Jean II (Valois) de France

Jean (Valois) de France (1319 - 1364)

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Jean (Jean II) "le Bon" de France formerly Valois
Born in Gué de Maulny, Le Mans, Maine, Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 28 Jul 1332 in Melun, Seine-et-Marne, Ile-de-France, Francemap
Husband of — married 19 Feb 1350 in Château royal de Saint-Gemmemap
Descendants descendants
Died in London, Englandmap
Profile last modified 18 May 2019 | Created 31 May 2012
This page has been accessed 4,423 times.
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Contents

Biographie (Fr)

Nom

Jean II, roi de France
Jean II de France, dit Jean le Bon, (né le 26 avril 1319 au château du Gué de Maulny près du Mans - mort à Londres le 8 avril 1364), fils du roi Philippe VI et de son épouse Jeanne de Bourgogne, fut roi de France de 1350 à 1364, second souverain issu de la maison capétienne de Valois.
Il est sacré roi de France le 26 septembre 1350. [1]

1319 Naissance

Jean de Valois naît au château de Gué-de-Maulny près du Mans, le 26 avril 1319. Il est le fils de Philippe de Valois, le cousin du roi Charles IV le Bel, et de sa première femme, Jeanne de Bourgogne. [1]

1364 Mort

Jean II meurt à l'hôtel de Savoie, à Londres, le 8 avril 1364. Son corps est restitué à la France et il est inhumé dans la basilique Saint-Denis. Sa sépulture, comme celle de tous les autres princes et dignitaires reposant en ce lieu, fut profanée par les révolutionnaires en octobre 1793.[1]

Mariages

Jean le Bon est marié, à l'âge de treize ans, à Bonne de Luxembourg le dimanche 26 juillet 1332 à Melun. Ils ont onze enfants : [1]
En pleine épidémie de peste noire, son épouse Bonne de Luxembourg trouve la mort le 3 ou le 11 septembre 1349 à l'abbaye de Maubuisson.
Le 9 février 1350, Jean le Bon se remarie au château royal de Sainte-Gemme à Feucherolles avec Jeanne d'Auvergne (1326-1361), fille de Guillaume XII comte d'Auvergne, veuve de Philippe de Bourgogne.
*Avec Jeanne, il a :
  1. Blanche (1350-1350), sans postérité ; [1]
  2. Catherine (1352-1352), sans postérité ; [1]
  3. un fils (1354-1354), sans postérité. [1]
Le chroniqueur Anglais Thomas de Walsingham lui donne, mais sans preuves[1], un fils naturel :
  1. Jean[2].

Issue/Children/Enfants

  1. Blanche (1336-1336), sans postérité; [1]
  2. Charles (V, King of France), Child of Jean and his wife Bonne. [3] Charles V (1337-1380), roi de France de 1364 à 1380, et descendance ;[1]
  3. Catherine (1338-1338), sans postérité ;[1]
  4. Louis (Duke of Anjou and Touraine, Count of Maine)Child of Jean and his wife Bonne. [3] Louis (1339-1384) duc d'Anjou épouse Marie de Blois-Châtillon (1345-1404), et descendance ; [1]
  5. Jean (Duke of Berry and Auvergne, Count of Poitou) Child of Jean and his wife Bonne. [3] Jean (1340-1416) duc de Berry épouse en 1360 Jeanne d'Armagnac (?-1387), et descendance ; [1]
  6. Philippe (Duke of Touraine, Duke of Burgundy)Child of Jean and his wife Bonne. [3] Philippe le Hardi (1342-1404) duc de Bourgogne épouse en 1369 Marguerite III de Flandre (1350-1405), et descendance ; [1]
  7. Jeanne. Child of Jean and his wife Bonne. [3] Jeanne (1343-1373) épouse en 1352 Charles le Mauvais, roi de Navarre (1332-1387), et descendance ; [1]
  8. Marie (wife of Robert I, Duke of Bar, Marquis of Pont-a-Mousson eigneur of Casel). Child of Jean and his wife Bonne. [3] Marie (1344-1404) épouse Robert Ier (1344-1411), duc de Bar, et descendance ; [1]
  9. Agnes. Child of Jean and his wife Bonne. [3] Agnès de Valois (1345-1349), sans postérité ; [1]
  10. Marguerite. Child of Jean and his wife Bonne. [3] Marguerite (1347-1352), sans postérité ; [1]
  11. Isabelle (wife of Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Duke of Milan). Child of Jean and his wife Bonne. [3] Isabelle (1348-1372) épouse Jean-Galéas Visconti (1351-1402) duc de Milan, trois enfants dont Valentine Visconti, et postérité. [1]
  12. Blanche. Child of Jean and his second wife Jeanne. [3] Blanche (1350-1350), sans postérité ; [1]
  13. Catherine. Child of Jean and his second wife Jeanne. [3] Catherine (1352-1352), sans postérité ; [1]
  14. Son. Child of Jean and his second wife Jeanne. [3] un fils (1354-1354), sans postérité. [1]
The English chronicler Thomas de Walsingham attributes to him "without proof"[1], a natural son:
  1. John[4].

