Reason for terminating employment: Vrijburger - Explanation of the reason for ending tenure: Dit wordt ingevoerd als de laatste post vermeldt dat de opvarende vrijburger wordt. Soms wordt een opvarende vrijburger en treedt daarna weer in dienst. Als een opvarende vrijburger wordt en de datum van overlijden wordt gegeven, staat dit bij opmerkingen. Source 
Constantia 1685 to 1712 - ....... the farm Constantia, which was granted to Simon van der Stel in 1685, a piece of land of more than 2454 hectares
1st Governor of the Cape of Good Hope which was Mestizo
Simon van der Stel - Governor of the Cape 1691-1699. The town of Stellenbosch is named after him. 
The name Stellenbosch ('Van der Stel's bush') was given to the site of the governor's camp. 
23 October 1663: the castiço Simon van der Stel, Heer van Lisse (1639-1712) born off Mauritius 14 November 1639; son of Adriaen van der Stel (born Dordrecht?-dies Ceylon [Sri Lanka] 25 May 1646) & Maria Lievens: grandson of the Indian slave woman Mai Monica da Costa VOC commander (1679-1690) & governor (1690-1699) of the Cape of Good Hope & Raad Extraordinaris van Nederl.-Indië marries at Haarlem, Noord-Holland 23 October 1663 Johanna Jacoba Six (1645-1700) [baptized Oude Kerk Amsterdam 28 February 1645; daughter of Willem Six (1610-1652) & Catalina Hinlopen (1611-1677) paternal granddaughter of Guillaume Six (1564-1619) & Johanna Wijmer maternal granddaughter of Frans Jacobs: Hinlopen & Cornelia Oetgens: buried Nieuwe Kerk Amsterdam 8 November 1700] She never joins him at the Cape ... 
During his estranged (?) wife`s absence, Simon has life-long & close friendships with the confirmed bachelors Jhr. Hendrik Adriaan van Reede tot Drakenstein (1636-1691) & Chevalier Isaac de l'Ostal / Lostal de Saint-Martin (c. 1629-1696) - also manumitting his likely former house-keeper Susanna Catharina van Ceylon with unspecified "liberale gifte" & bequeths in his will (1712) the substantial sum of 3000 guilders & "half of all my body linen, as well as a bed & its equipment" to the vrije dogter Nonje Francina Grutting van de Caab de Goede Hoop 
... all of which ... by the bye ... add intriguing grist to the mill as to her husband`s unlikely `celibacy` during the remainder of his life (21 years) at the Cape ... [Mansell Upham] 
"26 October 1676: "Cape governor Willem Adriaan van der Stel`s father-in-law, François de Haze - is buried at the VOC trading post of Hugli-Chinsura [West Bengal, India]" [Mansell Upham] 
12 October 1679: "... Notwithstanding her long voyage, this ship had only sacrificed to Neptune 11 men out of 259..." ... "Vrye Zee" with our Commandeur-Designate Hon. Simon van der Stell ... reached roads about noon ... since there is no convenient accommodation in the new Castle, he took up his residence in the old Governor's house [installed 14 October 1679] [Journal] [Mansell Upham] 
3 November 1679: ""[Simon] van der Stel to Hottentots-Holland (back 8 November 1679) having found in the ride thither that from about 2 hours from Cape uncultivated land all the way to Hottentots-Holland is suitable for agriculture ... lacking only industrious Dutch farmers ... Hon. Commandeur took his rest one night in a grove ... naming the same Stell en Bosch ..." [Journal] [Mansell Upham] 
"About 12 or 14 Dutch mile inland from the Cabo buon Esperanza there is a very pleasant & fruitful region, quite flat & level, & in compass almost 16 miles. Here Governor von der Stell [Simon van der Stel], a man of great experience in administration, has set & founded [sic - DR 3 November named only, & this after Vogel had left] a village called Stellenbusch [Stellenbosch], with many sheep- & cattle-farms belonging to the [Dutch] East-India Company; & this stretch of land is not so much exposed to the storms & squalls as are the regions on and near the seashore. If now anyone wishes to settle here, or elsewhere