Many genealogies, including "A Short History of the Warings" and "An American Family Called Warren," have claimed that Richard Waring of Brookhaven and Oyster Bay, Long Island was a son of Christopher Warren (Waring) and Alice Webbe. Christopher and Alice did have a son Richard, who married Elizabeth Ivatt Marsh about 1645, and whose first two sons shared the same names as the first two sons of Richard Waring of Brookhaven (Richard and John). But examination of records contemporaneous to the time period make it clear that Richard, the son of Christopher and Alice, remained in England, and thus could not have been the Richard Waring who lived in Brookhaven and Oyster Bay.
From various letters in the Winthrop Papers that were analyzed by Donald Lines Jacobus, we know that (i) Richard Waring had a sister named Katherine (or Catherine), (ii) Richard Waring and his sister Katherine had an uncle named Richard who lived in London in 1658 (thus ruling out a father named Richard), and (iii) Richard and Katherine's father died before 1658.
The first records found for Katherine in New England are letters in the Winthrop Papers describing Katherine as "sojourning" (apparently romantically) with John Yongs' son in 1649 and later indicating that she married a man named Thomas Doxey in early 1650. Based on the date of Katherine's marriage, we can surmise that that she was perhaps most likely born sometime in 1622-1632.
There are no records of Richard Waring until 1657 or, more definitely, 1659. "A History of Long Island" shows the name Richard Waring (as well as that of his sister's second husband, Daniel Lane) in a list of inhabitants of Brookhaven in 1657. However, the original source for this list has not been found and there is reason to believe that the dating may be somewhat off. More reliably, there is a record of Richard Waring, in partnership with a William Chapell, buying a house-lot on New Street in New London in 1659. Since Richard probably had to be at least 21 years old in order to transfer real property, Richard was probably born sometime in or before 1638.
A search of the ancestry.com databases for women named Katherine Waring (exact, sounds alike and similar) born in England in 1622-1632 finds only 2 women: (1) Katharine Waring, bpt. 19 Feb 1630, at St Olave, Hart Street, London; and (2) Catherine Waringe, bpt. 30 June 1625 in Standish, Lancashire. Candidate (2) can be discarded because her father's name was Richard, leaving only two candidates.
A search of the ancestry.com databases for men named Richard Waring (exact, sounds alike and similar) born in England in 1630-1640 finds a significant number of matches, but, most significantly, finds a Richard Wareinge, bpt. 1 Jan 1635 at St Olave, Hart Street, London. The ancestry.com records for the Katharine Waring and Richard Wareinge baptized at St. Olave list the parents of both as Michael and Judith Waring.
The published Registers of St. Olave show that Michael and Judith Waring had 12 children who were baptized at St. Olave from 1624-1637. The Registers also show that Michael Waring was buried there in 1638 and his wife, Judith, was buried there in 1644.
Michael Waring had a brother named Richard who lived in London, as well as a brother and a nephew named Edmund.
The facts listed above provide strong circumstantial evidence that the parents of Richard Waring of Brookhaven and Oyster Bay, Long Island were Michael Waring and Judith (Cowley) Waring of London. In summary:
What clinches Michael Waring and Judith Cowley as Richard's parents, however, is the evidence relating to Michael's brother Richard Waring (referred to here as uncle Richard Waring). As discussed in uncle Richard Waring's profile and below, evidence (largely in the Winthrop Papers) establishes that (i) uncle Richard Waring became acquainted with the Winthrops when he bought Groton Manor from them in 1631, (ii) Richard and Katherine Waring became wards of uncle Richard Waring upon their mother's death in 1644, (iii) uncle Richard Waring offloaded Katherine Waring (and probably Richard Waring) by getting John Winthrop, Jr. to take her to America to be his household servant, and (iv) the Katherine (Waring) Lane and brother Richard Waring who show up in Brookhaven are the same Katherine and Richard Waring who were taken as wards of uncle Richard Waring upon their mother's death.
