Wenceslaus (also Wenceslas; Czech: Václav; German: Wenzel, nicknamed der Faule ("the Idle"); 26 February 1361 – 16 August 1419) was, by inheritance, King of Bohemia (as Wenceslaus IV) from 1363 and by election, German King (formally King of the Romans) from 1376. He was the third Bohemian and fourth German monarch of the Luxembourg dynasty. Wenceslaus was deposed in 1400 as King of the Romans, but continued to rule as Bohemian king until his death.
Name: Wenceslaus IV /von der Luxembourg/ Deutscher König
*King of Germany(formally King of the Romans) Reign 10 June 1376?20 August 1400. Coronation 6 July 1376 Aachen Cathedral
>Predecessor: [ Charles IV] Successor: [ Rupert]
*King of Bohemia Reign 29 November 1378?16 August 1419 Coronation 15 June 1363 St. Vitus Cathedral, Prague.
>Predecessor: [ Charles IV] Successor: [ Sigismund]
*Elector of Brandenburg Reign 2 October 1373?29 November 1378
>Predecessor: [ Otto VII] Successor: [ Sigismund]
*Duke of Luxembourg: Reign 7 December 1383- 1388
>Predecessor: [ Wenceslaus I] Successor: [ Jobst]
Note: Wenceslaus (or Wenzel) of Bohemia, 2nd son of Charles IV of Luxembourg, became Emperor of Germany in 1378, succeeded his father. Wenceslaus ruled until 1400, and was succeeded by Rupert of the Palatine.
Wenceslas III was eighteen when he acceded to the throne of Bohemia in 1378. A tragic figure, he emerges from the chronicles a king of Caliban, half clownish, half vicious, a composite of halt-truths, a confirmed alcoholic. - irritable, black-tempered, and indolent as a soverign, and stayed in Prague to the neglect of the rest of the Holy Roman Empire.,
Note: Wenceslas (1361-1419), Holy Roman emperor and king of Germany (1378-1400)
and, as Wenceslas IV, king of Bohemia (1378-1419). His weak, ineffectual
reign was marked by religious disorder, civil strife, and near anarchy.
The son and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV, Wenceslas made his
capital in Prague and largely ignored his German territories, which were
rent with wars between the towns and the nobles; the German princes
finally deposed him for drunkenness and incompetence in 1400, choosing
Rupert of the Palatinate (1352-1410) in his stead. In Bohemia Wenceslas
fared little better. Harried by relatives and rebellious nobles, he was
imprisoned in 1394 by his cousin Jobst (1351-1411), margrave of Moravia,
who compelled the king to name him regent in Bohemia. In 1402 he was again
imprisoned and temporarily deposed, this time by his younger brother
Sigismund. Wenceslas was an early supporter of the Czech religious
reformer John Huss (Jan Hus) but did nothing to save him from the stake in
1415 and subsequently turned upon his followers.
E5. [3m.] WENCESLAS IV, Duke of Luxemburg (1383-1419) =Wenceslas II, Elector of Brandenburg (1373-78), King of Bohemia (1378-1419) as Václav IV -cr 15.6.1363, German King (10.6.1376-20.8.1400) =Wenzel I, cr 6.7.1376, *Nürnberg 26.2.1361, +Schloß Kunratitz 16.8.1419; 1m: 29.9.1370 Johanna of Bavaria <wittel9.html> (*1356 +31.12.1386); 2m: Prague 2.5.1389 Sofie of Bavaria <wittel9.html> (*1376 +26.9.1425)