in the country but lacks the means [Verlag], the Governor gives him a house & as much land as he asks for, with the right to bequeath it [erblich]; & so that he may properly start his husbandry, & can prepare & sow his fields, he is given oxen, cows, sheep, pigs, a waggon, a plough, seed-corn & farm implements, all at a definite taxed valuation, which afterwards he pays in reasonable instalments, according to their value, to the East-India Company, or rather to their office at the Cabo buon Esperanza. For the first 3 years such a newly-established farmer is free of all taxes and duties, but after the expiration of this period he must surrender the 10th part of all the corn grown. After the harvest, when the corn has been reaped & brought into the barns & threshed, 20 to 30 farmers or inhabitants in the region of Stellenbusch form a waggon-convoy [Gespannschaft]. Each loads as much corn as he can conveniently transport, & they set out towards evening from the said Stellenbusch; & in the morning (since they travel all night) they arrive in good time at Cabo buon Esperanza. There they go to the Governor, & each lays before him a sample of his corn, whereupon he strikes a bargain & takes over the corn, &, after deduction of the tithe due to the East-India Company, pays for the rest in cash." - Johann Wilhelm Vogel (1657-1723) - ein deutscher Ostindien-Fahrer, Berginspektor und Schriftsteller - sailing on "Hollantschen Thuijn" arriving (28 April 1679) translated from his "Ost-Indianische Reise-Beschreibung" ... [Altenburg 1716 - 1st edition, ‘Diarium ... (Frankfurt & Gotha 1690) [Mansell Upham] 
26 October 1680: "Resolution of Council of Policy ... resolved, contrary to opinion of Hon. Commandeur van der Stell, to allow said Captain of English ship ["Surat Merchant" headed for Bantam [Banten, Java, Indonesia], “having lost 15 of his best sailors & carpenters & with many sick”] to buy some refreshing from freemen ... & to give him a carpenter from ships now here, to be handed back at Bantam ..." [Mansell Upham] 
19 April 1685 "arrived "Emmenes", "Eenhoorn", yacht "Bantam", flute "Adringhem" & "Stavenis", with Van Reede as Admiral & Commissioner [actually Commissioner-General]. He, with Councillor de St. Martin & Upper-Merchant Banchem came ashore into the Fort [Journal] ... 16 June 1685 ... ships "Bantam" & "Voorschoten" receive their despatches ... Hon. St Martin goes aboard "Bantam" ... 17 July 1685 ... sailed ... "Purmer" & flute "Adringhem" [with Van Reede]""Source: [Journal] Baron Hendrik Adriaan van Reede / Rheede tot Drake(n)stein, Heer tot Mijdrecht (Amsterdam, 13 April 1636 - at sea 15 December 1691) visits Simon van der Stel: Appointed (1684) by VOC`s Council of Seventeen to inspect Cape Colony, Ceylon & Dutch India to combat corruption. Appoints Isaac Soolmans to accompany him. They visit VOC Commander (later governor) Simon van der Stel at Cape of Good Hope & "Groot Constantia"; area Groot Drakenstein named after him. Recommends measures for forestry & viniculture. Van der Stel opens (1687) this region to farmers. Introduces major legal reforms for the colony also clarifying the legal rights pertaining to slave manumissions. Bachelor but adopts mestiça girl (Francina) from Malabar by unknown Dutch father. Meets with Van Goens junior, ambitious administrator en route to Batavia. Both men dislike each other. Earlier Van Goens Junior had given orders - afraid for competition anywhere else in the world - to extirpate all acclimatizating cinnamon trees destined for Amsterdam Municipal Garden - possible that rare trees for Grand Pensionary Gaspar Fagel then also destroyed. Sails to Colombo & after 2 months to Bengal. Visits many VOC trading posts, especially around Hooghly. Next destination is Coromandel staying for 1 year at Nagapattinam. Founds (1690) seminary in Jaffna then goes to Tuticorin & Malabar. 