Richard Waring of Brookhaven and Oyster Bay, Long Island, the son of Michael and Judith (Cowley) Waring of London, he was baptized at St. Olave, Hart Street, London on January 1, 1635 and was probably born in London sometime late in 1634.
After their father's death in 1638 and mother's death in November 1644,  Richard Waring (then about 10) and his sister Katharine Waring (then about 16) became wards of their uncle Richard Waring.
Uncle Richard Waring and John Winthrop, Jr. (the son of the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and later, himself, the governor of the Connecticut Colony) had become acquainted when uncle Richard purchased Groton Manor from the Winthrops in 1631. John Jr. apparently heard that uncle Richard Waring had been saddled with taking care of two of his brother's children and had his cousin Emmanuel Downing approach uncle Richard Waring with a proposal for John Jr. to take charge of the two children in consideration for uncle Richard Waring releasing a debt that John Jr. owed to him. In a letter dated February 1645, Emmanuel reported back to John Jr.:
The footnote in the Winthrop Papers to this portion of the letter says that the two children that were referred to were "Katherine Warren and her brother Richard, wards of their uncle, Richard Waring."
Evidence suggests that it is probable that the proposal was agreed to, at least in part. The footnote referenced at the end of the prior paragraph goes on to say that Katherine served for a time in the household of John Winthrop, Jr. As specific original evidence, the Winthrop Papers contain a letter dated 1649 from John Yongs to John Winthrop, Jr. that refers to Katherine Warren as formerly the servant to John Jr.
It is quite possible that the full proposal was agreed to, and that uncle Richard Waring offloaded 10-year-old Richard Waring, as well as his big sister, to become a servant to John Winthrop Jr.
After being in England in 1641-1643, John Winthrop, Jr. had returned to Boston in 1644 to resume his role as an assistant of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Therefore, becoming a servant in John Jr's household meant coming to New England. Katharine Waring thus probably took a ship to Boston in the summer of 1645. In October 1645, John Winthrop, Jr. and his family left Boston and wintered on Fishers Island. In the summer of 1646, he moved his family to what would become New London, Connecticut. As his household servant, Katharine Waring probably accompanied the family in their moves. The Yongs letter mentioned above refers to Katharine as having taking a trip to Long Island (presumably from New London) and provides positive proof that she was living in the area in 1649.
Richard Waring may well have joined his sister in coming to Boston in 1645 and moving to New London in 1646. No record has been found, however, that positively confirms that. No record has been found, in fact, that positively establishes Richard's presence in America until at least 10 years later. This is not particularly surprising, however, as Richard would not have been expected to be found in transactional records until he became 21, which was probably not until late 1655.
"A Short History of the Warings" and a number of other older genealogy books say that Richard arrived in America on the "Endeavor" in 1664. That is certainly incorrect, as records show that Richard was clearly in America years before then. "An American Family Called Warren," says that Richard emigrated from England aboard the “Endeavor,” probably arriving in Boston in 1654. While that date is more plausible, no original records have been found that indicate that Richard arrived in Boston around that date. Moreover, no original records have been found that a ship named the "Endeavor" brought immigrants to America during 1645-1660.
The earliest purported record of Richard in America is a list in Thompson's "History of Long Island" that claims to be a listing of the inhabitants of Brookhaven two years after its founding in 1655 (ie, 1657) and includes the name of Richard Waring. However, the original source for this list has not been found and there is reason to believe that the dating may be somewhat off.
There are in fact, more reliable records showing that Richard Waring was living in New London, Connecticut until at least 1660. First, a New London record shows that Richard Waring, in partnership with a William Chapell, bought a house-lot in New London in 1659. Second, several letters by John Tinker to John Winthrop, Jr. in 1660 that are contained in the Winthrop Papers refer to Richard Waring (or Wareing) and indicate that he was probably still living in New London at the date of the letters.
Richard's sister Katharine and her second husband, Daniel Lane, moved from Southold, Long Island to Setauket (later known as Brookhaven), Long Island prior to 1662. Probably not by coincidence, Richard Waring moved from New London to Setauket about the same time. The earliest reliable record for both Daniel Lane and Richard Waring in Setauket is a January 1662 listing of the houses and land purchased by Daniel Lane in Setauket/Brookhaven that refers to Richard Waring having 3 acres in the old field that he exchange with Daniel Lane for 5 acres in the little neck.
