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António (Vieyra) Vieira (1608 - 1697)

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António Vieira formerly Vieyra
Born in Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugalmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Bahia, Portuguese Colony of Brazilmap
Profile last modified | Created 29 Jun 2018 | Last significant change: 4 Dec 2018
17:52: Mindy Silva edited the Biography for António (Vieyra) Vieira. (Source and notes added) [Thank Mindy for this]
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Contents

Biography

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António (Vieyra) Vieira was born in Portugal.

Father António Vieyra

António Vieyra was born on the 6th of February 1608 in Lisbon, Portugal. He was the son of Cristóvão Vieira Ravasco and Maria de Azevedo.[1]

António was a diplomat, orator, preacher, philosopher, writer, and member of the Royal Council to the King of Portugal.

Anthology

  • Sermões (Sermons) (15 vols., Lisbon, 1679–1748)
  • História do Futuro (History of the Future) (Lisbon, 1718; 2nd ed., ibid., 1755)
  • Letters (Letters) (3 vols., Lisbon, 1735-46)
  • Recondite news from the procedures of the Inquisition Portugal with their prisoners (News on how the Portuguese Inquisition proceeds with its prisoners) (Lisbon, 1821)
  • Dust thou Art translated by Father Anderson, Burns and Oates.

Research Notes

  • Arte de Furtar (The Art of Stealing) published under Vieyra's name in many editions is now known not to be his[2]
  • António Vieyra was one of the literary greats of the Portuguese-speaking world.[3]
  • Portugal issued a stamp in 2008, celebrating the 400th anniversary of Vieyra's birth (1608). Brasil has issued already two Vieyra stamps, in 1941[12] and 1997.
  • The statue of Father António Vieyra, unique in the country, by the sculptor Marco Fidalgo, was inaugurated on the Largo Trindade Coelho near the church of São Roque, on the initiative of the Holy House of Mercy of Lisbon, Portugal.
Quote: "We are what we do. What we don't do, doesn't exist. Therefore, we only exist on days when we do. On the days when we don't do, we simply endure."
António Vieyra
  • Many of Antonio's works appeared in early print, though some were of 'questionable accuracy' and have 'dubious commentaries.'[4]
  • Father Antonio Vieyra was called from Portugal by his order, at the request of Pope Alexander the seventh, of many cardinals and of the famous queen of Sweden, Christiana, who all had a 'great desire' to hear him. Reverend Father John Paul Oliva, Apostolic preacher to the three popes, called Father Vieyra "The true interpreter of scripture, the singular organ or channel of the Holy Spirit, the model of orators, and the father of eloquence."[5]
  • Father Antonio Vieyra's reputation was so well known that all the Portuguese came to hear 'a preacher who was the delight and pride of the Court of Lisbon.'[6]
  • Father Antonio Vieyra was born in Lisbon and brought to Bahia eight years later. Vieyra recorded that in his boyhood his intellect was 'clouded.'[7]

Sources

  1. Cardoso, p 37
  2. "Vieira, Antonio". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 49–50.
  3. Gomes, p?
  4. Kottman, Karl A Jr. António Vieira’s Preliminary Book to the History of the Future: Original Reading (Lisbon: CTT of Portugal, 2008), np.
  5. Isla, Jose Francisco de. The History of the Famous Preacher Friar Gerund de Campazas Otherwise known as Gerund Zotes (Ghent: T Davies 1772), 399.
  6. Southey, Robert. History of Brazil (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), 474.
  7. Baldwin, Leland Dewitt. The Story of the Americas: (Michigan: Simon and Schuster, 1943), 280.
  • António Vieira on Wikipedia as viewed 29 June 2018
  • Cardoso, Maria Manuela Lopes - António Vieyra: pioneer and paradigm of Interculturality. Lisbon: Chaves Ferreira Publicações SA, 2001. p. 37-57
  • Domingues, Augustine - Father António Vieyra: a patrimony to communicate. Porto: Ediciones Artes Gráficas, Lda., 1997. p. 6-37
  • Domingues, Mário - The drama and glory of Father António Vieyra. 2nd edition. Lisbon: Livraria Romano Torres, 1961. p. 9-31
  • Mendes, João, SJ - Father António Vieyra. Lisbon: Editorial Verbo, imp. 1972. p. 9-23.
  • Reville, John. "Antonio Vieyra." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 15. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. 11 September 2014.
  • The Month, Volume 44, Part 1 - Volume 45, Part 1 (Princeton: Simpkin, Marshall, and Company, 1882), 452.
  • Austrian National Library. Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts: In the Years .., Volume 1 (Trustees of the British Museum, 1850), 244. Note: Listed among the index of items held by the National Library in Brittain is a letter to the King of Portugal from Father Antonio Vieyra regarding the baby Don Pedro.
  • Vieyra, Antonio. PROCESS OF FATHER ANTÓNIO VIEIRA, papers containing the pardon of Father António Vieira drawn up on June 30, 1668; citing documents found by Father Cândido da Silva Teixeira in 1911 and now held at the Portugal National Archives. Notes:
In 2009, on October 27, when describing the document with file number 16575, it was found that together was a list of documents from Brazil, found among the papers of the bishop of Rio de Janeiro, D. Francisco de St. Jerome, sent to the Holy Office, among which are mentioned two documents relating to Father António Vieira, being a book entitled "Sentence of Father António Vieira" and another book entitled "Defense of the book called Fifth Empire etc. ". It may be concluded that these documents will be two of those found and identified the reference code: PT-TT-TSO / IL / 28/14761 (pages 1 to 114).


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