Jeanne (Valois) de Hainaut

Jeanne (Valois) de Hainaut (abt. 1294 - abt. 1352)

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Jeanne "Comtesse de Hainaut" de Hainaut formerly Valois aka de Valois
Born about [location unknown]
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married in Chauny, Picardie, Francemap
Descendants descendants
Died about in Abbaye de Fontenelle, Maing, Comté de Hainautmap
Profile last modified | Created 21 Oct 2010
This page has been accessed 5,071 times.
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Contents

Jeanne de Valois (1294-1352)

French

Jeanne de Valois, (née en 1294 - morte le 7 mars 1352), princesse de sang royal, fille de Charles de France, comte de Valois, et de Marguerite d'Anjou.

Arrière-petite-fille de Saint Louis, nièce de Philippe IV le Bel, sœur du roi de France Philippe VI de Valois, elle épouse Guillaume Ier d'Avesnes (1286 † 1337), comte de Hainaut, de Hollande et de Zélande, le 19 mai 1305 à Chauny (Aisne). Ils eurent huit enfants :

  • Jean, mort en 1316
  • Guillaume II (1307 † 1345), comte de Hainaut, de Hollande et de Zélande
  • Marguerite (1310 † 1356), comtesse de Hainaut, de Hollande et de Zélande, mariée à Louis IV de Bavière, empereur romain germanique
  • Philippa (1311 † 1369), mariée en 1328 à Édouard III d'Angleterre
  • Jeanne (1315 † 1374), mariée en 1334 à Guillaume V (1315 † 1362), duc de Juliers
  • Agnès
  • Isabelle (1323 † 1361), mariée en 1354 à Robert de Namur (1323 † 1391), seigneur de Beaufort-sur-Meuse.
  • Louis (1325 † 1328)

Elle devient Dame de Maing en 1322 et se rendra plusieurs fois dans son village.

A la mort de son époux en 1337, elle devient religieuse et se retire au sein de l'abbaye cistercienne de Fontenelle, près de Maing, où la rejoignent sa fille Isabelle de Namur et sa petite-fille Anne de Bavière.

Elle joue un rôle diplomatique pour préserver le Hainaut et atténuer les désastres du conflit franco-anglais qui débute. En 1339, Jeanne de Valois reçoit son gendre le roi d'Angleterre Édouard III à l'abbaye de Fontenelle et tente d'apaiser les esprits. Elle se rend à Paris auprès de son frère le roi de France Philippe VI, rencontre aussi à Gand sa fille Philippa. Par la Paix de Tournai obtient une trêve des hostilités.

Elle décède à l'abbaye de Fontenelle le 7 mars 1352 et fut ensevelie au beau milieu du chœur des Dames. Son caveau fut redécouvert et étudié lors des fouilles archéologiques qui se succèdent entre 1977 et 1984 (recherches conduites par Philippe Beaussart et Vincent Maliet). Sa dépouille repose dans le transept droit de l'église de Maing, où elle fut ré-inhumée le 7 septembre 2001.

Par sa fille Philippa, elle est notamment la grand-mère de Édouard de Woodstock dit le Prince Noir, Lionel d'Anvers, Jean de Gand, Edmond de Langley et de Thomas de Woodstock.

English

She became a Franciscan nun at the Abbaye de Fontenelles 2 Nov 1337.

Joan of Valois, Countess of Hainaut, Holland, and Zeeland

Tenure: 1305–1337
Born: 1294 in Longpont, Aisne, France
Died: 7 March 1342 in Fontenelle Abbey, Maing (near Valenciennes), France
Spouse: William I, Count of Hainaut

Issue

  • William II, Count of Hainaut
  • Margaret II, Countess of Hainaut
  • Philippa, Queen of England
  • Joanna, Duchess of Jülich
  • Isabelle of Hainaut
House: House of Valois
Father: Charles of Valois
Mother: Margaret, Countess of Anjou
Joan of Valois (c. 1294 – 7 March 1342) was the second eldest daughter of the French prince Charles of Valois and his first wife, Margaret, Countess of Anjou. As the sister of King Philip VI of France and the mother-in-law of Edward III,[1] she was ideally placed to act as mediator between them.[1]

Lineage

Her paternal grandparents were Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon. Her maternal grandparents were Charles II of Naples and Maria Arpad of Hungary. Joan was one of six children. In 1299, Joan's mother died, probably in childbirth, and her father married his second wife, Catherine I of Courtenay, Titular Empress of Constantinople, by whom he had four more children. He would marry his third wife, Mahaut of Châtillon, in 1308, and by her he would sire a son and three daughters, among them Isabella of Valois, who became Duchess of Bourbon, and Blanche of Valois, who married Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor.

