Anne Marie (Unknown) Mi'kmaq

Anne Marie (Unknown) Mi'kmaq (abt. 1631 - aft. 1686)

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Anne Marie Mi'kmaq formerly [surname unknown] aka Pinet, Rimbault
Born about in Mi'kmaq Nation, Acadie, Nouvelle Francemap
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married about 1653 in Acadie, Nouvelle Francemap
Wife of — married about 1655 in Acadie, Nouvelle Francemap
Descendants descendants
Died after in Port-Royal, Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap
Profile last modified 16 Mar 2020 | Created 28 Nov 2012 | Last significant change: 16 Mar 2020
13:55: Gisèle Cormier edited the Biography for Anne Marie (Unknown) Mi'kmaq (abt.1631-aft.1686). (Added note concerning surname Mi’kmaq.) [Thank Gisèle for this | 1 thank-you received]
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Anne Marie (Unknown) Mi'kmaq is an Acadian.
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Anne Marie (Unknown) Mi'kmaq was a Canadian First Peoples and member of the Mi'kmaq Nation.

Biography

NOTICE: this profile is protected by the Acadian Project because although Anne-Marie was likely not of French descent as were the Acadians, the Acadian Project has an interest in protecting her profile because she married into an Acadian family, lived in Acadie and was the mother of Acadians. She is among the 100 most highly viewed Acadian profiles. Please contact the Acadian Project before making any substantive changes. Thanks for helping make WikiTree the best site for accurate information.

Name: Anne Marie’s last name is unknown. No surname was mentioned in the censuses. She was given the name Mi’kmaq, the name of her tribe, to honor her native heritage.

Anne-Marie was born around 1631[1] and was most likely born into a First Nations (aboriginal) family.[2][3]
Anne-Marie married twice. First, she married a Frenchman with the surname Pinet. They married around 1653 and had one child, Philippe, who was born around 1654.
Pinet died around 1655 and Anne-Marie married René Rimbault.[1] Between 1656 and 1675 they had seven children, probably all born in Port Royal:[1]
  1. François, c1656
  2. Jeanne , c1660
  3. Marie , c1661
  4. Françoise, c1666
  5. Anne, c1671
  6. René, c1674
  7. Madeleine, c1675.
At the time of the first Acadian census in 1671, the family was living in Port-Royal, Acadia (Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, Canada). Fifty-five-year-old René, a ploughman ("laboureur"), and 40-year-old Anne-Marie were living with five young children ages 5 to 16. The eldest, Philippe, was her son from her previous marriage with Pinet. Twelve arpents of their land was cultivated and they had 12 cattle and 9 sheep.[4]
In 1678, 4 arpents of their land was cultivated and they had 7 cattle. [5] By 1686, François, Jeanne, Marie, and Françoise were no longer in the family home. René was 70 years of age, and Anne-Marie was 61. Anne, René and Madeleine lived with them. The family had 1 gun, 8 arpents, 6 cattle, 5 sheep, and 6 hogs. [6]
René and Anne-Marie did not appear on 1693 or later Acadian censuses, so it's assumed they died before then.
DNA. The Mothers of Acadia Maternal DNA project is conducting ongoing research to verify her origins. In 2010, Stephen White reported, that her descendant(s) had a haplogroup of A2f. I don't know the details re how many of her descendants were tested but the haplogroup indicates Amerindian origins. Lucie Leblanc Constantino reported one result and maternal family tree here. Ongoing test results are also reported here.
mtDNA. The Acadian Amerindian Ancestry DNA project is pleased to report new matching, haplogroup A2f1a mtDNA results for matrilineal descendants of Anne Marie. here. Matching mtDNA results, where descendants report mother-to-mother lines of descent from Anne Marie, have been confirmed through genealogy research and advanced, full mitochondrial sequence DNA test results submitted by matrilineal descendants of this line -- who belong to the A2f1a haplogroup, Native.[7]