Setauket/Brookhaven records show that Richard lived in Setauket/Brookhaven from 1662 until 1684. While living there, Richard was chosen as one of the town overseers in 1673, 1677 and 1683.
"An American Family Called Warren" seems to propose that (i) Richard Waring immigrated with a young son, also named Richard, (ii) the elder Richard died around 1670, and (iii) all events relating to Richard Waring after about 1670 relate to the younger Richard Waring. No evidence was cited for this theory. However, it was probably based on several evidentiary fragments, which, upon further examination, provide little or no support for the theory. First, Thompson's "History of Long Island" has the name Richard Waring twice in the list of inhabitants of Brookhaven in 1657. While it might be thought that one was the father and one was the son, (i) under the "Two Richards" theory, the son would only have been about 10 at the time so that it highly unlikely that he would be included in the list, and (ii) it is unlikely that someone would include two people with the same name in a short list without adding some descriptor to differentiate them. Most likely, the inclusion of Richard Waring's name in the list twice was just an error. Second, "A Short History of the Warings" and several other older genealogies mention that Richard immigrated with a young son, also named Richard. Again, no evidence for these assertions is provided. Moreover, none of these genealogies suggest that the younger Richard was the father of John, Edmund or Michael Waring. Third, if Richard Waring was the son of Christopher Warren, he would have been baptized in 1619, making him quite old to have been having children up to 1683 and active in land transactions up to 1698. In order to make the Christopher Warren parentage more plausible, it is therefore convenient to adopt a theory that Richard arrived with a young son who was the Richard Waring who appears in the records from 1670-1698. Once the Christopher Warren parentage is eliminated, however, Richard's date of birth is no longer pegged to 1619 and the need for a second, younger Richard to father children in 1670-1683 and engage in land transactions up to 1698 disappears.
There is, in fact, compelling evidence against the "Two Richards" theory and in favor of the proposition that Richard Waring arrived in America alone (without a son named Richard), fathered the children born in 1670-1683 and engaged in the land transactions up to 1698. First, the respected Donald Lines Jacobus assumed all the Brookhaven Oyster Bay records related to a single Richard Waring who was the brother of Katherine (Waring) Lane. Second, the original records of Brookhaven present a continuous series of records referring to Richard Waring from 1662 through 1684 without anything that even hints that there might have been an elder and a younger Richard Waring. Third, once it is established that Richard Waring was the son of Michael Waring and born probably in late 1634, it becomes highly unlikely that Richard would have had a son who could have gotten married to an Akerly around 1667.
There are some aspects of the "Two Richards" theory that may be true, however. First, it may well be true that the Richard who shows up in the Brookhaven and Oyster Bay records came over as a young boy. If Richard came over to America at the same time his sister Katherine did (probably in 1645), he would only have been 10 years old when he arrived. Second, it is possible that Richard's uncle accompanied him, in which case it would indeed be true that a Richard Waring (the uncle) arrived with a young boy also named Richard Waring. (There is no evidence of this, however, and it is clear that, if uncle Richard did accompany him, he did not stay.) Perhaps more likely is that the records of the ship indicated that the young passenger Richard Waring belonged to a Richard Waring, which may have led some to believe they both immigrated and were father and son.
Both "A Short History of the Warings" and "An American Family Called Warren" state that Richard was originally a Presbyterian. Thompson's "History of Long Island" states that Brookhaven was originally settled by Presbyterians, but there is no evidence that Richard Waring himself was one. "An American Family Called Warren" further claims that Richard became a Quaker. No record has been found that directly supports Richard being a Quaker, but circumstantial evidence makes it plausible. First, Brookhaven is known to have been the location of one of the original Quaker communities and like, Richard, many of the Brookhaven Quakers later moved to Oyster Bay. Second, Richard's son John and most of his children later moved to the Philadelphia area where at least some of them joined the Essex meeting of the Society of Friends.
Richard married a daughter of Robert Akerly, another resident of Brookhaven. This is established by a 1675 Brookhaven record in which Robert Akerly sells a lot to Richard Waring his son-in-law and supported by several secondary sources.
"An American Family Called Warren" says the date of Richard's marriage was 1671, but no support is provided, and it is likely that it was estimated based on an estimated date of birth for their first child, John, which that book put as 1672. However, several records from Brookhaven and Queens Village suggest that John was more likely born about 1668. As a result, a more probable date for Richard's marriage to Robert Akerly's daughter is about 1667.
A number of sources and most family trees give the first name of Robert's spouse as Lydia. Both Jacobus and William Wallace Warren, however, suggest that this may be a mistake originally based on a misunderstanding of an April 9, 1707 deed in which a Richard Waring and his wife Lydia conveyed property to John Waring. As Jacobus and William Wallace Warren point out, and as the index to the Oyster Bay record book itself indicates, the Richard Waring in that deed was probably Richard Waring Jr. (this profile's son). (According to "An American Family Called Warren," Richard Waring Jr's. wife's name was Lydia Bostwick.) As a result, neither Jacobus nor William Wallace Warren were convinced that first name of the Akerly woman that this profile's Richard Waring married was named Lydia.
In fact, a 1688 Brookhaven record (not mentioned by either Jacobus or William Wallace Warren, who do not seem to have had access to Book B of the Brookhaven records which cover the period from 1679-1756), shows a conveyance by Richard Waring and his wife Mary of property in Brookhaven to a man named Arthur Futhy. It is therefore most probable that the name of the daughter of Robert Akerly whom Richard married was Mary and not Lydia.
Richard and Mary (Lydia) had the following children:
In 1685, Richard moved to the Manor of Queens Village on Horse Neck (later called Lloyd's Neck), where he rented a 100-acre farm from James Lloyd. From the Lloyd family records, it appears that Richard was one of the two first settlers on Horse Neck.
Richard seems to have continued living in Queens Village until 1689 when he bought property in nearby Oyster Bay, Long Island (now part of Huntington). The Oyster Bay records are inconsistent in describing the area of Oyster Bay to which Richard moved as either Springfield or Cold Spring. Springfield was the name at the time for the inland area that is now Jericho, Long Island, while Cold Spring was perhaps a description of a more general area around Cold Spring river, which could have included Springfield. Based on his continued appearance in Oyster Bay records, Richard appears to have continued to live in Oyster Bay until his death.
There is no record of Richard Waring's death. Consistent with old age, the Oyster Bay records show a lack of transactional activity by Richard after he moved there, until in 1695-1697, perhaps expecting that he would not live much longer, there were a number of transactions in which Richard transferred parcels of his property to his sons. "An American Family Called Warren" estimated his date of death as 1697/8 based there not being any records of him after that date. However, there is a June 30, 1698 record show a Richard Waren as a witness to a deed, which the Oyster Bay records index attributes to Richard Waring Sr. It is therefore perhaps more likely that Richard died sometime after that date, say, 1699.
The following records relating to Richard Waring's period of residence in New London are from Caulkins' "History of New London" and the Winthrop Papers.
Although Brookhaven was first settled in 1655 the Brookhaven town record books only contain records from 1662 and later. Richard Waring shows up from the start. As noted above, it seems that neither Jacobus nor William Wallace Warren had access to Book B of the Brookhaven records, which cover the period from 1679-1756. Therefore the records listed below for that period represent important additions to our knowledge of Richard, including that he continued to live in Brookhaven until at least late 1684 and that the first name of his wife was Mary.
Brookhaven records contain the following entries relating to Richard Waring:
Since the Manor of Queens Village on Horse Neck was owned by the Lloyd family, the records relating to the Village are found in the Lloyd family papers. They contain the following entries relating to Richard Waring:
Oyster Bay records contain the following entries relating to Richard Waring:
                                                                                
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