Groot Drakenstein, Cape
The naming of Drakenstein [Paarl] ... 10 October 1687 "... this morning the Commandeur [the castiço Simon van der Stel] leaves Stellenbosch, going towards the Berg River, accompanied by freemen who had asked for land ... in afternoon comes to a very fruitful & large valley ... His Honour gives this pleasing region the name of "Drakenstein" ... 23 farms ..." [Journal]
9 - 28 June 1687: French Jesuit mathematicians / astronomers stopping over at the Cape of Good Hope (9 June-28 June 1687) look to the stars ... Nevertheless our necessity was such that we felt constrained to redouble our prayers to the Governor [Commander Simon van der Stel], and, while assuring him of the perfect understanding that existed between France and Holland, to beg him not to allow so large a proportion of our sick to suffer on board, where they could not remain longer without risk of death. When I left the Cape the last time to return to France, I told Monsieur de Vandestellen that I should be calling again the following year on my way to the Indies, and would have with me a number of companions, regarding whom he had then made many kind offers. During the conversation that he had with Monsieur de Saint-Clair he recalled these, and the promise I had given him, and the Captain assured me that he had inquired particularly after me. I did not fail to go and see him that very day, taking with me one of our Fathers. His greeting was most friendly, and, having learnt that I had brought fourteen Jesuit mathematicians, all holding royal patents like the first six, he said that the pavilion where we had previously lodged could not conveniently accommodate so many persons, so that he would place at our disposal a large country-house ["Constantia"] he owned, about a league from the Cape, with a very pleasant garden, where we should find everything we needed for the recovery of our health, and a place suitable for making astronomical observations. We thanked him very gratefully for his kindness, but explained that the shortness of our stay at the Cape and the necessity we were under of being continuously in touch with each other, and above all with our sick, made it impossible for us to lodge so far away; and that, since he had so obligingly offered us the observatory which he had given us in our former voyage, we would occupy it again. - Father Guy Tachard (1651-1712) translated from "Second Voyage" ... (Paris 1689) 
19 June 1687 ... variable winds & fine weather & French are seen going about on sticks & crutches ... to enjoy fresh air ... in evening Hon. Commandeur [Simon van der Stel] receives visit of 13 Jesuits [Father Guy Tachard (1651-1712) et al] ... whom His Honour entertains with vocal & instrumental music performed by some gentlemen & cadets ... sickness & deaths among French increase rapidly ... so that they are not in a state to take fresh water aboard & fully 279 are on shore & another 359 lying deadly sick ... 
24 October 1688: "... This morning Commandeur [Simon van der Stel] busy at Drakensteijn ... allotting to each of the French & Dutch freemen his place ... although His Honour has had much difficulty with the French freemen before they were helped to settle, since it seems that this folk are not at all of such an industrious nature as had been expected of them ... This being done, the Commandeur continues his journey, crossing Berg River to Babilonische Tooren & [? back] into the district of Drakensteijn, where he arrives at nightfall, camping in the open. [Journal] [Mansell Upham] 
25 October 1688: "... Today Commander [Simon van der Stel] gives French freemen-colonists at Drakensteijn 120 good draught-oxen, 20 pigs & 100 fine sheep ..." [Journal] [Mansell Upham] 
26 October 1688: "... This morning Commandeur [Simon van der Stel] sets out for the Klapmuts arriving about midday ... & rides on to the Tijgerberg arriving in evening & spending the night." [Journal] [Mansell Upham] 
"Babylonstoren" at Klapmuts / Simondium granted (1692) to Pieter van der Bijl [van der Byl] (1661-1723)
20 June 1699: [...] Hon. Governor [Simon van der Stel] being this morning in the Company's Garden was met there by the Ambassador Norris [Heer Ridder Willem Norris] & other prominent persons, and after they had chatted for a time in a tent, the same left there at noon after an exchange of compliments ... Sir William Norris, 1st Baronet (c. 1658 – 10 October 1702) went out as English ambassador to the Great Mogul - Abul Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb / Muhy-ud-din Muhammad Aurangzeb محی الدین محمداورنگزیب , commonly known as Aurangzeb Alamgir & by his imperial title Alamgir / عالمگیر ('world-seizer' or 'universe-seizer') (14 October 1618-20 February 1707), 6th Mughal Emperor ruling over most of Indian subcontinent whose reign lasts for 49 years (1658-1707) - in the "Harwich" together with the ships "Anglesea", "Hastings" & "Lizard" ... 
