||Jeanne (Valois) de Hainaut was a member of aristocracy in Europe.|
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Jeanne de Valois, (née en 1294 - morte le 7 mars 1352), princesse de sang royal, fille de Charles de France, comte de Valois, et de Marguerite d'Anjou.
Arrière-petite-fille de Saint Louis, nièce de Philippe IV le Bel, sœur du roi de France Philippe VI de Valois, elle épouse Guillaume Ier d'Avesnes (1286 † 1337), comte de Hainaut, de Hollande et de Zélande, le 19 mai 1305 à Chauny (Aisne). Ils eurent huit enfants :
Elle devient Dame de Maing en 1322 et se rendra plusieurs fois dans son village.
A la mort de son époux en 1337, elle devient religieuse et se retire au sein de l'abbaye cistercienne de Fontenelle, près de Maing, où la rejoignent sa fille Isabelle de Namur et sa petite-fille Anne de Bavière.
Elle joue un rôle diplomatique pour préserver le Hainaut et atténuer les désastres du conflit franco-anglais qui débute. En 1339, Jeanne de Valois reçoit son gendre le roi d'Angleterre Édouard III à l'abbaye de Fontenelle et tente d'apaiser les esprits. Elle se rend à Paris auprès de son frère le roi de France Philippe VI, rencontre aussi à Gand sa fille Philippa. Par la Paix de Tournai obtient une trêve des hostilités.
Elle décède à l'abbaye de Fontenelle le 7 mars 1352 et fut ensevelie au beau milieu du chœur des Dames. Son caveau fut redécouvert et étudié lors des fouilles archéologiques qui se succèdent entre 1977 et 1984 (recherches conduites par Philippe Beaussart et Vincent Maliet). Sa dépouille repose dans le transept droit de l'église de Maing, où elle fut ré-inhumée le 7 septembre 2001.
Par sa fille Philippa, elle est notamment la grand-mère de Édouard de Woodstock dit le Prince Noir, Lionel d'Anvers, Jean de Gand, Edmond de Langley et de Thomas de Woodstock.
Joan of Valois, Countess of Hainaut, Holland, and Zeeland
Her paternal grandparents were Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon. Her maternal grandparents were Charles II of Naples and Maria Arpad of Hungary. Joan was one of six children. In 1299, Joan's mother died, probably in childbirth, and her father married his second wife, Catherine I of Courtenay, Titular Empress of Constantinople, by whom he had four more children. He would marry his third wife, Mahaut of Châtillon, in 1308, and by her he would sire a son and three daughters, among them Isabella of Valois, who became Duchess of Bourbon, and Blanche of Valois, who married Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
Joan married William III, Count of Holland and Hainaut, on 23 May 1305. She was a supporter of her cousin Isabella of France in her struggle against Edward II. In December 1325, she traveled to France to attend the funeral of her father and had talks with Isabella and Charles IV of France. This brought about an alliance between Hainaut, Isabella, and the English exiles, who were in opposition to the English king and his favorite, Hugh Despenser the Younger. Isabella's son became engaged to Joan's daughter Philippa and Isabella raised an army in their lands. It was also from there that Isabella and her lover, Roger Mortimer, began their invasion of England.
In 1332, after Philippa had become queen, she arranged a wedding between Isabella's daughter Eleanor of Woodstock and Reginald II, Duke of Guelders, and she visited her daughter Philippa in England.
After her husband died in 1337, Joan took the veil and entered into Fontenelle Abbey. In 1340, her son-in-law dealt her brother Philip a heavy blow by defeating him at sea near Sluys. Edward then went on to besiege Tournai, but was beset by financial problems. Pope Benedict XII then asked Joan to mediate. She first went to her brother, whom she had begged for peace. Then she went to Edward in his tent and begged him for peace as well. The pleas of their relative Joan, sent by the pope, allowed the two men to sign a truce without loss of face.
Joan's children with William III:
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On 22 May 2017 at 15:37 GMT Rev Daniel Washburn Jones wrote:
On 21 May 2017 at 17:31 GMT I (Rassinot) R wrote:
Could you add more details about this person, please? We are trying to identify her and her husband. Their identities are very similar to a couple who lived in the 13th century and it is causing confusion.
On 21 May 2017 at 14:31 GMT Al Wopshall Jr. wrote:
On 21 May 2017 at 07:35 GMT I (Rassinot) R wrote:
On 2 Nov 2014 at 20:06 GMT Renee Malloy Esq wrote: