Cornelius Vanderbilt was a 19th Century American shipping and railroad tycoon. He was best known as the patriarch of the socially prominent Vanderbilt family of New York, and as the founder of the New York Central Railroad. 
Cornelius was born and grew up in Staten Island, New York. He was the child of Cornelius van Derbilt and Phebe Hand van Derbilt, and had nine brothers and sisters.
His name translated from Dutch, literally means "From De Bilt" which is where his great-great-great grandfather, Jan Aertzoon, came from.
He quit school at age 11 to work on his father's ferry in New York Harbor; when he was age 16 he operated his own boat and transporting goods and passengers between Staten Island and Manhattan.
Cornelius worked as a Ship Transport entrepreneur, later after building his wealth he paid the expenses for the building of new rail lines and was considered a Rail Transport Magnate.
During the 1830s, textile mills were built in large numbers in New England as the United States developed its manufacturing base. Some of the first railroads in the United States were built from Boston to Long Island Sound, to connect with steamboats that ran to New York. By the end of the decade, Vanderbilt dominated the steamboat business on the Sound, and began to take over management of the connecting railroads. In the 1840s, he launched a campaign to take over the most attractive of these lines, the New York, Providence and Boston Railroad, popularly known as the Stonington. By cutting fares on competing lines, Vanderbilt drove down the Stonington stock price, and took over the presidency of the company in 1847. It was the first of the many railroads he would head.
Cornelius Vanderbilt was the founder of Vanderbilt University, the Provident Loan Society and the New York Central Railroad. He served on the Board of Directors of the Erie Railway, Central Railroad of New Jersey, Hartford and New Haven Railroad, and the New York and Harlem Railroad.
The one thing that people in modern day know most about him is his incredible wealth, which, he acquired with hard work throughout his life. Upon his death in 1877, his wealth was estimated to be worth $215 billion in 2016 United States dollars.
It was January 4, 1877 when Cornelius passed away from typhoid fever. He was buried in the family vault in the Moravian Cemetery at New Dorp on Staten Island.
Cornelius "The Commodore" Vanderbilt was born on May 27, 1794, in Staten Island, New York to Phebe Hand, age 27, and Cornelius Vanderbilt, age 29.
Cornelius "The Commodore" Vanderbilt married Sophia Johnson, his cousin, in Staten Island, New York, on November 19, 1813, when he was 19 years old. They had 13 children.
Cornelius "The Commodore" Vanderbilt married Frank "Frankie" Armstrong Crawford in London, Ontario, Canada, on August 21, 1869, when he was 75 years old.
Cornelius "The Commodore" Vanderbilt died on January 4, 1877, in Staten Island, New York, when he was 82 years old. At the time of his death, aged 82, Vanderbilt had an estimated worth of $105 million ($215 billion at 2016 $ value).
Cornelius was buried in the Moravian Cemetery, and later reinterred in The Vanderbilt Mausoleum in the Vanderbilt Family Cemetery and Mausoleum in New Dorp, Richmond County (Staten Island), New York.
↑ Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/1058/cornelius-vanderbilt : accessed 12 November 2021), memorial page for Cornelius Vanderbilt (27 May 1794–4 Jan 1877), Find a Grave Memorial ID 1058, citing Vanderbilt Family Cemetery and Mausoleum, New Dorp, Richmond County (Staten Island), New York, USA ; Maintained by Find a Grave .
"Fortune Magazine's "richest Americans"".  CNN. Archived from the original on September 13, 2009
Renehan, Edward J., Jr. (2009). Commodore: The Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt. Basic Books. p. 39. ISBN 9780465010301 – via Google Books
Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927index, FamilySearch, Cornelius Vanderbilt and Frank A Crawford, 21 Aug 1869; citing registration 1108, London, Middlesex, Ontario, Canada, Archives of Ontario, Toronto; FHL microfilm 1862473.
London Public LibraryMarriage of Cornelius Vanderbilt & Frank Armstrong (Crawford) Elliot. August 21, 1869. London, Ontario, Canada.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Cornelius by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Cornelius: