Genseric Vandals
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Genseric Vandals (0389 - 0477)

Genseric "King of the Vandals and Alans" Vandals
Born in Lake Balaton, Pannonia (Hungary)map
Ancestors ancestors
Son of and [mother unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Carthage, North African Kingdom of the Vandalsmap
Profile manager: Jack Day private message [send private message]
Profile last modified | Created 22 Jun 2011
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Contents

Biography

Vandal Context

During the lifetime of Genseric significant migration of the Vandals took place. Previously the Vandals had migrated from southern Scandinavia to Silesia around 120 BCE. By the third century of the Common Era they had migrated to Pannonia (in present day Hungary) where they were confined by the Goths in the year 330, where Constantine the Great gave them permission to settle.[1]

389 Birth and Parents

Cawley states that Genseric was born around the year 400, an illegitimate son of Godegisl, King of the Vandals. [2] Procopius names “Gizerichus notus” as son of “Godigisclo”. [2] Wikipedia follows Cawley in rendering the name "Genseric." [3] Wikipedia also adds that he was also known as Gaiseric or Geiseric (Latin: Gaisericus; reconstructed Vandalic: Gaisarīks), was King of the Vandals and Alans (428–477) who established the Vandal Kingdom and was one of the key players in the troubles of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. [3]

The Dictionary of African Biography refers to him as Geiseric, but notes the name also appears as Gaiseric and Genseric.[4]

The Dictionary of African Biography suggests a birth year of 389, the son of Godagisil, king of the Hasding Vandals, and an unknown concubine. [4]

His place of birth is unknown but may be assumed to be at the location of the Vandals at the time, which would have been Pannonia, present-day Lake Balaton, Hungary.

406 Death of Father

In response to raids by the Huns around 400, many Germanic tribes migrated into the territory of the Roman Empire. The Vandals crossed the Rhine into Gaul in the year 406. [1]

Genseric's father, Godigisel or Godagisel (359–406), was King of the Hasding Vandals. [5] [4]

Genseric's father died in battle against the Franks during the Crossing of the Rhine in the year 406. At the time, Wikipedia reports that Genseric became the second most powerful man among the Vandals, after the new king, his half-brother Gunderic.[3] Since a birth year of 400 would make Genseric's age to be 6 at this point, an earlier birth year of 389, making him age 17, would be more credible.

Genseric's brother was Gunderic (379–428), King of Hasding [6]

409 Vandals enter Iberia

In 409 they crossed the Pyrenees into the Iberian Peninsula. The two Vandal groups, the Hasdingi and Silingi, settled in Gallaecia (nortwest Iberia) and Baetica (south-central Iberia) respectively. [1]

418 Visigoths enter Iberia

In 418 the Visigoths invaded Iberia. The Iranian Alans and Silingi Vandals subjected themeslves to the rule of Genseric's brother Gunderic, the Hasdingian Vandal ruler, and were pushed from Gallaecia to Baetica by a Roman-Suebi coalition in 419. [1]

427 Reign

Genseric succeeded his half-brother in 427 as Genseric King of the Vandals. [2] Isidor's Historia Gothorum, Wandalorum, Sueborum names "Gesericus frater Gunderici" when recording that he succeeded the latter as Vandal king in Spain. [2]

During his nearly 50 years of rule, he raised a relatively insignificant Germanic tribe to the status of a major Mediterranean power. After he died, they entered a swift decline and eventual collapse.[3]

Marriages

Cawley reports that the names of Genseric's wife or concubines are not known. [2] The Dictionary of African Biology states that he married an unknown woman and had at least 3 sons. [4]

May 429 Entrance to North Africa

Cawley reports that the Vandals crossed into North Africa en masse in May 429, although what prompted this move is unclear. The Chronicon of Bishop Idatius records that “Gaisericus Rex…cum Wandalis omnibus” left “Bæticæ Provinciæ litore” and went “ad Mauritaniam et Africam” in May 429. [2]

Wikipedia reports that, succeeding his brother Gunderic at a time when the Vandals were settled in Baetica, Roman Hispania (modern Andalusia, Spain), Genseric successfully defended himself against a Suebian attack and transported all his people, around 80,000, to Northern Africa in 428. [3]

Wikipedia adds that he might have been invited by the Roman governor Bonifacius, who wished to use the military strength of the Vandals in his struggle against the imperial government.[3]

According to Iordanes, the Romans lost the province of Africa to the Vandals "per Bonifatium", although this does not explain why they arrived there in the first place. The exploits in Africa of "Geiserici ducis" are described in detail in the Victoris Vitensis Historia. [2]

