Tyler, 16 Aug 1902; citing Intermountain Catholic, The University of Utah. J. Willard Marriott Library, Salt Lake City.
  3. http://www.nysoclib.org/collection/nyc-marriage-death-notices-1843-1856
  4. “The Smithsonian Book of Presidential History”, Page 180
  • Boddie, John Bennett. Virginia Historical Genealogies. (Orig. publ in Redwood City, CA, 1954. Reprinted for Clearfield Company by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, Baltimore, MD 1990)
  • FTM's Family Archives. Family History: Southern Genealogies #1 1600s-1800s.

Acknowledgements



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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with John by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with John:

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Comments: 6

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Tyler, John. John Tyler Papers: Series 4, Addenda, -1863; 1997 Addition; Engraved portrait, 1863. 1863. Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://www.loc.gov/item/mss4348908/.

and scroll down to tap on more links to more papers, manuscripts, letters, correspondence, etc https://www.loc.gov/resource/mss43489a.00103/?sp=2

posted by Arora (G) Anonymous
See photo of Pres. John Tyler's massive but stately obelisk gravesite monument at Hollywood cemetery, Richmond, Virginia, USA.

Its only a few paces from Pres. James Monroe's gravesite monument, a unique restored iron cage, and sarcophagus.

Do we have sources that prove "Confidence" and can we check the boxes to "Confident" his parentage? Thank you, "Said Cuz'" Carole
posted by Carole Taylor

John is 18 degrees from Jaki Erdoes, 15 degrees from Wallis Windsor and 13 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.