"Kamehameha III (born Kauikeaouli) (March 17, 1814 – December 15, 1854) was the third king of the Kingdom of Hawaii from 1825 to 1854. Under his reign, Hawaii evolved from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy with the signing of both the 1840 Constitution, which was the first Hawaiian Language Constitution, and the 1852 Constitution. He was the longest reigning monarch in the history of the Kingdom, ruling for 29 years and 192 days, although in the early part of his reign he was under a regency by Queen Kaʻahumanu and later by Kaʻahumanu II. His goal was the careful balancing of modernization by adopting Western ways, while keeping his nation intact." 
17 Mar 1814: born in Keahou Bay (now Kona District), Hawaii, Kingdom of Hawaii.
6 Jun 1825: assumed Kingship from his deceased older brother, Kamehameha II (under regency until 1832).
14 Feb 1837: married Kalama Hakaleleponi Kapakuhaili.
c. 1840: moved the capital from Lahaina, Maui to Honolulu, Oahu.
1840: signed the 1840 Constitution, establishing a constitutional monarchy with elected legislature.
15 Dec 1854: died in Honolulu. buried at Royal Mausoleum. Honolulu. 
"The age of Kamehameha III was that of progress and of liberty—of schools and of civilization. He gave us a Constitution and fixed laws; he secured the people in the title to their lands, and removed the last chain of oppression. He gave them a voice in his councils and in the making of the laws by which they are governed. He was a great national benefactor, and has left the impress of his mild and amiable disposition on the age for which he was born." 
1865: Kamehameha III was reburied in the Royal Mausoleum of Hawaii known as Mauna ʻAla.
Kauikeaouli is a mononym. Hawaiians of this time did not use surnames. Kamehameha is used as last name in the sense of House of Kamehameha. He took the title "King Kamehameha III" upon ascension to regency. His full Hawaiian name was Keaweaweʻula Kīwalaʻō Kauikeaouli Kaleiopapa and then lengthened to Keaweaweʻula Kīwalaʻō Kauikeaouli Kaleiopapa Kalani Waiakua Kalanikau Iokikilo Kīwalaʻō i ke kapu Kamehameha when he ascended the throne.
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