Ekaterina Alexeyevna (von Anhalt-Zerbst-Dornburg) Romanov
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Sophie Friederike Auguste (von Anhalt-Zerbst-Dornburg) Romanov (1729 - 1796)

Sophie Friederike Auguste (Ekaterina Alexeyevna) "Empress Catherine II the Great" Romanov formerly von Anhalt-Zerbst-Dornburg
Born in Stettin, Pomerania, Kingdom of Prussiamap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married 21 Aug 1745 (to 2 Jul 1762) in St Petersburgmap
Wife of — married about 1751 in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empiremap
Wife of — married about 1756 in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empiremap
Wife of — married about 1762 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in St. Petersburg, Russiamap
Profile last modified | Created 11 Feb 2014
This page has been accessed 4,391 times.


Catherine the Great

European Aristocracy
Ekaterina Alexeyevna von Anhalt-Zerbst-Dornburg was a member of the aristocracy in Europe.
Preceded by
Peter III
Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias
9 Jul 1762 – 17 Nov 1796
Succeeded by
Alexander I
Sophie Friederike Auguste of Anhalt-Zerbst[1]
28 Jun 1744: Rechristened as Grand Duchess Ekaterina Alexeyevna[1]
Alias (EN): Catherine the Great or Catherine II[1]


b. 21 Apr 1729[1]
d. 06 Nov 1796 9:45PM[1]
burial: 05 Dec 1796 Cathedral of Sts. Peter and Paul[1]

"Eighteen years of boredom and solitude made her read plenty of books. Arrived on the throne of Russia she desired its good and sought to procure for her subjects happiness, liberty, and prosperity. She forgave easily and hated no one; indulgent, easy to live with, naturally cheerful, with a republican soul and a good heart, she had friends: she found work easy, she liked good society and the arts."[1][2]


25 Dec 1761: Karl Peter becomes Emperor[1]
28 Jun 1762: elite guards swear allegiance to Catherine[1]
30 Jun 1762: Catherine is in full control as Empress and Russia's sole monarch[1]


p. Christian August of Anhalt-Zerbst and Johanna[1] Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp[3]
m.1 21 Aug 1745 5AM Karl Peter Ulrich, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp[1][4]
m.2 Grigory Potemkin 08 Jun 1774 Church of St. samson [1][5]

Legitimate Issue

  • Paul Petrovich (b. 20 Sep 1754)[1]
  • Anna Petrovna (29 Nov 1757 - 09 Mar 1759)[1][6]

Illegitimate Issue

  • Alexei Grigorievich Bobrinsky, Count Bobrinsky[7] son of Grigory Orlov (b. 10 Apr 1762)[1]


28 Jun 1744: Russian Orthodox


  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15
    Carroll, Leslie (2010). Notorious Marriages: A Juicy Journey Through Nine Centuries of Dynasty, Destiny, and Desire. pp.248-265. London: Penguin Books. Print.
  2. Carroll: Catherine wrote her own epitaph 7 years before she died on 22 Feb 1788
  3. Wikipedia: Joanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp
  4. Carroll: After being named Empress Elizabeth's heir, Karl Peter took the name 'His Imperial Highness the Grand Duke Peter Fyodorovich
  5. Carroll: secret ceremony near St. Petersburg
  6. Carroll: Karl Peter initially denied being the father, but later backed down because he could not tell the Empress' ministers he wasn't sleeping with his wife, without hanging out the dirty royal laundry.
  7. Wikipedia: Catherine the Great

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Comments: 3

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Anhalt-Zerbst was a principality in what was Stetin, Prussia where Sophie was born. Her father Christian August was a prince of Anhalt Zerbst. Joanna Elizabeth, Sophies mother, princess of the "House of Holstein Gottorp", became the princess of Anhalt-Zerbst when she married Prince Christian August. in 1727. Holstein- Gottorp is a "house" or, a historiographical name for the parts of the Duchies of Schleswig, and Holstein. Place names. Prince Christian August of Anhalt-Zerbst and Princess Joanna Elizabeth of the "House of Holstein-Gottorp", and Anhalt-Zerbst.
posted by Eileen Bradley
I believe her LNAB to be, simply, Anhalt-Zerbst
posted by Sunny (Trimbee) Clark

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