Antoon Van Dyck was born in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands (now Belgium) on 11 Mar 1599. His father was Franz van Dyck, a silk merchant, and his mother was Maria, daughter of Dirk Cupers and Catharina Conincx.
He was a talented painter, and became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying success in Italy and Flanders. He is most famous for his portraits of Charles I of England and his family and court.
In July 1632, he was knighted by King Charles, and given a pension of £200 per year, for which he was "principalle Paynter in ordinary to their majesties".
Van Dyck had one daughter with Mary. His daughter Justiniana was born in 1641 on either 1 Dec or 1 Oct. He also left an illegitimate daughter Maria Theresa in Antwerp, apparently from before he went to Italy, who was placed under the care of his sister Susanna.
He died in London on 9 Dec 1641. He was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, near the tomb of John of Gaunt, where a monument was erected to his memory. Both his grave and monument were destroyed by the great fire in 1666.
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