John  Tyler

John Tyler (1790 - 1862)

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President John Tyler
Born in Greenway, Charles City Co., Virginia, USAmap
Husband of — married (to ) in Cedar Grove plantation, New Kent County, Virginiamap
Husband of — married in New York, New Yorkmap
Died in Richmond, Virginia, USAmap
Tyler-150 created 2 Jan 2011 | Last modified
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Categories: US Presidents | US Vice Presidents | Presidents pro tempore of the US Senate | US Senators from Virginia | Virginia Governors | US Representatives from Virginia | Provisional Confederate States Congress | Whig Political Party | Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia | Namesakes US Counties | Notables.

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The Presidential Seal.
John Tyler was the President of the United States.
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Preceded by
9th President
William Henry Harrison




Preceded by
9th Vice President

Richard Mentor Johnson





Preceded by
George Poindexter





Preceded by
22nd Governor

James Pleasants





Preceded by
John Randolph
John Tyler
10th President of the
United States
Presidential Seal
1841 —1845

10th Vice President
of the United States
Vice-Presidential Seal
1841

President pro tempore
of the US Senate
President pro tem
1835

23rd Governor
of Virginia
Virginia
1825—1827

US Senator (Class 1)
from Virginia
Seal of the US Senate
1827—1836

Succeeded by
11th President
James Polk




Succeeded by
11th Vice President

George M. Dallas





Succeeded by
William R. King





Succeeded by
24th Governor

William Branch Giles





Succeeded by
William Cabell Rives

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1790 Birth 1841-1845 President 1862 Death

Contents

Biography

John Tyler 10th President of the United States of America

John Tyler John Tyler, Jr. was the tenth President of the United States (1841-1845), and the first ever to obtain that office via succession. He was born on 29 March 1790, in the early years of the newly established nation. He was the first President to be born after the adoption of the Constitution. From birth he was politically tied to his future running mate William Henry Harrison: both were born in Charles City County, Virginia, and descended from aristocratic and politically entrenched families. The Tyler family proudly traced its lineage to colonial Williamsburg in the 17th century. John Tyler, Sr., popularly known as Judge Tyler, was a friend and college roommate of Thomas Jefferson and served in the Virginia House of Delegates alongside William's father Benjamin Harrison V. Judge Tyler served four years as Virginia Speaker of the House before becoming a state court judge. He would later serve as governor and as a judge on the U.S. District Court at Richmond. His wife, Mary Marot (Armistead), was the daughter of a prominent plantation owner, Robert Booth Armistead. She died of a stroke when her son John was seven years old.

A long-time Democrat-Republican, Tyler was nonetheless elected Vice President on the Whig ticket. Upon the death of President William Henry Harrison only a month after his inauguration, the nation was briefly in a state of confusion regarding the process of succession. Ultimately the situation was settled with Tyler becoming President both in name and in fact, and Tyler took thepresidential oath of office on April 6, 1841, initiating a custom that would govern future successions. It was not until 1967 that Tyler's action of assuming full powers of the presidency was legally codified in the Twenty-fifth Amendment.

Arguably the most famous and significant achievement of Tyler's administration was the annexation of the Republic of Texas in 1845. Tyler was the first president born after the adoption of the U.S. Constitution.

Personal Details

  • Born: March 29, 1790, Charles City County[[1]], Virginia, U.S.
  • Died: January 18, 1862 (aged 71), Richmond, Virginia, Confederate States of America. Resting place[[2]] Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia.
  • Political Offices [[3]]
    • Virginia House of Delegates (1811-1816)
    • U.S. House of Representatives, 23rd District (1817-1821)
    • Virginia House of Delegates (1824)
    • Governor of Virginia (1825-1827)
    • U. S. Senator (1827-1836)
    • 10th Vice-President of the United States (1841)
    • 10th President of the United States (1841-1845)
    • Confederate States of America, House of Representatives (1862)
  • Spouses:
    • Letitia Christian (1813–1842, died from a stroke in the White House)
    • Julia Gardiner (1844–1862),MARRIED 1844: In this city[New York], at the Church of the Ascension, on Wednesday, 25th instant,[1844] by the Right Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, John Tyler, President of the United States, to Julia, daughter of the Hon. David Gardiner, deceased, late of this city [1]
  • With his two wives, Tyler fathered more children than any other President in history. His first wife was Letitia Christian Tyler (November 12, 1790 – September 10, 1842), with whom he had eight children:
    • Mary Tyler Jones (1815–1847)
    • Robert Tyler (1816–1877)
    • John Tyler, Jr. (1819–1896)
    • Letitia Christian Tyler Semple (1821–1907) - served as White House hostess
    • Elizabeth Tyler Waller (1823–1850)
    • Anne Contesse Tyler (1825-1825)
    • Alice Tyler Denison (1827–1854)
    • Tazewell Tyler (1830–1874)
  • Tyler's children from his first marriage did not approve of his second marriage to Julia Gardiner Tyler (July 23, 1820 – July 10, 1889), with whom he had seven children:
    • David Gardiner Tyler (1846–1927)
    • John Alexander Tyler (1848–1883)
    • Julia Gardiner Tyler Spencer (1849–1871)
    • Lachlan Tyler (1851–1902)
    • Lyon Gardiner Tyler (1853–1935)
    • Robert Fitzwalter Tyler (1856–1927)
    • Pearl Tyler Ellis (1860–1947)
  • Political party:
    • Independent (1841–1862)
    • Other political affiliations:
      • Democratic-Republican (before 1825)
      • Democratic (1825–1834
      • Whig (1834–1841)
  • Profession: Lawyer
  • Religion: Deism Episcopa

Legacy

  • Tyler County, Texas is named in President Tyler's honor.

Sources

  1. http://www.nysoclib.org/collection/nyc-marriage-death-notices-1843-1856
  • Wikipedia John Tyler 10th President [[4]]
  • Find a Grave Memorial # 1331, [[5]]
  • Boddie, John Bennett. Virginia Historical Genealogies. (Orig. publ in Redwood City, CA, 1954. Reprinted for Clearfield Company by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, Baltimore, MD 1990)

Acknowledgements



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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with John by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with John:

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John Tyler 10th US President
John Tyler 10th US President

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