Countess of Hainaut

Joan married William III, Count of Holland and Hainaut, on 23 May 1305. She was a supporter of her cousin Isabella of France in her struggle against Edward II. In December 1325, she traveled to France to attend the funeral of her father and had talks with Isabella and Charles IV of France. This brought about an alliance between Hainaut, Isabella, and the English exiles, who were in opposition to the English king and his favorite, Hugh Despenser the Younger. Isabella's son became engaged to Joan's daughter Philippa and Isabella raised an army in their lands. It was also from there that Isabella and her lover, Roger Mortimer, began their invasion of England.

In 1332, after Philippa had become queen, she arranged a wedding between Isabella's daughter Eleanor of Woodstock and Reginald II, Duke of Guelders, and she visited her daughter Philippa in England.

Mediator

After her husband died in 1337, Joan took the veil and entered into Fontenelle Abbey. In 1340, her son-in-law dealt her brother Philip a heavy blow by defeating him at sea near Sluys. Edward then went on to besiege Tournai, but was beset by financial problems. Pope Benedict XII then asked Joan to mediate. She first went to her brother, whom she had begged for peace. Then she went to Edward in his tent and begged him for peace as well. The pleas of their relative Joan, sent by the pope, allowed the two men to sign a truce without loss of face.[2]

Issue

Joan's children with William III:

  • William IV of Hainaut (1307–1345)
  • John (died 1316)
  • Empress Margaret (1311–1356), married Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor
  • Queen Philippa (24 June 1314 – 1369), married king Edward III of England
  • Agnes (died 1327)
  • Johanna von Jülich (1315–1374), married William V, Duke of Jülich
  • Isabella of Hainaut (1323–1361), married Robert of Namur
  • Louis (1325–1328)

Sources

  • Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. III, page 190
  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. V, page 232
  • Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la Couronne, de la Maison du Roy et des anciens barons du royaume.... Tome 1, par Anselme de Sainte-Marie, continuée par Honoré du Fourny; ed. la compagnie des libraires (Paris), 1726-1733. Pages: 100-101 Link, consulté le 23 mai 2017 via Gallica.


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DNA
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Images: 1
Jeanne de Hainault Image 1
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Collaboration

On 22 May 2017 at 15:37 GMT Rev Daniel Washburn Jones wrote:

De Valois-199 and Valois-6 appear to represent the same person because: same person, husband's are set for merge. we need a leader to fix the privacy status on De Valois-199 to complete the merge.

Thank you

On 21 May 2017 at 17:31 GMT I (Rassinot) R wrote:

Hi Colin,

Could you add more details about this person, please? We are trying to identify her and her husband. Their identities are very similar to a couple who lived in the 13th century and it is causing confusion.

Thank you.

On 21 May 2017 at 14:31 GMT Al Wopshall Jr. wrote:

De Valois-199 and Valois-6 do not represent the same person because: De Valois-199 does not have an "open" profile thus is less than 200 years old by definition.

On 21 May 2017 at 07:35 GMT I (Rassinot) R wrote:

De Valois-199 and Valois-6 appear to represent the same person because: I can only find one Jeanne de Valois who married William of Avesnes (or Hainaut), and that is Jeanne, daughter of Charles, count of Valois and Margaret of Naples; she was a niece of Philip IV the Fair and sister of Philip VI.

On 2 Nov 2014 at 20:06 GMT Renee Malloy Esq wrote:

Is anyone willing and able to facilitate this French translation into English? Jeanne is my 19th Great Grandmother but my French is insufficient.



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