Genseric conquered Hipona in 429, and Carthage in 439, where they established their capital. The Vandal nobles rebelled against their leader in 442. [2]

430 Attacked Roman Leadership in North Africa

In 430 Genseric turned on Bonifacius, Roman Governor of North Africa. Genseric caused great devastation as he moved eastward from the Strait of Gibraltar across Africa. He turned on Bonifacius, defeated his army in 430, and then crushed the joint forces of the Eastern and Western empires that had been sent against him. [3]

435 Treaty as foederati over Mauretania and Numidia

In 435 Genseric concluded a treaty with the Romans under which the Vandals retained Mauretania and part of Numidia as foederati (allies under special treaty) of Rome. [3]

439 Capture of Carthage

"In a surprise move on October 19, 439, Genseric captured Carthage, striking a devastating blow at imperial power. Added to his own burgeoning fleet, the Kingdom of the Vandals now threatened the Empire for mastery of the western Mediterranean Sea. Carthage, meanwhile, became the new Vandal capital and an enemy of Rome for the first time since the Punic Wars."[3]

440 Seized Sicily

Seizing Sicily in 440 AD and later the Balearic Islands, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta, Genseric’s fleet soon came to control much of the western Mediterranean.[3]

442 Treaty with Rome as Independent Power

In 442 the Vandals were recognized as independent rulers of Byzacena and part of Numidia when they concluded a treaty with Rome. [3]

455 Capture and Plundering of Rome

Genseric sacked Rome in 455[2] which Wikipedia terms Genseric's most famous exploit, capturing and plundering of Rome in June 455. [3]

He had been promised the daughter of Roman Emperor Valentinian in marriage to his son Huneric, but in 455 Valentinian was murdered and the new emperor took Valentinian's wife as his own and married Valentinian's daughter to his son. Genseric avenged this insult a month later, possibly at the request of Valentinian's widow, with his invasion of Rome itself.

Subsequently, the King defeated two major efforts by the Romans to overthrow him, that of the emperor Majorian in 460 and that led by Basiliscus at the Battle of Cape Bon in 468. [3]

Agreement with Odoacer, King of Italy

King Genseric made an agreement with Odoacer King of Italy about Sicily, the latter retaining control over the island in return for yearly tribute. [2]

468 Failure of Eastern Roman Empire

The Eastern Roman Empire's first expedition against the Vandals in Africa in 468, led by Basiliscus, brother-in-law of Emperor Leo I, failed despite numerical superiority. [2]

The Vandal kingdom dominated the western Mediterranean, with Corsica and Sardinia. [2]

477 Death

Cawley notes that the Victoris Tonnennensis Epsicopi Chronicon records the death in 464 of "Gensericum Wandalorum rex" after reigning for 40 years. [2]

Both the Dictionary of African Biography [4] and Wikipedia report, however, that Genseric did not die until 477; Wikipedia even provides a date (January 25, 477, aged 77) and place: Carthage[3]

Upon his death, he was succeeded by his son Huneric.[3]

Issue

Cawley shows Genseric as the father of three children: Huneric, Theodoric and Gento.

  1. Huneric [4][3]
  2. Gento [4], born 425 in Africa.
  3. Theodoric. [4]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Wikipedia: Vandals Accessed 2/14/2019 jhd
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 Charles Cawley. Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. Medieval Lands: A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families, Vandals, Suevi, Visigoths. Genseric Accessed 2/12/2019 jhd
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 Wikipedia: Genseric Accessed May 29, 2018 jhd
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 Akyeampong, E. & Gates, H.L. (2012). Geiseric Dictionary of African Biography, (Vol. 1 - 6). Oxford University Press. eBook. Accessed 2/10/2019 jhd
  5. Wikipedia: Godigisel
  6. Wikipedia: Gunderic

Acknowledgements



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Comments: 2

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Vandals-25 and Des Vandals-4 appear to represent the same person because: Same name, place of birth, place of death and death date. The birth date is only an estimate as there seems to be know verifiable source.

The LNAB listed on one of them Des Vandals is referenced as a Roman name, drop the Des and they are the same. The wife listed seems to be incorrect. Wikipedia sites sources stating that Genseric gave Eudocia, daughter of Empress Eudoxia, to his son Hunderic. It also states that Eudoxia sought after Genseric to avenge her first husband death by killing her 2nd Husband Maximus Petronus. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Licinia_Eudoxia

posted by John Appleby
This should merge with Vandals-25.
posted by [Living Stubbs]

Genseric is 47 degrees from Cecil B. DeMille, 54 degrees from Rosalie Neve and 33 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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