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Elisabeth (Unknown) Engelhard (abt. 1730 - bef. 1773)

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Elisabeth Engelhard formerly [surname unknown]
Born about in Germanymap
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Died before in Grimm, Saratov, Russiamap
Profile last modified 27 Mar 2019 | Created 18 Sep 2017
This page has been accessed 20 times.


Biography

Volga German
Elisabeth (Unknown) Engelhard is a Volga German.
Elisabeth (Unknown) Engelhard has German Roots.

Biography

Germany-Denmark-Russia

Family A 43-18 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766.

Family B-336 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766.

Family Rus 14-10 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766.

Family #57 in the 1775 Grimm census.

Elisabeth was the first wife of Philip Adam Engelhard. She was probably born in the same general area as her husband was in what is now Germany. That area was identified in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766 as the region near Sulzfeld in the Canton of Kraichgau. This location was northwest of Stuttgart near the French border.

When Elisabeth and Philip immigrated to Denmark in May of 1762, they traveled with their daughter, Katharina Barbara, and a maid, Anna Margaretha Bessen. Typically these maids were a relative or close friend. Labeling a person who was not a part of the immediate family as a maid, for example, gave the family the opportunity to bring another friend or extended family member with them when they immigrated. The Germans who immigrated to Denmark were usually poor and unable to support themselves in their home villages, so they certainly couldn't afford to have a maid. In this case, Anna Margaretha Bessen may have been the sister of the Elisabeth of this profile. I will continue to research this and update this profile accordingly.

The Engelhard family traveled to Altona, the Duchy of Holstein, to meet up with the rest of the people immigrating to Denmark at that time. They arrived in the city of Flensburg, Duchy of Schleswig on 29 May 1762. At the time of their arrival, her daughter Katharina Barbara was only three months old. Her daughter Margaretha was born in 1764 in Friderichsheide, in the region of Gottorf, Denmark. The only reason we know about the birth of Elisabeth's second child is because that daughter is named in the 1775 census and given the age of 11, making her birth year 1764. This corresponds to the period of time when Elisabeth was still alive. Additionally, her husband's second wife, Margaretha, was only 23 years old in 1775, meaning she would have been 12 years old at the time of daughter Margaretha's birth. It would have been virtually impossible for her to give birth at that age, and as such supports the fact that Margaretha's mother must have been Elisabeth, her the first wife of Philip Engelhard.

The family departed for Russia on 24 April 1765, headed for the Colony of Grimm. Although they don't appear in the 1767 census for Grimm, they do appear in the 1775 census. By that time, however, Elisabeth is not mentioned so we can't confirm whether or not she survived the journey. In 1775, her husband had a new or different wife. Most likely Elisabeth did not survive the difficult journey from St. Petersburg to the Volga region of Russia. Thousands of immigrants died enroute to their new home or shortly after arriving in the new colonies. Her husband Philip and his second wife had a one-year-old son, so minimally, that couple married in 1773 and had a child in 1774. This means that Elisabeth died between 1765 and 1773.

Sources

  • Eichhorn, Alexander, Dr., and Dr. Jacob and Mary Eichhorn. The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766,, Druck and Bindung: Druckerei and Verlap Steinmeier GmbH & Co. KG, 86738, Deiningen, Germany; Published 2012; pages 296, 392, and 673.
  • The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995; family #57 in the 1775 census.


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Categories: Grimm | German Roots