23 November 1699: "This morning early, when the gates opened, Governor [the Eurasian Simon van der Stel] & some Councillors proceeded to Stellenbosch, Drakenstein, Tygerbergen, &c., not only to have a look at those places, but to give out in freehold to newly arrived freemen some lands, & so help them on their legs". [Journal] [Mansell Upham] 
22 November 1705: Il retourne chez ses Egaux ... Dutch Reformed Minister Petrus Kalden baptises a Khoi infant with the highly significant name of ISMAEL ...
Jean-Jacques Rousseau - frontispiece to "Discourse on Inequality" featuring a ‘Hottentot’ [Frederick Adolf?] & Governor Simon van der Stel above the phrase, Il retourne chez ses Egaux [Van der Stel purportedly raised this ‘Hottentot’ from birth "in the principles of the Christian religion and in the practices of European customs" but who chooses to "return to his equals" rather than remain in civilized society].
Did the revered presence of Kalden’s immediate, but enshrined, neighbour Shaikh Yusup (1626-1699) – that exiled wise man of Islam – & the very recent removal of his Muslim adherents (September 1704), influence Kalden’s choice of the name Ismael?
This was in the year preceding the baptism of Jacoba’s son. Did Kalden as a crusading minster (predikant), perhaps triumphantly appropriate a Muslim-associated name for his new-found, font-confined christened conscript: the infant Ismael?
WikiTree profile Van Der Stel-12 created through the import of THE YELDS - 08052010.ged on Dec 8, 2012 by Lynette Oosthuizen. Record ID Number: MH:I335 : User ID: 21F0A35A-42AC-4807-8419-12BE05CBE3E5 : UPD 01 FEB 2012 14:37:07 GMT+3
Source: Author: Sebastiaan Wessels Title: Wessels Web Site Text: MyHeritage.com Page: Simon Van Der Stel
Source: Author: Jannemieke Van der Poel Title: Van der Poel Web Site Text: MyHeritage.com Page: Simon Adriaensz. van der Stel
Source: Author: Dirk Bakker Title: bakker Web Site Text: MyHeritage.com family Page: Simon van der Stel
↑ "Speculation about the name Constantia continues. Kolbe & Valentijn maintain that Van der Stel named the estate & valley after his wife - although Johanna by name - who never accompanied (1679) him to the Cape. If indeed so, he more likely named the place after her character - and if ironic - lack thereof. More importantly, however, the term 'constantia' was all the rage then due to the enormous popularity of the writings of Neo-Stoicist author Justus Lipsius [Joose or Josse Lips] (1547-1606) - in particular his work De Constantia (‘On Constancy’) making the word 'Constantia' (meaning ‘steadfastness’ or ‘perseverance’) a fashionable catchword at the time ..." [Mansell Upham]. Source: First Fifty Years - Project collating Cape of Good Hope records Facebook Community Page: Jan 5, 2014 at 6:11 am Seen and added by Philip van der Walt May 24, 2016.
↑Drakensteyn (sometimes "Drakesteijn" or "Drakestein") - small castle at 9 Slotlaan in the hamlet of Lage Vuursche, in the municipality of Baarn, Netherlands now owned by Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands, the country's former Queen who abdicated (2013).
Beatrix bought the castle (1959), when she was the heir to the Dutch throne taking up residence (1963). After her marriage (1966) she continued to live there with her husband, Prince Claus & later their 3 sons as well. After Beatrix succeeded (1980) her mother Juliana as Queen of the Netherlands, the family moved (1981) to The Hague.
It was announced (28 January 2013) that Beatrix would take up residence at the castle after her son, Willem-Alexander, ascended to the Dutch throne (30 April 2013). Beatrix moved in to the castle (2 February 2014).
A house called Drakesteijn at this location was 1st mentioned in 1359, but the current building was constructed (1640–1643) for Gerard van Reede (c. 1620-1669) - brother to VOC Commissioner Hendrik Adriaan van Reede tot Drakenstein (1636-1691) after whom Drakenstein at the Cape of Good Hope was named by Commander (later governor) Simon van der Stel - on the estate purchased by their father Ernst van Reede (1588-1640), husband to Elisabeth van Utenhove (1595-1637).