Biography (En)

Name and Titles

Jean (II) le bon (the Good) [3]
  • King of France
  • Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Burgundy,
  • Count of Anjou, Marne and Poitiers,
  • son and hier by his father's first marriage,

1319 Birth

He was born 26 April 1319 [3]

First Marriage to Bonne of Luxembourg

He married Bonne (or Jutta) of Luxembourg, daughter of jean of Luxembourg, King of Bohemia, by Elizabeth, daughter of Wenceslas II, King of Bohemia and Poland. She was born at Prague, Bohemia, 20 May 1315.[3]
Jean and Bonne had 10 children including four sons.[3]
His wife Bonne de Luxembourg died between the 3rd and 11th September, 1349 during the Black Death epidemic. [1]
Bonne died at Maubuisson Abbey 11 Sep 1349 and was buried at Maubuison Abbey.[3]

1350 Second Marriage to Jeanne of Boulougne

Jean married secondly at Sainte-Gemme, Feucherolles (Yvelines) 9 Feb 1350 Jeanne of Boulogne, suo jure Countess of Auvergne and Boulogne, widow of Philippe of Burgundy, Count of Nevers, who died 22 Sep 1347. She was daughter and heiresof Guillaume XII, Count of Auvergne and Boulogne, by Marguerite, daughter of Louis, Count of Evreux. She was born 8 May 1326. [3]
They had three children, including two daughters. [3]
Jeanne died at Vadans (Haute-Saone) 29 Sept 1360.[3]

1350 Accession

On the death of his father, King Philippe VI in 1350, Jean succeeded as king. He was crowned King of France at Reims 26 Sept 1350. [3]

1356 Battle of Poitiers

Captured by the English at the Battle of Poitiers on Sept. 19, 1356, he was forced to sign the disastrous treaties of 1360 during the first phase of the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453) between France and England. [5]
After becoming king on Aug. 22, 1350, John continued a truce with the English until later that year, when he had an English hostage, Raoul de Brienne, comte d'Eu, former constable of France, executed. [5]
By March 1351 King Edward III of England realized the impossibility of remaining at peace; but John committed the first act of hostility by attacking and recapturing Saint-Jean-d'Angély in western France that September 7. John signed a new truce with England on Sept. 12, 1351, but broke it by supporting the partisans of Charles of Blois (a pretender to Brittany, then held prisoner by Edward) in August 1352; the peace, however, was extended until September 23. [5]
John's other bitter enemy was Charles II the Bad, king of Navarre, to whom John gave his daughter Joan as an offer of alliance; the enmity still remained strong, however, because John never paid a dowry or recognized a rent of 15,000 livres due to Charles. John further irritated Charles by giving the new constable of France, Charles de La Cerda, lands that were claimed by Charles of Navarre. In revenge, the latter had the new constable assassinated; but in spite of John's rage, the two kings made a superficial peace in February 1354. Charles desired an alliance with Edward, which so frightened John that he made another peace with Charles on Sept. 10, 1355. On April 16, 1356, at Rouen, John took his revenge on Charles by having him imprisoned. [5]
Meanwhile Edward, displeased by the 1355 alliance between John and Charles, invaded France later that year but then returned to England before any confrontations. At the same time, Edward's son Edward, prince of Wales (later called the Black Prince), attacked southern France. Unable to halt the English invasions because he lacked funds, John gathered the States General to seek money and to impose an unpopular salt tax. John first went to defend Paris and Chartres. He and the Prince of Wales finally met near Poitiers in September 1356. The French army was decimated, and John was taken prisoner, leaving the French people grief-stricken and confused. [5]

1357 Prisoner in London

John was taken to London in April 1357, where he was lodged in the Savoy palace; there he concluded treaties (January 1358 and March 1359) so harsh that they were repudiated in France. Finally the treaties of Brétigny and of Calais (May and October 1360) fixed John's ransom at 3,000,000 gold écus and surrendered most of southwestern France to Edward. On Oct. 9, 1360, John was released to raise a ransom that France could not afford to pay, and hostages were accepted in his place. When one of the hostages (John's own son) escaped, John, feeling dishonoured, returned to England on his own volition as a prisoner. [5]

1364 Death

Jean II, King of France, died at Savoy Hotel in London, 8 April 1364. He and his second wife, Jeanne, were buried in the Abbey of Saint-Denis.[3]
Basilique de Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France[5]


Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 Wikipédia: Jean II de France (http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_II_de_France : accessed 04 Mar 2013)
  2. l'information serait tirée de Les Valois, Patrick Van Kerrebrouck, 1990
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 Douglas Richardson. Royal Ancestry. Salt Lake City, Utah, 2013. Volume V, page 234
  4. The information is apparently take from Les Valois, by Patrick Van Kerrebrouck, 1990
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 *Copyright © 1994-2001 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc
MEDIEVAL LANDS: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families by Charles Cawley © Foundation for Medieval Genealogy & Charles Cawley 2000-2017.


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On 23 Jul 2017 at 09:48 GMT Isabelle (Rassinot) Martin wrote:

Because Carl, for one thing none of the sources we've seen directly quotes Thomas de Walsingham's contribution. Wikipedia quotes Patrick van Kerrebrouck. Charles Cawley quotes Père Anselme who quotes Walsingham. So it's not straight from the source. We don't know what Walsingham exactly says. What we know is that Kerrebrouck, Anselme and Cawley all call this natural son John, not Walter. Anselme, followed by Cawley, attribute the son to Philippe VI, not Jean II, and say he took part in a duel in 1350. And to paraphrase - Cawley and Anselme should not be lightly dismissed without reason.

On 14 Jul 2017 at 13:54 GMT Carl Horner BA PGCE wrote:

I can't think why Thomas de Walsingham's contribution should be lightly dismissed without supplying a good reason to do so?

On 29 May 2017 at 13:27 GMT Isabelle (Rassinot) Martin wrote:

(deleted)

On 19 Sep 2015 at 06:17 GMT Bob Fields wrote:

Valois-255 and Valois-139 appear to represent the same person because: Same birth and death dates and locations, same wife.

On 9 Apr 2015 at 17:59 GMT Bea (Timmerman) Wijma wrote:

organized Bio

Jean II is 21 degrees from Carroll Shelby, 29 degrees from Joan Whitaker and 6 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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