Timeline

Before 1605 First Nations Peoples occupy the region around the Te'wapskik (Mi'kmaq name for Dauphin/Annapolis River) for thousands of years using it as an overland route[8]
1605 French found first permanent European settlement in North America, north of St. Augustin Florida, and build the Port-Royal Habitation.[8]
1613 Samuel Argall, a Virginia privateer, burns the Port-Royal Habitation, starting a 150 year battle between the French and English in the area. The French continue to maintain a presence[8]
c1631 Birth of Anne Marie
1632 Treaty Saint-Germain-en-Laye cedes Acadia to France; Razilly brings ~300 elite men[9]
1636 Arrival of the first French families to settle permanently[10]
c1653 Marriage to Pinet
c1654 Birth of son, Philippe
1654 British capture Port-Royal; French settlement ceases[11]
c1655 Marriage to Rene Rimbault
c1656 Birth of son, François
c1660 Birth of daughter, Jeanne
c1661 Birth of daughter, Marie
c1666 Birth of daughter, Françoise
1667-70 Treaty of Breda cedes Acadia to the French; settlement resumes[12]
1671 Residence, Port-Royal
c1671 Birth of daughter, Anne
c1674 Birth of son, René
c1675 Birth of daughter, Madeleine
1678 Residence, Port-Royal
1686 Residence, Port-Royal
after 1686 Death

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 White, Stephen A. Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert, Dictionnaire généalogique des familles acadiennes (Moncton, N.-B.: Centre d'études acadiennes, Université de Moncton, 1999) p. 1310
  2. Finding Anne Marie: The Hidden History of Our Acadian Ancestors
  3. Rundquist, Marie. Revisiting Anne Marie: How an Amerindian Woman of Seventeenth-Century Nova Scotia and a Dna Match Redefine American Heritage. Maryland: M.A. Rundquist, 2012. Print.
  4. Tim Hebert; Transcription of the 1671 Acadian Census, at Port-Royal, Acadie. 1671 Census Transcribed. The original census can be found at Census microfilm C-2572 of the National Archives of Canada “Acadie Recensements 1671 – 1752” Images 3-14.
    Rene Rimbaut, 55;
    wife Anne-Marie, 40;
    Phillipe, 16
    Francois, 15
    Jeanne, 11
    Marie, 10
    Francoise, 5
    12 cattle, 9 sheep, 12 arpents
  5. Tim Hebert; 1678 Port Royal Acadian Census noting that the correlations for this census were done by Rev. Clarence J. d'Entremont, Fairhaven, Massachusetts.1678 Census
    Renee Rimbault
    Anne Marie
    girl, 19 [Jeanne]
    girl, 12 [Françoise]
    girl, 8 [Anne]
    boy, 7 [René]
    girl, 6 [Madeleine]
    4 arpents, 7 cattle
  6. Tim Hebert; Transcription of the 1686 Acadian Census, at Port-Royal, Acadie 1686 Census Transcribed. The original census can be found at Acadian Census microfilm C-2572 of the National Archives of Canada “Acadie Recensements 1671 – 1752”, Images 15-60.
    Rene Rimbault, 70
    Anne Marie, 61
    Anne, 15
    Rene, 12
    Magdeleine, 11
    1 gun, 8 arpents, 6 cattle, 5 sheep, 6 hogs
  7. Roberta Estes "Native American Mitochrondrial Haplogroups" Native DNA
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "History Of Annapolis Royal", Annapolis Heritage Society accessed at http://annapolisheritagesociety.com/community-history/history-annapolis-royal/
  9. George MacBeath, Biography – RAZILLY, ISAAC DE – Volume I (1000-1700) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20
  10. Massignon, Geneviève. "Les parlers français d'Acadie, enquête linguistique", Librairie Klincksieck, Paris, 1962, 2 tomes; p. 32 first French families in Acadia
  11. William I. Roberts, 3rd, “SEDGWICK, ROBERT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  12. In collaboration, “MORILLON DU BOURG,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Anne Marie by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA. Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line:

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Comments: 5

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Since she is Mi'kmaq and her last name is unknown, the First Peoples project (Hannah Berney) recommends that her last name be same as the tribe = Mi'kmaq.
posted by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
Unknown-466611 and Unknown-182545 appear to represent the same person because: Same name, birth year of 1655 was marriage date not birthdate.

Same spouse Rimbault.

posted by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
ref name=Dunn/>

Dunn is never defined in the biography (no citation) 870 Missing named Inline citations

posted by Jacqueline Girouard
*Maternal relationship is confirmed by an exact HVR1 and HVR2 match between this Family Tree DNA mtDNA test for M. Asselia Rundquist and this Family Tree DNA mtDNA test of her maternal line cousin Nancy (Poore) Pierce.
posted by M. Asselia Rundquist
Unknown-298770 and Unknown-182545 appear to represent the same person because: Same person and same spouse, 298770 incorrect on place of birth and death
posted by R. Murphy

Anne Marie is 20 degrees from Mary Pickford, 20 degrees from Cheryl Skordahl and 19 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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Categories: Port-Royal, Acadie | Mi'kmaq | MtDNA Haplogroup A | Acadians