In the 17th & 18th centuries the castle changed hands on several occasions belonging also to the famous WIC & Sociëteit van Suriname slave-trading Godin family (until 1779). Thereafter Paulus Wilhelmus Bosch, mayor of Utrecht owned (1807) Drakensteyn Castle. The house remained in possession of that family for 150 years until Frederik Lodewijk Bosch van Drakestein sold it to Princess Beatrix. It should not be confused with the nearby Klein Drakesteijn ("Little Drakesteijn"; located at 4 Kloosterlaan), which was built in 1780.
The royal connection aside, its most distinctive feature is its octagonal shape. It is surrounded by a moat that can be crossed via a bridge. Its style can be described as Classicist. [Mansell Upham] Source: First Fifty Years - Project collating Cape of Good Hope records Facebook Community Page: Oct 10 at 7:45 am Seen and added by Philip van der Walt Oct 10, 2015.
↑ The Drakenstein ("Dragonstone") Mountains are part of the Cape Fold Belt situated in the Western Cape province of South Africa & named in honour of his unmarried aristocratic friend Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede tot Drakestein (1636-1691) who visited (1685) the Cape as Commissioner-General - "Drakestein" [modern Dutch spelling now usually Drakestein] being the name of his estate in the Netherlands - now the private residence of retired Princess Beatrix, formerly Queen Beatrix ...
The mountains actually comprise 2 separate ranges - Klein Drakenstein & Groot Drakenstein Mountains - the former being located just east of Paarl & punctuated by the Huguenot Tunnel on the N1 highway & Du Toitskloof Pass (820m) as the R101 route & the latter beig much taller & located south of Franschhoek & Stellenbosch, with Victoria Peak (1590m) as its highest point. Traversed by no mountain passes, it contains the Hottentots-Holland Nature Reserve & also holds title of the wettest place in South Africa in the upper reaches of the Jonkershoek Valley, with over 2000mm of precipitation per annum.
Most vegetation is of the Cape Floristic Kingdom biome, & the primary rocks are of the Table Mountain Sandstone group of the Cape Supergroup. The region falls within the Mediterranean climatic zone, with cool, wet winters, with snow on the higher elevations & warm, dry summers. [Mansell Upham]; Source: First Fifty Years - Project collating Cape of Good Hope records Facebook Community Page: Oct 10 at 6:55 am Seen and added by Philip van der Walt Oct 10, 2015.
↑ "South- East of the Church lies a smaller valley between the mountains which is included in the Drakenstein district & is called Fransche Hoek ....
This valley is on account of its extraordinary fertility the best portion of the Cape. It was unusually well cultivated through the diligence & untiring industry of the first French colonists & has been maintained in this state by their successors. If I can rely on my memory and am not hopelessly mistaken, there are no more than 8 farmsteads which, however, fetch a very high price at sales or at any rate are always taken over by the heirs at a very high valuation.
Huguenot monument, Franschoek, Cape
The fertility of this little district can be imagined from the fact that the first colonists arrived there destitute of all means, & like all others had to borrow from the Company their cattle, farm implements, seed & bread-corn & everything else they needed; yet were the first to repay their debt amounting to many thousands of gulden. Their industry & thrift very soon enabled them to erect the most comfortable homes after paying off their debts, although they had in the first years to be content with very bad huts for houses.
One would have supposed that if not all the French who settled in the Drakenstein district, at least those who live in the remoter part of this district, would have retained their mother tongue & handed it down to their descendants; but nothing could be further from the truth; their grandsons & great-grandsons at present do not understand a word of their ancestors' mother tongue. Their intercourse & daily association with the Hollanders or German Hollanders & South African born persons, & especially their intermarriage with the daughters of the land, have caused this language to be forgotten & as it were extirpated ... "
- O. F. MENTZEL, "A Complete and Authentic GEOGRAPHICAL and TOPOGRAPHICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE FAMOUS AND (ALL THINGS CONSIDERED) REMARKABLE AFRICAN CAPE OF GOOD HOPE Wherein is described clearly and accurately the rural parts according to their division into districts, mountains and rivers; the Christian inhabitants and their customs; the agronomy and viticulture, stock farming, the ordinary expeditions, game hunting and finally also the aborigines, namely the Hottentots, besides many other lately discovered curiosities". [Mansell Upham] Source: First Fifity Years - collating Cape of Good Hope records Community Page: Oct 19, 2015 Seen and added by Philip van der Walt Oct 19, 2015.