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Robert Nicholas Maximilian Ungern-Sternberg (1886 - 1921)

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Robert Nicholas Maximilian (Roman) Ungern-Sternberg
Born in Graz, Graz Stadt, Styria, Austriamap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married about (to about ) in Harbin, Chinamap
Died in Novosibirsk, Novosibirskaya Oblast', Russiamap
Profile last modified | Created 10 Sep 2018
This page has been accessed 103 times.

Categories: Executed by Firing Squad | Insane Aristocrats | Imperial Russian Army, World War I.

European Aristocracy
Roman Ungern-Sternberg was a member of aristocracy in Europe.
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Lieutenant general Roman Ungern-Sternberg served in the Imperial Russian Army in World War I
Service started:
Unit(s): second-turn 34th Regiment of Cossack troops
Service ended:

Biography

A Baltic German nobleman and an officer in the Russian army, he fought in both World War I and the Russian Revolution (against the Bolsheviks). In 1920, to realize his dream of a Pan-Asian empire, Ungern-Sternberg organized a small army of White Russian soldiers and set out to conquer Mongolia. He freed the Buddhist leader of Mongolia, Bogd Khan, who had been held under house arrest by the Chinese. Bogd Khan bestowed his official blessing upon Ungern-Sternberg, who began referring to himself as "the incarnated God of War and Khan of grateful Mongolia."

A merchant named Burdukov, who described meeting Ungern-Sternberg in his memoirs, says he "had the blank, dark eyes of a madman." Ungern-Sternberg became a devotee of a bizarrely violent sect of Buddhism, consulting oracle bones and sooth-sayers, and killing the feeble in order that they might be reincarnated as "stronger beings in their next life." He also led the only slaughter of Jewish people in Mongolia's history.

In July 1919 he married Manchurian princess Ji in an Orthodox ceremony in Harbin. The princess was given the name Elena Pavlovna. The marriage was political and only lasted about a year.

In 1921, Baron Ungern-Sternberg attempted an invasion of Siberia but was surrounded by Red Army troops shortly after crossing the border. After a sham trial, he was shot by firing squad (one of the bullets allegedly ricocheted off one of the talismans he wore, and struck one of the firing squad soldiers in the face).


Sources


  • LTG Roman Fyodorovich Freiherr von “The White Baron” Ungern-Sternberg (1885-1921) on Find A Grave: Memorial #159414465 retrieved 12 September 2018
  • Birthdate is in Gregorian, alternate birthdate of 29 December 1885 is sometimes reported, which is the date as of the Russian Julian calendar.


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