||Pancho (Villa) Arango Arámbula has Mexican ancestry.|
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El Centauro del Norte
Jose Doroteo "Francisco 'Pancho' Villa" Arango was born in San Juan del Rio, state of Durango on June 5, 1878, the son of a field laborer named Agustin Arango and Maria Micaela Armábola. Agustin's father was Jesus Villa, and this is why young Jose chose "Villa" as his pseudonym when he went he went into hiding.
As a teen, Jose assaulted a man and fled into the Sierra de la Silla Mexican Mountains, changed his name to Francisco Villa and led the life of a bandit, rustling cattle and robbing banks with a gang from 1894 to 1910. They called him, "Pancho".
Eventually, he came down out of the mountains and found love. Lots of it! Over his lifetime, he married many times and had many children. His first wife was Maria Luz Corral de Villa. They wed on May 29, 1912. They had an adopted son, Francisco Piñon, and at least one child together; their son José Trinidad Villa who became an actor. The marriage ended in 1921, and Maria died in 1981. Pancho may have married as many as 6 more times. Here are four more that have been identified -
After coming out the mountains and having married by 1912, Pancho became part of the Mexican Revolution. In 1913, Villa formed an army several thousand strong which came to be known as the Division del Norte - the Division of the North. He fought on the side of Venustiano Carranza and the Constitutionalists against the new dictator, General Victoriano Huerta. After victory, there was a major disagreement between Villa and Carranza and Pancho in fled in mid-1914 to northern Mexico to continue guerilla warfare.
In January 1916 Villa and his followers killed 17 American citizens in Santa Isabel (called the Santa Ysabel Massacre) and attacked Columbus in New Mexico in March 1916 because the U.S. Government supported the new government under Carranza.
In the early morning (2:30 am) of March 9, 1916 approximately five hundred soldiers led by General Francisco "Pancho" Villa attacked the small border town and military camp occupied by the 13th U.S. Cavalry at Camp Furlong, Columbus, New Mexico. The Villistas Pistoleros (gunmen) killed twenty-four American soldiers and civilians in the town of Columbus (the first attack on American soil since the War of 1812) before withdrawing into Mexico shouting, Death to Americans!.
The attack exhibited the long history of tension between the United States and Mexico dating back to the Mexican-American War of 1846-1847 and now Brigadier General John J. Pershing and his 8th Infantry Brigade were sent to to guard the U.S. and Mexico Border in order to protect American citizens and their property.
Villa and his men continued violent attacks on American business investments and military posts in New Mexico and along the Mexico border. When the word of continued attacks reached Washington,D. C., President Wilson ordered Pershing and his 4,800 troops into Northern Mexico to capture Pancho Villa (called the Punitive Expedition and Pancho Villa Expedition). Pershing increasing troops to 11,000. National Guard troops from Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona were sent to guard the border. Additional National Guards came from other states, adding up to 112,000 new guards. By Feb. 1917 many were pulled out. Pershing never captured General Villa.
Villa always had the support of the poor Mexican people because he was fearless. After the Carranza government was overthrown, Pancho was allowed to return and given a pardon. Villa retired to his ranch in Parral, Chihuahua.
Villa was assassinated in the town on July 20, 1923. Villa was driving in his black 1919 Dodge roadster along with five friends when a group of seven riflemen fired 150 shots in just two minutes into his car. Only one survived. Villa had made many enemies over the years.
Legend - his head was taken from his buried corpse in 1926.
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On 17 Nov 2013 at 19:53 GMT Perla Vega wrote:
On 11 Oct 2012 at 08:33 GMT Robin (Felch) Wedertz wrote: